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• Th'immortals take their seats ; around them stand
And now the cavalry in all their pride
• Dii magni redere: Deúm ftat qurba minorum
( Nec mora, furgit eques bel tot ævis utrinque,
The next piece, in Vol. VII. is a Latin translation of Pope's Temple of Fame. The following lines prove the Translator's happy talent in Latin poetry; and that his taste has been formed and improved by an attentive perusal of the Roman bards :
Dum spectant oculi cuncta hæc miracula rerum,
• Around ther: wonders as I cast a look,
he notice of the inte is a happy adoptiona m. lib. vi. 1;.
Haud aliter, cum cæca soror, Fortuna, gubernat,
Imponit, celerique rotat mortalia casu. The beauties of the foregoing quotation are too evident to escape the notice of the intelligent reader : Jam Dea per varias dispensans munera gentes,' is a happy adoption of Ovid's Olcula dispensat natos suprema per omnes,' Metam. lib. vi. I. 278. As · Exquiritque, auditque viros, et facta recenset,' is of Virgil's • Exquiritque auditque virum monimenta priorum,' Æneid. lib. viii. 1. 312. not to mention others of a similar kind.
Our Author has added elegant translations of the Odes, Happy Ithe man, whose with and care, &c.' and · Busy, curious, thirsty fly, &c.' in the style of Horace; and he concludes his collection of Latin translations with Gray's Elegy in a Country Church-yard, of which the first stanza is,
• Eheu! fugaces præcipiti rota
Arva mihi cenebris cedens.
Signat humum pedibus colonus.' A new tragedy called The RIVAL SISTERS closes the present edition of Mr. Murphy's works. It was written originally for the stage, but was not acted; and the following realon for this, is affigned in the Preface:
" When the piece was finished, the Author had his moments of self-approbation, and in his first ardour, hinted to a friend, that he intended to give it to the stage. But self-approbation did not last long :-that glow of imagination, which (to speak the truth) is sometimes heated into a pleasing delirium with its own work, subfided by degrees, and doubt and diffidence succeeded. In this irresolute itate of mind the Author's refpe&t for the Public, who have done him, upon former occasions, very particular honour, increased his timidity: he was unwilling to appear a candidate for their favour, when he was not sure of adding to their pleasure.'
The play is built on the same foundation with the ARIANE of the younger Corneille, whose defects drew down the judgment of that enlightened critic Madame de Sévigné. Mr. Murphy has given us a very different performance. The conflict, the vehemence, and the various transitions of the paffions are painted in higher colours than are usual with French authors; and those languid scenes which weaken the interest, and are tainted with the familiaricy of comedy, seem to have been carefully avoided.
Some the disgraced, and some with honours crown'd
We We do not lay before our Readers the fable of Ariadne, of which we cannot suppose them ignorant; it forms, beyond doubt, as Voltaire says, the happiest subject for tragedy that has come down to us from antiquity; and Mr. Murphy has not done it injustice.
We are now arrived at the end of this collection, which we cannot quit without thanking the Author for the entertainment which the perusal of it hath afforded us ; nor ought we to close the article, without informing our Readers that a good likeness of Mr. Murphy, engraved by Cook, is given, by way of frontispiece to the first volume.
I T A L Y.
I Frisi, delivered at a public meeting of the Arcadian Academy. By F. JaQuier. Rome, 1786.-The Abbé Fris was, withoui doubt, one of the most eminent mathematicians of the present age, and had he not been tormented with an insatiable shirit for literary fame, which was not seldom disagree. ably felt both by his friends and adversaries, his character and conversation (this is said in consequence of a personal acquainta ance) would have been as amiable and interesting, as his genius was vast, and his knowledge extensive. The learned and refpectable orator, who here offers the tribute due to his memory, exhibits to our view both the mathematician and the man; and we observe a beautiful mixture of the generous friend, and the equitable and impartial biographer, in this moral and literary portrait. Praise is adopted without suspicion of exaggeration, when censure is, at the same time, administered with justice and candour. No panegyrist could be better qualified to appreciace the merit of Abbé FRISI, as a mathematician, than Father JaQUIER, whose eminence in that branch of science, as well as in many others, is sufficiently known; and accordingly his ample and learned account of his philosophical hero, considered in this point of view, will afford fingular pleasure to the machematical jeader. We have here also an account of the Manfredis, and other emineni Italian mathematicians, who were connected with the Abbé Frisi.
2. Saggia, &c. i. e. Mineralogical Obrervations. By F, Scipio BREISLAC. 8vo. Rome. 1786.- This is a very accu. Pure and clear description of the foflils and minerals, that the jearn:d craveller, in his excursions through the Ecclefiaftical State, or Pope's Patrimony, observed in that extensive district. His defcription is accompanied with explicacions and remarks on the
alums, the alum-stone, the basaltes, and other natural curiofities that he met with in this excursion. In that considerable space (of 11o Italian miles in length, and 50 in breadth) that lies between the Appenines and the Mediterranean, and comprehends the greateft part of the Pope's territories, there are evident marks of the ravages of fire, as volcanic productions of every kind are found in this extensive tract of land, wherever the observer turns his view. But that which principally merits attention, accord. ing to our Author, is the formation or structure of these volcanic hills and rising grounds, their fituation, the substances that compose chem, and the pofition of their strata. All these announce visibly the violent action of fire, combined with the permanent and regular adtion of water, and induce our traveller to think, that the sea formerly covered these regions; that rocks and ifles arose from it by the efforts of submarine volcanos; and that these volcanic eruptions removed, by their volume, the watery element. When the sea retired, the volcano gradually loft it activity, and was at length totally extinguished. Thus one of the most beautiful districts of Italy was formed by the recipro. cal efforts of two discordant elements !
3. Lettera, &c. i.e. A Letter from the Abbé Fontana to the Chevalier de Lorgna. Florence. 1786.—This Letter contains new experiments, designed to confirm the learned Abbé's opinion, that water, passing through hot tubes, which bave not a red heat, does not undergo any decomposition. He repeated the experiments of M. Lavoisier, and other French pbilosophers; but he has not drawn from them the same conclusions, nor explained the phenomena they exhibit, in the same manner. He found, indeed, as they had done, that water, passing over the interior surface of an iron tube well heated, loft a part of its voJume; and that, on the other hand, a certain portion of inflammable air was formed by this passage : he also found, that the iron had gained in weight the same quantity which the water had lost, after a deduction made of what had been converted into inflammable air. But, instead of concluding from thence, as has been done, that water is a mixed body, composed of inflammable air, which it yields in effect, and of dephlogisticated air, which is supposed to have entered into the hot iron, whose weight is increaled, our ingenious Abbé explains the phenomenon in a very different manner. He considers the heated iron as in a state, of all ochers, the most adapted to make it lose its phlo. gifton, and it is to this that he attributes the formation and developement of the inflammable air in the experiment under consideration. He considers, moreover, the existence of dephlogisti. cated air as an element of the water, and its entrance into the iron, as merely imaginary: and as it was a portion of water, and not of depblogisticated air, that was wanting, he tbinks it