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tages may arise from similar societies in this age, in which there is an • alarming prevalence of vice and immorality.
R-m. Art. 21. An Address to the Grand Juries, Conflables, and Church• Wardens. In which it is proved that they are bound by their
Oaths to execute the Laws againit Vice and Immorality, izmo, 21 pages. Wakefield printed. 1786.
This is the production of one of the societies mentioned in the preceding article, with a view to encourage and engage constables and church-wardens to aftft them in the prosecution of their design. We would humbly advise these Gentlemen Reformers to be very circumspect in their proceedings, and to take good heed lett, in their zeal for God's house, they give way, in any degree, to the in. fluence of fanaticism, throw additional weight into the scale of ecclefiaftical power, awake the dormant spirit of the far-chamber, and pave the way for a Proteftant inquisition. The horrid Romish inquisition was founded on the most plausble pretences. Art. 22. Thoughts on the Construction and Management of Prisons;
with Reference to the intended House of Correction in Middlesex. 8vo. 6d. Gardner. 1786.
An act of parliament having been obtained to enable the justices of Middlesex to erect a house of correction, the estimate of which amounts to 30,000 l. ; and the magiftrates of Middlesex having been exposed to illiberal and indiscriminate abuse, particularly in the speech of an eminent counsellor before the House of Lords,- for these reasons, the Author of this sensible letter has taken up his pen, to explain the objects in view, in respect to this new building. These are tated to be- security-health-correction-and reformation ; four objects that prove the magistrates to have acted from a due sense of the true interests of human society,
EDUCATION Art. 23. M. Corderii Colloquiorum Centuria felecta; or a select
Century of M. Corderius's Colloquies, with a literal Translation of the first fixty, and two Vocabularies at the End. 12mo. is. 3d. Becket.
Every attempt to facilitate the method of teaching a language merits the thanks of both master and scholar. The Rev. J. Farrer, master of the grammar-school at Witton le Wear in Durham, whom we find to; be the compiler of this work, has divided it into three paris. Tho' first consists of fixty colloquies, with a literal translation in a column opposite to the Latin in the same page ; the second of twenty longer colloquies, placed in the order of construction, without a translation ; the third, of twenty still longer than the former, in the order of the Author, agreeable to the natural arrangement of the Latin language. At the end are two vocabularies, one containing all the indeclinable words in this selection, and the other, the declinable ones, with their parse and English.
B . m . Art. 24. A Series of Prints of Scripture History, designed as Or.
naments for those Aparıments where Children receive the first Rudiments of their Education. Small 4to. 1od. Marshall.
The intention of the Author of these Prints is, to convey in a fa. miliar manner the outlines of universal history, in imitation of Ma. dame Genlis's method : See her Adelaide and Theodore. We approve
of the idea ; and from the execution of the work, which is fuperior to the generality of books designed for children, we doubt noi that it will answer the end proposed. This publication is to be considered as No. I. of an intended series.
ham Art. 25. A Description of a Set of Prints of Scripture History,
contained in a Set of easy Lessons. Small 4to. 4d. Marshall.
A plain, concise, and familiar explanation, with a few moral re. flections, of the principal facts represented by the prints above mentioned. The ease and simplicity of the language in which these dedo fcriptions are delivered, are well adapted to the capacities of those for whom they were intended. Art. 26. Traité relatif a la Table gravée pour la Conjugaison des
Verbes François et Anglois. A Treatise relative to the engraved Table for the Conjugation of French and English Verbs. By G. Conte, Master of the French and English Languages. Sold by the Author, No. 32, Bridges Street, Covent Garden. 1786.
To proficients in the French language these tables may appear sufficiently clear and practical; but the Tyro, we think, will be puzzled by them. To him we would always recommend the plain and simple grammar of M. Rogillard.
MILITARY. Art. 27. The Private Soldier's and Militia Man's Friend. Dedi:
cated, by Permission, to Lord Charles Spencer, Representative in Parliament, and Colonel of the Oxfordshire Militia. By Henry Trenchard, Serjeant-Major. 12mo. 3d. Kearsley. 1786.
This little tract is intended to recommend, to soldiers, obedience, economy, cleanliness, &c. : it also treats of desertion, disobedience, mesling, promotion, &c. and contains receipts for cleaning theit fire-arms, hats, caps, and other things. It is well calculated to answer the design, as coming from a fellow-foldier, whom we applaud for having spent his leisure time in this useful manner. We with him a good sale, though we think that if his little production could be distributed gratis among those for whose use and advantage it is intended, it would stand a better chance of doing good, than at present, as very few soldiers can afford to buy books: we are also afraid that they cannot spare money to purchase the materials here speci.. fied for cleaning their arms, &c. some of which are too dear for che pay of a poor private.
C.E.G. HISTORY. Art. 28. The History of Modern Europe, with an Account of the
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, and a View of the Progress of Society from the Rise of the modern Kingdoms to the Peace of Paris in 1763. In a Series of Letters from a Nobleman
to his Son. The 2d Edition enlarged and greatly improved. 8vo. .5 Vols. 11. 1os. Boards. Robinsons. 1785.
This work is divided into two parts, Part I. entitled, . From the Rise of modern Kingdoms to the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 *,' first published in 1779, and Part II. · From the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 to che peace of Paris in 1763 t,-in 17846' For the ge
* See Review, vol. Ixi. p. 180.
+ See Rev. vol. Ixxii. p. 94.'
neral characters of the performance we refer our Readers to the aca counts we have formerly given of it. The present edition is en. riched with copious chronological tables prefixed to each volume, which are a considerable improvement of the work. We could have wished Mr. Russell, whom, by a dedication to the Duke of Bedford, we find to be the Author, had followed our advice in a former article, by subjoining an alphabetical Index to this useful publication.
Nem Art. 29. The History of the Reign of Philip the Third, King of
Spain. The first four Books by Robert Watson, LL. D. Principal of the United College in the University of St. Andrews; and the two laft by Wm. Thompson, LL. D.' 2d Edition. 2 Vols. 8vo. 125. Boards. Robinsons. 1786.
This impression differs from the former * by the addition of an Ap. pendix, containing “a Journal of the Conference betwixt his Ma. jesty's commissioners and the commissioners of the King of Spain and Arch-dukes of Austria, Dukes of Burgundy, &c. at the treating and concluding of a peace with the aforesaid princes at SomersetHouse in London, anno 1604.' This conference, which seems to have been carried on with great dignity and decorum, and ably sup. ported by the extraordinary abilities of the commisioners, beside gratifying the curious reader with a detail of facts, lays open, as the editor juftly observes, the views and interests of the Courts of Lon. don and Madrid; it throws much light on the state of commerce at that time, and on the sentiments, manners, and general character of the age.
VOYAGES and TR AV E L S. Art. 30. Captain Cook's third and last Voyage to the Pacific
Ocean, in the Years 1776--1780. Faithfully abridged from the 4to Edition published by Order of his Majelty. Illustrated with Copper-plates. 12mo. 35. 6d. Boards. Fielding, &c. .
The narrative part of this celebrated voyage is here given, in a pocket size, and some of the ornamental plates are reduced within the compass of a duodecimo page. There are, no doubt, many readers to whose convenience such an edition will be thought well adapted. A short account of the life of Captain Cook is prefixed.
NATURAL HISTORY. Art. 31. Natural History, general and particular, by the Count
de Buffon. Translated into English, with Notes and Obferva. tions, by William Smellie, Member of the Antiquarian and Royal Societies of Edinburgh. Vol. the Ninth. 8vo. 8s. Cadell, &c.
This volume, containing several curious facts relative to the hilo tory of the earth, is a supplement to the eight volumes mentioned ini our Review for Nov. 1782, which the editor has now added to a les cond edition of his translation ; and, to accommodate the purchasers. of the former volumes, it is sold separately. . .
**! The fyftem of Buffon being founded on conjectures, requires every aid that can be brought for its support. Additions and corrections to suck a work, which tend to remove objections, must be highly
• Of which see an account in our Review, Vol. lxix. peso. Rev. Nov. 1786..
acceptable to the reader, who may with for illustrations of those pafa sages that are doubtful and obscure.
These additions and corrections relate to the Count's theory of the formation of the planets, to geography, to the production and fitua. tions of trata, and other particulars concerning the internal structure of the earth : but the greatest part of the volume contains facts and arguments in support of the doctrine delivered in the treatise, entitled, Les Epoques de la Nature. The translator thinking this theory coo fanciful to receive the general approbation of the cool and deliberate Briton,' has, instead of a translation, given only a general view of the positions laid down in it.
For an account of the Epoques de la Nature fee our Review, vol. LXI. p. 531. and vol. LXII. p. 397.
R- m MATHEMATIC 3. Art. 32. A Treatise of practical Arithmetic and Book-keeping by
fingle Entry. By William Tinwell, Teacher of the Mathemaa tics, Newcastle. Printed for the Author. 1785.
Thomas Dilworth, schoolmaster in Wapping, was the first who thought of putting a text-book in arithmetic into the hands of his pupils, and of writing a book proper for that purpose. It was one of those happy thoughts of which every perfon sees the propriety, the instant it is mentioned, and is struck with surprize that he himfelf had not thought of before. This mode of teaching has proved of considerable benefit to the scholar, greatly eased the teacher, and has been a vait source of profit to the bookseller. How it operated with respect to the poor Author we can only conjecture; as he continued io drudge on for his master, Mr. Deputy Kent, to the end of his life. Since Dilworth's book was published, fifty others (we are persuaded we speak within compass) have been written on the same plan, and some improvements have been made on the original Author, particularly in the simplicity and conciseness of the rules and directions; and, perhaps, somewhat in the neatness and variety of the examples : but we think there is yet room for great improvement in this respect. ;
Mr. Tinwell asigns as a reason for appearing in print, thas he has endeavoured to render the study of practical arithmecic as easy as posible, and to remove those redundancies which are too often found in books of this kind.' That ' in purfuance of this design, care has been taken, especially in the first simple rules, not to harass the fcholar with any thing foreign to the rule he is learning.' For example, • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division, are first created of in integers; and as the gradation jn learning, particularly with beginners, cannot, in his opinion, be too imperceptible, the learner is troubled with nothing but merely to add, subtract, &c. after which, the manner of arranging the question, according to the rule, is taught ; and ladly, the numbers in the questions are given in words at length, which not only exercises the two first parts, but also exemplifies notation. How far these minute points merit notice we will not pretend to judge; perbaps they may sometimes be necessary where the capacity is more narrow than ordinary ; but we wish not to discourage these humble attempts to be useful.
Art. 33. An Introduction to Arithmetic, consisting of printed Ex
amples in the first four Rules, with approved Tables of Weights and Measures, designed to facilitate the Progress of young Beginners, and to diminish the Labour of the Tutor. By William Butler. 8vo. 25. Longman, &c.
This being an imperfect work, begun indeed by the schoolmaster, but left to be finished by his scholars, the talk of reviewing it must be left in the proper hands. It is merely a cominon cyphering book, with the several fums fated for resolution in print; instead of being written by the maiter.
L A w.
altering and equalizing the same, so as to render it easy in
According to this writer The tax upon attorneys, solicitors, &c. in its present form, is exceeding partial and unequal, and perhaps the greatest curb on genius of any now existing.' The arguments used to confirm this opinion are just and forcible, and the plan which the Author proposes for altering and equalizing the tax merits attention : it appears to be the result of a serious confideration of the subject : and if the estimates are just, without any expence in collecting, much more productive than the present tax, The justice of its principle is at once apparent, fince it affects professional men in proportion to the extent of their business : while, according to the present mode of taxation, a man who gains by his practice only 2ol. per annum, pays equally with him who acquires ar immense fortune.
km. Art. 35. The Law's Dispofal of a person's Estate who dies without
a Will, &c. To which is added, The Disposal of a person's Eftaté by Will, &c. By Peter Lovelaís, of the Inner Temple, Gent. The 3d Edit. improved. 8vo. zs. 6d. sewed. Uriel, &c. 1786.
In our last month's Review we mentioned the two former edition's of this work; and took a brief notice of the dispute between Mr. Lovelass and Mr. Tomlins, Author of a similar publication reviewed at the same time. In the preface to this new edition Mr. L. still carries on the war with Mr. T.; and, in an additional preface,' seems also a little piqued at the Monthly Reviewers for not having censured his competitor's performance, as he thinks they ought to have done, on account of the very grofs absurdities therein contained : although' (he adds) • it is true I omitted to point out some of the particulars thereof in my preface.' Such is the style of Mr. L.'s preface; the very gross inelegance of which will be sufficiently obvious to every common reader. He talks too of a suggestion of odrs, concerning his having some defire to keep Wentworth's • Ofe fice and duty of Executors' out of print. The Reviewer never meant to convey any such suggestion ; and would therefore recommend Mr. L. in his next edition, to revise, particularly the last paragraph of this curious additional preface ;' and to erase from it fome of the • very gross' egotisms therein contained.' Art. 36. The whole Proceedings on the Trial of an Ejeriment be
soween John Doe, on the serveral Demises of Mary Mellish, Spinster, and others, against Eliza Rankin, Spinster, at the Bar of his MaCc 2