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pointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the seventh member, who shall be secretary, shall be elected by the Board, and, by virtue of his office as secretary, shall be a member of the Board. If the Board shall elect one of its number secretary, as it may do, the Governor shall appoint another member to complete the full number of the Board. In appointing the Board the Governor shall give due and fair consideration to the several schools or systems of medicine in the State.
Sec. 2048. Term of Office"—Vacancy—How Filled.—The present Board shall continue in office until their respective terms expire; and, as the term of members expire, their successors shall be appointed, as herein provided, and shall hold office six years, and until their successors are appointed. A vacancy in the Board may be filled by the Governor until the next regular session of the General Assembly.
Sec. 2049. Powers and Duties—Quarantine Established—Common Carriers to Obey—Penalty.—The Board shall have general supervision of the health of the citizens of the State, and endeavor to make intelligent and profitable use of the collected records of the causes of sickness and death among the people. They shall make sanitary investigations and inquiry concerning the causes of the disease, and especially of epidemics and endemics; the causes of mortality and the effects of locality, employments, conditions, food, water supply, habits and other circumstances upon the health of the people. They shall make sanitary inspection and surveys of such places and localities as they deem advisable; and when they believe there is a probability that any infectious or contagious disease will invade this State from any other State or country, it shall be their duty to take such action-and adopt and enforce such rules and regulations as they may, in the exercise of their discretion, deem sufficient in preventing the introduction or spread of such infectious or contagious disease or diseases within this State. The better to accomplish such objects, they are empowered and directed to establish and strictly maintain quarantine at such places as they deem proper; and are further emipowered to make and enforce and regulations to obstruct and prevent the introduction or spread of infectious or contagious diseases to or within the State. They may establish quarantine ground in some suitable place, and establish the quarantine to be observed in such locality; and may there cause to be erected, temporary buildings or hospitals, necessary for the medical treatment of any persons who may be kept in quarantine and affected with contagious or infectious disease, for the inspection or disinfection of travelers' baggage, merchandise, and articles in transit through such quarantine grounds or stations; and they may enforce inspections of persons and articles at such stations or grounds, as well as the purification of persons, baggage and articles, and require the transportation of passengers from said quarantine station; and shall assign the charge and control of each quarantine station to a competent physician and his necessary assistants or employes, who shall receive such compensation as the Board may fix as the value of their services. All companies or individuals operating of controlling railroads, steamboats, coaches, public and private conveyances, and steamers plying the Ohio river or its tributaries in this State, shall obey the rules and regulations when made and published by the State Board of Health; and any person or owner having charge of any railway train, passenger coach, steamboat or public or private conveyance, who shall refuse to obey such rules and regulations when made and published by the State Board of Health, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and for each offense shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten nor more than sixty days, or both so fined and imprisoned. (See chapter 5, section 49, as to power to suppress contagious disease among cattle.)
Sec. 2050. The Board shall hold its meetings semi-annually at such places and times as the majority of the Board may determine by a vote taken at the previous meeting of the Board. A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business; they shall elect the president of the Board from their own number, and may adopt rules and by-laws subject to the provisions of this law. They are authorized to send either the secretary or a special committee of the Board to consult and oo-operate with the National Board of Health, the State Boards of Health of other States, or other sanitary organizations, with reference to location, drainage, water supply, the disposal of excrement, garbage, the heating and ventilation of public and private buildings; and the Board is empowered to cooperate with other State boards of health in prosecuting sanitary investigations, and whenever requested shall afford information to any community as to the proper methods of ventilating and heating the public buildings and school houses of the State.
Sec. 2051. Members Sent on Duty to be Paid.—Whenever the State Board of Health shall deem it necessary to send any member or members of said Board to any place in this State, for the purpose of establishing quarantine or to make any sanitary investigation or survey, said Board may allow such member or members so sent a reasonable compensation, to be paid out of the appropriation made by this law.
Sec. 2052. Secretary—Appointment and Removal of—Office and Duty.—The secretary shall be elected by the members composing the State Board of Health on the first Monday in January, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, and shall hold his office for a term of four years, and until his successor shall have been elected. He shall keep his office at some centrally located place in this State designated by the Board, and shall perform the duties prescribed by this law or required by the Board. He shall keep a record of the transactions of the Board; shall have the custody of all books, papers, documents and other property belonging to the Board which may be deposited in his office; shall, so far as practicable, communicate with other State boards of health, and with the local boards within this State; shall keep on file all reports received from such boards, and all correspondence of the office appertaining to the business of the Board; he shall, so far as possible, aid in obtaining contributions to the library of the Board; shall prepare blank forms of returns, and such instructions as may be necessary, and forward them to the local boards of health; he shall collect information concerning vital statistics, knowledge respecting diseases, and all useful information on the suoject of hygiene; and through an annual report, and otherwise, as the Board may direct, shall disseminate such information among the people, and shall supply, on demand, to local boards of health, reliable vaccine virus for gratuitous vaccination of the poor.
Sec. 2053. Salary of Secretary—Compensation of Members.—The secretary shall receive an annual salary, which shall be fixed by the State Board of Health, not exceeding the sum of twelve hundred dollars. The Board shall quarterly certify the amount due him, and on presentation of said certificate, the auditor shall draw his warrant upon the treasurer for the amount. The members of the Board shall receive no compensation for their services, but their traveling and other necessary expenses, while employed on the business of the Board, shall be allowed and paid. The necessary printing of the State Board of Health shall be done in the same way and upon the same conditions as other public printing is done.
Sec. 2054. Annual Appropriation—How to Expend.—The sum of five thousand dollars per annum, or so much thereof as may be deemed necessary by the State Board of Health, is hereby appropriated to pay the salary of the secretary, meet the contingent expenses of the office of secretary, and the expenses of the Board, which shall not exceed the sum here appropriated. Said expenses shall be certified and paid in the same manner as the salary of the secretary.
Sec. 2055 County Boards—Appointment—Term of Office—Powers and Duties—Compensation—Appointment of Health Officer.—It shall be the duty of the State Board to appoint three or more intelligent and discreet citizens residing in each county of this State, who shall constitute a local board, shall hold their office for a term of two years from the date of their appointment; and such local boards are empowered, and it shall be their duty to inaugurate and execute and to require the heads of families and other persons to execute such sanitary regulations as the local board may consider expedient to prevent the outbreak and spread of cholera, smallpox, yellow fever, scarlet fever, diphtheria, and other epidemic diseases; and to this end may "bring the infected population under prompt and proper treatment during premonitory or other stages of disease; and they are empowered, to go upon and inspect any premises which they may believe are in an unclean or infectious condition; and said boards are authorized and shall have power to enforce the rules and regulations adopted "by the State Board of Health; and any person who shall fail or refuse, after written notice from the local board or State Board, to observe or obey the written request, shall be fined not less than ten and not more than one hundred dollars for each day he so fails or neglects. And it shall be the duty of physicians practicing their profession in any county in which a local board is organized, to report all or any of the above mentioned diseases under their special treatment to such local board; and it shall likewise be the duty of heads of families to report any of said diseases, when known by them to exist in their respective families, to such local board, or to some member thereof, within twenty-foui hours from his or her knowledge of the existence of such disease; and such local board shall make report to the State Board of Health at least once in every three months—first, of the character of the infectious and epidemic diseases prevailing in their county; second, the number reported as afflicted with such disease; third, the action taken by such board in arresting the progress of such epidemics, and the visible effects of such action, and shall also make special reports when they deem it expedient, or when required by the State Board; and the local board shall receive such compensation for such services as the county court in which the local board is established shall, in their discretion, determine. The local board shall appoint a competent physician, who shall be the health officer of the county, and shall hold his office for two years, and until his successor is appointed.
Sec. 2056. Quarantine Established by Local Boards—Notice to State Board and Duty of—Penalty Against Carrier Violating Rules.—In the counties bordering on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and on the State lines separating Kentucky from the States of West Virginia and Tennessee, the local boards of health are empowered to declare and maintain quarantine in said county or counties or in any particular place or places therein against the introduction of any contagious or infectious diseases prevailing in any other State or county. Provided, that so soon as such quarantine is established, the local board declaring the same, through its presiding or chief officer, shall, in writing, notify the State Board of Health of such quarantine, and the extent thereof; and thereupon the State Board of Health, in the exercise of its supervisory power over local boards, shall, as early as practicable, by their sanitary or executive committee, ascertain the necessity of such quarantine, and shall either approve of said quarantine, and enforce the same, or declare the same raised. The State Board of Health and its agents, employes, or the local boards of health, acting under the direction and regulations of the State Board, when they have reasonable ground to believe that any packet or other steamboat, barge, or other water craft navigating the Mississippi or Ohiorivers, or any of their tributaries, is infected with any epidemic or infectious disease, are empowered to prevent the landing of such craft at any point or places on the Kentucky shore; and they are also empowered, when they have reasonable grounds to believe any railway train, coach, or other vehicle contains persons or articles infected with epidemic or infectious diseases, to detain at any station or point on such railway or road, such train, coach, or vehicle for a time sufficient to disinfect or purify the same: Provided, quarantine has been established at such station or place by action of said boards; and any railway conductor, driver or person in charge of any coach or vehicle who shall wilfully avoid or prevent the inspection or purification of the coaches or vehicles under his charge or control shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and fined not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, and imprisoned not less than ten nor more than sixty days, or both so fined or imprisoned.
Sec. 2057. Boards May Examine Into Causes of Disease—Notice to Remove Nuisance—Penalty.—The State Board of Health and the local boards shall have power and authority to examine into all nuisances, sources of filth and causes of sickness that may, in their opinion, be injurious to the health of the inhabitants within any county in thisState, or in any vessel within any harbor or port in any county in this State; and whenever any such nuisance, source of filth or cause of sickness shall be found to exist on any private property, or in any vessel within any port or harbor of any county in this State, or upon any water course in this State, the State Board of Health, or local boards of health, shall have power and authority to order, in writing, the owner or occupant thereof, at his own expense, to remove the same within twenty-four hours, or within such reasonable time thereafter as such, board may order; and if the owner or occupant shall neglect so to do, he shall be fined not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars, and each day's continuance of such nuisance, or source of filth, or cause of sickness, after the owner or occupant thereof shall have been notified to remove same, shall be a separate offense.
Sec. 2058. Duty of County Attorney.—It shall be the duty of the county attorney of each county to prosecute any person who shall violate the provisions of this chapter.
Sec. 2059. City Boards—Appointment—Term of Office—Powers and Duty—Appointment of Health Officer.—It shall be the duty of the council of every city in this State of ten thousand inhabitants or more to appoint a board of health for such city, to consist of six persons, not members of such council, who shall be appointed as follows: Two persons for a term of one year, two persons for a term of two years, and two persons for a term of three years, and at least three of whom shall