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To see the old parental limbs of Earth roaring waterfall, and, giddy and bewildered, Lie stark as death; and fared she forth alone watches the foaming mass as it leaps from To where she left her burden in the void stone to stone, and from crag to crag; be Beyond the south horizon :-her fair hair lingers in the fertile plains of a land of perStreaming spring clouds among the vernal petual sunshine, and revels in the luxury of stars,

their balmy breath. But what are the deep Returning, slow with flowers, she dressed the forests, or the thundering waters, or the richest Earth;

landscapes, bounteous nature ever spread to Which had sat up, and being naked blushed, charm the eyes and captivate the senses of And stretched her couscious arms to meet the men, compared with the recollection of the old Spring,

scenes of his early youth? Magic scenes i Who breathed upon her face and made her indeed ;-for the fancies of childhood dressed young.

them in colours brighter than the rainbow, Then did her mother Earth rejoice in her; and almost as fleeting!

Drickens. And she with filial love and joy admired, Weeping and trembling, in the wont of maids. SPRING-Reflections in. Meantime her pious fame bad filled the skies. There is no way in which the young cap He that begat her, the Almighty Sun,

better learn the sentiments of devotion, or the Passing in regal state, did cah her “Child," old preserve them, than by cultivating those And blessed her and her mother where they habits of thought and observation, which consat

vert the scenes of nature into the temple of Her by the imposition of bright hands,

God; which makes us see the Deity in every The Earth with kisses. Then the Spring appearance we behold, and change the world, would go

in wbich the ignorant, and the thoughtless, Abashed with bliss, -decòrous in the face see only the reign of time and chance, into the Of love parental. But the Earth stood up, kingdom of the living and erer-present God of And held her there; and, them encircling, the universe. Reflections of this kind arise

very naturally amidst the scenes we at present, All kind of happy shapes that wander space, behold. In the beautiful language of the wise Brightening the air. And they two sang like man, "The winter is over and gone, the flowers gods

appear on the earth, and the time of the Under the answering heavens. Sydney Dobell. singing of birds is come." In these moments.

are witnessing the most beautiful and SPRING-Invocation to.

astonishing spectacle that nature ever presents Come, gentle spring, ethereal mildness, come,

to our view. The earth, as by an annual And from the bosom of yon dropping cloud,

miracle, arises as it were from her grave, into While music wakes around, veil'd in a shower life and beauty. It is, in a peculiar manner, Of shadowing roses, on our plains descend. the season of happiness. The vegetable world

Thomson. is spreading beauty and fragrance amidst the SPRING-Morning of.

dwellings of men. The animal creation is What man is there over whose mind a bright rising into life ; millions of seen, and myriads spring mording does not exercise a magic of unseen beings, are enjoying their new-born influence, carrying him back to the days of his existence; and bailing with inarticulate voice childish sports, and conjuring up before him the Power which gave them birth. Is there a the old green field with its gently-waving trees, time when we can better learn the goodness

of the universal God. Is it not wise to go! where the birds sang as he has never heard them since; where the butterfly fluttered far more

abroad into nature, and associate His name gaily than he ever sees him now in all his with every thing which at this season delights

Alison ramblings; where the sky seemed bluer, and

the eye and gratifies the heart. the sun shone more brightly; where the air

SPRING-Season of. blew more fresh over greener grass and sweetersmelling flowers; where everything wore a In that soft season, when descending showers richer and more brilliant hue than it is ever Call forth the greens, and wake the rising dressed in now? Such are the deep feelings

flowers ; of childhood, and such are the impressions When opening buds salute the welcome day, which every lovely object stamps upon its And earth relenting feels the genial ray. heart! The hardy traveller wanders through

Pope. . the maze of thick and pathless woods, where

SPY-The. the sun's rays never shone, and heaven's pure Born in a garret, in a kitchen bred, air never played; he stands on the brink of the Promoted thence to deck her mistress' head.


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Next-for some gracious service unexpressed, and this were its first eve. How beautiful And from its wages only to be guessed

Must be the work of nature to a child Raised from the toilet to the table, where In its first impression! Laura stood Her wondering betters wait behind her chair. By the low window, with the silken lash With eye uumoved, and forehead unabashed, Of her soft eye upraised, and her sweet mouth She dines from off the plate she lately washed; Half parted, with the new and strange delight Quick with the tale, and ready with the lie- Of beauty, that she could not comprehend, The genial confidante, and general spy. And had not seen before. The purple fold

Byron. Of the low sunset clouds, and the blue sky STAGE COACH-Characteristics of a.

That looked so still and delicate above, A stage coach carries animation always with Filld her young heart with gladness; and the ere it, and puts the world in motion as it whirls Stole on with its deep shadows. Laura still along The horn sounded at the entrance of Stood, looking at the west, with that half smile,

As if a pleasant thought were at her heart. a village, produces a general bustle. Some basten forth to meet friends ; some with Presently, in the edge of the last tint bundles and bandboxes to secure places ; and

Of sunset, where the blue was melted in in the hurry of the moment can hardly take to the faint golden mellowness - a star leave of the group that accompanies them. In Peep'd suddenly. A laugh of wild delight the meantime, the coachman has

Burst from her lips, and putting up her hands,

world of small commissions to execute.

Her simple thoughts broke forth expressively

As the coach rattles through the village, every

"Father, dear father! God has made a Star."

Cornwall. one runs to the window, and you have glances on every side of fresh country faces and bloom. STARS-Innumerability of the. ing giggling-girls. Washington Irving. One sup by day, by night ten thousand shine, STARS-The.

And light us deep into the Deity!

How boundless in magnificence and might! Look up, and behold the eternal fields of o, what a confluence of ethereal fires, light that lie round about the throne of God. From urns unnumber'd, down the steep of Flad no star ever appeared in the heavens, to

heaven, man there would have been no beavens; and Streams to a point, and centres in my sight. he would have laid himself down to his last

Young. sleep, in a spirit of anguish, as upon a gloomy earth vaulted over by a material arch-solid

She raised her eyes to the bright stars, and impervious.

Carlyle. looking down so mildly from the wide worlds

of air ; and gazing on them, found new stars STARS-Beauty of the.

burst upon her view; and more beyond, and A star is beautiful; it affords pleasure, not more beyond again, until the whole great exfrom what it is to do, or to give, but simply by panse sparkled with shining spheres, rising being what it is. It befits the heavens; it has higher and higher in immeasurable space, congruity with the mighty space in which it eternal in their numbers as in their changedwells. It has repose; no force disturbs its less and incorruptible existence. She bent eternal peace.

It has freedom; no obstruc- over the calm river, and saw them shining in tion lies between it and infinity. Ibid. the same majestic order as when the dove

beheld them gleaming through the swollen Many a night I saw the Pleiads, rising through waters, upon the mountain-tops down far the mellow shade,

below, and dead mankind a million fathoms Glitter like a swarm of fire-flies tangled in a


Dickens. silver braid.


STARS-Instruction derived from. STARS-Brightness of the.

Stars teach as well as shine. At Nature's birth, The stars hang bright above,

Thus their cominission ran :-Be kind to man. Silent, as if they watch'd the sleeping earth. Where art thou, poor benighted traveller,

Coleridge. The stars will light thee, though the moon

should fail, STARS-Child's first Impression of the. Where art thou, more benighted, more astray ? She had been told that God made all the stars in ways immoral? The stars call thee back; That twinkled up in heaven; and now she stood And, if obey'd, their counsel sets thee right. Watching the coming of the twilight on, This prospect vast, what is it? Weigh'd aright, As if it were a new and perfect world,

'Tis Nature's system of divinity,

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And every student of the night inspires. my legs bear me. A competent heat is most "Tis elder scripture writ by God's own hand; healthful for my body, I would desire neither Scripture authentic-uncorrupt by man. to freeze por to burn. Arthur Waricick, 1637.

Young. STARS-Mansions of the Blest.

STATE (Political)- A Free. The stars are mansions built by Nature's hand,

In a free country there is much clamour 1 And, haply, there the spirits of the blest

with little suffering; in a despotic state, there Dwell, clothed in radiance, their immortal rest.

is little complaint, but much suffering. Carnot.

Wordsworth. STARS-Poetry of.

STATE (Political)-Real Greatness of a. Ye stars ! which are the poetry of Heaven ! If in your bright leaves we would read the fate

What constitutes a state? Of men and empires, 'tis to be forgiven,

Not high-raised battlements, labour'd That in our aspirations to be great,

mound, Our destinies o'erleap their mortal state,

Thick wall or moated gate; And claim a kindred with you; for ye are

Not cities proud, with spires and turrets A beauty and a mystery, and create

crown'd, In us such love and reverence from afar,

Nor bays and brvud-arm'd ports, That fortune, fame, power, life, bave named Where, laughing at the storm, rich Raries ride ; themselves a star.


Nor starr'd and spangled courts,

Where low-brow'd baseness wafts perfume to STARS-of the Southern Pole.


No!-men, high-minded men,
And now in opener skies,

With powers as far above dull brutes endued, Stars yet unnamed of purer radiance rise !

In forest, brake, or den, Stars, milder suns, that love a shade to cast,

As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; And on the bright wave fling the trembling mast!

Men, who their duties know, Another firmament! the orbs that roll,

But know their rights; and, knowing, dare Singly or clustering, round the southern pole! Nor yet the four that glorify the night.


Prevent the long-aim'd blow, Ah, how forget when to my ravish'd sight

And crush the tyrant, while they read the The cross shone forth in everlasting light!

chain, Rogers.

These constitute a state ; STARS-Sympathy of.

And sovereign law, that state's collected will, When I gazed into these stars, have they

High over thrones and globes elate, not looked down on me as if with pity from Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill. their serene spaces, like eyes glistening with Smit by her sacred frown, heavenly tears over the little lot of man! The fiend Distinction, like a vapour sinks;

Carlyle. STARS-Thought of the.

And e'en the all-dazzling crown

Hides his faint rays, and at her bidding shrinks, It is a gentle and affectionate thought, that Such was this heav'n-loved isle, in immeasurable height above us, at our first Than Lesbos fairer, and the Cretan shore ! birth, the wreath of love was woven with No more shall Freedom smile? sparkling stars for flowers. Coleridge. Shall Britons languish, and be men no more?

Since all must life resign, STATE (A Future)-Belief of.

Those sweet rewards which animate the brave, We are led to the belief of a future state, 'Tis folly to decline, not only by the weaknesses, by the hopes and And steal inglorious to the silent grare. fears of human nature, but by the noblest and

Sir William Jones. best principles which belong to it, by the love

STATE (Political)--Best Ordered. of virtue, and by the abhorrence of vice and injustice.

Adam Smith.

That state is best ordered, where the

wicked have no command and the good bare. STATE (A Medium)-most Desirable.

Pittaches Abundance is a trouble, want a misery, STATE (Political)-A Troubled. honour a burthen, baseness a scorn, advance- In a troubled state, we must do as in foul ments dangerous, disgrace odious. Only a weather upon a river, not to think to cut dicompetent estate yields the quiet of content. I rectly through, for the boat may be filled with I wili not climb, lest I fall, por lie on the water; but rise and fall as the waves do, and give ground, lest I am trod on. I am safest whilo

way as much as we conveniently can. Seldon



With grave


STATESMAN-Dignity of the.

On trembling floors his forceful fingers twirl,

Whose fiinty teeth the golden harvests grind, Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem'd Feast without blood, and nourish human-kind. A pillar of state ; deep on his front engraven,

Now his hard hands on Mona's rifted crest, Deliberation sat, and public care ;

Bosom'd in rock, her azure ores arrest; And princely counsel in his face shone With iron lips his rapid rollers seize Majestic

Milton. The lengthening bars, in thin expansion

squeeze; | STATESMAN-An Honest.

Descending screws, with ponderous fly-wheels

wound An honest statesman to a prince, is like A cedar planted by a spring, which bathes its The tawny plates, the new medallions round; Root,—the grateful tree rewards it with the Hard dies of steel the cupreous circles cramp, shadow.


And with quick fall his massy hammers stamp,

The harp, the lily, and the lion join, STATESMAN-Requisite Qualities of a. And George and Britain guard the sterling You have not, as good patriots should do, Soon shall thy arm, unconquer'd steam! afar,

coin. studied The public good, but your particular ends :

Drag the slow barge, or drive the rapid car; Factious among yourselves; preferring such

Or on wide waving wings expanded bear To offices and bonours, as ne'er read

The flying chariot through the fields of air.

Darwin. The elements of saving policy; But deeply skill'd in all the principles

STEAM-ENGINE-Achievements of That usher to destruction :

the. Your senate-house, which used not to admit A man, however popular, to stand

The mighty steam engine-whether we At the helm of government, whose youth was

view it in its individual grandeur or in its

universal dominion over all inferior machinery Made glorious by action; whose experience, -must ever be the great autocrat of the Crown'd with grey hairs, gave warrant with mechanical world. How wide are its prohis counsels.

Massinger. vinces-how extensive its fields of enterprise

how numerous its subjects, and how diversified STATUARY-Life-like Appearance of. their aims! Over the ocean and the estuary, Heroes in animated marble frown,

across the inland sea and the mountain lake, And legislators seem to think in stone. Pope. along the sinuous river and the placid stream,

it passes in majestic sweep like the vapourSTEADFASTNESS-Quality of.

tailed comet athwart the planetary domains, Steadfastness is a noble quality, but, un dispensing blessings in its course, and gifts guided by knowledge or humillty, it becomes yet unrecognised by the recipients of its rashness.

Swartz. bounty. The merchant and the traveller, the 1

merchant and the voluntary exile, the philanI STEAM-Power of.

thropist and the ambassador of Heaven, are The giant-power, from earth's remotest caves, borne with speed and safety to the scene of Lifts with strong arm her dark reluctant their respective labours. Man meets man, waves;

interchanging the works of their hands or the Each cavern'd rock, and hidden den explores, produce of the soil. Antipodes, who have Drags her dark coals, and digs her shining hitherto been planted with foot opposite to

foot, now stand in parallel intercourse and Next, in close cells of ribbed oak confined, craniological proximity. The white man and Gale after gale, he crowds the struggling the black, the serf and the freeman, the libewind;

rated slave and his repentant master, commune Th' imprison'd storms through brazen nostrils on each other's sufferings and aspirations, and roar,

prepare for that reign of peace which is Fan the white flame, and fuse the sparkling gradually evolving from the mysterious cloud

that now overhangs the nations. Nor are its Here high in air the rising stream be pours, labours less marvellous and less benevolent To clay-built cisterns, or to lead-lined towers; within the more limited range of our daily Fresh through a thousand pipes the wave interests and observation. Here it stands at distils,

the mine head, disembowelling the earth of And thirsty cities drink th' exuberant rills ; its treasures—there delivering it from its There the vast millstone, with inebriate whirl, I superfluous waters, or depriving it of its delo

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terious or explosive atmosphere. Here it has | STOICISM-Misanthropy of. fixed its abode in the factory, giving life and To feel for none is the true social art motion to the various combinations of art of the world's stoics-men without a heart, which prepare for our use the necessaries and

Byror. luxuries of life—there it takes its locomotive flight along our pathways of iron, shortening STONES AND STONEBREAKERS. time and space, and uniting in one brotherhood Politics, love, theology, art, are full of thorns; the most distant and dissevered members of but when you see a man perched like a crow the commonwealth. Wherever, indeed, its on a rock, chipping it, you see a happy dog. throne is reared, it exercises a beneficial sove- You who are on the look-out for beauty, fnd reignty, feeding and clothing man, subjugating irregular features or lack-lustre dolls ; you wbo the material world to his use, and summoning love wit are brained with pups or ill-nature, all his intellectual powers to make new demands the two forms of wit that exist out of books. upon his liberality, and draw new prizes from But the hammerist can jump out of his gig at its treasure-house.

Smiles. any turn of the road, and find that which his

soul desires; the meanest stone a boy throws STILLNESS-Description of.

at a robin is millions of years older than the No stir of air was there;

Farnese Hercules, and has a history as well as

a sermon. Stones are curious things; if a man Not so much life as on a summer's day

is paid for breaking them, he is wretched; but Robs not one light seed from the feather'd grass;

if he can bring his mind to do it gratis, he is But where the dead leaf fell, there did it rest.

at the summit of content! With these men Keats.

life is a felicitous dream ; they are not subject

to low spirits like other men; they smile Not a breeze Flies o'er the meadow; not a cloud imbibes

away their human day; and when they see

fit to die, they don't seem to mind so very The setting sun's effulgence; not a strain

much. Can they take anything easy by giving From all the tenants of the warbling shade

it one of their hard names ? Is the grare to Ascends.

A kenside.

them a cretaceous, or argillaceous, or ferru.

gineous bed-I beg their pardon--stratum ! All was so still, so soft in earth and air,

No! it is because their hobbies have been You scarce would start to meet a spirit there ; innocent; and other men's hobbies are so apt Secure that dought of evil could delight

to be vicious. These have broken stones To walk in such a scene, on such a night!

while egotists have been breaking human It was a moment only for the good.

Reade. STING-Emblematic of Vexation.

STORM-Appalling Aspect of the. How small things may annoy the greatest. I have seen tempests, when the scolding winds Even a mouse troubles an elephant, a gnat a

Have rived the knotty oaks; and I have seen lion, a very flea may disquiet a giant. What The ambitious ocean swell, and rage, and foam, weapon can be nearer to nothing than the To be exalted with the threat'ning clouds : sting of this wasp ? Yet what a painful wound

But never till to-night, never till now, hath it given me. That scarce visible point, Did I go through a tempest dropping fire. how it envenoms, and rankles, and swells up

Either there is a civil strife in heaven, the flesh. The tenderness of the part adds

Or else the world, too saucy with the gods, much to the grief. If I be thus vexed with the touch of an angry fly, how shall I be able Incenses them to send destruction.

Shakspeare. to endure the sting of a tormenting conscience? STORM-A Land.

Bishop Hall. STOIC-Character of a.

A boding silence reigns,

Dread through the dun expanse ; save the dull As monumental bronze, unchanged his look ;

sound A soul that pity touched, but never shook ;

That from the mountain, previous to the storm, Train'd from his tree-rock'd cradle to his bier

Rolls o'er the muttering earth, disturbs the The fierce extremes of good and ill to brook ;

flood, Impassive-fearing but the shame of fear

And shakes the forest-leaf without a breath. A stoic of the woods-a man without a tear.

Prone, to the lowest vale, aërial tribes

Campbell. Descend; the tempest-loving raven scaroe STOICISM-Characteristics of.

Dares wing the dubious dusk. In rueful game "Tis pride, rank pride, and haughtiness of soul : The cattle stand, and ou the scowling heaveus I think the Romans call it stoicism. Addison. | Cast a deploring eye; by man forsook.

Byron. hearts.


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