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Dia. 'Tis pity, he is not honest; yond's that fane

knave, (29) That leads him to these paces; were I his Lady, I'd poison that vile rascal.

Hel. Which is he?

Dia. That jack-an-apes with scarfs. Why is he me. lancholy?

Hel. Perchance, he's hurt i'th' battle.
Par. Lore our drum ! well.

Mar. He's shrewdly vex'd at something. Look, he has spied us.

Wid. Marry, hang you ! [Exeunt Ber. Par. &c. Mar. And your curtesy, for a ring-cari ier!-,

Wid. The troop is paft: come, Pilgrim, I will bring you, Where you shall hoft: Of injoyn'd penitents There's four or five, to great St. Jacques bound, Already at my

house. Hel. I humbly thank you : Please it this matron, and this gentle maid To eat with us to-night, the charge and thanking Shall be for me: and to require you further, I will bestow some precepts on this virgin. Worthy the note. Both. We'll take your offer kindly. [Exeunt.

Enter Bertram, and the two French Lorus. i Lord, Nay, good my Lord, put him to't: let him.

2 Lord. If your Lordship find him not a hilding, hold: me no more in your respect.

1 Lord. On my life, my Lord, a bubble.
Ber. Do you think, I ain so far deceiv'd in him ?:

have his way.


Yord's that same felior, That leads bim to these Placus.] What places ? He did not lead him to be general of börfe under the Duke of Florence, fure. Nor have they been talking of brothel's; or, indeed, any particular Locality. I make no question, but our author wrote;

That leads him to these paces. ii e. to such irregular steps, to courses of debauchery, to not loving his wife.

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i Lord. Believe it, my Lord, in mine own direct knowledge, without any malice, but to speak of him as my kinsman ; he's a most notable coward, an infinite and endless liar, an hourly promise-breaker, the owner of no one good quality worthy your Lordship's entertainment.

2 Lord. It were fit you knew him, left, reposing too far in his virtue, which he hath not, he might at some great and trusty business in a main danger fail you.

Ber. I would, I knew in what particular action to

try him.

2 Lord. None better than to let him fetch off his drum ; which you hear him fo confidently undertake to do.

i Lord. I, with a troop of Florentines, will suddenly surprize him ; such I will have, whom, I am sure, he knows not from the enemy: we will bind and hoodwink him so, that he shall suppose no other but that he is carried into the leaguer of the adversaries, when we bring him to our own tents; be but your Lordship present at his examination, if he do not for the promise of his life, and in the highest compulsion of base fear, offer to betray you, and deliver all the intelligence in his power against you, and that with the divine forfeit of his soul upon oath, never trust my judgment in any thing.

2 Lord. O, for the love of laughter, let him fetch his drum; he says, he has a stratagem for't ; (30) when


(30) When your Lordship sees the bottom of his success in't, and to wbat metal this counterfiit lump of ours will be melted, if you give him mit John Drum's entertainment, your inclining cannot be remov’d.] I conjectur’d, - this counterfeit lump of our, when I publish'd my SHAKESP E A RE resor'd: Thus it bears a consonancy with the other terms accompanying, (viz. metai, lump, and melted) and helps the propriety of the Poet's thought : For To one metaphor is kept up, and all the words are proper and suitable to it. But, what is the ineaning of John Drum's entertainment ! Lafeu several times afterwards calls Parolles, Tom Drum. But the difference of the Christian name will make none in the explanation. There is an old motley interlude, (printed in 1601) calld Jack Drum's Entertainment; or,


your Lordship sees the bottom of his success in't, and to what metal this counterfeit lump of oar will be melted, if you give him not John Drum's entertainment, your inclining cannot be removed. Here he


Enter Parolles. I Lord. O, for the love of laughter, hinder not the humour of his design, let him fetch off his drum in any hand.

Ber. How now, Monsieur ? this drum sticks forely in your disposition.

2 Lord. A pox on't, let it go, 'tis but a drum.

Par. But a drum ! is't but à drumă a drum so loft! there was excellent command ! to charge in with our horse upon our own wings, and to rend our own soldiers.

2 Lord. That was not to be blamed in the command of the service; it was a disaster of war that Cajar

the Comedy of Pasquail and Katharine. In this, Jack Drum is a servant of intrigue, who is ever aiming at projects, and always foil'd, and given the diop. And there is another old piece (publish'd in 1627) callid APOLLO, føroving, in which I find these expreflions. Thuriger. Thou Lozel, hath Slug infected you?

Why do you give such kind entertainment to that cobweb? Scoas. It shall have Tom Drum's entertainment; a fiap with a

fox-tail. But both these pieces are, perhaps, too late in time, to come to the assistance of our author : fo we must look a little higher. What is faid here to Bertram is to this effect. “ My Lord, as you have taken as this fellow (Parolles) into so near a confidence, if, upon his being “ found a counterfeit, you don't career him from your favour, then your

attachment is not to be remov'd”. - I'll now subjoin a quotation from Holing shed, (of whose books Shakespeare was a mon diligent reader) which will pretty well aícertain Drum's history. This chronologer, in his description of Ireland, speaking of Patrick Scarlefield, (Mayor of Dublin in the year 1551) and of his extravagant hospitality, subjoins, that no guest had ever a cold or forbidding look from any part of his family : so that his porter, or any other officer, durst not, for both bis ears, give the simplest man, that resorted 10 bis bouse, Tom Drum's entertainment, which is, to bale a man in by the head, and thrust him out by both the shoulder's.


himself could not have prevented, if he had been there to command.

Ber. Well, we cannot greatly condemn our success : fome dishonour we had in the loss of that drum, but it is not to be recover'd,

Par. It might have been recover'd.
Ber. It might, but it is not now.

Par. It is to be recover'd; but that the merit of fervice is seldom attributed to the true and exact

performer, I would have that drum or another, or hic jacet

Ber. Why, if you have a stomach to't, Monsieur; if you think your mystery in ftratagem can bring this instrument of honour again into his native quarter, be magnanimous in the enterprize and go on ; I will grace, the attempt for a worthy exploit : if you speed well-in it, the Dake shall both speak of it, and extend to you what further becomes his greatness, even to the utmost fyllable of your worthiness.

Par. By the hand of a soldier, I will undertake it. Ber. But you must not now slumber in it.

Par. I'll about it this evening; and I will presently, pen down


dilemma's, encourage myself in my certainty, put myself into my mortal preparation; and, by midnight, look to hear further from me.

Ber. May I be bold to acquaint his Grace, you are

gone about it?

Par. I know not what the success will be, my Lord;: but the attempt I vow.

Ber. I know, th’art valiant ; and to the possibility. of thy foldiership, will subscribe for thee; farewel. Par. I love not many words.

Exit. i Lord. No more than a fith loves water. Is not this a strange fellow, my Lord, that fo confidently seems to undertake this bufiness, which he knows is not to be done; damns himself to do it, and dares better be damn'd than to do't?

2 Lord. You do not know him, my Lord, as we do; certain it is, that he will steal.himself into a man's fa-vour, and for a week escape a great deal of disco-


veries ; but when you find him out, you have bin ever after.

Ber. Why, do you think, he will make no deed at all of this, that so seriously he does address himself unto ?

2 Lord. None in the world, but return with an invention, and clap upon you two or three probable lies; but we have almost imboss'd him, you shall see his fall to-night; for, indeed, he is not for your Lord thip’s respect.

i Lord. We'll make you some sport with the fox, ere we cafe him. He was first smoak'd by the old Lord Lafeu; when his disguise and he is parted, tell me what a sprat you shall find him, which you shall fee, this very night.

2 Lord. I must go and look my twigs ; he shall be caught.

Ber. Your brother he shall go along with me. 2 Lord. As't please your Lordship. I'll leave you.

[Exit. Ber. Now will I lead you to the house, and thew

you The lass I spoke of.

i Lord. But you say, Mc's honest.

Ber. That's all the fault: I spoke with her but once, And found her wondrous coli; but I sent to her, By this fame coxcomb that we have i'th' wind, Tokens and letters, which she did resend; And this is all I've done : The's a fair creature, Will you go see her?

i Lord. With all my heart, my Lord. [Exeunt:

SCENE changes to the Widow's House.


Enter Helena, and Widow. Hel, F


misdoubt me that I am not she, I know not, how I fall assure


further, But I shall lose the grounds I work upon.

Wid. Tho' my estate be fallen, I was well born, Nothing acquainted with these businesses,


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