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coach when she eloped. 1818 revelation. Lord Beaconsfield is far from 1718, but this orna- is handled by Mr Russell with a ment of his order is in close perverse mixture of sympathy likeness to that immortal Duke and suspicion, applause and of Somerset—the feeble terror apology. Throughout he quotes of three successive Courts—who him with evident delight even ordered his daughters to be oftener than Dickens; and if standing sentinels of his siesta, morale be at stake, he protests and, on awaking to find one of a "sneaking sympathy" for the them dropped into a chair from genius who penned that inspirsheer fatigue, curtailed her in- ing passage concerning Youth heritance. Mr Russell's favour- in Coningsby. Yet he dwells ites in “Conversation"are chiefly with deliberate satire on his of the Holland House School. alleged arts as courtier, and We could have wished for more ostentation as host. of Lord Granville—the British room we could answer exhaustTalleyrand. Again, of Lord ively. We might have enlarged Bowen we should like to have on the ethics of anecdote. Disfound the dulcet reply to the raeli was a dreamer and a question whether a successful poet. Imagination coloured his prig was not becoming “almost thoughts and actions. Like interesting” — "I think that Canning, he was early misperhaps when I have the pleas- named “Adventurer" ure of meeting him in another jealousy and prejudice of a world, he may just begin to be Dunciad. Like Canning, he interesting"; and of Lowe, that will be justified by history. retort about the excellent “or- Throughout his career the sufgan” for the articles of public fering million appealed to him men - “Organ, yes; but you with increasing power, but the must take the monkey with it.” shrieks of paid agitation were Among “Clergymen” he oddly never “vox Dei" in his ears. enough omits Dr Magee; while No more than Carlyle could he in “Repartee" we miss that of tolerate the material creed of Jowett to his secretary explod- Utilitarianism. Like Gladstone ing into fits of officious laughter himself, he sought to acclimatise at an anecdote of the Master's the germs of inevitable democ_“Don't do that, Knight; you racy in the native air and soil are not my wife.” But these of the constitution. His ideas

recollections. are already triumphing. To Manning's medieval presence quote his“ diabolical clever

6 and Cæsarism, Lord Houghton, ness” at the time when with the subacidity of his old imperious tribune was out of age amiably erased, are speak- place, is as out of place as was ing portraits. But the "Lord then the imperious tribune. To

“ Shaftesbury” who, as patrician, bear out his pretentious hospischolar, and polished host, sur- tality by a story about ices at rendered a career, dedicated Hughenden, which is in fact a privilege to humanity, and con- mot long before of Sir David secrated it to God, is a real Dundas; to substantiate the

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grotesque performances of his a historian, and a lover of middle life" by a passage about science. Long before his official ' riding an Arabian mare across eminence he moved among the country,” which, unless we mis- best in Germany and France. take, occurs in the ‘Home Let- He is always perceptive. His ters,' and refers to his fantastic style is full of nicety and sugyouth, is, to say the least, un- gestion. And yet it seems to convincing. Nor can we admit us there is a want of elasticity. the myth of his demand for The passages have been

been renon-existent tenants as pall- touched. They lose some of bearers for his wife.

He was

their freshness by the subsesurely too shrewd for the parade quent glosses. They are in of territoriality at the expense fact Commentaries rather than of being made ridiculous at Diaries. College essays home. But this is a digression, quoted, and

the Touching “An old Photograph- Notes' resemble

"them. There Book” it would ill become the is also a want of selection. The present writer to speak. He register is blent with the recital. recalls the glamour of those we are told, for instance, of a days with gratitude and regret. consultation with a German As we bid the volume farewell oculist just after a lecture on we re-echo Cicero,—“Departing Austria in 1851. We cannot like a guest who has well dined. be interested in the author's

If Mr Russell's conversation- eyes as we are in Stella's. He alists hail from Holland House, dances from disquisition to perSir Mountstuart Grant Duff's sonality. There are too many are akin to Madame Mohl and figureheads among the figures. the Seniors. We could desire But here criticism must end. larger limits to saunter through Like the late Lord Houghton, the severer Academe of the a patriotic cosmopolitan with an • Notes from a Diary.' For abnormal memory, our author academical Sir Mountstuart gazes at once on Europe and remains, despite his exceptional England with a keen eye for gifts and opportunities, and his movements and an enthusiasm long conversance with affairs. for every noble effort. How Nor is this disparagement. fine is that phrase of his about The outlook of Balliol at its Maurice's sermons -“spiritual zenith is one of delicate gravity champagne"! How interest-of culture applied to career. ing his glimpses of Disraeli “in If its fastidiousness of tread be the faint dawn discoursing of now and then somewhat the Lord John Russell”! And he daintiness of Agag, if its omnis- owns the saving grace of cient studies and studied omnis- humour. Excellent is the decience recall the palmy com- scription of Carlyle trotting mencements of the Saturday Emerson round London and Review,' they are none the less vainly endeavouring to make definite and active. Sir Mount- him believe in “the Deil.” Adstuart was from the first a mirable, too, is his account of scholar, a traveller, a politician, Wilkes's dream, where Lord

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Sandwich, “on the other side Lockhart, Moore, Hawthorne, of the Styx,” is made to swear and Boyle; the Letters of because the champagne was not Thackeray and Disraeli

, among iced, and the ghostly innkeeper the number; and there are " shook his head

ery sadly countless women who have and said, “No ices here, no kept a diary. Has not Mark ices here.' Nor should we Twain insisted on “The Diary neglect his faculty for land- of Adam and Eve"? scape painting: “Great banks

To “men who have kept a of Cloud lying along the south- diary” we owe a deep debt of west; all the rest clear. Not gratitude. They take us behind even the highest leaves of the the

of character and trees moving Snowberries achievement. They carry on seen against the azaleas with the apostolic succession of extheir leaves all red. Hill of perience. Pepys was the friend Stonyley under the sunset. of Evelyn. Swift in his youth Song of the redbreast remind- might have seen Evelyn in his ing us of Cornish's lines, quoted age; Walpole in his boyhood in the Christian Year' for might have beheld Swift. Walthe twenty-first Sunday after pole wrote for the Berrys. The Trinity.”

Berrys lived to know both JohnFrom Pepys to Grant-Duff son and Robinson. Grant-Duff what a distance! yet these records his meeting with the

a diaries bridge it over. Our latter. The continuity of life cursory pictures have been only thus popularises the uniformvignettes, and we have perforce ity of nature,—“ Vitai lampada omitted many-Defoe's Tour,' tradunt." Speaker Onslow, Eckermann,

W. SICHEL

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THE PRESERVATION OF AFRICAN ELEPHANTS.

FROM time to time during until, in many portions of the last few years there have Africa, they will be totally exappeared in the Times' and terminated. other English papers letters

In South Africa the case was dealing with the subject of somewhat different. Almost the probable eventual extinc- up to the Zambesi may be tion of the African elephant. called a white man's country, Most of these urge that some and south of that river Eurosteps should be taken to pre- peans are to a great extent vent it, but scarcely any practi- directly responsible for the cal suggestions have been made. extermination of elephants. Some propose that “sanctu- North of the Zambesi, the aries” should be formed, in number shot by Europeans is Somaliland or elsewhere, with trifling when compared with the object of preserving ele- the quantities destroyed by phants. All unite in deploring natives. the fact that the African ele- To prevent wholesale slaughphant is being killed for its ter, in the present condition of ivory, and seem to be of opinion affairs in tropical Africa, is that its slaughter can be pre- impossible, except in extremely vented by legislation in Eng- restricted districts. There is land.

probably no portion of the There is evident in most of country which we have a better such correspondence a certain hold upon, and in which natives want of knowledge on the part are more under control, than of the writers as to the real the British Central Africa Prostate of the case. In some in- tectorate. Yet even within this stances it is apparently assumed comparatively small area it is that the elephant is being found difficult to prevent the directly exterminated by Euro- indiscriminate killing of elepeans, and that heavy licences phants by natives. Africans and fees would secure the de- seldom inform against one ansired object.

other in matters of this kind, The actual fact is, that the and in spite of all regulations African native throughout the and precautions it not unfrecontinent, since the introduction quently happens that elephants of firearms, urged on by the are killed even close to Governhigh value of ivory in European ment stations without knowmarkets, has slaughtered ele- ledge of the fact reaching offiphants wherever he could find cial ears till long afterwards, if them, regardless of size or of at all. sex; and so long as ivory of all When, therefore, it is found descriptions is a valuable trade so difficult to take this matter article, elephants will continue in hand, in a portion of Africa to be indiscriminately killed, which is now comparatively full Sandwich, “on the other side Lockhart, Moore, Hawthorne, , of the Styx,” is made to swear and Boyle; the Letters of because the champagne was not Thackeray and Disraeli

, among iced, and the ghostly innkeeper the number; and there

; are "shook his head very sadly countless women who have and said, 'No ices here, no kept a diary.” Has not Mark ices here.' Nor should we Twain insisted on

“The Diary neglect his faculty for land- of Adam and Eve"? scape painting: “Great banks To “men who have kept a of cloud lying along the south- diary” we owe a deep debt of west; all the rest clear. Not gratitude. They take us behind even the highest leaves of the the scenes of character and trees moving. Snowberries achievement. They carry on seen against the azaleas with the apostolic succession of extheir leaves all red. Hill of perience. Pepys was the friend Stonyley under the sunset. of Evelyn. Swift in his youth Song of the redbreast remind- might have seen Evelyn in his ing us of Cornish's lines, quoted age; Walpole in his boyhood in the Christian Year' for might have beheld Swift. Walthe twenty-first Sunday after pole wrote for the Berrys. The Trinity.”

Berrys lived to know both JohnFrom Pepys to Grant-Duff son and Robinson,

son and Robinson. Grant-Duff what a distance! yet these records his meeting with the diaries bridge it over. Our latter. The continuity of life cursory pictures have been only thus popularises the uniformvignettes, and we have perforce ity of nature,—“Vitai lampada omitted many-Defoe's Tour,' tradunt." Speaker Onslow, Eckermann,

W. SICHEL

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