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an house without pins, make a rope of sand, to what end? cui bono? He studies on, but as the boy told St. Austin, when I have laved the sea dry, thou shalt understand the mystery of the Trinity. He makes observations, keeps times and seasons; and as * Conradus the Emperor would not touch his new Bride, till an Astrologer had told him a masculine hour, but with what success? He travels into Europe, Africk, Asia, searcheth every creek, Sea, City, Mountain, Gulf, to what end? See one promontory (said Socrates of old), one Mountain, one Sea, one River, and see all. An Alehimist spends his fortunes to find out the philosopher's stone forsooth, cure al diseases, make men long-lived, victorious, fortunate, invisible, and beggars himself, misled by those seducing impostors (which he shall never attain) to make gold; an Antiquary consumes his treasure and time to scrape up a company of old coynes, statues, roles, edicts, manuscripts, &c. he must know what was doneof old in Athens, Rome, what lodging, diet, houses they had, and have all the present news at first, though never so remote, before all others, what projects, counsels, consultations, &c. quid Juno in aurem visusurret Jovi, what's now decreed in France, what in Italy: who was he, whence comes he, which way, whither goes he, &c. Aristotle must find out the motion of Euripus; Pliny must needs see Vesuvius, but how sped they? One loseth goods, another his life; Pyrrhus will conquer Africk first, and then Asia: He will be a sole Monarch, a second immortal, a third rich, a fourth commands, f Turbine magno spes solicits in urbibus errant; we run, ride, take indefatigable paines, all up early, down late, striving to get that, which we had better be without, (Ardelion's busie-bodies a* we are) it were much fitter for us to be quiet, sit still, and take our ease. His sole study is for words, that they be

"Lepidas lexeis compostae ut tesserulss omnes,"

hot a syllable misplaced, to set out a stramineous subject: a* thine is about apparel, to follow the fashion, to be terse and polite, 'tis thy sole busines: both with like profit. His only delight is building, he spends himself to get curious pictures, intricate models and plots, another is wholly ceremonious about titles, degrees, inscriptions: A third is over-solicitous about his diet, he must have such and such exquisite sauces, meat so dressed, so far fetehed, peregrini aeris volucres, so cooked, &c. something to provoke thirst, something anon to quench his thirst. Thus he redeems his appetite with extraordinary charge to his purse, is seldom pleased with any meale, whitest a triviall

* Mat. Paris. f Seneca.

stomack stomack useth all with delight and is never offended. Another must have roses in winter, alieni temporis flares, snow water in summer, fruits before they can be or are usually ripe, artificial gardens and fishponds on the tops of houses, all things opposite to the vulgar sort, intricate and rare, or else they are nothing worth. So busie, nice, curious wits, make that unsupportable in all vocations, trades, actions, employments, which to duller apprehensions is not offensive, earnestly seeking that which others as scornefully neglect. Thus through our foolish curiosity do we macerate our selves, tire our souls, and run headlong, through our indiscretion, perverse will, and want of government, into many needless cares, and troubles, vain expences, tedious journies, painful houres; and when all is done, quorsum htsc? cui bono? to what end?

"* Nescire velle quae Magister maximus
Docere non vult, erudita inscitia est."

Unfortunate marriage.] Amongst these passions and irksome Accidents, unfortunate marriage may be ranked: a condition of life appointed by God himself in Paradise, an honourable and happy estate, and as great a felicity as can befall a man in this world, 1 if the parties can agree as they ought, and live as ■ Seneca lived with his Paulina: but if they be unequally matehed, or at discord, a greater misery cannot be expected, to have a scold, a slut, an harlot, a tool, a fury or a fiend, there can be no such plague. Eccles. 26. 14. " He that hath her is as if he held a Scorpion, &c. 26. 25. a wicked wife makes a sorry countenance, an heavy heart, and he had rather dwell with a Lyon, then keep house with such a wife." Her ■ properties Jovianus Pontanus hath described at large, Ant. dial. Tom. 2. under the name of Euphorbia. Or if they be not equal in years, the like mischief happens. Cecilius in slgellius lib. 2. cap. 23. complains much of an old wife, dum ejus morti inhio, egomet mortuus vivo inter vivos, whilest I gape after her death, 1 live a dead man amongst the living, or if {hey dislike upon any occasion,

"f Judge who that are unfortunately wed
What 'tis to pome into a loathed bed."

The same inconvenience befals women.

"i At vos 6 duri miseram lugete parentes,

Si ferro aut laqueo lasva hac me exsolvere sorte

Sustineo:" .

* Tos. Scaliger in Gnomit. 1 A vertuous woman is the crown of her husband. Prov. 12. 4. but she, &e. kc. ■ Lib. 1". cpist. 105. » Titionatur, candelabratuT, &c, f Daniel in Rosamund, J ChaUnorus lib. 9. de repub. Angl,

Bh3 "Hard

"Hard hearted parents both lament my fate,
If self I kill or hang, to case my state."

• A young Gentlewoman in Basil was married, saith Felix Plater, observat. I. I. to an ancient man against her will, whom she could not affect; she was continually melancholy, and pined away for grief; and though her husband did all he could possibly to give her content, in a discontented humor at length she hanged her self. Many other stories he relates in this kinde. Thus men are plagued with women; they again with men, when they are of divers humors and conditions; he a spendthrift, she sparing; one honest, the other dishonest, &c. Parents many times disquiet their children, and they their parents. "'A foolish son is an heaviness to his mother." Injusta noverca: A step-mother often vexeth a whole family, is matter of repentance, exercise of patience, fuel of dissention, which made Cato's son expostulate with his father, why he should offer to marry his client Solinius daughter, a young wench, Cvjus causa novercam induccrct; what offence had he done, that he should many again r

Unkinde, unnatural friends, evil neighbors, bad servants, debts and debates, &c. 'twas Chiton's sentence, comes aris alieni &' litis est miseria, misery and usury do commonly together; suretiship is the bane of many families, Sponde, prtesld noxa est: "he shall be sore vexed that is surety for a stranger," Prov. 11. 15. "and he that hateth suretiship is sure." Contention, brawling, law-sutes, falling out of neighbours and

friends. discordia demens [Vvrg. Atn. 6.) are equal to

the first, grieve many a man and vex his soul. Nihil sane miserabilius eorum mentibus (as ' Boter holds) "nothing so miserable as such men, ful of cares, griefs, anxieties, as if they were stabbed with a sharp sword, fear, suspicion, desperation, sorrow, are their ordinary companions." Our Welchmen are noted by some of their ' own writers, to consume one another in this kinde; but whosoever they are that use it, these are their common symptomes, especially if thev be convict or overcome, 'cast in a suit. Arius put out of a Bishoprick by Eustathius, turned Heretick, and lived after discontented all his life. u Every repulse is of like nature; hen quanta de spe deadi! Disgrace, infamy, detraction, will almost effect as much,

• Elegans virgo in vita cuidnm e nostrasibus nupsit, he. i Prov. 'De increm. urb. lib. 3. c. 3. tanquam diro mucrone confossi, bis nulla reqoies, nulla delectatio, solicitudine, gemitu, furore, desperatione, timore, uinuuam ad perpetuam aerumnam infeliriter rapti. '. Humfredus Lluyd epist. ad Abrahainum Ortelium. M. Vauglian in his golden Fleece. Litibus & controversiis usq; ad omnium bonorumconsumptionem comeiidunt. 'Spretsq; injuria forma. 'Quaiq; repulsa gravii.

and and that a longtime after. Hipponax, a Satyrical Poet, so vilified and lashed two painters in his Iambicks, ut umbo laqueo se sujfocarent, "Pliny saith, both hanged themselves. All oppositions, dangers, perplexities, discontents, 1' to live in any suspense, are ot the same rank: potes hoc sub casu diicere somnos? Who ran be secure in such cases. Ill bestowed benefits, ingratitude, unthankful friends much disquiet and molest some. Unkinde speeches trouble as many: uncivil carriage or dogged answers, weak women above the rest, if they proceed from their surly husbands, are as bitter as gaul, and not to be digested. A Glass-man's wife in Basil became melancholy because her husband said he would marry again if she died. "No cut to unkindness," as the saying is, a frown and hard speech, ill respect, a brow-beating, or bad look, especially to Courtiers, ©r such as attend upon great persons, is present death:

"Ingeniura vultu statq; caditque suo,"

they ebbe and flow with their masters favors. Some person* are at their wits ends, if by chaffce they overshoot themselves, in their ordinary speeches, or actions, which may after turn to their disadvantage or disgrace, or have any secret disclosed. Ronseus epist. miscel. 3. reports of a Gentlewoman 25. years old; that falling foule with one of her Gossips, was upbraided with a secret infirmity, (no matter what) in publie, and so much grieved with it, that shee did thereupon solitudines yiuerere, omnes ab se ablegare, ac tandem in gravissimam incidens melancholia/i}, contabescere, forsake all company, quite moped, and in a melancholy humor pine away. Others are as much tortured to see themselves rejected, contemned, scorned, disabled, diffamed, detracted, undervalued, or " * left behind their fellows." Lucian brings in jEtamacles a Philosopher in his Lapith. convivio, much discontented that he was not invited amongst the rest, expostulating the matter, in a long Epistle with Aristenetus their Host. Pratextatus, a robed Gentleman in Plutarch, would not sit down at a Feast, because he might not sit highest, but went his waves all in a chafe. We see the common quarrellings that are ordinary with us, for taking of the wall, precedency, and the like, which though toyes in themselves, and things of no moment, yet they cause many distempers, much heart-burning amongst us. Nothing piercetb. deeper then a contempt or disgrace, a especially if they be ge

» Lib. 36. c. 5. 'Nihil xquc amnrum, quam iliu pendere: quidam requiore animo lerunt prxcidi spcm suam quam trahi. Seneca cap. 5. lib. 2. de Den. Virg. Plater observat. lib. 1. * Turperclinqui est, Hor. "Scimus enim gpnerosas naturas, nulla rc citius moveri, aut gravius allici quam cnniemptu ac ^cspicicntia.

B b 4 neroui

r nerous spirits, scarce any thing affects them more, then to be despised or vilified. Crato consil. 16. I. 2. exemplifies it, and common experience confirmes it. Of the same nature is oppression, Ecclus, 11. "surely oppression makes a man mad," loss of liberty, which made Brutus venture his life, Cato kill himself, and b Tully complain, Omnem hilaritatem in pcrpetuum amisi, mine heart's broken, I shall never look up, or be merry again, * hac jactura intolernbilis, to some parties 'tis a most intolerable loss. Banishment a great misery, as Tyrteu* describes it in an Epigram of his,

"Nam miserum est palria amissa, laribusquc vagari

Mendicum, (k timida voce rogare cibos:
Omnibus invisus, quocunque accesserit exul

Semper erit, semper spretus egensque jaeet," &C.
A miserable thing 'tis so to wander,

And like a begger for to whine at door,
Contemn'd of all the world, an exile is,

Hated, rejected, needy s^ll and poor.

Polynices in his conference with Jocasta in c Euripides, reckons up five miseries of a banished man, the least of which alone ■were enough to deject some pusillanimous creatures. Oftentimes a too great feeling of our own infirmities or imperfection* of body or minde, will rivel us up; as if we be long sick:

"O beata sanitas, te prascnte, ama.'num
Ver floiit gratiis, absque te nemo beatus:"

O blessed health !" thou art above all gold and treasure," Ecclus. 30. 15. the poor man's riches, the rich man's bliss, without thee there can be no happiness: Or visited with some loathsome disease, offensive to others, or troublesome to our selves; as a stinking breath, deformity of our limbs, crookedness, loss of an eye, leg, hand, paleness, leanness, redness, baldness, loss or want of hair, &cc. hie ubi fiuere Capit, diros icius cordi mfert, saith d Synesius, he himself troubled not a little ob coma defectum, the loss of hair alone, strikes a cruel stroke to the heart. Acco an old woman, seeing by chance her face in a true glass (for she used false flattering glasses belike at other times, as most Gentlewomen do) animi dolure in insaniam delapsa est, (Caslius Rhodiginus /. 17. c. 2.) ran mad. 'Brotheus the son of Vulcan, because, he was ridiculous for his imperfections, flung himself into the fire. Lais of Corinth, now grown old, gave up her glass to Venus, for she could not abide to look upon it. f !2ualis sum nolo, qualis eram neqiuo.

f Ad Attieum epist. lib. 12. * Epist. ad Bru;um. « In Phsniss. *1» laudcm calvit. • Ovid. f E Cret.

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