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No neighbour to despoil his neighbour fought,
. But this no more !- We must not now, alack!
• At Merchant-Taylor's bred, Hardwareman cries-
ES Art. 47. Matlock; a farewell descriptive Poem. Most humbly
inscribed to her Grace Georgiana, Duchess of Devon fhire. 410. is. Baldwin. 1786.
“ Et in Arcadia ego"--We, too, have been at this Derbyshire Arcadia, but never had we the good fortune of meeting, there, with any of those •blue-eyed Naiads,' or 'green-rob’d Nymplas,' or ' long-liv'd Dryads,'- none of the pearl-clad Nereids, Satyrs and Fauns, Fays and Goblins'—which so plenteoully abound-in this poem—that it is astonishing we never met them on the spot; for we too, have occafionally stray'd among Dear Matlock's • Dells darkling, hazel haunts, and grassy glades *.' • Page 7, 1. 4.
Nor did we ever hear, in the learned circles at the Hall, or at Lo. vett's, aught concerning the amours of the Giant Mangelon, and the Nymph Matlocia, which are here celebrated with all the fond fancy of a youthful Muse, more versed in Ovidian fable and imagery, than in just and natural descriptions of rurai scenery. Matlock is a charm. ing place, and demands the pen of a Denham, or a Pope. . Ari. 48. Henry and Acafio : a Moral Tale. By the Rev. Brian
Hill, A. M. late of Queen's College, Oxford ; and Chaplain to the Earl of Leven. With a Preface by Sir Richard Hill, Bart. 3d Edition, with Corrections, Alterations, and Additions by the Author. 12mo.is, Stockdale.
'The Author relates a tender tale, in easy verse: it is, however, in our opinion, too strongly tinctured with peculiar religious sentiments, to be acceptable to the generality of readers. Art. 49. Socrates and Xantippe : a Burlesque Tale. By William
Walbeck. 4to. 25. Bew. 1786. There is something that looks like wit in the poem, and something also that looks like learning in the notes; but in good truth they are more like Iago's honesty than any thing besides nothing else but Mew!
Dk. Art. 50. The Mirror : a Poem. Addressed to Lady L ***.
400. 15. Debrett. 1786. An elegant bouquet, culled from the garden of the Muses, with which Lady L.-whoever she be-need not disdain to adorn her fair bolom.
E Art. 51. The Commemoration of Handel: a Poem. 4to. IS.
Cadell, &c. The process of the Commemoration is here described, and the subject of the Meffiah represented, in harmonious and elegant verse, which, amidst the triumphs of Mufic, in some measure maintains the honours of Poesy.
NOV E L S. Art. 52. The Innocent Rivals, a Novel, taken from the French,
with Alterations and Additions. By a Lady, 12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 6d. sewed. Bew. 1786.
In the character of Melmoth, a married man, who suffers another fair one to supplant his wife in his affections, and thereby involves both the females in distress and wretchedness, and brings upon himself a load of remorse which he is unable to support; this novel affords a striking example of the danger of indulging an illicit passion. It is a leífon which has been taught in many different forms; but it comes with peculiar weight, as the moral of an interesting tale, agreeably written. Art. 53 Fanny, a Novel; in a Series of Letters; written by a
Lady. 1200. 3 Vols. 55. sewed. Richardson. This novel, besides that it is agreeably written, and exhibits a variety of characters in interesting situations, has the uncommon me. rit of conveying, in its fory, a very useful lesson to young women ; which is, that, by treating debauched young men-not, as is too often the cale, with marked distinction, but, on the contrary, with a spirited reserve, they have it in their power to contribute very
much towards reforming their manners, and consequently providing
Anna, or the Welsh Heiress. 12mo. 5 Vols. 155. Lane.
Those who were pleased with this writer's former produ&ion, will probably find amusement in the present, which, in point of style, is, on the whole, better written than Anna. We must however remark, that the characters are more numerous than was necessary, and are strained beyond real life. The plot is confused, and in many particulars extravagant. The tale is drawn out to an immoderate length, and the reader is fatigued without being interested. The writer is cul. pable too, in adopting and proceeding upon an idea of a pernicious tendency, namely, that juvenile indiscretions are rather to be regarded as indications of genius and spirit, than as proofs of an ill-principled or irresolute mind.
E . Art. 55. The Tour of Valentine. Crown 8vo. 35. Tewed.
Johnson. 1786. This volume is not published, we are told, to add another to the many novel adventures, eastern romances, or sentimental effusions ; nor solely to furnish entertainment. "Its true design,' says the Author, will readily appear : it will mislead none; it may please some; and, if any, those whose approbation is most valuable.' His professed intention is to promote Christian piety; and some little objection, he acknowledges he felt; against clothing his work in a fanciful dress. ' In other books of this kind,' he remarks, • loose and passionate descriptions are hardly effaced, or rendered edifying, by grave consequences or supplemental morality. Virtue is indeed proposed, but the means to attain it are not taught; there is, therefore, ftri&tly speaking, no example of virtue given.'
It must be allowed that the tendency of the work is such as the yriter represents it to be. The scenes and adventures, if not fo numerous, or wrought up with so much art and passion as other novels display, are yet interesting, instructive, and friendly to virtue ; giving rise to just and useful reflections and conversations on fubjects of the greatest importance. The dialogue held by Valentine and his cousin concerning duelling, is, in particular, well worthy of attention. More real and edifying sense is to be met with here than in several other productions which may probably be better received in the world. The style has sometimes a peculiarity or degree of obscurity, which might, we apprehend, have been avoided or corrected.
H. Art. 56. Manon L'Escaut : or the Fatal Attachment. A French
Story. 2 Vols. 12mo. 6s. sewed. Cadell. 1786. These volumes are far more likely than the preceding Tour to in.' terest the passions, to warm the imagination, and, though it ought not to be fo, to engage the heart; for this novel gives us the hiftory of improper amours, and of gambling atchievements for their support. If its character is fairly given, while every allowance is made for the invention and ingenuity of the writer, it must probably be this, that it represents folly, extravagance, and vice, in colours too favourable and attractive ; and while it makes the actors suffer, even
to a high degree, it presents them to the reader rather as objects of con paflion than of ceníure. The translator seems to have been a liiele fensible of this, and something he says by way of apology, which he would persuade himself is fuficient to answer the objec. tion. This little novel, he informs us, fe'l into his hands in the long winter of 1784, which he passed in Normandy. For the amuseinint of fome English friends, who did not read French, he ranslate ed as he read some of the moit striking partages, which appeared to them so interesting, that, says he, I was induced to translate the whole; or rather to write it anew in English. He acknowledges he has made fime considerable alterations, as to length of periods, transportion of pages, &c. but all this has been done to render the performance more pleasant to an Englih ear, and after all he fears : the clinquant of the French is still very vilble.' To this account our translator farther adds, 'It has been thought, that notwithstand. ing all her errors and failings, the picture of Manon is too captivating, and that vice is not drawn in her character as lutiiciently odious. But furely an improper tendency cannot be imputed to a story where every deviation from virtue is immediately and severely punilhed, and which is at length closed by a catastrophe jo melancholy as the death of Manon, and the remorse and despair of her lover.'' There is fome truth in this observation ; but it is yet questionable whether ene vok is not fitted to produce bad rather than good effects, especially on some minds; as it will be recollected, that the distrefies, however deep, are really fiction, and the other parts wear a pleasing and alluring aspect.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 57. The Works of M. Le Chevalier de Florian; containing Galatea, a Pastoral Romance ; and other characteristic Romances. Tranilated from the last Paris Edition, by Mr. Robinson. To which is prefixed, an Eray on Pastoral Romance, in an Epiftle to Miss C. T. by the Translator. 12mo. 2 Vols. 55. bound, Becker. 1786.
Thele tales, which are written with much elegance and tender. nefs, will afford that class of readers to whom they are addressed an agreeable amusement, without the smallest hazard of perverting their taite, or corrupting their hearts. The first volume consists of a beau. tiful pastoral romance ; the fecond, of characteristic tales, in which the spirit and manners of different countries are represented; the Spaniard and Portuguese, as ftill fond of adventures and combats; the Frenchman, as inspired with sentiments of love and glory ; the German, as distinguished by manly sense and integrity ; the Greek, as a lover of science and arts; and the Persian, as teaching found Teflons of morality under the form of wild romance. The work is translated with correctness and ease, and the introduction is well written.
E Art. 58. Tales, Romances, A polagues, Anecdotes, and Nove's; hue
morous, satiric, entertaining, biliorical, tragical, and moral ; from the French of the Abbé Blanchet, M. Bret, M. de la Place, M. Imbert, M. St. Lambert, and the Chevalier de Florian. 12mo. 2 Vols. 65. fewed. Robinson. 1786. This is an amusing medley from French Novellists; but it was, to
'Say the least, unnecesary to swell the volumes with the addition of five of the tales of Florian, already so well translated by the Editor of the preceding article.
E. Art. 59. A Letter from Capt. J. S. Smith to the Reo Mr. Hil,
on the State of the Negroe Slaves. To which are added an Introduction and Remarks on Free Negroes, &c. By the Editor. 8vo. 6d. Phillips. 1986.
In our Review for January last we expreffed our intention of withdrawing our thoughts from the controversy we were likely to be engaged in, on a subject which had been, with no small degree of rancour between the engaging parties, warmly attacked and defended. We shall adhere to our resolution, and only lay before our Readers the contents of the present performance, with the arguments of the Editor * in vindication of his former affertions.
In the Introduction, Mr. Ramsay gives an account of the manner in which his adversaries have attacked him, and of his reply to what he styles the 'vinditive and argumentative answers or objections to his original Essay.'
The letter itself is the result of a desire, which a friend of Mr. Ramsay's (we suppose Mr. Hill) made to Captain Smith, • that he would read Mr. Ramsay's Effay, and give his opinion of it impartially.'
The Captain having been an eye-witness to the many species of - cruelty exercised on the negroes, confirms what Mr. Ramsay had re
prefented, and gives some additional proofs of the miserable state ia which those wretched beings are involved.
The remarks concerning the free negroes arc ingeniously and ju... diciously set forth: as to the truth of the affertions contained in them, we cannot pretend to decide. Art. 60. The Night Cap. By M. Mercier. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s.
. fewed. 1786. This writer is one of those volatile and eccentric geniuses who dash at every thing--with thought or without it, just as the whim of che moment tranfports them. Whether it was folly, madness, or the fond lust of fingularity, that made M. Mercier dah his empty pate againt Homer, we will not determine : but as his night can was on, it would have been more for the credit of his taite, learning, and judgment, if he had done what other people do when they pur on theirs.
B - h Art. 61. The Progress of Fashion: exhibiting a View of its Inc
fluence in all the Departments of Life. 8vo. 15, 6d. Sewell.
An elegant and sensible essay. It traces the influence of Fashion on religion, politics, morality, literature, and dress; and the de. fign of it is to counteract its corrupt and dangerous effects, by exposing its facility and caprice.
The Author discovers a considerable share of historical knowledge. His reflections are in general judicious, sometimes lively and acuie, and always liberal and candia.
* Rev. Mr. Ramsay.