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Frank Hogan, of Louisville. This horse came from near Eminence and had been bought by Mr. Hogan at a public sale in Louisville. A veterinarian of this city objected vigorously to this diagnosis, thereby delaying the execution two weeks, by order of the Jefferson County Court, pending further investigation. Mallein reaction was exceedingly slight, although the nasal lesions were decidedly prominent. The diagnosis was confirmed by animal inoculation. This being conclusive, the court ordered the horse killed. Post-mortem revealed an advanced case of glanders.
The following additional cases of glanders have been inspected and condemned:
One horse, Columbus Butter Co., Louisville.
One horse, Price & Lucas Co., Louisville.
One horse, C. E. Clagett, Louisville. >
One horse, C. J. Scanlon, Louisville.
On February 23d, I visited the farm of Thos. Shelton, near Harrodsburg, at the request of Dr. M. L. Forsythe. The horses on this place were sttspected of being glandered, but physical examination failed to disclose evidence of the disease.
Texas Fever.—August 4, 1901, a shipment of cattle to the Bourbon Stock Yards, from J. E. Dalton, Scottsville, Allen county, were found to harbor fever ticks. Dr. Ellenberger, inspector United States Bureau of Animal Industry, visited this county and reported the presence of ticks in several instances. I also visited this county later and inspected the farms of the leading shippers. All ticky cattle found have since been shipped. Several cases of tick-infested cattle in Allen county have been reported. The source of infection to Allen county evidently are the highways from Tennessee. I was assured by the authorities that proper measures would be taken to prevent tick-infested cattle from crossing the line. This was done and no further trouble followed.
In November, 1900, I visited the place of Dehoney & Gregory, near Springfield. They had lost six head of cattle from Texas fever. It was found upon investigation that they had bought these cattle as natives from a commission firm in this city, to whom they were consigned by J. T. Rather & Co., Murfreesboro, Tenn., and investigation developed the following:
They were out of a lot of sixty-five head that came from the Kitteral farm, about three miles north of Woodbury, Cannon county, Tenn.; and further thai Commissioner Dunn, of Tennessee, having assured Rather & Co. that the quarantine would be removed from Cannon county, Tenn., or that some arrangement would be made by which the Cannon county cattle could be removed on inspection, Rather & Co. bought the cattle early last summer, to be delivered October 1st; but since no provision was made, they were obliged to accept the cattle on October 1st., and find pasture somewhere within the quarantine area until November 1st., when cattle could be shipped for other purposes than immediate slaughter. And further, that the Kitteral cattle had abundant opportunity to become infected during the month of October, when they were shipped from pasture to pasture in Cannon county, where it is known that infection exists.
Blackleg.—In an indirect way, I learn that this disease is common in the State. Two outbreaks have come to my notice, one in Franklin county, the other in Hopkins county; in the latter case thirteen head had died; in the former I have not been able to learn of the extent of the disease, but in one or two instances young cattle were shipped from infected farms, and thus may have established new foci for infection.
It seems to me that the county health officers, in making reports of infectious diseases (if they do so systematically), should also include infectious diseases of animals.
The free distribution of vaccine for blackleg has led to suppression of reports of disease. Owners do not bury dead animals, but allow them to lie upon the ground, to be eaten by the buzzards and dogs, and in this way infection is disseminated.
On account of the faulty method of handling quarantine cattle at Burnsides, Ky., the yard was scheduled by the United States Department of Agriculture. The C, N. 0. & T. P. Ry. Co. officials promptly erected new pens for the accommodation of Southern cattle.
Southern cattle have been brought in and fed during the closed season at distilleries located in Frankfort, Carrollton and Louisville.
Last October I received a communication from Dr. J. W. Jameson, of Paris, Ky., accompanied by a pathological specimen taken from a young steer. This showed typical tubercular lesion extensively distributed through both lungs. He further stated that the entire herd was probably affected, and several were obviously diseased. After the diagnosis was made the owner concluded to have nothing further done about it .
I believe that the State should have a regulation similar to that prevailing in other States, namely, that all cattle brought into the State for breeding purposes should be accompanied by a certificate of freedom from tuberculosis, as shown by the tuberculin test.
Sheep Scab.—"There is probably no disease, with the exception oi hog cholera, which causes greater losses among the domestic animals than does sheep scap, and at the same time none which is so easily, cheaply and certainly cured."
Bulletin No. 21, United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry, after an enumeration of the Federal laws and regulations relative to sheep scab, says:
"These orders constitute the notice as to the existence of the -disease, and call the attention of transportation companies, stockmen and others, to the provisions of the law. Any one who violates this law or the regulations made in accordance therewith will be subject to the penalty, and can no longer plead ignorance or lack of notice. Owing to an insufficient number of inspectors during the past years, the department has not been as active in seeking out and prosecuting offenders against the statute as the importance of the matter demands. The inspection force is now competent to deal with this subject, and the department of agriculture will hereafter take such steps as may be required to stop the dissemination of this contagion through the channels of interstate commerce."
Receipts of scabby sheep at different yards in other States from points in Kentucky, has become so great, being largely in excess of the combined shipments of diseased sheep from the States of Indiana, Illinois and Ohio, each of which exceeds Kentucky in this line of animal husbandry, that the bureau of animal industry called attention to this matter. Being advised of the State of inspection work in Kentucky on account of lack of funds, Dr. Salmon detailed an inspector for this work. He visited forms from which diseased sheep had been shipped to Cincinnati and St. Louis, limiting himself to these, with the result of locating in a few days' work, the infection in Boone, Franklin, Mercer, Hickman, Fayette, Woodford, Clark, Gallatin and Scott counties. The farms reported infected, and which were in consequence quarantined, are as follows:
Jas. Ewing, Midway.
W. T. Davis, Georgetown.
Mrs. Nina B. and Mary Hall, Kinkaid.
C. C. Jennings. Clifton.
J. M. Lassing & J. M. Dempsey, Verona.
K. A. & E. L. Baker, Warsaw.
Jos. H. Powell, Pine Grove.
E. D. Muir, Nicholasville.
H. C. Muir, Nicholasville.
B. S. Hughes, Farmdale.
D. J. Murchison, Fulton.
J. T. Dempsey, Verona.
H. P. Montgomery, Duvall.
L. F. True, Truesville.
Alvin J. Overstreet, Nicholasville.
Rezin Scobee, Winchester.
The following named have, after dipping of sheep and disinfection of premises, been released from quarantine:
J. M. Lassing.
J. T. Dempsey & J. M. Lassing.
J. T. Dempsey.
K. A. & E. L. Baker.
I have deputized Dr. Henry L. Casey, of Versailles, to take charge of the dipping and disinfection of premises in Scott and Franklin counties, and the work is now in progress.
August 5, 1901, nine head of cattle were loaded at Burnside after having been driven from Clinton county. Some of these cattle were found to be infested with fever ticks. This information was forwarded to the Hon. C. P. Parrigan, county judge of Clinton county, stating that the infection was probably extensive, and active measures should be taken by the county to get rid of the tick. No action was taken by the county officials. A short time thereafter Dr. F. T. Dolan, inspector bureau of animal industry, was detailed to inspect cattle in in this county, and under date of October 16th, Dr. Salmon, chief of the bureau of animal industry, writes as follows: "It appears from reports of inspectors of this bureau that the infection is quite generally distributed over the county, and it is necessary that the whole county should be placed in the quarantine area until the open season." The following order has been issued:
AMENDMENT NO. 17 TO B. A. I. ORDER NO. 80—REGULATIONS CONCERNING CATTLE TRANSPORTATIONS.
U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Office of the Secretary. Washington, D. C, October 15, 1901. In consequence of splenetic or Southern fever infection being present among cattle in Clinton county, Ky., as shown by the number of cattle in that county infested with the Southern cattle tick (boophilus annulatus), and to prevent the spread of infection, it is hereby ordered that no cattle which are now in said county or which may be taken to said county during the continuance of this order, shall be removed from said county and shipped to any State or territory, except for immediate slaughter and according to the regulations of this department, as specified in bureau of animal industry, order No. 80, dated December 10, 1900, or amendments thereto for the movement of Southern cattle. This order to continue from this date to November 15, 1901.
(Signed) JAMES WILSON, Secretary. F. T. EISENMAN, D. V. S., State Veterinarian.
LAW CREATING THE
State and Local Boards of Health
OF KENTUCKY, WITH
Their Rules, Regulations and
HOW THE COUNTY HEALTH OFFICER SHOULD
In the interest of the public health as well as economy the various fiscal courts are urged to fix in advance upon an annual salary for the county health officer, to cover regular routine work every year as well as the extra services required of him in epidemic years. This plan has already been adopted in many counties and works admirably. It provides one paid official whose duty it is to look constantly after Duisances and other causes of prevehtible sickness, and for the recognition and control of first cases of such contagious diseases as diphtheria, scarlet fever and smallpox. In Warren county the salary has been fixed for several years at $2!50, payable quarterly, in Jefferson county, outside of the city of Louisville it has been fixed at $1,000, and in smaller counties with less wealth and work, at lower figures. The State Board of Health respectfully commends this matter to the attention of the county authorities of the State. We suggest that other members serve without compensation.
LAWS, RULES AND REGULATIONS.
STATE HEALTH LAW. Chapter 63, Kentucky Statutes. Section 2047. Number of members and appointment of secretary. A board, to be known as the "State Board of Health," is hereby established. It shall consist of seven members, six of whom shall be ap