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ears of Lord Art. 62. The ten

Art. 62. The Farbet Chesterfield and Parfon Goodman. Tranflated

from the French of M. Voltaire, by J. Knight. 12mo. Is. 6d.
Bern. Printed for W. Lavater and Son : sold also at the Hague,
and at London. Imported by G. Kearsley. 1786.

SCENE. A Reviewer's Apartment in Grubftreet, FREETHINKER. There is a great deal of wit in this little tract. CHRISTIAN. There is a great deal of wickedness in it. Reviewer. It seems very like Voltaire's manner; and, possibly, is the production of his pen—as the title profeffes. · MR. KNIGHT. I hope I have done tolerable justice to it in the translation.

BYSTANDER. From what you have said, Gentlemen, I shall certainly call at Kearsley's, in my way to the Devil (tavern], and buy the book. Art. 63. Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, intended as a Specimen

of the Types at the Logographic Printing Office. 12mo. 35. 6d. Boards. Walter. 1785.

This volume consists of pieces, which have been so often collected in other miscellaneous publications, that it cannot merit attention, except as a specimen of a new mode of printing, with entire words instead of single letters ; the advantages of which, as to correctness or neatness, compared with books printed in the usual manner, are imperceptible to us.

E. Art. 64. A candid and impartial Sketch of the Life and Government

of Pope Clement XIV. Containing many interesting Anecdotes during that Period of Church History. In a Series of Letters from Rome. Vol. III. 12mo. 2s. 6d. Symonds. 1786. We noticed the two former volumes, in our Review for May, p. 397, and then observed, that the expulsion of the Jesuits was, to say the leaft, so bold a measure, that it is not surprising it should bring much odium on the Pontiff under whom it was carried into execution. Indeed, the Writer has no mercy on the memory of Ganganelli; whose character and government he represents in the meaneit and most contemptible light. The Author wants not intelli, gence; his letters are well written ; and if his veracity remains unimpeached, his book will merit the regard of the Public. We may expect a continuation ; as this third volume of the sketch is not given as the last of the series. THEOLOGY.

am Art. 65. Sermons preached in the Parish Church of St. Alban,

Wood-Street, By Samuel Hoole, A. M. 8vo. 55. Boards. • Nicol.' 1786.

These discourses are sensible, practical, and ofeful : the style is agreeable, and the sentiments are just. If they are not all equal, their tendency, on the whole, is certainly to advance rational piety and folid virtue. The subjects are, I. The nature of God. II. III. The worship of God: John, iv. 24. IV. Necesity of good works: Matth. vii. 21. V. VI. Religious education: Prov. xxii. 6. Gen. xviii. 19. VII. Shortness and vanity of life: Psalm xxxix. 5. VIII. Future state: Rom. ii. 7, 8. IX. Danger of impenitence : Luke, xix. 41, 42. X. Benevolence: 1 John, iv. 7. XI. Barzillai's reply to

David :

David : 2 Sam. xix. 35. XII. Kingdom of heaven : Luke, xii. 32. XIII. 2 Cor. xiii. 5. XIV. Death of the pious: Rev. xiv. 13." XV. Day of the Lord : Joel, ii. 1.

We are pleased to observe that the Writer does not always think it necessary, when passages from the Psalms are recited, to produce them from the Book of Common Prayer rather than from the Eng. lish Bible ; an affectation into which many preachers are too apt to fall: and certainly they are much mistaken in their general preference of the old version : though in some instances it is not unworthy of regard.

H . Art. 66. An Abridgment of the New Testament, in Question and

Answer. The Answers exactly in the Words of our Lord and his Apoitles. Intended to imprint on the Miods of Youth, and revive in the Memories of Christians more advanced in Knowledge, the Doctrines and Precepts, and some of the most memorable Oc. currences recorded in that Part of the Sacred Writings. By a Layman. 12mo. 35. 6d. bound. Baldwin, &c. 1785.

That this is a very good book, no one will doubt; but never was a good book made up with less fatigue to the Author, or with less prospect of benefit to the Public. Who will read the chapters of the Gospels and Epistles clipped into shreds in the way of question and answer, when they can be read with so much more pleasure and ad. vantage in their original connection?

RELIGIOUS. Art. 67. A new Concordance and Diktionary of the Holy Scriptures.

Being the most comprehensive and concise of any before published. In which any Word or Passage of Scripture may be easily found : The Signification is given of all proper Names of Men, Women, Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Cities, Towns, Rivers, Mountains, precious Stones, and other Things mentioned in Scripture. Toge. ther with the different Acceptations of Scripture Words, a Defi. nition of Gospel Doctrines, &c. By John Butterworth, Minister of the Gospel. The 2d Edition, with considerable Additions. 8vo. 8s. Boards. Coventry printed, and sold by Robinson in London.

Having given an account of the first edition of this work in our Review, Vol. XXXVIII. p. 410, we have only now to add, that the Author has, in this second edition, made confiderable improve. ments and additions, which have much increased the size as well as the price. We recommend this work as useful to all families, parti. cularly to those who cannot afford the purchase of Mr. Cruden's large quarto volume, of which this new Concordance and Dictionary is, in a great measure, an abridgment. In his next edition, we would with Mr. Butterworth to abridge his own preface. We did not want to be told, that the word of God is the believer's museum, sanctuary, hiding-place in a stormy day, looking-glass, perspective-glass, mi. croscope, &c. &c. which may chance to afford more diverhon than edification, to a reader who possesses but a tolerable degree of • devotional taste.'

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S E R M O N S.
1. Preached by the Rev. Thomas Jervis, and a Charge delivered by

the Rev. Thomas Belham, at the Ordination of the Rev. Timothy
Kenrick, in the New Meeting, Exon, 28th of July 1785. 8vo.
Is. Buckland.

Discourses on these occasions are generally conducted on one plan. They are seldom objects of criticism. It is enough if they give satis." faction at the time when they are delivered. Very few encrease their fame by attempting to extend it beyond the walls of the Meetinghouse,

Mr. Jervis's Sermon on A&ts, iii. 26. is not destitute of animation ; and Mr. Bellham's Charge contains some just and sensible reflections on the nature and obligations of the pastoral office.

B - K
II. The Christian Pasior's Review of his Life and Labours ;-t a
Meeting of Protestant Dissencing Ministers, at Hadleigh, in Suf.
folk, July 29, 1783, and elsewhere. By Samuel Palmer. 8vo.
6d. 1785.

Ads, xxvi. 22. Having therefore attained help of God, &c.
Vide the preceding Article
Ill. The Danger of Self-sufficiency in Matters of Religion :-preached

in the Parish Church of St. Mary at Hill, on the 4th of May, 1785,
and published at the Request of the Congregation. By John Free,
D.D. Sir John Leman's Lecturer in the said Church, and Vicar of
East Coker in Somersetshire. 8vo. 6d. Brown, &c.

In the title-page, we are informed that this Sermon alludes to the !
evil report, which has been lately propagated against two loud clergy.
men, commonly called by their followers, GOSPEL PREACHERS,
Neighbours, and Fellow-labourers, in the suburbs of London. This
account is oddly expressed, and we know not to what it alludes: but
we find the discourse, sensible, candid, practical, and useful; though
in some instances, perhaps, the language is not so entirely clear and
correct as might be wished.

: H.
** The objections of a Learners to an Article of our Review for
July last are ingenious; but a more intimate acquaintance with the
subject, and a due attention to the theory, we are convinced, will
enable him to answer them himself. If, however, he would with to
see his observations in print, we shall, with his leave, communicate
them to a respectable Magazine, in which they will appear with more
propriety than in our Review.

, *|* We are favoured with a copy of M. de Warville's Examen Cris
tique des Voyages de M. le Marquis de Chatellux. The in Enious
Writer must see the impropriety of our giving an account of the Exa-
men before we have noticed the Voyages, &c. to which it refers. That
work we have not been able to procure; but shall repeat our inquiry

after it. The Examen will certainly be reviewed in its turn. 6.277 par. 2. Peter Primrose's letter is received; but we cad make no use of 1.8. For partiebis, information. renyimpartido Errata in pri Montin7,297.6.108 p. 297. note: for Horrebowe, r. Horrebowi em 316. l.in fór the Parl neheiterfield in

the card others Chesterfiils, a



For NOVEMBER, 1786.

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Art. I. Cyclopædia: or, an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences;

containing an Explanation of the Terms, and an Account of the seve. ral Subjects in the liberal and mechanical Arts, and the SCIENCES human and divine. By E. CHAMBERS, F.R.S. With the Supplement and modern Improvements incorporated in one Alphabet. By ABRAHAM Rees, D.D. 4 Vols. Folio. 418 Numbers at

6d. each. Longman, &c. 1786. TEW works in the English language have been more gene

P rally, or, in our opinion, more deservedly esteemed, than the Cyclopædia of Mr. Chambers. As a repository of universal literature and science, it comprehends, within narrow bounds, a great variety of subjects; and, being in alphabetical order, is is adapted to readers of different descriptions. A work that facilitates the acquisition of knowledge to the generality of the people,- that is suited to the convenience and occasions of nu.. merous classes of readers,-that satisfies the doubts, and refreshes the memories of adepts, must neceffarily be acceptable to the Public in general. The work before us is calculated to answer all these purposes, and, as far as we have examined (and we have not run haftily through it), it is executed in a manner that can. not fail of giving satisfaction to every one.

The learned and indefatigable Editor of this much improved body of science, gives the following account of the many alterations that have been made, in the several impressions which it hath undergone:

· The success of the first edition, which appeared in 1728, enlarged the views of the author; and previously to the publication of the fecond edition in 1738, he had formed a design of publishing a new work on a more extensive scale, and had actually prepared a confi. derable part of the copy with this view. This design, however, was frustrated by a bill agitated in parliament (which passed the House of Commons, but was rejected by the House of Lords), containing a clause, that obliged the publishers of all improved editions of books to print the improvements separately. Accordingly, the second edition was published with corrections and additions, and with an apology to the Public for disappointing their expectations of a larger work, This second edition was so favourably received as to require the pub. l'oc. LXXV.


lication of a third in 1739, a fourth in 1741, and a fifth in 1746. These repeated testimonies of the public approbation amply justify the character given of it by one, who well knew its value, and who calls it, “ The pride of booksellers, and the honour of the English nation.” The proprietors, therefore, were induced, by motives of respect and gratitude to the Public, as well as by their own interest in fo valuable a work, to correct the errors, and supply the defects of the original dictionary: errors and defects which time had dilcovered, and which subsequent investigations and improvements had occasioned. Accordingly, in the prospect of a demand for the fixth edition, they engaged the late George Lewis Scott, Esq. to prepare a SUPPLEMENT, in two additional folio volumes. This gentleman had not proceeded far in the execution of this design, when he was diverted from it by other avocations; so that the completion of the business was entrusted with Dr. Hill, whose voluminous publications in natural history are well known. The Supplement undoubtedly contained many important and valuable articles, relating to subjects that had been either wholly omitted or slightly mentioned by Mr. Chain bers. But the rapidity with which Dr. Hill executed the province aligned him, and the freedom with which he transcribed from his own writings and those of others, were not favourable either to the reputation of the work, or to the interest of the proprietors. The original work and the Supplement remained in this separate state for many years. However, the inconvenience of a double alphabet con tinued to be the subject of renewed complaints; and it was thought, that the Supplement, when properly abridged and corrected, might be incorporated, to the satisfaction of the Public, with the original work. But the views of the proprietors extended much farther than to this single object. They were not unapprized of the rapid progress of science; and they wilhed that a work, in the reputation and succeis of which they were so much interested, might be a complete and comprehensive register of modern discoveries and improvements. After some unsuccessful attempts to execute this laudable design, the work was entrusted to the care of the present Editor. The course of his studies and official engagements had led him into a general acquaintance with the contents of the Cyclopædia : and having had frequent occasions for consulting it, he was not altogether ignorant either of its defects or its excellencies. Having been accustomed to scientific researches, he was not unacquainted with the sources of information, to which he must recur in the progress of his work : he had also acs, cess to some valuable libraries, that would furnish him with books, both ancient and modern, to which he might have occasion to refer : he was happy in the inciaiate acquaintance with several learned friends, by whose advice he might profit, and of whole aflıstance he could avail himself on many occasions: and the babits of his life were such as would dispose him to submit to the application and labour, which the execution of such a work must unavoidably require.'

Such is the Editor's account of the various impressions which the Cyclopædia has gone through, and of the plan of the present edition. . When we consider the variety and magnitude of a work, which, like this, is adapied to readers of every fort, and wbich contains

every 6*

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