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much more natural to suppose, that it was confequently this portion of water, which had entered into the iron.-We think so too. But however that may be, this letter is well worth perusal. The penetrating eye of the Abbé de Fontana is fingularly adapted to observe nature in her real forms, and to perceive the illusions that so often accompany the subcile experiments, that are, at this day, made in natural philosophy,- and his reasoning is as just as his eye is quick and piercing.
4. Trattato, &c. i. e. An historical and critical Treatise concerning the epidemical Disorder among the Horned Carile, in the Year 1784. By M. Zeno BUONGIOVANNI, M. D. at Verona".-The mortality raged so violently among the cattle in several parts of Italy, in the year 1784, that the inhabitants, and particularly those who lived in the country and the villages, were under the alarming apprehensions of fatal consequences to themselves from this epidemical disorder, especially as the cattle infected with it were frequently slaughtered and used for food. The Author of this treatise, afifted by other phyficians of Verona, made several experiments in order to dispel the anxiety of the Public. Among other trials, they contrived a method of making dogs and other animals swallow the infe&ed fluids of the cows and oxen, and even their bile, which was suspected to be the principal seat of the disease ; the result of these trials an. fwered their wilaes, for to none of these animals was the contagion communicated. The detail of these experiments, together with the symptoms of the disease, its progress, and the remedies employed in the cure, are related with order, perspicuity, and judgment, in this useful work.
5. Flora Pedemontana, &c. i. e. The Piedmontese Flora; or a methodical Enumeration of the native or indigenous Plants of the Duchy of Piedmont. By M. ALLIONI. 3 Vols. Folio, enriched with 92 Plates. Turin, 1785.-The Author of this splendid work is considered as one of the most celebrated Naturalifts in Italy. His Essays on Natural History, which are pub. lished in the Memoirs of the Academy of Turin, are well known, and highly applauded by the connoisseurs in that line of science;. and che prefent important work, which is the fruit of long la. bour and study, will, no doubt, add considerably to his reputation. He has described in this work 2813 plants, which he found growing wild in the duchy of Piedmont; those contained in the third volume are the new ones discovered by him ; those that are already known acquire a kind of novelty by his description, which is drawn from nature, and not from books.
6. HEIOAOT T8 Arapaix Ta Euporxojeva, &c. i. e. The Works
• See our account of an epidemical disease among the cattle, with an anatomical description of its seat, in our last Appendix, p. 535.
of Hesiod, publithed in large O&avo, at the Royal Printing, press at Parma. 1785.- This edition, which is remarkable for its typographical beauty and splendor, does honour to the muni. ficence and good taste of the Archduke Ferdinand, under wbose protection ic is publihed. The original Greek is printed in the same beautiful characters with the Anacreon, of which we gave an account when it appeared. Ic is accompanied with an elegant translation in Latin verse, by the Abbé Zamagna, who has allo enriched it with critical Notes, and a learned Prerace.
7. Varia Lectiones Veteris Teftamenti ex immensa MSS editorum Codicumque Congerie bauftæ, et ad Samarit. Textum, ad vetustissimas Verfiones, ad accuratiores facræ Criticæ Fontes ac Leges examinata, Opera et Studio Joh. Bern. de Rossi, S. T. P.&c. VOLUMENII. Parmæ. 1785. 410. 262 pages, --This second volume contains the books of Numbers, Deuteronomi, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. We formerly * mentioned the first volume of this important wok; a third, &c, are soon expected to bring it to a conclusion, · 8. Lettere Odeporiche, &c. i. e. Letters of a Traveller, or Travels through the Peninsula of Cizicum, Brussa, and Nice. By the Abbé DOMINIC Sestini, Member of the Academy of Florence. 2 Vols. 8vo. Leghorn, 1785.-- We have had several cimes t occasion to make honourable mention of the itinerary Letters of this instructive and entertaining traveller. The principal objects in the present publication are the cities of Brusa and Nice in Bythinia, of which our Author's description will be read with pleasure.
9. Disertazioni, Lettere, e altre Operette, &c. i.e. Dissertations, Letters, and other Pieces, composed by the celebrated P. Ant. Maria Lupi of Florence; revised, digested, and now published, for the first time, by Fran. Ant. ZACCARIA. 2 Vols. 4to. Faenza. 1785.-The first of these volumes contains twelve Dire fertations (of which a few were formerly published) on the Bap. tismal Fonts, and other ancient monuments, relative to the religious customs and worship of the early professors of Christianity, and also on a great variety of inscriptions and symbols, that are connected with the history of the Christian church. In the fe, cond volume there are fifteen Differtations and twenty-three Letters on ancieat remains, relative to profane history.
10. La Vita di Talso. i. é. The Life of Taffo, composed by the Abbé P. Ant. SERASSI, and dedicated to her Royal High. ness Maria Beatrix d'Efte, Archduchess of Austria, 410. Rome, 1785.- This masterly piece of biography is a new and valuable acquisition to the literary history of Italy. It has long been looked for with impatience, and its appearance has fully answered the expectations of the Public. The life, the adventures,
* Vid. Rev. vol. Ixxiii. p. 536.
the calamities and productions of Tasso, form a very interesting subject, both for narration and literary discuffion; and the Abbé Serafli has treated this subject with taste, erudition, and critical sagacity.
11. Memorie per servire à la Vita, &c. i.e. Memoirs of the Life of Metastasio, together with the Life of JomeLLI; containing an historical Account of the Progress of Dramatic Poetry, and Theatrical Music 8vo. 1785. - This publication, the Author of which is Sig. XAVIER MAFFEI, will be an agreeable present to the lovers of the fine arts.
12. Lettera, &c. i. e. A Letter from a Tuscan Traveller, written from the Ife of Cyprus to a Member of the Academy of Florence. Leghorn. 1786.- Entertainment and instruction are agreeably blended together in this epiftle. The local descriptions are animated and picturesque : the historical relations are learned and curious, and the whole is enlivened with a happy mixture of judicious refections and elegant touches of cheerful wit and good-humour. - This is one of the Letterwriters whose correspondence we wish to see continued.
13. Fifia particolare e generale, &c. i.e. General and particuJar Views of natural Philosophy, in several Esays, fome analytical and others elementary. By Father CARLO BARLETTI, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Padua. 460. 4 Vols, Pavia. 1786.—The ist of these volumes contains an Analytical Essay on Heat; the 2d, the Principles of Meteorology; the 3d, the Principles of Aerology and Optics ; the 4th, Preliminary Dir. courses on General Physics, and two Lectures on the same subject, which, as we learn, is to be continued in subsequent volumes. This work we have not yet feen; but we have heard it highly applauded, by good judges, as having great merit, boch with respect to matter and ftyle.
14. Delle Scienze utile e delle dilettevoli, &c. i.e. A Dissertation on the useful Sciences, and those that have only Pleasure for their Object, considered in their Relation to the Happiness of Man. 4to. 60 pages. Venice. 1786.-—There is a great deal of good philosophy, both moral and dialectical, in the few pages of this ingenious pamphlet.
Mei MONTHLY CATALOGUE,
For NOVEMBER, 1786.
COMMERCE. Art. 15. The Situation of Ship Owners, Shippers of Goods, and
Underwriters, since the late Determination as to the Loss of, or Damage to, Goods by Fire, or Robbery, on Ship-board, &c. 4to. 4d. Evans. 1986. CHIP owners having been declared answerable for the safe delivery of goods committed to their charge for conveyance, with the single
exception expressed in bills of lading, of the dangers of the sea; and the writer of this tract declaring on the other part, that hip owners have not hitherto been considered as answerable for loss or damage by robbery or fire ; he proposes these dangers to be also excepted in bills of lading, until an application can be made to parliament on the subject.
A carrier by land and a carrier by sea both undertake the same trust of conveyance; but exercising this profession under a very different circumstance, the one travelling on land, and the other on water ; an indemnity against the loss of goods by sea was necessary to place them upon an equality: all other hazards being common, and it is reasonable to think, all other obligations. The Author argues that the proposed exception against robbery and fire affords under. writers no claim to an increase of premium, because it will not alter their situation, these hazards being included in their policies. These circumstances may be fairly referred to merchants and underwriters. AGRICULTURE.
N. Art. 16. A Plan and Description of a Drill Plough which lows
all kinds of Seeds at any Distance or Depth, from three to ten Inches, upon Ridges or flat Land, or sows four equal distant Rows at one Foot, or three at one Foot and a Half, or two Rows at ten Inches : with some different Constructions of Drills. 8vo. is. 6d. Hookham. 1785.
The drill here described is one of those mushroom machines which are often seen to start up in this great metropolis to figure for a day or two, and then drop into perpetual oblivion. In the construction of a drill, one particular only has ever occasioned any difficulty to artists -- the way of delivering the feeds properly; and that difficulty has never yet, that we know of been properly removed, though it has been much more obviated by many contrivances with which the Public have been long acquainted, than in this new invention. So im perfect indeed is the machine here recommended, that we suspect it must be the contrivance of one who never saw the practical difficulties that must ever occur in the operation here alluded to. We cannot imagine a more mortifying scene than would be exhibited the proprietor should he be called out, before a respectable company, to exemplify in practice the regulating his machine, in order to make it perform what, in theory, it does with such exact mathema. tical precilion.
The contrivance for preventing earth from failing to the left fide of the plough in hoeing (which is not mentioned in the title-page) is fimple, and better calculated for the end proposed. It consists of a slip of sheet iron to be occasionally fixed between the coulier and breast of the plough. By a skilful ploughman, however, the incon. venience, proposed to be obviated by this contrivance, is not much felt. NORTHERN FISHERIES, &c.
1 A-a-n. Art. 17. Observations on the Northern Fisheries, with a Discourse
on the Expediency of etablishing fishing Stations, or small Towns, in the Highlands of Scotland, and the Hebrides Islands. To which is added, the last Report of the Committee appointed by
the House of Commons to enquire into the State of the Britim Fisheries. By John Knox. 8vo. 35. Walter 1786.
The labours of the indefatigable Mr. Knox, in the laudable view of serving his country in a way little thought of, and scarce attempt. ed by other men, are too well known to the Public to need from us any particular detail on the present occasion, especially as we have already enlarged on the subject, in our review of Mr. K.'s former work, and of Dr. Anderson's valuable publication, of which an account appeared in our number for the last month. We take this opportunity of briefly observing, that a third, and much enlarged edition, of Mr. K.'s Piew of the British Empire has lately been pube lished †, with many improvements.
Enquiry into the Conduct of the Bench of the Corporation of Maid.
It appears, by the representation here given, that the freemen of Maidstone are divided into two parties, the Whigs and the Tories ; the latter have long usurped the management of the political concerns of the corporation, which they have arbitrarily governed upon true Tory principles; that much bickering and several law-fuits have been the consequence; but that at lait the Whigs have been vidorious in an eleclion of common councilmen ; whence the Au. thor, exultingly, proclaims the downfall of the opposite party. The pamphlet is not ill written ; and contains some just observations on the origin of bodies corporate, Art. 19. A Letter from Mr. Pigot, near Geneva, to the Right ti
Honourable William Pitt, on the Necessity and Advantage of a Taxation on the Public Funds. 4to. 60. Ridgway. 1786. Poor Old England is in danger, and empiricism hopes to be em. ployed. Some few Regulars, however, still continue to prescribe for her :-when she is given over by them, it will be cime enough to call in the alliftance of Quacks.
A.B. POLIC E. Art. 20. An Account of the Societies for the Reformation of Manners in the last Century, with some Remarks adapted to the present Period, and an Abitract of various penal Laws. 8vo. 60. Rivington. 1786.
We are told that this performance was published by a Society established in Huddersfield in Yorkshire, with a view to promote a reformation of manners, agreeably to a plan recommended in some resolutions passed at a juttice meeting held at Pontefract. It con Gifts chiefly of extracts from a book published in 1699, entitled, 'An Account of the Societies for the Reformation of Manners in England and Ireland, with a Persuasive for Persons of all Ranks to be zealous in promoting the Execution of the Laws against Profaneness and Debauchery, &c.' The intention of the present performance is to Thew that the scheme is not unprecedented, and that many advan.
* View of the British Empire, &c. Sce Rev. Vol. lxxi. p. 266. • t ln two volumes, 8vo. 1os.