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my seat, I went to Durham, were opened. The ceremonial was welcomed with the utmost was impressive. The Queen cordiality by all my constit- was seated at the end of a long uents, including many promi- table in a spacious apartment. nent Liberals, was re-elected The Prince Consort sat at her without opposition, returned to right. Chairs were ranged all London, and took my seat on down on either side. The Lord March 18.

Chamberlain and two Lords-inThe duties of Judge Advo- waiting, in Windsor uniform, cate-General, I may say here, with wands, were seated at the included the revisal of courts- farther end of the room, behind martial. All

the Queen. ferred to the office, and the The Ministers went in, and proceedings of general courts- the doors were closed and martial were submitted to the opened again in a minute. The Queen in private audience. It Clerk of the Council called on

. was thus my special privilege Lord Donoughmore and Mr to be honoured with such Mowbray to come in. We were audiences at frequent intervals; ushered up the room bowing, and I learnt to realise to the and knelt on two cushions befull that, as Sir William Hayter fore her Majesty, took the oaths had told me, when congratu- of allegiance and supremacy lating me on my acceptance of and the Privy Councillors' oath, office, I should find the audi- and each of us kissed the Queen's ences with the Queen the most hand. The Prince shook hands pleasant part of the duties of with us on rising, and so did all

The gracious kind- the Privy Councillors, each getness of the Sovereign must ever ting up to do so in turn. We leave a most profound impres- were then ordered to take our sion on all who have been seats at the table, which we did. privileged to approach her. Lords Sefton and Sudeley were

On April 6 I went to Windsor then called in, advanced, knelt, to be sworn of the Privy Council. and took the oaths of allegiance We had a special train : Lord and supremacy alone, kissed Derby, the Lord Chancellor hands, and were told, “ You may (Chelmsford), Lord Salisbury, retire,” and then straightway the father of the present Prime bowed out, not being

made Privy Minister, Lords Hardwicke, Councillors. Lord Salisbury as Stanley, and John Manners; Lord President read to the Mr Henley and Mr Walpole; Queen several proposed Orders the Earl of Donoughmore, and in Council; to which her Majesty myself, to be sworn in Privy said, “ Approved.” The Queen Councillors; the Earl of Sefton rose. The Lord Chancellor, and Lord Sudeley to be sworn being new to his work, expected in Lord Lieutenants. At the that she would retire, whereas castle we found Lord Malmes- her Majesty expected us to rebury and Lord De La Warr, tire; then we had a deal of and had luncheon, and waited laughing, and the Queen seemed in an anteroom until the doors greatly amused. Ultimately

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we all backed out. The cere- eighteen persons, nine nomimony took less time than we nated by the Crown and nine expected. Lord Derby, the chosen by popular electionLord Chancellor, Lord Sefton, four by a special constituency and several of us walked to the created under the bill, and five station. Lord Sefton remarked by London, Manchester, Liverto Lord Derby, "We shall be at pool, Glasgow, and Belfast. . Paddington before my brougham The proposal was not favourwill be there." Lord Derby re- ably received by the House. joined, “Walk, my boy, walk; Mr Roebuck declared that from it will do you good.” On which beginning to end the proposal the Chancellor observed, “No, was a sham; and Mr Bright, my Lord; he will say to you— while disclaiming any hostility

to the new Government, said *How blest is he who ne'er consents By ill advice to walk ;'

that the proposal whereby five

large constituencies should elect a remark that was very appro- councillors savoured of claptrap. priate, as the day was stormy, On April 26 came another stage the path muddy, and Lord Sef- leading up to the introduction ton was attired in light laven- of another bill (No. 3), when Mr der trousers and thin patent- Disraeli moved that the House leather boots. And “the should go into Committee to Lords of the Council” returned consider certain Resolutions to town,

which the Government had laid The affairs of India absorbed on the table. Lord Palmerston the attention of Parliament had amused the whole House throughout the session. On Feb- by saying of Bill No. 2: “Peoruary 18 Lord Palmerston had ple met one another in the obtained leave, by a majority of street — and one laughed, and 145, to bring in a bill (India the other laughed, and everyNo. 1) to transfer the govern- body laughed.

What are you ment of our great Indian Em- laughing at?' said one. • Why, pire from the East India Com- at the India Bill

, to be sure. pany to the Crown. That bill What are you laughing at?' never reappeared, Lord Why, I was laughing at the Palmerston's Government fell. India Bill.' That was the reOn March 26 Mr Disraeli ob- ception it met with out of tained leave to bring in a bill doors.” Mr Gladstone remon(No. 2), which was said to be strated against the Resolutions, Lord Ellenborough's scheme. and protested against attempts He spoke of the emotion he felt at legislation which he did not when he proposed to abolish believe would be attended with that famous corporation of the any satisfactory result. Lord East India Company, which, John Russell favoured proceed“ like Venice, had left a legacy ing by Resolution with a view of glory to mankind.” He pro- to legislation during the then posed that there should be a existing session. The House Secretary of State for India agreed to the motion without to preside over a Council of division. But when the day



came for going into Committee, vote of censure—158; Not Conon April 30, Lord Harry Vane tents—i.e., for previous question moved to postpone legislation –167. In the Commons several to another year.

That was re- nights were consumed in debate jected by 447 to 57. On going until Mr Bright said that Mr into Committee on the Resolu- Cardwell had raked together a tions on May 7, Mr Edward great many small things to Ellice, in a speech which Lord swell up a great case, and he John Russell described as being characterised the speech of the one-half of it too late and the Solicitor - General, Sir Hugh other half too soon, and as a Cairns, in reply as the cleverest member of what Mr Disraeli logic and the most complete called a party of confusion, en- and exhaustive argument, and endeavoured to obstruct the as a conclusive answer to the progress of the Resolutions; charge against the Governbut ultimately they were all ment. And thus the debate agreed to, and the Government might have ended. Lord Ellenof India Bill (No. 3) was read borough at an early stage had a first time on June 17. It rendered an attack

the passed our House on July 8, whole Cabinet unnecessary by with the cordial and hearty submitting his resignation to assent of Lord Palmerston and the Queen and taking upon Lord John Russell, and the himself the entire responsibility thanks of Mr Disraeli to both for the act. But the object sides of the House for the can- was to destroy the Government, dour and patience with which or at any rate to force a disthey had assisted the Govern- solution. There is no doubt ment in the progress of the that at one time things looked

The bill received the very black for us. As the Royal Assent on August 2. debate progressed, however, the

But in the middle of the dis- prospects of the Government cussion of the Resolutions a improved daily, until at length week was lost in a great party on May 21, when the division fight. On May 14 a vote of was expected to take place, the

was moved in both great faction fight ended in a Houses-in the Lords by Lord fiasco. Mr Clay rose and asked Shaftesbury, in the Commons Mr Cardwell to withdraw his by Mr Cardwell—censuring the motion. Mr Cardwell declined. Government for having made Mr Tom Duncombe, the Radical public a despatch of Lord Ellen- member for Finsbury, said that borough condemning the con- “he intended to vote for the duct of Lord Canning, the motion, and if Mr Cardwell Governor-General of India, in held him to that pledge, perissuing a proclamation to the haps he ought to be held to it: King of Oude. In the Lords as it was, all he had to do was the vote of censure was defeated to take off his hat and wish only by a majority of nine, and him good night, and leave him that by moving the previous to the tender mercies of hon. question, — Contents - i.e., for members opposite.” Questions



were asked in all parts of the sympathetic audience on the House, by all sorts of people, of series of “dissolving views ” all sorts of people. The merri- which had afforded so much ment of the Ministerialists be- delight and amusement to the came rather boisterous when House. Lord John Russell moved up One personal incident of the from below the ganway to take session deserves special notice. his seat next Lord Palmerston Sir William Fraser in his book, on the front opposition bench ‘Disraeli and his Day,' states for a few minutes' conversa- that Disraeli only laughed once tion. The pious aspiration of in the House of Commons. It an eminent ex-law officer had occurred on May 4. I can reevidently been realised, “These member the incident well. Mr

-two — old — men - must be Gladstone had made a long and brought together.” At last Mr impassioned speech in favour Cardwell said it was his desire of the union of the two Printo do what he could not do in the cipalities of Wallachia and Molearly part of the evening, and davia, in the course of which he to act in accordance with what had drawn a glowing picture of appeared to be the general feel- the virtues of these representaing of the House, and to with- tives of the "ancient Dacians.” draw his motion. Mr Glad- Mr Disraeli, in opposing the stone approved of the propriety motion, pointed out that the of that course, and Mr Disraeli, probable result would be the while assenting to it, stated that extinction of the independence it was not because the Govern- of these interesting people, and ment shrank from going to a went on to say that the only vote that he did so. Mr Bright, thing left would be the remorse while admitting that the House which all would feel," and which had arrived at a conclusion would be painted with admirwhich he thought would excite able eloquence by the rhetorithe amusement and perhaps the cian of the day.” Mr Gladstone ridicule of the public, implored in reply said that the Chancellor every man in the House to of the Exchequer had lavished return to the consideration of compliments upon the rhetorithe Resolutions on the India cian of the day, and that he Bill with the object of passing would not be guilty of the afthe best Resolutions and the fected modesty of pretending to best bill in the shortest possible be ignorant that that designatime which the intelligence of tion was intended for himself. the House could devise. And Mr Disraeli interrupted him with so the “Cabal" came to an end, the remark, “I beg your pardon, and the House, which expected I really did not mean that.” to sit to a late hour, went home Mr Disraeli sat down with a to dinner before eight. The subdued and satisfied smile that Chancellor of the Exchequer, told of his enjoyment. Mr radiant from his triumph, made Gladstone's face expressed aa speech in the following week mazement and indignation even at Slough, and descanted to a more strongly than when he


proceeded with his speech and the Pera at 8. We sailed about 4.30,

We condemned the “sesquipedalian reached Cherbourg at 11.15. words and inflated language

went in the afternoon to see the

arrival of the Emperor and the inof the Chancellor of the Ex- auguration of the railway, the engines chequer. I was in a position to blessed by the priests and archbishop watch closely both right hon. with holy water, &c.; returned to our gentlemen, and to observe the boat to see the Queen arrive about 6, smile of one and the wrath of from all the guns of the forts on land,

when we had a fine sight of the salute the other; for I was standing on the breakwater, and from the menby the Speaker's chair, and, of-war lying in the harbour, which looking down the House, was

was very grand. In the evening the able to see the countenances of ships were illuminated, and the Em

peror went off in his beautiful barge both.

to pay a visit to H.M. Thursday we On July 24 her Majesty's chartered a little steamer for our party Ministers enjoyed a whitebait to move about the harbour and to go dinner at Greenwich. Mr

to and fro to the shore, from which

we were anchored about a mile off. Whiteside was in the chair, and The harbour presented the most by his humorous and happy beautiful sight, perhaps 250 to 300 speeches contributed greatly to vessels of various kinds all draped the hilarity of the day. The with flags besides numbers of small

boats. We contributed the greater silver spoon, the prize for good part of the show, for I daresay there conduct in having scored the were 70 or 80 English yachts, and largest number of divisions, was they said not more than 2 French. awarded to me. The wooden Indeed as a naval display on the part

of the French it was eclipsed by our spoon went to Sir John Paking

muster of men . of - war, frigates, ton, who had been in the fewest yachts, and steamers of all kinds. I divisions, but who appeared in- should say that 3 out of 4 vessels you capable of tolerating a harmless saw were English. Thursday was joke. Lord Malmesbury says bour, in seeing the Emperor and

spent in various trips about the harthat Lord Derby proposed Sir Empress off to meet the Queen at the John Pakington and the wooden arsenal and conduct her to a dejeuner spoons of old England. This at the Prefecture. In the afternoon may account for Sir John's we were in the arsenal (which was anger; but that toast was prob- Emperor and the Queen and the whole

closed to the general public while the ably only suggested sotto voce, party walked about), and we were of and was not given from the course quite close to them and saw chair, and so did not reach my and the Empress were looking well.

them all well. Both the Emperor end of the table.

The latter has gained flesh since she In August I went to Cher

was in England three years ago, and bourg to witness the ceremonial has retained her beauty. The Prince at the completion of the break- of Wales was one of the party in his water and the reception of the Highland uniform.

After leaving Queen by the Emperor and Em- the arsenal the Emperor conducted

, press, particulars of which are English party went off to the royal narrated in the following letter yacht and we afterwards to the Pera. to my mother :

In the evening the Emperor came on

board the Brétagne (his admiral's ship) “MORTIMER, Aug. 8, 1858. and entertained the Queen at dinner. “The rendezvous on Tuesday was The whole fleet was brilliantly illuat Southampton. Dinner on board minated, as was the break water for

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