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fall alike upon all trees and shrubs; but when SMOKING -Gossip about. the storm passes, and every leaf hangs a-drip, each gentle puff of wind brings down the petty siderable extent in the country. It is true

Tobacco was formerly cultivated to a conshower, and every drop brings with it something of the nature of the leaf or blogsom on

that Worcestershire cannot boast of being the which it hung; the roadside leaf yields dust, first place in England where the “ wicked the walnut-leaf bitterness ; some flowers poison, weed” was grown. That was an honour claimed while the grape-blossom, the rose, the sweets by our near neighbours of Winchcombe, in brier, lend their aroma to the twinkling dew, Gloucestershire, who are said to have profited and send them down in perfumed drops. And greatly in a pecuniary sense, I suppose) by its so it is with smiles , which every heart perfumes reduced by the time of James 11., when the

cultivation. The price of the article was much according to its nature-selfishness is acrid; "best Virginia” was but 2s. per pound, and pride, bitter ; goodwill, sweet and fragrant. Henry Ward Beecher.

two gross of best glazed pipes and a box

with them, 3s. 4d." Previous to that time SMILES-Influence of.

tobacco had become almost a necessary among Of all the appearances of the human

the upper classes, nor could the Parliamentary

representatives of the city of Worcester be countenance, methinks a smile is the most extraordinary. It plays with a surprising despatched up to town until the “collective

wisdom" had smoked and drunk sack with agreeableness in the eye, breaks out with the

them at the Globe, or some other hostelry. brightest distinction, and sits like a glory upon the countenance. What sun is there

As early as 1621 it was moved in the House within us that shoots his rays with so sudden

of Commons by Sir William Stroud, that he

would have tobacco banished wholly out of a vigour! To see the soul flash in the face at this rate, one would think would convert an

the kingdom, and that it may not be brought atheist. By the way, we may observe that

in from any part nor used amongst us," and smiles are much more becoming than frowns.

Sir Grey Palmes “that if tobacco be not This seems a natural encouragement to good England ; for it is now so common that he hath

banished it will overthrow 100,000 men in humour; as much as to say, If people have a mind to be handsome, they must not be

seen ploughmen take it as they are at plough.”

At a later period of the century, so inveterate peevish and untoward. Jeremy Collier.

had the practice become, that an order appears

ou the journals of the house, “that no member SMILES-Different Kinds of.

in the house do presume to smoke tobacco in She had just time to look up and smile. the gallery, or at the table of the house, sitting And oh! what a sight there is in that word at committees."

Walter White. smile-it changes colour like a chameleon. There's a vacant smile, a cold smile, a smile

SNEER-Sign of a. of hate ; a satiric smile, an affected smile, a smile of approbation, a friendly smile; but, A sneer is often the sign of heartless above all, a smile of love. A woman has two malignity.

Lavater. smiles that an angel might envy-the smile that accepts the lover afore the words are SNEERING-Habit of. uttered, and the smile that lights on the first

A habit of sneering, marks the egotist, or born baby, and assures him of a mother's love.


the fool, or the knave, or all three. Ibid. SMILES-Power of.

SNOW-Phenomenon of. What smiles ! They were the effluence of fine intellect, of true courage; they lit up her marked

Fast falls the fleecy shower ; the snowy flakes lineaments, her thin face, her sunken grey eye,

Descending, and with never-ceasing lapse like reflections from the aspect of an angel.

Softly alighting upon all below,
Charlotte Brontë. Assimilate all objects.

Thomson. SMOKING-Excess in.

All experienced people will tell you that the The keener tempests rise; and fuming dun habit of using tobacco in any shape will soon From all the livid east, or piercing dorth, render you emaciated and consumptive, your Thick clouds ascend; in whose capacious womb nerves shattered, your spirits low and moody, | A vapoury deluge lies, to snow congeald. your throat dry, and demanding stimulating Heavy they roll their fleecy world along, drinks.

Todd. | And the sky saddens with the gather'd storm,

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Through the hush'd air the whitening shower called "entertaining people," and "doing the descends,

honours ;" that is, you sit an hour with some At first thin wavering; till at last the flakes body you don't know and don't care for, talk Fall broad, and wide, and fast, dimming the day about the wind and the weather, and ask a With a continual flow. The cherish'd fields thousand foolish questions, which all begin Put on their winter rohe of purest white; with, “I think you live a good deal in the 'Tis brightness all, save where the new snow country,” or “I think you don't love this melts

thing or that."-Oh ! 'tis dreadful ! Along the mazy current. Low the woods

Horace Walpole. Bow their hoar heads; and ere the languid sun SOCIETY-Nature of. Faint from the west emits his evening ray, Society is like a lawn, where every roughEarth's universal face, deep hid, and chill, ness is smoothed, every bramble eradicated, Is one wide dazzling waste, that buries wide and where the eye is delighted by the smiling The works of man.

Thomson. verdure of a velvet surface. He, however, who

would study nature in its wildness and variety, SOCIALISM-Absurdity of.

must plunge into the forest, must explore the To level and confound the different orders glen, niust stem the torrent, and dare the ! of mankind, is far from producing an equality precipice.

Washington Irving. among them; it is, in truth, the most un. equal thing imaginable.



Madame de Staël frequently praised Mrs. SOCIETY-Characteristics of.

Porter for the retired manner in which she !

maintained her little domestic establishment, Our bane and physic the same earth bestows, And near the noisome nettle blooms the rose.

yielding her daughters to society, but not to Ovid.

the world. We pray those we love to mark the SOCIETY-Choice of.

delicate and most true distinction between

“society" and "the world.” “I was set on a Reject the society of the vicious ; shun the stage," continues Madame de Staël, "at a agreeable infidel and the accomplished pro- childish age, to be listened to as a wit, and fligate. Lay it down as a fixed rule, that no worshipped for my premature judgment. I brilliancy of connection, no allurement of rank drank admiration as my soul's nourishment, or fashion, no agreeableness, no wit or flattery, and I cannot now live without its poison; it shall tempt you to associate with profligate or has been my bane, never my aliment. My openly irreligious men. Make this an absolute heart ever sighed for happiness, and I ever rule. It is impossible not to suffer by its lost it, when I thought it approaching my neglect. If you do not fall into their vices, grasp. I was admired, made an idol, but still your heart will be estranged from the love never beloved."

Madame de Staël. of God.


SOCIETY-Utility of. SOCIETY-Ennui of.

There is a sort of economy in Providence Oh, my dear sir, don't you find that nine that one shall excel where another is defective, parts in ten of the world are of no use but to in order to make men more useful to each make you wish yourself with that tenth part? other, and mix them in society. Addison. I am so far from growing used to mankind by living amongst them, that my natural ferocity SOFA-Need of a. and wildness does but every day grow worse. They tire me, they fatigue me; I don't know

I want a sofa, as I want a friend, upon which what to do with them; I don't know what to say I can repose familiarly. If you can't have into them; I fling open the windows, and fancy I timate terms and freedom with one and the want air; and when I get by myself, I undress other, they are of no good. Thactenay. myself, and seem to have had people in my SOIL-A Barren. pockets, in my plaits, and on my shoulders ! I indeed find this fatigue worse in the country

He that sows his grain upon marble will than in town, because one can avoid it there, have many a hungry belly before his harvest. and has more resources; but it is there too. I

Arbutanol fear 'tis growing old, but I literally seem to

SOLDIER-Aim of the. have murdered a man whose name was Ennui, To swear, to game, to drink, to show at home, for his ghost is ever before me. They say By lewdness, idleness, and sabbath-breach, there is no English word for ennui; I think The great proficiency he made abroad; you may translate it most literally by what is To astonish and to grieve his gazing friends,

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10 break some maiden's and his mother's heart, With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls To be a pest where he was useful once, Than in our priest-like fasts: therefore I'll Are bis sole aim, and all his glory now.

watch him

Coroper. Till he be dieted to my request, SOLDIER-Characteristics of the. And then I'll set upon him. Shakspeare. Black was bis beard, and manly was his face; The balls of his broad eyes rolld in his head,

SOLITUDE-Advantages of. And glared betwixt a yellow and a red;

All weigbty things are done in solitude, He look'd a lion with a gloomy stare,

that is, without society. The means of im. And o'er his eyebrows hung bis matted hair;

provement consist not in projects, or in any Big-boned, and large of limbs, with sinews violent designs, for these cool, and cool very strong,

soon, but in patient practising for whole long Broad-shoulder'd, and his arms were round days, by which I make the thing clear to my and long;

highest reason.

Richter. Upright he stood, and bore aloft his shield, Conspicuous from afar, and overlook'd the field. SOLITUDE-Aversion to. His surcoat was a bear's-skin on his back;

Alone I could not, nor would be, happy. His hair hung long bebind, and glossy raven

Byron. black. Whene'er he spoke, his voice was heard around, We loathe what none are left to share : Loud as a trumpet with a silver sound.

Even bliss 'twere woe alone to bear. Ibid.

SOLDIER-Definition of a.

SOLITUDE-Definition of.
A mere soldier, a mere tool, a kind
Of human sword in a fiend's hand; the other

Alone, on a wide, wide sea.
Is master-mover of this warlike puppet.

So lonely 'twas, that God himself

Scarce seemed there to be.

Coleridge. SOLDIERS-Fate of.

SOLITUDE-Delights of.
Dost thou know the fate of soldiers ?
They're but Ambition's tools, to cut a way

Deep solitude I sought. There was a dell To her unlawful ends; and when they're worn,

Where woven shades shut out the eye of day, Hack'd, hewn with constant service, thrown While, towering near, the rugged mountains

aside, To rust in peace and rot in hospitals.

Dark background 'gainst the sky. Thither Southern.

I went,

And bade my spirit drink that lonely draught The sun sets in their faces, life grows grey,

For which it long had languish'd 'mid the

strife And sighs of desolation sweep its desert.

And fever of the world. I thought to be The winter of the heart aches in the eyes Of mothers who have given their all-their all. There without witness, but the violet's eye


Look'd up to greet me; the fresh wild rose SOLDIERS-Life of.

smiled, Soldiers are the only carnivorous animals

And the young pendent vine-flower kiss'd my

cheek. who live in a gregarious state. Zimmerman.

And there were voices too. The garrulous

brook, SOLDIERS-Religion of.

Untiring, to the patient pebbles told Soldiers that carry their lives in their bands, Its history. Up came the singing breeze, should carry the grace of God in their hearts. And the broad leaves of the cool poplar spake

Baxter. Responsive, every one.

Even busy life SOLDIERS-Things which Make.

Woke in that dell. The tireless spider threw Ignorance, poverty, and vanity, make many From spray to spray her silver-tissued snare; soldiers.

Zimmerman. The wary ant, whose curving pincers pierced

The treasured grain, toild toward her citadel; SOLICITATION-Proper Season of.

To the sweet hive went forth the loaded bee; He was not taken well; he had not dined: And, from the wind-rock'd nest, the motherThe veins unfill'd, the blood is cold, and then bird We pout upon the morning, are unapt

Sang to her nurslings. To give or to forgive; but when we bave stuff'd

Yet I strangely thought These pipes and these conveyances of our blood | To be alone, and silent in thy realm,




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Spirit of life and love! It might not be : in their bosoms sad memories and melancholy There is no solitude in thy domains,

anticipations, which often give dark hues to Save what man makes, when in his selfish their feelings in after-life. Hauthorne.

breast He locks his joys and bars out others' grief.

SOLITUDE-Enjoyments of. Thou hast not left thyself to Nature's round, Solitude is one of the highest enjoyments 1 Without a witness Trees, and flowers, and of which our nature is susceptible. Solitude streams,

is also, when too long continued, capable of Are social and benevolent; and he

being made the most severe, indescribable, Who oft communeth in their language pure,

unendurable source of anguish. Deloraine. Roaming among them at the cool of day, Shall find, like him who Eden's garden dress'd,

Here let me, careless and unthoughtful lying, His Maker there, to teach his listening heart.

Hear the soft winds above me flying,
Mrs. Sigourney.

With all their wanton boughs dispute,

And the more tuneful birds to both replying, In our early years, or more mature age, the

Nor be myself, too, mute. power of employing ourselves, in the retirement of our closet, with any useful or agree- A silver stream shall roll bis waters near, able occupation, banishes the dread of solitude. Gilt with the sunbeams here and there, When soured by disappointment, we must On whose enameld bank I'll walk, endeavour to pursue some fixed and pleasing And see how prettily they smile, course of study, that there may be no blank And hear how prettily they talk. leaf in our book of life. We never read without profit, if, with the pen or pencil in Ah ! wretched and too solitary he, our hand, we mark such ideas as strike us by Who loves not his own company! their novelty, or correct those we already He'll feel the weight of it many a day, possess. Reading soon becomes fatiguing, Unless he calls in sin or vanity unless undertaken with an eye to our

To help to bear it away.

Cooley. advantage or that of others, and when it does not enrich the mind with new ideas ; but this SOLITUDE-Evils of. habit is easily acquired by exercise, and then Unsociable humours are contracted in solibooks afford the surest relief in the most tude, which will, in the end, not fail of cor melancholy moments. Painful and disagreeable rupting the understanding, as well as the ideas vanish from the mind that cau fix its manners, and of utterly disqualifying a man attention upon any subject. The sight of a for the satisfactions and duties of life. Men noble and interesting object, the study of a must be taken as they are, and we neither useful science, the varied pictures of the make them or ourselves better, by firing different revolutions exhibited in the history from or quarrelling with them.

Buris. of mankind, the improvements in any art, are capable of arresting the attention and charm

SOLITUDE-Haunts of. ing every care; and it is thus that man

To sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and fell, becomes sociable with himself; it is thus that

To slowly trace the forest's shady scene, he finds his best friend within his own bosom.

Where things that own not man's dominion Zimmerman.

dwell, SOLITUDE-Effects of.

And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been ; To be left alone in the wide world, with To climb the trackless mountains all upseed, scarcely a friend-this makes the sadness With the wild flock that never needs a fold, which, striking its pang into the minds of the Alove o'er steeps and foaming falls to lead ; young and the affectionate, teaches them too This is not solitude ; 'tis but to hold soon to watch and interpret the spirit-signs of Converse with Nature's charms, and view ber their own hearts, the solitude of the aged, stores unroll'd; when, one by one, their friends fall off, as fall But ʼmidst the crowd, the hum, the shock of the sere leaves from the trees in autumn. men, What is it to the overpowering sense of deso- To hear, to see, to feel, and to possess lation which fills almost to breaking the And roam along, the world's tired denizen, sensitive heart of youth, when the nearest With none who bless us, none whom we can and dearest ties are severed? Rendered bless; callous by time and suffering, the old feel less, Minions of splendour shrinking from distress! although they complain more; the young, None that, with kindred consciousness endued, bearing a grief too deep for tears," shrine If we were not, would seem to smile the less

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Of all that flatter'd, follow'd, sought, and sued, Who winds him thrice around his planet's This is to be alone,—this, this is solitude !

waist, – Byron. Is by itself in joy or suffering. Beddoes.

O SOLITUDE! if I must with thee dwell,

SOLITUDE-Pleasures of, Let it not be among the jumbled heap Oh, lost to virtue-lost to manly thought, Of murky buildings : climb with me the

Lost to the noble sallies of the soul ! steep,

Who think it solitude to be alone. Young, Nature's observatory—whence the dell, In flowery slopes, its river's crystal swell, SOLITUDE-Requisites for. May seem a span ; let me thy vigils keep

One ought to love society, if be wishes to 'Mongst boughs pavilion'd, where the deer's

enjoy solitude. It is a social nature that swift leap

solitude works upon with the most various Startles the wild bee from the foxglove bell.

power. If one is misanthropic, and betakes But though I'll gladly trace these scenes

himself to loneliness that he may get away with thee,

from hateful things, solitude is a silent emptiYet the sweet converse of an innocent mind,

ness to him. But as after a bell has tolled or Whose worıls are images of thoughts refined,

rung, we hear its sounds dying away in Is my soul's pleasure; and it sure must be

vibrations fainter and fainter, and, when they Almost the highest bliss of human-kind, When to thy haunts two kindred spirits flee. have wholly ceased, feel that the very silence

is musical too-so is it with solitude, which is Keuts.

but a few hours of rest between strains of life, SOLITUDE-Influence of.

and would not be what it is if we did not go I want to be alone, to find some shade,

from activity to it, and into activity from it.

Zimmerman. Some solitary gloom; there to shake off These harsh tumultuous cares that vex my

Those beings only are fit for solitude, who life, This sick ambition on itself recoiling ;

are like nobody, and are liked by nobody.

Ibid. And there to listen to the gentle voice,

SOLITUDE-Sadness of. The sighs of peace--something, I know not

The thought, what,

Keats. That wbispers transport to my heart.

The deadly feel of solitude.

Thomson. | SOLITUDE -Scenes of.
SOLITUDE-Musings of.

How divine
I am fond of a solitary walk. It is not that The liberty, for frail, for mortal man,
I am insensible to the delight of looking upon

To roam at large among unpeopled glens, | the beauties and wonders of creation with

And mountainous retirements, only trod some companion who can partake of the feel. By devious footsteps ! Regions consecrate ings thus excited, and direct them to their To oldest time! And, reckless of the storm proper use ; but that when alone, the voice of That keeps the raven quiet in his nest, Nature speaks more audibly to the heart than Be as a presence or a motion-one

Wordsworth. the most impassioned eloquence of human lips. Among the many there. In the deep stillness of a thick wood, on the quiet bank of a gentle river, we feel the little- SOLITUDE-the Best Society. ness and the greatness of human nature ; we For solitude sometimes is best society,

forget the distracting cares and empty joys of And short retirement urges sweet return. | the world ; there is room within us for gratitude,

Milton. and devotion, and hope that looks on high. SOLITUDE-Wholesomeness of.


Bear me, some god ! oh, quickly bear me hence

To wholesome solitude, the purse of sense, SOLITUDE-Non-existent.

Where Contemplation plumes her ruffled wings, All round and through the spaces of creation

And the free soul looks down to pity kings. No hiding-place of the least air, or earth,

Pope. .

SOLITUDE AND COMPANY, Or sea, invisible, untrod, uprain'd on, Contains a thing alone. Not e'en the bird, Solitude and company may be allowed to That can go up the labyrinthine winds

take their turns: the one creates in us the Between its pinions, and pursues the summer,- love of mankind, the other that of ourselves ; Not even the great serpent of the billows, solitude relieves us when we are sick of com

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