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and things at home and abroad; despatched his Reverence of but it is photographic, it lacks Laracor to obtain remission of distinction and temperament. the First Fruits, had Swift Evelyn himself may be well never penned his history of the portrayed by his own account Last Four Years of Queen of his younger brother, —"A Anne, for which purpose he resober, prudent, worthy gentle- claimed the Journal, we should

A country magnate who have lost at once the miniasurvived terrible crises, trav- tures and the picture—the minelled much when travel was iatures of his own soul and a rarity, he always preserved Stella's, the picture of those an open

heart and an open two turbid years and nine mind as well as an open house. months, the quintessence of its He maps out rather than paints trifles alike and its tremendous his stormy, stirring periods. issues, its cabals, its inner and His own individuality does not outer life, all rendered with a modify or tinge his theme. One faithfulness born of yearning phase of his, however, we feel and a force native to that selfconstrained to rescue : “This torturing genius. He shuts the day I paid all my debts to a door of his London, Chelsea, or farthing, O blessed day!” Kensington lodging after his

Some seven years only divide restless day of dictatorial busithe close of his almanac and the ness; he dismisses the drunken threshold of "The Journal to Patrick, At once, as by enStella,' but the gulf between chantment, the willows, the them in attraction is immeas- canal, the cherry-trees, above urable. Swift's diary of two all, the two ladies of Laracor, worlds — his

and hers arise before him. He listens whose letters have unfortunate- to them; he answers them with ly perished—stands out unique, abrupt ejaculations, with soft the most entrancing and the whispers ; he invests their most tragic of all extant jour- merest bagatelles with actuality nals. It haunts one like a re- and importance, just as long frain. The mere step in style afterwards in his “Gulliver. from the quaint affectations of We are as deeply concerned to Pepys and the colourless gravity know if that box reached Stella of Evelyn to Swift's nervous as we are to learn the last disdiction, his terse impetuosity, closure of the wonderful Mr St his repressed fondness, his em- John which the masterful Presto phasised hardness, his little imparts to his “State-girls." pathetic language, his large in- He will assert himself even here dignant irony, is the step from and outdo them; he will write still life to breathing, from “five for two” of theirs ; he lecture to literature, from what dashes it all off uncorrected at must always remain ancient to redhot speed. He “cannot put what will never cease to be out the candle till he has bid modern. Yet we owe its pre- them good-night.” He “must servation to a double accident. always be in conversation with Had the Irish bishops never M. D., and M. D. with Presto.”



“ As hope saved, nothing gives palsy water her mother left for Presto any dream of happiness her yet? Presto in one brief but a letter now and then from fortnight shoots up into a great his dearest M. D.” “Yes, faith man on whom Harley and St

, and when I write to M. D. I John and the Tory wits have am happy too; it is just as if fastened ; ay, and he has fastmethinks you were here and I ened them too! But, " Believe prating to you and telling you me, no man breathing at prewhere I have been. Well,' sent has less share of happiness says you, ‘Presto come, where in life than I. I do not


I have you been to-day ? Come am unhappy at all, but that let's hear now.' And so then everything here is tasteless to I answer.” He peeps over their me for want of being where I hand at cards; he toasts them would be. And so a short sigh both at coxcomb Jemmy and no more of this.”

“ Yet Leigh’s.” Is Stella jealous of the day came when he returned

. his present to Dingley ? Ding- as Dean to the place where he ley is buxom and healthy, and would be’ without exultation, must care for Stella. He takes and with a long pang far more a fancy to Lady Ashburnham piteous than this short sigh." because she resembles Stella. “Miss Hessy” had already in Of Stella he dreams over and that first year entered on the over again. “God Almighty scene.

We have taken the bless her for her kindness to trouble to count how many poor Presto : a merry Christmas times Presto dined at Mrs Vanand a happy New Year; and homrigh's till the beginning of pray God we may never keep 1712. There are over fifty octhem asunder again. “God casions of those five o'clock dinAlmighty bless poor dear Stella ners, usually with an avowed and send her a great many and uneasy excuse.

It was so birthdays, all happy and healthy, rainy; he had hurt his shin and wealthy and with me ever to- must eat at a neighbour's; he gether. “When I find you only dined “gravely” with the are happy and merry there, it extravagant widow and her makes me so here, and I can smart set. hardly imagine you absent when But afterwards the pretexts I am reading your letter or end and the dinners are unconwriting to you. No, faith you fessed. During the initial peare just here upon this little riod his very excuses plead for paper,

and therefore I see and Swift. His association with talk with you every evening the susceptible Vanessa resemconstantly. “M. D.’s felicity bled Goethe's with Bettina ; is the great end I aim at in all and the pupil would, like Betmy pursuits." He supervises tina, have receded, a childlike her exercise, her spelling, her episode, had not Vanessa proved books. He is anxious about of another mould. The clue, on her eyes and her horse. He the other hand, to Swift's aswill become a china-maniac for sociation with Stella is the anher sake. Has she received the alogy of Goethe's with Mina



Herzlieb. The

conflict some coals on my fire,' after of passion with duty, of pla- Patrick was gone to bed ; and tonic friendship with stifling there I saw in a closet a poor prudence, that is mirrored in linnet he has bought to bring “ Die Wahlverwandschaften over to Dingley: it cost him distracts and distorts the la- sixpence, and is as tame as a cerated being of Swift. His dormouse. I believe he does character was not unlike his not know he is a bird. Where own portrait of the ill-starred you put him there he stands, Duchess of Hamilton, who “sel- and seems to have neither hope dom spared anybody that gave nor fear." Nor does he relate her the least provocation, by how Swift turned aside that which she had many enemies the proud, heartbroken Duke and few friends." To these of Ormond might wipe the few he clung violently and in- tears for his daughter from tensely. Does any one doubt his eyes. Nor the following Swift's unfeigned and radical about the Duchess of Hamilton tenderness of heart? Let him after her husband's fatal duel read in these pages of his kind- with Lord Mohun : “I have ness to Mrs Long, the poor been with her two hours and bankrupt beauty; of his duti- am just come away. I never ful attendance the old, saw so melancholy a scene; bedridden Mrs Wesley ; of his for indeed all reasons for real fatherly goodness to young grief belong to her; nor is it Harrison ; of his devotion to possible for anybody to be a Harley, Peterborough, Atter- greater loser in all regards. bury, Lewis, Arbuthnot; of She has moved

my very his eager offices for his polit- soul." Nor how he played ical enemies Addison, Steele, with Lady Masham's children. Phillips, and Rowe; of his Yet this extraordinary man methodical almsgiving; of his is, like Hamlet, “ very proud, resolve “in honour and con- revengeful, ambitious. For science to

use all

my little those who affront himself, the credit towards helping forward Church, or his friends, he will men of worth in the world.” have no mercy.

Like TarThat resolve hindered his own quin, he knocks off the tallest advancement; it helped Pope, heads with his implacable stick. Gay, and Diaper; it made When Lady Masham's attendParnell and Bishop Berkeley. ance at Court was imperative He was no sentimentalist, but for the Cause, he blames her under the fountain of bitter for sitting by the sick-bedside ness welled something sweet of the very child with whom and delicious. Beneath that he had romped. This is how savage ambition throbbed he mentions his only sister, poet's heart. Thackeray, un- who had long before displeased just to Swift and over-gener- him by her marriage : “Mrs ous to Addison, never excerpted Fenton writes to me that passage about the linnet: dying, and desires I would “I went last night' to put think of her son; I have not



one ven

answered her letter." When cleavage Swift would fain be Swift was very ill, and that friends, and gets him to dine same sister called to see him, with Mrs Secretary St John. he denied her admittance, but Discarded Sarah, Duchess of nevertheless he stinted himself Marlborough, vowing to make her an allowance. geance and clutching gold.

The severe illness of Swift Witty, versatile Lady Orkney. is the dividing line of the Jour- Pert, flirting Lady Betty Gernal. Before it, all is high hope, maine. Sweet, weeping Mrs excited elasticity, intermeddling St John. Swaggering, raking triumph, and confiding affec- Sir Andrew Fountaine. Rich, tion. After it, comes a listless stingy Sir Thomas Mansel and saturnine depression. It Sanguine, stock-jobbing Stratwas not all Miss Hessy. The ford. The gallants strut and great men who court him put chatter in the Mall. The newshim off. He is weary of disre- mongering busybodies flit from garded counsel and society's coffee - house to coffee - house. school for scandal. Now and The very footmen hold their again the old burst of love and own Parliament outside Westloyalty struggles through the minster Hall and elect their gloom. But gradually the Speaker. Calmly in the backstern melancholy settles on ground sit Somers, Halifax, and him. He neglects Stella's birth- Walpole, concocting their reday congratulations; he be- venge and awaiting their suc

more and more suspi- cess. Guiscard stabs Harley, cious and reticent. And what and ensures Oxford's populara world is that which he sub- ity. The magnifico - Ambasdues ! The prodigy Boling- sador Monteleon scrapes and broke manœuvring and mis- bows to the great Doctor understood. Intrepid Oxford Swift. Prince Eugene comes loitering through crisis to cat- in to trouble the land. The astrophe. The dilatory Queen,“expensive ” Duc_D'Aumont emancipated from Whig tutel- hurries over from France, and age, but under the thumb of has his ambassadorial house orthodox Archbishop of York burned over him. It is a Whig and homely Mrs Masham - plot. So is the disturbance on "extremely like one Mrs Mal- Queen Elizabeth's birthday. olly that was once my landlady The town takes its cue from in Trim”; under the sinister the men of letters. Everybody thumbscrew, further, of the is inventing conspiracies or unhaughty Duchess of Somerset, earthing them. Spying Abbés who will not be shaken off. Gautier and Dubois confabulate Manipulating Prior's “lean at Windsor over the treaty of carcase. Accomplished, prim, Utrecht with its formulating spotless Addison condescending genius. A bishop goes to preto tope with his unroystering side over the congress that is circle of obsequious Bohemians, to kill the war. Oxford and and “fair sexing” it in the Bolingbroke refuse mutual quar“Spectator.' Even after their ter. The Government are “driv



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ing it to an inch” and skating Arbuthnot lamented. And on thin ice. “ Succession in henceforth there is no more danger" shout the Whigs; journal, no more peace. The “Church in danger,” the Tories. fine friends fade away into exIt is a jostling phantasmagoria ile or dependence or death. of England while she makes Walpole mounts the throne. the famous peace that chic- He cares no more for the “Scribaned the Dutch and contented lerus Club” than his two authe great Monarch. And mean- gust servants did for letters. while Vanessa fans her flame And, despite more fame and with the classics and arranges more wretchedness, Swift, after her “spark’s” Sunday periwig. Stella's death, retires in hagStella and Dingley are wearied gard mockery till he dies “like of expecting the letter that shall a poisoned rat in a hole." The herald Presto's return. And brave vessel with its jolly crew Presto himself domineers and has made shipwreck. All that despairs; sits up four nights sparkling company is dispersed. a-week making believe to crack It has become a phantom ship bottles with Lord Treasurer or of immortal but ghostly fable. Bolingbroke, and jests with all And this naturally brings us that brilliant throng of sixteen to Horace Walpole. Men of “Brothers" whose master-spirit letters are no longer men of In rushes “Mordanto” affairs.

affairs. The former yield the Peterborough, fresh from his latter homage in exchange for diplomatic wanderings, and patronage, or defiance as the warm - heartedly embraces the badge of disappointment. The imperious parson, who is power- age of pasteboard classicality has ful without place. Outside rage begun—of industrious trifles and and brawl the Mohocks. The elaborate impromptu. Walpole watch cries “Twelve of the may be called the founder of clock," and still Swift dallies. "anecdotage," just as Spence It is "twelvepenny weather," inaugurated the literary curiand the thrifty economist will osity-shop. The former was trudge it home. He creates the precursor of Greville, the Sterne Bishop of Dromore, and latter of Isaac Disraeli. Walaccepts his deanery with dis- pole styles himself a “garrulous gust. And then succeeds the Brantôme.” In his “Reminishome-coming, with Vanessa in cences of the Courts of George his wake. Fled is the rapture the First and Second,” comof the deferred meeting. That piled for the inquisitive Misses brief spell of dictatorship has Berry, we find him at his best. ruined his life. Ambition has Macaulay has unduly belittled murdered sleep. He has drunk Walpole. His trifling is not of those troubled waters, and trivial; he is a dilettante, but obeys the summons of their in the grand style. From that spell : he hastens back-only style Thackeray himself borto be in at the death. Ah, if rowed, as witness the subjoined but the queen had lived ! “Fui- extract from Walpole concernmus Tores !as delightful Dr ing George II. : “The King's

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