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C. C. P. 251 and in such latter case, his answers may be used as a commencement of proof in writing. The default by a party to tender his own evidence cannot be construed against him.
ARTICLES 887-899 a-By these articles of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended by R. S. Q. Art. 5977; 52 Vict. c. 52, s. 1; 53 Vict. c. 61, s-s. 2, 3; and 54 Vict. c. 41, s. 4, actions founded on bills of exchange, notes to order or bearer, cheques or orders for payment, and bons or acknowledgement of debt, are included among summary matters." In these actions a defendant may be summoned to appear in five days instead of ten; he must appear on the day named, and file his plea within two days. Two days are allowed to answer it, and one day for a replication to the answer if necessary. It may then be inscribed for proof for any subsequent day, and for hearing when the proof is closed. If inscribed for proof and hearing at the same time, five days' notice are required. Execution may issue eight days after judgment.
1. In summary matters, default to appear is recorded, not at noon, but only after the close of the day of the return of the writ: Desjardins v. Pauze, 11 L. N. 346 (1888).
2. By Art. 897 a, as amended by 53 Vict. c. 61, s. 2, a notice of five clear days to the adverse party is required of an inscription for proof and for hearing immediately after proof in contested cases, in summary matiers: Couray v. Mount, M. L. R. 7 S. C. 143 (1891).
3, Such inscription and notice must not only be served, but filed in the prothonotary's office five clear days. A note for June 4th given May 29th, but only filed June 1st, is insufficient: Bleau v. Brissette, M. L. R. 7 S. C. 206 (1891).
REVISED STATUTES OF NOVA SCOTIA.
THIRD SERIES.-CHAPTER 82.
2. A promissory note shall be assignable or endorsable in the same manner as an inland bill of exchange, and the payee or indorsee thereof, or the holder, where the note is payable to bearer, may bring an action thereon in his own name.
(Repealed September 1st, 1890, by the Bills of Exchange Act, s. 95).
3. A note in writing for a sum certain payable otherwise than in money shall be held prima facie to be given for a valuable consideration, but shall not be negotiable. The amount of such note shall be sued for and recovered as if the amount thereof were payable unconditionally in money.
4. In an action brought upon such note, only the amount payable thereunder shall be recoverable, without damages, for the non-delivery of the articles ennumerated therein.
(In the Revised Statutes of Nova Scotia, Fourth Series, 1873, the whole of chapter 82 is placed in Appendix B, as unrepealed legislation, wholly or partially within the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Canada, or of doubtful jurisdiction. In the Fifth Series, 1884, it is omitted as being exclusively within the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Canada.
In the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1887, Appendix 1, page 2342, section 2 is placed in Schedules B, as one of the Acts not consolidated. Sections 3 and 4 are omitted as being within provincial jurisdiction, and are not referred to in the present Act. On the other hand, section 1 of 30 Vict. c. 34 of the Statutes of New Brunswick, and copied
R.S., N.S.4. on the next page, which is to the same effect as section 3
above quoted, is placed in Schedule B of the Revised Statutes of Canada (see p. 2366), and is repealed by the second Schedule to the present Act.
These notes which are not payable in money, are not really promissory notes within the meaning of the B. N. A. Act, section 91, and the Nova Scotia Legislature would appear to be in error in treating these two sections as being under Dominion jurisdiction, and the Dominion Parliament in error in purporting to deal with the New Brunswick Statute. It seems strange that the Dominion Parliament should have treated the two statutes in a different way).
REVISED STATUTES OF NEW
2. A note in writing for money, payable to order or bearer, shall be assignable and endorsable in the same manner as an inland bill of exchange is by the custom of merchants; and the payee, endorsee, or holder thereof may maintain an action thereon in his own name.
New Brunswick Statutes, 1867, 30 Vict. c. 34 :—
1. That all notes, drafts or orders in writing for a sum certain payable otherwise than in money, shall be deemed and held prima facie to import that they are given for a valuable consideration in like manner as promissory notes for the payment of money.
(These two sections were repealed September 1st, 1890, by the Bills of Exchange Act, s. 95. As to the effect of the repeal of the latter, see the note on the preceding page.
ABBREVIATIONS, list of, xli.
where bill or acceptance is undated, 85, 87
by officer of corporation, 100-2
conditions of, valid-in writing, for money, 102
when date of, may be inserted, 85
by parol, 102-4
promise to accept, 104
where wrong name for drawee is in bill, 105
where bill is incomplete or overdue, 106
by drawee after dishonor, 106
may be general or qualified, 107
what is general, 108
qualified, may be conditional, partial, etc.. 109
at particular place, not qualified as in England, 109
partial, 109, 113
qualified as to time, 109, 114
by part of drawees only, 109, 114
list of qualified, not exhaustive, 114
incomplete until delivery or notice, 119
bill payable at or after sight, presentment for, necessary, 240
presentment for, excused if time is too short, 242
holder must present for, if bill at or after sight, 243
effect of not presenting for, in reasonable time, 244
rules as to presentment for, 246
mode of presentment for, 247
presentment for, where drawees not partners, 247
drawee dead, 248
through post-office, 248
excuses for non-presentment for, 249
presentment for, excused where drawee dead or fictitious, 249
irregularity waived, 249
not excused, because dishonor expected, 250
two days allowed drawee to decide on, 250
holding bill beyond two days, not, 251
when bill is dishonored by non-acceptance, 251
presentment for payment then unnecessary, 251
holder may refuse qualified, 253
if qualified, taken without assent, parties released, 253
notice of dishonor by non-acceptance must be given, 270