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The bell rang:

with which it was met, the Northern and Southern States scurvy

treatment which it in America, happily abstained received, and the humiliation from taking any steps to interto which it was exposed. Over fere with the neutrality which and over again efforts were the Government had determined made to count the House out. to observe. I attribute this A dreary debate in a listless judicious forbearance to the House was interrupted by some wisdom and prescience of Mr one calling attention to the fact Disraeli. From the first, he that forty members were not had realised the magnitude of present.

At the struggle. His language once the lobby became lively. was always the same, in public Absentees rushed from the din- and in private : “This is a ing-room. “Only a count !” was great nation : it is not going the cry.

Government Whips to be broken up." The tone did their best to coax or coerce of society and of the House at the Ministerialists to return that day was, speaking generSome enjoyed the fun and re- ally, in favour of the South, mained outside. Some went so and the Emperor of the French far as to obstruct the access to was believed to be ready to the door with a view of prevent recognise them. A strong exing members going in. Such pression of opinion in the House proceedings were unusual and of Commons to that effect, most discreditable, and more so supported by the leader of the as both sides were equally com- Opposition, might have had an mitted to some extension of the influence on Lord Palmerston's franchise and alteration of the Government. Lord John RusAct of 1832. It remained for sell had declared the struggle Mr Gladstone to

the to be for empire on the one side popular feelings by his “flesh and independence on the other. and blood” and “capable citi- Mr Gladstone had said that zen arguments with which Jefferson Davis had created an we became so familiar later; army and a navy, and had creand it was seven years later ated a nation. Others, irresponbefore Lord John Russell could sible people, on the Liberal side, see his work done by other had talked of the bubble having hands, and the principle of burst. But Mr Disraeli kept rating, to which Mr Disraeli his own counsel, and did not gave some prominence in his encourage any action on the speech in 1859, established as part of his friends. The rethe basis of an extended suf- cognition of the South would frage, and the second Reform not probably have altered the Act placed among the statutes ultimate issue, or prolonged the of the realm as the work of a contest greatly; but it would Tory Government.

have embittered the relations In 1861 - 62 the English between this country and our Parliament, although watching brethren in the great republic with the utmost anxiety the on the other side of the Atgreat conflict

between the lantic, and would have pre



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vented the growth of that found that he had visited the Intercordial understanding now

national Exhibition, and been everyhappily prevailing, and, I hope, Then the old man talked to me about

where, and that he was somebody. permanently established, be

some members of the House, &c., and tween the United States and I found I was among the Imperial the United Kingdom, which family, and suspected that my friends promises such great results in were, as they proved to be, Prince time to come.

Murat (the only son of the King of

I had some Naples, and first cousin of the Emmeans of knowing Mr Disraeli's peror), and, I suppose, his son. The views, for he was staying with Emperor's carriage met them at the Lady Londonderry at Seaham terminus, and we parted. I had a in the autumn of 1861, be- bright, hot, 'scorching, dusty. Our

brilliant day, an unclouded sky, tween the first Federal rout at

train was punctual. I had to traverse Bull Run and the Mason and the whole camp right athwart to reach Slidell affair. I was one of the the racecourse, the immediate object of party there. The Civil War in attraction. It was a fast walk of forty

five minutes. At one o'clock came the America was the subject of Imperial family, my friend of the daily discussion, and many an railway-train in the post of honour attempt was made to obtain on the Emperor's right. There were Mr Disraeli's opinion. On one

six races such as we have in England. occasion I recollect a question and saw everything The Emperor

I got a capital place, went everywhere, being put, which he answered looks very well : he is getting fat, but in these playful words, “I can he looks better than he did at Cheronly reply in the words of Lord bourg four years ago. The Prince Palmerston to a question put Imperial is a nice little boy, like his

but by Lady 'I cannot see

wise like either parent. He was in farther than my nose, and that full uniform with a cocked hat! The small one.

Emperor seems so fond of him. After While I was abroad in the the races I had more than four hours autumn of 1862, I had the op- there were about 30,000 men there ;

to go about the camp. I suppose portunity while passing through and the Emperor with the Prince ImParis of seeing the Emperor perial is spending a week amongst the Napoleon and the Prince Im- soldiers. The place was awfully perial, then six years old, to- crowded, every vehicle of every kind

in requisition to bring all the country gether. I may be permitted to people and multitudes from Paris, quote from a a letter to my Rheims, Chalons, &c. We got back mother on that occasion :

all safe about 1.10. The line was

necessarily very full, but things were Paris, 23rd August 1862.

shunted to let us pass. Eating and “On Thursday I was off by a drinking were the great difficulty of special train to Chalons, and was the day, and I was not sorry about so lucky. There were only three 10 o'clock at Epernay station to find carriages, all first-class, not half champagne sold by the glass at the full. I found myself the fo th in refreshment-room. a carriage, with an old man sixty, as he looked, a young man about

During the session of 1865 twenty-one, and an intermediate man: all our thoughts were concenthey might have passed for grand- trated on the dissolution of father, father, and son, but that No. the longest Parliament of the 2 did not seem quite so free and familiar. After a time the young reign, and the great struggle man talked English like a native. Î which both sides were making

is a very



to obtain a majority in the in 1859 was more serious; still, next Parliament. Independ- Lord Chandos was not a canently of the University contest, didate sufficiently strong to oust of which I make a special Mr Gladstone. In 1859 Mr mention hereafter, I was active- Gladstone accepted office under ly engaged in our Berkshire Lord Derby, as Lord High Comcontest, where succeeded missioner to the Ionian Isles. in carrying the whole county, The writ was moved by the returning three Conservative Tory Whip, and Mr Gladstone members. Buckinghamshire took his seat on the Minisand Oxfordshire followed our terial side, upon re-election on example, so that the three the 8th of March. Three counties constituting the one

months later another writ was diocese of Oxford sent up moved—this time by the Liberal what Mr Disraeli called our Whip-on his becoming Lord nine Diocesan Members.

Palmerston's Chancellor of the The year 1865 brings me to Exchequer. And instead of an event, in itself of great politi- being, as might have been excal moment, with which my pected from his past career, the thoughts and a great deal of my most Conservative element in time had been occupied for over the new Government, Mr Gladtwelve months. In his repre- stone, it became evident, was sentation of the University of the most advanced. His action Oxford, in Parliament, Mr Glad- in the House and his speeches stone never was without oppo- out of doors showed that; and sition. The old Protectionists it was resolved to form a strong brought their candidates to the committee and to select a really poll against him in 1847 and strong candidate, in the convic1852. I was an active member tion that if the constituency of his committee on both those could be completely polled, it occasions. I did not vote in would be found that Mr Glad1853. Many, like myself, be- stone no longer was the real tween ceasing to be among his representative of the University supporters and actively oppos- of Oxford. This confidence was ing him by their votes, took up justified by the election of 1865. an attitude of neutrality for a The story of that election has time. But from the moment of never been fully told, and now his entering the Palmerston that Lord Beauchamp (then the Government, in 1859, a quiet but Hon. Fred. Lygon), Judge Cooke, determined resolution filled the and Professor Wall are dead, minds of many of us, both in few, if any, save myself, among Oxford and among old Oxonians the active agents, are left to tell in London, to turn Mr Glad- it. The first man we thought stone out. The several assaults of as a candidate was Sotheron upon his seat, however, were Estcourt, a son of Mr Bucknall singularly unsuccessful. That Estcourt, who had been member in 1853 was made by a candidate for the University of Oxford from quite unknown in public life, 1826 to 1847, and whom, indeed, and it failed completely. That Mr Gladstone had succeeded in the latter year.

Mr Sotheron the Rev. T. H. Sheppard, ExEstcourt, however, would not eter; the Rev. E. T. Turner, sever the close attachment that Brasenose ; Rev. George Petch, existed between him and his Trinity; and the Rev. H. R. constituency in North Wilts. Bramley, Magdalen. And at The next names that suggested 42 Wimpole Street, W., to the themselves to us were Sir Staf- London Committee, of which I ford Northcote and Mr Gathorne was the chairman, Ward Hunt, Hardy. Sir Stafford, however, M.P., and Stephen Cave, M.P., was not to be persuaded to were vice-chairmen, and Hon. stand, in view of his previous Wm. Brodrick, now Viscount relations as private secretary Midleton (Balliol), J. G. Darby with Mr Gladstone. We met (Ch. Ch.), A. Stavely Hili, with very little encouragement D.C.L. (St John's), and Granfrom Mr Hardy. In June 1864 ville R. Ryder (Ch. Ch.), mema meeting was held in London bers. Several hundreds of to discuss the Oxford seat. I names were added to this dewas in the chair, and there claration ; but when Parliawas present a large gathering ment met in 1865 Mr Hardy of members of the University, still declined to allow his name from Oxford and from the to be mentioned as a candidate. House of Commons. A resolu- After Easter, committee rooms tion was moved and unani- were engaged in Great George mously carried that Mr Glad- Street, Westminster, where we stone should be opposed. No worked hard daily up to the candidate was selected at that conclusion of the poll. meeting, but there was a gen- We had now reason to hope eral hope and expectation that that Mr Hardy would not be such pressure would be put unwilling to sit if he were upon Mr Hardy as would in- elected, But he had not in duce him in time to give his any real sense declared himconsent to stand.

self a candidate. He still was Accordingly, a declaration, a candidate for Leominster, for

a signed by over 150 members which, as a matter of fact, he of Convocation, expressing their was re-elected after a contest intention to support Mr Hardy as well as for the University.

a candidate for the Uni- His exact position may best be versity in opposition to Mr described in his own words :Gladstone, was widely circu

“ HOUSE OF COMMONS, lated throughout the autumn

May 24, 1865. and winter. Communications,

“ My DEAR MOWBRAY, — There it may be interesting to re- seems to be some misapprehension call, were to be addressed to Oxford University election.

as to my position in regard to the

It has any of the following: at Ox- been, and is, an embarrassing one ford, to the Rev. the Presi- from the peculiar circumstances of dent of St John's; the Rev. R.

I have never been a can. Michell, St Giles; the Rev. Pro- didate for the University, and am not

so now. I have always felt that a confessor Wall, Balliol; the Rev. stituency such as that should select its Professor Mansel, St John's; member without intervention on his


the case.

part, and whoever may be chosen must went on the greatest interest be at their disposal. My name has began to be shown in enbeen used by the Committee, of which deavouring to ascertain the you are chairman, without interference on my part, and I accept the number of promises on either consequences, whatever they may side, but we were never to be be. It would be unjust and un- drawn by the fishing questions generous to those who have made with which we were pressed. I such disinterested exertions on my behalf were I to withdraw my name

found that our figures were now; but, so far as positive action always underestimated. Before on my own part is concerned, it must going down to meet my own be directed to my re-election at constituents at Durham, where Leominster. If the University seat

I was returned unopposed on should eventually be offered to me, I could not, of course, hesitate one July 11, I showed our figures to moment as to its acceptance. No Mr Disraeli

, who was surprised other constituency can confer so great and gratified exceedingly. He an honour, and I at least should had shared in the general innever undervalue the distinction.Believe me, yours very truly,

credulity. Our estimate showed " GATHORNE HARDY." a majority of 180 for Mr

Hardy, and the poll corroborIncredulity as to our success ated it exactly. was general, in the House and The chairman of Mr Hardy's in the country. Mr Gladstone's

Mr Gladstone's Oxford Committee was Archseat had been assailed so often deacon Clerke, which led Bishop in vain, that it had come to be Wilberforce to say of the oppositaken for granted that it was tion, “They plough with my impregnable. We, on the other heifer.” Thereupon Dean Manhand, were confident of victory, sel wrote the following witty else we should not have pushed lines :matters so far. Nothing was

“When the versatile Bishop of Oxford's further from our thoughts than famed city a merely worrying opposition. Cast his eyes on the chairman of Hardy's With that we should have had Committee, nothing to do, although by

Said Samuel, from Samson the metamost people it was assumed, “They plough with my heifer, that is,

phor taken, I think, that we had nothing

my Archdeacon.' more to hope for. But every But when Samuel himself leaves his week had brought us the names

friends in the lurch

To vote with the foes of the State and of men who previously had

the Church, been Gladstonians, and of re

It proves without doubt — and the cruits among


younger mem- spectacle shocks onebers of the University. We That Dissenters can plough with Episconfident of of winning,

copal Oxon.” therefore, and said so; but the The poll opened on Thursday figures upon which that confi- the 13th July, and lasted until dence was based were kept a the 18th, the intervening Sunprofound secret. They were day excepted. On the first day known to four men only,—two of the poll

, about 5 P.M., the in London (of whom I was one) Bishop of Oxford came into the and two in Oxford. As time theatre booted

booted and spurred,


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