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All then that the advocates can say-Whether then we reason-In all private libels then->

On the whole, the style is animated, and the reasoning ingenious: and those who are fond of great and many authorities will find that the Author has not spared the drudgery of collecting them. Art. 26. An Essay on the Law of Libels. With an Appendix,

containing Authorities. To which are subjoined, Remarks on the Caie in Ireland of Attachment; and the Letter of the Hon. T. Erkine on that Subject. 8vo. 25. 6d. Dilly. 1785. Mr. Capel Lofft, the ingenious Author of this Essay, takes the popular side of the question, and he reasons well upon it. He explains the nature of libels; he contends that juries are judges of law as well as fa&t; he draws the character of a conftitutional and conscientious juror, with justice and energy, and he is careful to establish his principles on good authorities. On the whole, this is a valuable tracts and it will be held in high estimation by the true friends of British freedom. Mr. Erskine's letter, annexed, is a fine piece of oratory and found argument.

POLITICAL. Art. 27. Liberal Opinions on Taxation, and a new System of

Funding; by which the Landholder and Stockholder, being equally secured, would run the same Fortune, and the latter escape the dangerous Envy of being considered as a kind of Forcigner, un. concerned in the Calamities incident to the Country. By the Author of “ Thoughts on Taxation,” &c. 8vo. March. No price.

This writer thinl:s the government funds ought to be subject to taxation as well as land; which shews that he does not sufficiently advert to the different species and circumstances of the property he brings into comparison. But under this idea, with a view to extend the amount of the funds, which he confiders as beneficial to com. merce, he recommends opening a subscription for a million, by way of experiment, at 4 per cent. while the land.tax is rated at 45. to Auduate with that tax at the rate of ss. interest for 1s. tax. Consequently, such a fund would be at 5 per cent. when land is clear of taxation; and he thinks such a plan of funding would give addi*tional security to property of every kind, and unite the interests 'of the landed and moneyed men. We leave it to their confideration.

EAST INDIA SHIPPING. . N Art. 28. An Olio, as prepared and dressed on board an East India man. The Ingredients by the Directors, Husbands, Messieurs Baring, Brough, Dalrymple, and others. Decorated and garnished with Notes and Observations by the Cook. 8vo. Is. 60, Hooper. 1786.

Jt is very probable that Tim Twisting* may have been the cook on this occasion, in which the much contested question concerning the price of East India freight, is taken up with rather more attention ihan might have been supposed from the whimsical style of the titlepage.

This branch of trade,' he observes, seems to be misunderstood, under the idea that it may be carried on and conducted by fhips re* See Rey. Vol. LXXII. p. 2345



duced to mere carriers under a rigid economy. It is true, that thips might be fo constructed, to be navigared with a smaller number of men, and their equipment for defence be reduced in proportion; and it is also certain, that such an equipment might be sufficient against the petty attacks of Indian powers; but what would be the event whenever the flames of war mould burit forth in Europe and spread over the globe?

• The wisdom of former Directors held it indispensably necessary to have their mips manned and armed, not only to contend with corfairs, but with the frigates of our enemies; the event has justified their wildom, and many instances prove it.'

Some initances are quoted, in a note, of the good service per. formed by Indiamen, not only in self-defence, but in active service.. The Author adds, in another place, which will give an idea of the outline of his argument: 'Had any responsible men stood forth and faid, we will furnish you with thips fitted, manned, and in every other respect equipped agreeable to your accustomed manner, subject to all your present regulations and agreements, and save you 150,000l. per annum; such an offer had merited attention : but when they say, change your system and adopt ours, they direct your councils."

Much has been said on both sides; but as we are not ships husband's, we desire not to interfere among the suitors further than briefly to make known their public pretensions.

Art. 29. Hints respecting the public Police. By H. Zouch, Clerk,

a Justice of the Peace. Published at the Request of the Court of
Quarter Seff.ons held at Pontefract, April 24th, 1786. 8vo. 15.

These hints originate in sound sense and humanity; and the prefervation of social order depends so materially on the judicious exerrion of the powers vested in Justices of Peace to that end, that if this worthy magistrate can but inspire his brethren on the bench, and his respectable neighbours, with a suitable portion of that well-directed zeal by which he is himself actuated, the distries where it operates muft soon be peculiarly distinguished by a moral reformation, EDUCATION.

N. Art. 30. The New Spelling Dictionary, teaching to write and

pronounce the English Tongue with Ease and Propriety; in which each Word is accented according to its just and natural Pronunciation; the Part of Speech is properly distinguished, and the various significations are ranged in one Line, with a List of proper Names of Men and Women: the Whole compiled and digested in a Manner entirely new, to make it a complete Pocket Companion, &c. By the Rev. John Entick, M.A.- A New Edition, revised, corrected, and enlarged throughout. By William Crakelt, M. A. 12mo. 25. bound. Dilly. 1785.

This little Dictionary (which at its first appearance we recommended to notice, as being useful to foreigners, and all other perfons who were defirous of acquiring a competent knowledge of the Englih tongue) is now considerably improved ; and, as we are informed by Mr. Crakelt, in his advertisement, has received the ads dition of lome thousands of words,


The “ Table of words that are alike in found, but different in spelling and fignification,” which we find at the end of the grammatical introduction, will certainly be serviceable to the learner.

This table, however, is by no mcans fo full and accurate as we could with.- Many words are omitted, and in some few instances there is a fault in the arrangement. We would advise the Editor, in his next edition, to attend particularly to this part of his publication (which from its novelty and utility we cannot but approve), so as to render it generally acceptable.

This done, che “ New Spelling Di&ionary” may be considered as the most perfect of its kind.

Aid. MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 31. A New System of Geography; or, a Geographical, Hifto.

rical, and Commercial Grammar; and Present State of the feveral Kingdoms of the World. Containing, 1. The Figures, Motions, and Distances of the Planets, according to the Newtonian System, and the latest Observations. 2. A general View of the Earth confi-' dered as a Planet 3. The Grand Divisions of the Globe into Land and Water, Continents and Ifiands. 4. The Situations and Extent of Empires, Kingdoms, Staces, &c. 5. Their Climates, Productions, Natural Curiosities, &c. 6. The Birds and Beasts peculiar to each Country. 7. Observations on the Changes on the Face of Nature fince the most early Period of History. 8. The History and Origin of Nations, their Government, Religion, Laws, Naval and Military Strength, &c. 9. The Manners and Customs of the People. 10. Their Language, Learning, Arts, Manufactures and Commerce. 11. The Chief Cities, Structures, and artificial Curiosities. 12. The Longitude and Latitude, &c.To which are added, I. A Geographical Index, with the Names and Places alphabetically arranged. II. A Table of the Coins of all Nations, and their Value in English Money. III. A Chronological Table of remarkable Events from the Creation to the present Time. By William Guthrie, Efq. the Astronomical Part by James Ferguson, F.R.S. The 3d Edition, with great Additions and Improvements. 4to. With the Maps įl. 155. Boards, Dilly, &c. 1986. We have already spoken so particularly of the design and execution of Mr. Guthrie's Geographical Grammar *, that had the present pablication been merely a new edition of that work, we should, in course, have passed it over in silence. It is but justice, however, to the Editor, to observe, that “ The New System of Geography!! is much more ample and circumstantial in its historical details than was the original compilation. The political and commercial parts bave likewise undergone a revision, and are materially improved.

The Editor observes, in his advertisement, that “ since the last quarto edition caine from the press, the stock of geographical and political knowledge has been much increased by the publication of some valuable accounts of travels and voyages.” This is undoubts ed'y true, and he has certainly profited by them. His selections are judiciously made, and the narrative part is, on the whole, rendered not only entertaining, but instructive. We must farther re

* See Rev. Vol. XLV. p. 428.--Vol. LXII. f: 490.


mark that the Work is properly illustrated by a set of accurate maps.

A.B. MEDICAL. Art. 32. A new Medical Dillionary; or general Repofitory of

Phyfic. Containing an Explanation of the Terms, and a De. fcription of the various Particulars relating to Anatomy, Physiology, Phyfic, Surgery, Materia-Medica, Chemistry, &c. &c. By G. Motherby, M. D. 2d Edit. confiderably enlarged and improved. Folio 2 1. 2 s. Boards. Johnson, &c. 1785.

In our remarks * on the first edition of this work we observed, that the execution of it was as good as might be expected in a de. fign so various and extensive.' To make his dicionary more gene. sally usefol, the Author has, in this second edition, inserted many new articles, and considerably enlarged others.

The diseases in the province of Surgery, seem to be more parti,cularly described; the method of cure more fully treated of; and those that are peculiar to warm climates more completely elucidated: circumstances which we highly approve, fince the principal purpose of publications of this kind, is to furnish medical practitioners, espe. cially thofe of the army and navy, who have neither leisure nor opportunity to peruse many books, with useful information comprised ia concise but comprehensive terms.

Chemistry has received many improvements, fince the publication of the first edition of this work, to which the Author has been attentive; several of the recent discoveries in that science are here inserted, more especially such as are any ways conducive to the improvement of pharmacy, or which tend to render the practice of it more simple and



The anatomical parts are concise but accurate, and well adapted to give the practical surgeon a sufficient knowledge of the human body, The places, which accompany the work (of which no mention is made in the title-page are executed with precision, and are very jait representations of the various parts of the body; the muscles in particular are well delineated, and diftin&tly marked.

At the end of each article there is a reference to most of the au. thors who have treated of the subject at large, by which we observe that, in compiling this work, the Author has made use of the most approved and distinguished writers, as authorities, in the various branches of medical knowledge.

a ---m Art. 33. An Esay on Uterine Hæmorrhages, depending on Prego

nancy and Parturition. By Thomas Denman, M. D. Licentiate in Midwifery of the College of Physicians, and Teacher of Midwifery in London. 8vo. 2 s. Johnson. 1785.

This small pamphlet is properly a continuation of several other tracts, published by Dr. Den man. It treats of anomalous or complex labours, which constitute the fourth class of his division. This class is divided into four orders. Order ist, treats of labours attended with an hæmorrhage. Order the 2d, of labours attended with convulsions. Order the 3d, of labours with two or more children. Order the 4th, of labours, in which the Funis Umbelicalis pre* Vid. Monthly Review, Vol. LVIII. p. 318.


sents before the child. These four orders, and their several subjects, are discussed with great perspicuity by Dr. Denman, and we recoinmend his publication as highly deserving the attention of persons employed in the obstetric art.

M..n Art. 34. A Method of preventing or diminishing Pain in several

Operations of Surgery. By James Moore, Member of the Surgeons Company of London. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Cadell.

The means by which the Author of this pamphlet attempts to accomplish the purpose professed in his title-page, is by comprelling the nerves going to the limb which is to be the subject of the operation. For the attainment of this end, Mr. Moore has contrived some convenient instruments, of which he has given plates, and directions how they are to be used. The ideas of the Author are ingenious, and deserve the attention of his surgical brethren.

99 Art. 35. Remarks on the Means of obviating the fatal Effects of

the Bite of a Mad Dog, or other rabid Animal; with Observations on the Method of Cure when Hydrophobia occurs; and the Opinion re. lacive to Worming of Dogs refuted ; illustrated by Examples. By. R. Hamilton, M. D. of the Royal College of Physicians, London, and Member of the Medical, Physical, and other Literary Societies in Edinburgh and London. 8vo. 55. bound. Longinan. 1785.

The contents of this book are chiefly a compilation from various authors upon the subject, to which many cases are added, collected by the Author, and particularly the history of the hydrophobia, under which the son of Admiral Rowley laboured, and of which he fome. time ago died. Though Admiral Rowley's son was attended, very soon after the bite of the mad dog, by Dr. Turton and Mr. Hunter, and caustics'were immediately applied to the wounded part, yet it did not prevent the fatal effects of the disease. Master Rowley was bit on the right fide of the lower lip: and besides the immediate application of caustics to the part affected, the child took the Ormskirk medicine, the Tonquin medicine, and had a great deal of mercury rubbed into him: but all these means were used to no purpose. Excision of the part is doubtless the only efficacious prophylactic of this terrible disorder; nor should this be neglected at any period before the approach of the symptoms. The fooner it is done after the bite, the better chance would the person stand of escaping the disease. Even at any period before the attack of the disorder, che operation presents the best founded hope of avoiding the threate's ened calamity. Dr. Hamilton applied himself, very properly, and :judiciously, to evplode the faith which has been idly placed in such inefficacious medicines as the Ormskirk, Tonquin, &c.

THEOLOGY, &c. Art. 36. Sixteen Discourses on several Texts of Scripture, ad

dresied to Christian Asemblies in Villages near Cambridge. To which are added fix Morning Exercises. By Robert Robinsou .. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Dilly. 1786.

The Author of these Discourses very justly remarks, that the propriety of every action depends upon circumstances; and that this is

• Author of the translation of Saurin's Discourses : for which, see our late Reviews.


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