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SOUL-Progression of the.

too, a breath of God, bestowed in heaven, but

on earth never to be unfolded ! There is not, in my opinion, a more pleasing

Carlyle. and triumphant consideration in religion, than that of the perpetual progress which the soul There are souls which fall from heaven like makes towards the perfection of its nature, flowers, but ere they bloom are crushed under without ever arriving at a period iv it. To the foul tread of some brutal hoof. Richter. look upon the soul as going on from strength to strength, to consider that she is to shine

Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting ; for ever with new accessions of glory, and

The soul that rises with us our life's star, brighten to all eternity; that she will be still

Hath had elsewhere its setting, adding virtue to virtue, and knowledge to

And cometh from afar: knowledge; carries in it something wonder

Not in entire forgetfulness, fully agreeable to that ambition which is Datiiral to the mind of man. Nay, it must be

And not in utter nakedness,

But trailing clouds of glory do we come, a prospect pleasing to God himself, to see His

From God who was our home : creation for ever beautifying in His eyes, and drawing nearer to Him, by greater degrees of Shades of the prison-house begin to close

Heaven lies about us in our infancy ! i resemblance.

Addison.

Upon the growing boy, SOUL-Protection of the.

But he beholds the light and whence it flows,

He sees it in his joy ; Nothing gives us a greater idea of our soul, The youth, who daily farther from the East than that God has given us, at the moment of Must travel, still is Nature's priest, our birth, an angel to take care of it. Jerome. And by the vision splendid

Is on his way attended; SOUL-Purity of the

At length the man perceives it die away, The mind is never right but when it is at

And fade into the light of common day.

Wordsworth. peace within itself; the soul is in heaven even

SOUL-Voice of the. while it is in the flesh, if it be purged of its natural corruptions, and taken up with divine After all, let a man take wbat pains he may thoughts and contemplations.

Seneca. to hush it down, a human soul is an awful,

ghostly, unquiet possession for a bad man to

have. Who knows the metes and bounds of For what contend the wise ? for nothing less it? Who knows all its awful perhapses,—those Than that the soul, freed from the bond of shudderings and tremblings, which it can do sense,

more live down than it can outlive its own And to her God restored by evidence

eternity! What a fool is he who locks his Of things not seen, drawn forth from their door to keep out spirits, who has in his own recess,

bosom a spirit he dares not meet alone; whose Root there, and not in forms, her holiness.

voice, smothered far down, and piled over with Wordsworth.

mountains of earthliness, is yet like the foreSOUL-Sensibility of the.

warning trumpet of doom ! Mrs. Storce. If self-knowledge be a path to virtue, virtue SOUND-Succumbing to Time. is a much better one to self-knowledge. The

Sound even must succumb to the silent more pure the soul becomes, it will, like cer

Richter. tain precious stones that are sensible to the

power of Time. contact of poison, shrink from the fetid

SOUNDS-Rural, vapours of evil impressions.

Richter.

Not rural sights alone, but rural sounds SOUL-Sinning against the.

Exhilarate the spirits, and restore

The tone of languid nature. Mighty winds, Never let man imagine that he can pursue a

That sweep the skirts of some far-spreading good end by evil means, without sinning

wood against his own soul! Any other issue is of ancient growth, make music not unlike doubtful; the evil effect on himself is certain.

The dasb of ocean on his winding shore,

Southey. And lull the spirit while they fill the mind. SOULSource of the.

Cowper. Alas! while the body stands so broad and SOUNDS-Sympathy with. brawny, must the soul lie blinded, dwarfed, There is in souls a sympathy with sounds, stupified, almost annihilated ? Alas! this was, ' And as the wind is pitched the ear is pleased

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may be

With melting airs or martial, brisk or grave; or harmonize it; hence, a bad colorist is
Some chord in unison with what we hear peculiarly incapable of expressing distance.
Is touched within us, and the heart replies.

Ruskin.
Cowper. SPEAKING-Evil.
SOUNDS-Undefined.

It is not good to speak evil of all whom we Undescribed sounds, know bad; it is worse to judge evil of any who That come a-swooning over hollow grounds, may prove good. To speak ill upon knowledge And wither drearily on barren moors. Keats. shows a want of charity; to speak ill upon

suspicion shows a want of honesty. I will not SOWER-Hopes of the.

speak so bad as I know of many; I will not See, full of hope, thou trustest to the earth speak worse than I know of any. To know

The golden seed, and waitest till the spring evil by others, and dot speak it, is sometimes Summons the buried to a happier birth; discretion; to speak evil by others, and not

But in time's furrow duly scattering, know it, is always dishonesty. He may be Think'st thou how deeds, by wisdom sown, evil himself who speaks good of others upon

knowledge, but he can never be good himself Silently ripen'd for eternity ? Schiller. who speaks ill of others upon suspicion.

Warrick. SPACE-Amplitude of.

SPEAKING-Gently. The palace of the Eternal, whereof our sun is but a porch-lamp.

Carlyle. Speak gently! It is better far

To rule by love than fear-
SPACE AND COLOUR-Expression of. Speak gently- let no harsh words mar

It is a favourite dogma among modern The good we might do here !
writers on colour, that warm colours” (reds Speak gently ! Love doth whisper low
and yellows) “approach," or express nearness;
and cold colours" (blue and grey), “retire,"

The vows that true hearts bind; or express distance. So far is this from being And gently, Friendship's accents flow

Affection's voice is kind. the case, that no expression of distance in the world is so great as that of the gold and orange Speak gently to the little child ! in twilight sky. Colours, as such, are absolutely Its love be sure to gain ; inexpressive respecting distance. It is their Teach it in accents soft and mild : quality (as depth, delicacy, &c.) which expresses It may not long remain. distance, not their tint. A blue bandbox set on the same shelf with a yellow one will not Speak gently to the young, for they look ar inch farther off; but a red or orange

Will have enough to bear cloud in the upper sky will always appear to

Pass through this life as best they may, be beyond a blue cloud close to us, as it is in

'Tis full of anxious care? reality. It is quite true that, in certain objects, blue is a sign of distance"; but that is Speak gently to the aged oue,

Grieve not the care-worn heart; not because blue is a retiring colour, but the sands of life are nearly run because the mist in the air is blue, and there

Let such in peace depart ! fore any warm colour which has not strength of light enough to pierce the mist is lost or Speak gently, kindly, to the poor; subdued in its blue; but blue is no more, on

Let no harsh tone be heard ; this account, a “retiring colour," than brown They have enough they must endure, is a retiring colour; because, when stones are

Without an unkind word ! seen through brown water, the deeper they Speak gently to the erring : know, lie, the browner they look; or than yellow is a They may have toild in vain ; retiring colour, because, when objects are seen Perchance unkindness made them so: through a London fog, the farther off they are Oh, win them back again ! the yellower they look. There is, therefore, I think, one law about distance, which has some

Speak gently: He who gave his life claims to be considered a constant one;

To bend man's stubborn will,

When elements were in fierce strife, namely, that dulness and heaviness of colour

All are, more or less, indicative of nearness.

Said to them, “Peace, be stilli" distant colour is pure colour: it may not be Speak gently! "Tis a little thing bright, but it is clear and lovely, not opaque Dropp'd in the heart's deep well. nor soiled ; for the air and light coming between The good, the joy, which it may bring, us and any earth or imperfect colour, purify Eternity shall tell.

Batik,

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SPEAKING-in Public.

ladies bring upon themselves serious chest

affections from a bad habit of speaking and To improvise (i.e. speak extemporaneously),

singiug.

Signora Ferrari. is to speak alone to people who do not interrupt you, or excite your ardour by interrup

SPEECH-Beauty of. tion. It is to give explanations that are not asked of you, to resolve objections which have Speech is the light, the morning of the mind; Dot been offered against you; in a word, it is It spreads the beauteous images abroad, to be the sole actor before spectators who will Which else lie surl'd and shrouded in the soul. answer you, or will preserve silence, according

Dryden. as it may seem most expedient to them. In conversation, everybody improvises when he SPEECH-Brevity of. talks; and if each of us could but retain what

A sentence well couched takes both the has been said pro and con., we might, in follow

sense and the understanding. I love not those ing a certain order prescribed by usage, make cart-rope speeches that are longer than the as inany different discourses as there were

memory of man can fathom.

Feltham. interlocutors in the conversation. Every one who speaks in society would speak a very long SPEECH-Faculty of. time, if he were not interrupted when animated; that is to say, when he is altogether absorbed The due and proper use of any natural in that which he says, and does not experience faculty or power, is to be judged of by the any distraction: and even interruption some- end and design for which it was given us. The

times but animates him the more. But the chief purpose for which the faculty of speech 1 silence of his auditory, when once he perceives was given to man, is, plainly, that we might

it, produces a very contrary effect. All eyes communicate our thoughts to each other, in being fixed on him, he is embarrassed, he order to carry on the affairs of the world; for stammers, and at length becomes dumb; but business, and for our improvement in knowthis is not a defect of genius, it is merely a ledge and learning. But the good Author of want of self-possession. He is a weak man; our nature designed us not only necessaries, he is not master of his palpitating heart; he but likewise enjoyment and satisfaction, in bas lost bis self-possession; his calm judgment that being He hath graciously given, and in has abandoned him: hence he sees nothing that condition of life He hath placed us in. that he ought to see ; he can compare nothing; There are secondary uses of our faculties; he has lost the standard by which he ought to they administer to delight, as well as to necesmeasure himself and others; he has lost sity : and as they are equally adapted to both, genius, because he bas lost the balance of there is no doubt but He intended them for judgment. Hence the first rule of improviza- our gratification, as well as for the support tion—"Acquire the mastership of your own and continuance of our being. The secondary feelings."

Jacotot. use of speech is to please and be entertaining

to each other in conversation. This is in SPEAKING AND SINGING.

every respect allowable and right: it unites

men closer in alliances and friendships ; gives Little or no attention is paid to the tone in us a fellow-feeling of the prosperity and unwhich children speak; consequently they too happiness of each other; and is in several often contract bad habits of intonation from respects serviceable to virtue, and to promote the earliest age; and, as they grow up, wbat good behaviour in the world. And, provided is mere habitual tone is mistaken for their there be not too much time spent in it, if it

natural voice. From this inattention to into- were considered only in the way of gratifica| pation in early years proceeds much difficulty tion and delight, men must have strange no

in the voice for singing; and it is not unfre- tions of God and of religion, to think that He quently the cause of diseases of the throat and can be offended with it, or that it is any way chest. It is but a part of this evil system inconsistent with the strictest virtue. But that a most injurious habit prevails among the truth is, such sort of conversation, though the young ladies of the present day, of speak- it has no particular good tendency, yet it has ing in a subdued muffled tone, or what might a general good one: it is social and friendly, be called a semi-falsetto, in consequence of and tends to promote humanity, good-nature, which very few natural voices are heard. It and civility. must be understood, I speak more particularly The government of the tongue, considered of English ladies, as foreigners generally speak as a subject of itself

, relates chiefly to converin the natural tone of their voice. I have no sation; to that kind of discourse which usually hesitation in saying that hundreds of young fills up the time spent in friendly meetings

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and visits of civility. And the danger is, lest SPITE-Prevalence of. persons entertain themselves and others at the

When, to gratify a private appetite, it is expense of their wisdom and their virtue, and to the injury or offence of their neighbour. less creature shall be sacrificed, 'tis an easy

once resolved upon that an ignorant and help If they will observe, and keep clear of these, matter to pick up sticks enough from any they may be as free, and easy, and unreserved, thicket where it has strayed, to make a fire to as they can desire.

Bishop Butler.
offer it up with

Sterne. SPEECH-Freedom of.

SPLEEN-Influence of. We have two ears and but one tongue, that

Hail, wayward queen! we may hear much and talk little. Zano.

Who rules the sex to fifty from fifteen; SPEECH-Governance of.

Parent of vapours, and of female wit,

Who give th' hysteric or poetic fit; A constant governance of our speech, accord-On various tempers act by various ways, ing to duty and reason, is a high instance and Make some take physic, -others, scribble plays; a special argument of a thoroughly sincere and Who cause the proud their visits to delay, solid goodness.

Barrow. And send the godly in a pet to pray. Pope. . SPEECH-Influence of.

SPLEEN-Vapours of Oh! while you speak, methinks a sudden calma, Oft from the body, by long ails mistuned, In spite of all the horror that surrounds me, These evils sprung; the most important Falls upon every frighted faculty,

healthAnd puts my soul in tune!

Lee. That of the mind- destroy: and when the mind

They first invade, the conscious body soon SPEECH-Liberty of.

In sympathetic languishment declines. Men are never so likely to settle a question They rise, and yet without the body's fault

These chronic passions, while from real woes rightly as when they discuss it freely.

Infest the soul, admit one only cure,
Macaulay.

Diversion, hurry, and a restless life.
SPEECH-Sweetness of.

Armstrong. When she spake,

SPONGER-Character of the. Sweet words, like dropping honey, she did

But harden'd by affronts, and still the same, shed;

Lost to all sense of honour and of fame, And 'twixt the pearls and rubies softly brake A silver sound, that heavenly music seem'd to

Thou yet canst love to haunt the great man's make.

Fletcher.

board, And think no supper good but with a Lord.

Juvenal. SPEECHES-Length of.

SPORTSMEN. Speeches cannot be made long enough for A hardy race of mortals, train'd to sports ; the speakers, nor short enough for the hearers. The field their joy, unpolish'd yet by courts. Perry.

Lucretius. SPIRIT-Definition of.

SPRING-Advent of. Spirit is now a very fashionable word. To

Ah, how wonderful is the advent of spring! act with spirit, to speak with spirit, means

-the great annual miracle of the blossoming only to act rashly, and to talk indiscreetly.

of Aaron's rod, repeated on myriads and An able man shows his spirit by gentle words myriads of branches :—the gentle progression and resolute actions; he is neither hot nor and growth of herbs, flowers, trees, -gentle, timid.

Chesterfield. and yet irrepressible,—which no force can

stay, no violence restrain, like love, that wins SPIRIT-A Poor.

its way and cannot be withstood by any human He has a poor spirit who is not planted power, because itself is divine power. I! above petty wrongs.

Feltham. spring came but once in a century, instead of

once a year, or burst forth with the sound of SPITE-Nature of.

an earthquake, and not in silence, what Spite is a little word, but it represents as wonder and expectation there would be in all strange a jumble of feelings and compound of hearts to behold the miraculous change! But discords, as any polysyllable in the language. now the silent succession suggests nothing but

Dickens. I necessity. To most men, only the cessation of

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autumn suns

the miracle would be miraculous, and the per towered away into the bright fleecy cloud, petual exercise of God's power seems less pouring forth torrents of melody. wonderful than its withdrawal would be.

Washington Irving. Longfellow.

A bursting into greenness, After dark papours have oppress'd our plains

A waking as from sleep, For a long dreary season, comes day

A twitter and a warble, Born of the gentle South, and clears away

That make the pulses leap; From the sick heavens all unseemly stains.

A sense of renovation, The anxious month, relieved from its pains,

Of freshness and of health, Takes as a long lost right the feel of May,

A Casting off of sordid fear,
The eyelids with the passing coolness play,

A carelessness of wealth.
Like rose-leaves with the drip of summer rains.
And calmest thoughts come round us —as of A watching, as in childhood,
leaves

For the flowers that one by one
Budding, — fruit ripening in stillness, - Open their golden petals

To woo the fitful sun; Smiling at eve upon the quiet sheaves,

A gush, a flash, a gurgle, Sweet Sappho's cheek, –a sleeping infant's

A wish to shout and sing, breath,-

As fill'd with hope and gladness, The gradual sand that through an hour.

We hail the vernal spring.

Adams. glass runs, A woodland rivulet,-a Poet's death. Keats.

SPRING-Reviving Influence of. Lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and Spring, who did scatter all her wealth last

year, gone; the flowers appear on the earth;

Had gone to Heaven for more; and coming the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land; Flower-laden, after three full seasong, found

back, the fig-tree putteth forth her green figs, and

The Earth, her mother, dead. the vines with the tender grape give a good

Far off, appalled smell.

Solomon.

With the unwonted pallor of her face,

She flung her garlands down, and caughty SPRING-Beauties of.

distract, Stately spring! whose robe-folds are valleys, The skirts of passing tempests,—and through whose breast-bouquet is gardens, and whose wilds blush is a vernal evening.

Richter. Of frozen air fied to her :-all uncrowned

With baste,-a bunch of snowdrops in her SPRING-an Emblem.

breast,

Her charms dishevelled, and her cheeks as Here quench your thirst, and mark in me

white An emblem of true charity;

As Winter with her woe. Wbo, while my bounty I bestow,

and warmed it. The maternal Am neither heard nor seen to flow. J. Warton.

Earth, SPRING-Inspiring Influence of.

Which was not dead but slept, unclosed her

eyes. It was inspiring and animating to witness Then Spring, o'erawed at her own miracle, this first awakening of spring; to feel its Fell on her knees. And then she smiled and warm breath stealing over the senses; to see wept, the moist mellow earth beginning to put forth And paced she to and fro, and wept and the green sprout and the tender blade; and smiled.

the trees and shrubs, in their reviving tints Meanwhile the attendant birds-her haste I and bursting buds, giving the promise of outstript

returning foliage and flower. The bleating Chasing her voice, crowd round and fill the air of the new-dropped lambs was faintly heard With jocund loyalty And eager winds from the fields; the sparrow twittered about Her suitors-at full speed with love and wildthe thatched eaves and budding hedges; the , Hie by her in the lusty cheer of March, robin threw a livelier note into his late Cryiug her name. Laughed Spring to see querulous wintry strain ; and the lark, springing up from the reeking bosom of the meadow, | - Laughing in tears.—Then it repented her

She fell upon

The corse,

them pass;

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