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ever applied to Melancholy men, A fabis abstinete, Eat no Pease, nor Beans; yet to such as will needs eat them, I would give this counsel, to prepare them according to those rules that Arnoldus Villanovanus, and Frietagius prescribe, for eating, and dressing, Fruits, Herbs, Roots, Pulse, &c.
Spices.] Spices cause hot and head melancholy, and are for that cause forbidden by our Physitians to such men as are inclined to this malady, as Pepper, Ginger, Cinnamon, Cloves, Mace, Dates, &c. Honey and Sugar. g Some except Hony; to those that are cold, it may be tolerable, but h Dulcia se in bilem vertnnt, they are obstructive. Crato therefore forbids all Spice, in a consultation of his, for a Melancholy Schoolmaster, Omnia aromatica, b£ quicquid sanguinem adurit: So doth Fernelius, consil. 45. Guiancrius, tract. 15. c. 2. Mercurialis, cons. 189. To these I may adde all sharpe and sowre things, luscious, and over-sweet, or fat, as Oyl, Viueger, Verjuice, Mustard, Salt; as sweet things are obstructive, so these are corrosive. Gomesius in his Books, De sale, I. 1. c. 21. highly commends Salt; so doth Codronchus in his Tract, De sale Absynthii, Lemn. /. 3. c. 9. de occult, r.at. mir. yet common experience findes Salt, and Salt-meats, to be great procurers of this disease. And for that cause belike those Egyptian Priests abstained from salt, even so much, as in their bread, at sine perturbatione anima esset, saith mine Author, that their souls might be free from perturbations.
Bread.] Bread that is made of baser grain, as Pease, Beans, Oats, Rye, or 1 over-hard baked, crusty, and black, is often spoken against, as causing melancholy juyce and wind. Joh. Mayor, in the first Book of his History of Scotland, contends much for the wholsomness of Oaten Bread: It was objected to him then living at Paris in France, That his Countrymen fed on Oats, and base grain, as a disgrace; but he doth ingenuously confess, Scotland, Wales, and a thirdnpart of England, did most part use that kinde of Bread, that it was as wholsom as any grain, and yielded as good nourishment. And yet Wecker out of Galen calls it horse-meat, and fitter for juments then men to feed on. But read Galen himself, Lib. I. De cibis boni Kmali succi, more largely discoursing of Corn and Bread.
fVine.] All black Wines, over-hot, compound, strong thick drinks, as Muscadine, Malmsie, Allegant, Rutnney, Brownbastaid, Metheglen, and the like, of which they have thirty several kindes in Muscovy, all such made drinks are
« Blight, c. 6. excepts Hony. h Hot. apud Scoltzium consil. 186. 1 Ne comedas crustam, choleram quia gignit adustam. Schol. Sal.
hurtful hurtful in this case, to such as are hot, or of a sanguine cholerkk complexion, young, or inclined to head-melancholy. For many rimes the drinking of Wine alone causeth it. Arculanus, c. 16. in 9. Rhasis, puts in * Wine for a great cause, especially if it be immoderately used. Guianerius, Tract. 15. c. 2. tells a story of two Dutehmen, to whom he gave entertainment in his house, "That t in one moneths space were both melancholy by drinking of Wine, one did naught bur sing, the other sigh. Galen, /. de causis, inorb. c. 3. Matthiolus on Dioscorides, and above all other Andreas Bachius, /. 3. c. 18, 19, 20. have reckoned upon those inconveniences that come by Wine: Yet notwithstanding all this, to such as are cold, or sluggish melancholy, a cup of Wine is good Physick, and so doth Mercurialis grant, consil. 25. in that case, if the temperature be cold, as to most melancholy men it is, Wine is much commended, if it be moderately used.
Cider, Perry.] Cider and Perry are both cold and windy drinks, and for that cause to be neglected, and so are all those hot spiced strong drinks.
Beer.] Beer, if it be over new or over stale, over strong, or not sod, smell of the cask, sharp, or sowre, is most unwholsom, frets, and gauls, &c. Henricus Ayrerus in a m consultation of his, for one that labored of Hypocondriacal melancholy discommends Beer. So doth " Crato in that excellent 'counsel of his, Lib. 2. consil. 21. as too windy, because of the Hop. But he means belike that thick black Bohemian Beer used in some other parts of ° Germany,
"nil spissitts ilia
Dum bibitur, nil clarius est dum mingitur, unde
Nothing comes in so thick,
As that old t Poet scoffed, calling it Stygia monstrum conforme paludi, a monstrous drink, like the River Styx. But let them say as they list, to such as are accustomed unto it, "'Tis a most wholesome (so i Polydor Vergil calleth it) and a pleasant drink," it is more subtil and better tor the Hop that rarifies it, hath an especial vertue against melancholy, as our Herbalists confess, Fuchsius approves, Lib. 2. sec. 2. instil, cap. 11. and many others.
k Vinum turbidum. t Ex vini patentis bibitione, duo Alemani in uno mense melancholic i facti sunt. ■ Hildisheim, spied, lol. 273. 'Crasmm generat sanguinem. * About Dantzick in Spruce, Hamburg, Lypsick. » Henricus Abr.ncenjis. » Poms lum salubris tumjucundus, 1. 1.
TVaters.] Standing Waters, thick and ill coloured, such as come forth of Pools, and Motes,where Hemp hath been steeped, or slimy fishes live, are most unwholsom, putrified, and full of mites, creepers, slimy, muddy, unclean, corrupt, impure, by reason of the Sun's heat, and still standing; they cause foul distemperatures in the body and minde of man, are unfit to make drink of, to dress meat with, or to be 'used about men inwardly or outwardly. They are good for many domestical uses, to wash horses, water cattle, &':. or in time of necessity, but not otherwise. Some are of opinion, that such fat standing waters make the best Beer, and that seething doth defecate it, as "Cardan holds, Lib. 13. subtil. "It mends the substance, and savor of it," but it is a Paradox. Such Beer may be stronger, but not so wholsom as the other, as 'Jobertus truly justifieth out of Galen, Paradox dec. 1. Paradox 5. that the seething of such impure waters doth not purge or purine them, Pliny, lib. 31. c. 3. is of the samcTenent, and P. Crescentius agricull. lib. 1. S£ lib. 4. c. 11. M c. 45. Pamphilius Herilachus, /. 4. tie nat. aquarum, such waters are naught, not to be used, and by the testimony of u Galen, "breed Agues, Dropsies, Pleurisies, Splenetick, and melancholy Passions, hurt the Eyes, cause a bad tempeiature, and ill disposition ot the whole body, with bad colour." This Jobertus stifly maintains, Paradox, lib. 1. part. 5. that it causeth bleer eyes, bad colour, and many loathsome diseases to such as use it: This which they say, stands with good reason; for as Geographers relate, the water of Astracan breeds worms in such as drink it. "Axius, or as now called Verduri, the fairest river in Macedonia, makes all Cattle black that taste of it. Aleaeman now Peleca, another stream in Thessaly, turns Cattle most part white, sipotui ducas. L. Aubanus Rohemus refers that * Struma or Poke of the Bavarians and Styrians to the nature of their waters, as "Munster doth that of the Valesians in the Alps, and a Bodine supposeth the stuttering of some families in Aquatania about Labden, to proceed from the same cause, "and that the filth is derived from the water to their bodies." So that they that use filthy, standing, ill-coloured, thick, muddy water, must needs have muddy, ill coloured, impure, and infiim bodies. And because the body works upon the
'Galen, 1. 1. de san. mend. CavenJae sunt aquae quae ex stagnis hauriuntur, & iju,r turbidx and male olentes, &c. 'Innoxium reddit S; bene ol^ntem. 'Contrndit hxc v.tia coctione nun emendari. "Lib. de bonitate aquae, hydropem auget, febrca putridas, splenem, lusses, nocet orulis, malum habitum corporis Sc colnrem. Mag. Nigrttatem inducii si pecora biberintj
i Aquae ex nivibus coactae strumosos faciunt. * Cosmog. 1 3. cap. 36.
"Mcibod. hist. rap. 5. balbutiunt Labdoni in Aquitania ob aquas, atqne hi morbi ab aquis in corpora derivan:ur. ,
minde, they shall have grosser understandings, dull, foggy, melancholy spirits, and be really subject to ail manner of infirmities.
To these noxious simples, we may reduce an infinite number of compound, artificial, made dishes, of which our Cooks afford us a great variety, as Taylors do fashions in our apparel. Such are 'Puddings stuffed with blood, or otherwise composed, Baked meats, soweed, indurate meats, fryed, and broyled, buttered meats, condite, powdred, and over-dryed, b all Cakes, Simnels, Buns, Cracknels made with Butter, Spice, &c. Fritters, Pancakes, Pies, Salsages, and those several sawees, sharp, or over sweet, of which Scientia popirue, as Seneca calls it, hath served those cApician tricks, and perfumed dishes, which Adrian the sixt Pope so much admired in the accounts of his predecessor Leo decimus; and which prodigious riot, and prodigality, have invented in this age. These do generally ingender gross humors, fill the stomack with crudities, and all those inward parts with obstructions. Montanus, consil. 22. gives instance in a melancholy Jew, that by eating such tart sawees, made dishes, and salt meats, with which he was overmuch delighted, became melancholy, and was evil affected. Such examples are familiar and common.
THERE is not so much harm proceeding from the substance it self of meat, and quality of it, in ill dressing and preparing, as there is from the quantity, disorder of time and place, unseasonable use of it, d intemperance, overmuch, or overlittle taking of it. A true saying it is, Plures crapula quam gladius, 1 his gluttony kills more than the sword, this omnivorantia K homicida gula, this al-devouring and murdering gut. And that of 'Pliny is truer, "Simple Dyet is the best, heaping up of several meats, is pernicious, and sawees worse, many dishes bring many diseases." f Avicen ayes out, "That
• Edulia ex sanguine k suffocato parta. Hildesheim. * Cnpedia vero,
placentae, bellaria, commentaque alia curiosa pUtonim Sc coquorum, gustui servientium conciliant morbos tum corpori turn ammo insanabiles. Philo Ju» dscus lib. de victimis. P. Jov. vita^Jus. « As Leuice steeped in Wine, Buds fed with Fennel and Sugar, as a Pope's Concubine used in Avignion, Siephan. * Anirax negotium ilia facessit, & de templo Dii immundum stabulum Licit. Fcletiui, 10. c. * Lib. 11. c. 52. Homini cibus utilissimus simplex, accr vatiociborum pestifera, Se condiraenta perniciosa, mnltos morbos multa fercula ietunt. '31. Dec. 4.c. Nihil deterius quam si terapus justo longius comedendo protrahatur, Sc variaciborum genera conjungantur; inde morborum sca« ■wrigo, quae ex repugnant!* humoium oritur.
Vol. L Q * nothing nothing is worse than to feed on many dishes, or to protract the time of meats longer than ordinary; from thence proceed our infirmities, and 'tis the fountain of all diseases, which arise out of the repugnancy of gross humors." Thence, saith 8 Fernelius, come crudities, wind, oppilations, Cacochymia, Plethora, Cachexia, Bradiopepsia, * Hinc subita mortes, atque intestata senectus, sudden death, &c. and what not.
As a Lamp is choaked with a multitude of Oyl, or a little fire with overmuch wood quite extinguished; so is the natural heat with immoderate eating, strangled in the Body. Pernitiosa sentina est abdomem insaturabile: One saith, An insatiable paunch is a pernicious sink, and the fountain of all diseases, both of Body and Minde. h Mercurialis will have it a peculiar cause of this private disease; Solenander, consil. 5. sect. 3. illustrates this of Mercurialis, with an example of one so melancholy, ab intempestivis commessationibus, unseasonable feasting. 'Crato confirmes as much, in that often cited Counsel, 21. lib. 2. putting superfluous eating for a main cause. But what need I seek farther for proofs? Hear kHippocrates himself, Lib. 2. Aphoris. 10. "Impure bodies the more they are nourished, the more they are hurt, for the nourishment is putrified with vicious humors."
And yet for all this harm, which apparently follows surfetting ana drunkenness, see how we luxuriate and rage in this kinde, read what Johannes Stuckius hath written lately of this subject, in his great Volumn De Antiquorum Convivm, and of our present age; Quam 1 portentostv caena, prodigious suppers, m Qui dum invitant ad caenam, efferunt ad sepulchrum, what Fagos, Epicures, Apetios, Heliogables our times afford? Lucullus' ghost walks still, and every man desires to sup in Apollo: jEsop's costly dish is ordinarily served up.
— "n Magis ilia juvant, quae pluris emuntur."
The dearest Cates are best, and 'tis an ordinary thing to bestow twenty or thirty pound on a dish, some thousand Crowns upon a dinner: ° Mully-Hamet, King of Fez and Morocco, spent three pound on the sawee of a Capon: It is nothing in our times, we scorn all that is cheap. "We loathe the very Plight (some of us, as Seneca notes) because it comes free, and
« Path 1. I. c. 14. * Ju7. Sat. 5. k Nimia repletio clborum facit melancholicum. t Comestio superflua cibi, & potus quantitas nimia. k Impura corpora quanto magis nutris, tanto magis laedUi putrefacit enim alimentum vitiosus humor. t Vid. Goclen. de portentosis coenis, &c. puteani Com. ■ Amb. lib. de Jeju. cap. 14. "Juvenal. "Guiccardin. p Na. quaest 4. ca. ult. fastidio est lumen gratuitum, dolet quod sole, quod spirimm emcre non possimus, quod hie aer non emptus ex facili, &c. adeo nihil placet, nisi quodcarum est.