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gasters: they are not contented to see the Sun and Moon, measure their site and biggest distance in a glass, calculate their motions, or visit the Moon in a Poetical hction, or a dream, as he saith, r Audax facinus Sf memorabile nunc incipiam, neque hoc saculo usurpation prius, quid in Luna regno hde node gestum sit exponam, Sf quo nemo unquam nisi somniando pervenit, but he and Menippus: or as ' Peter Cuneus, Bond fide agatn, nihil eorum qiue scripturus sum, verum esse scitote, Kc. qua nec facta, nec futura sunt, dicam, 'stilt tantum &' ingenii causa, not in jest, but in good earnest these gyganticall Cyclopes will transcend spheres, heaven, stars, into that Empyrean heaven; soare higher yet, and see what God himself doth. The Jewish Thalmudisis take upon them to determine how God spends his whole time, sometimes playing with Leviathan, sometime over-seeing the world, &c. like Lucian's Jupiter, that spent much of the year in painting butter-flies' ,wings, and seeing who offered sacrifice; telling the houres when it should rain, how much snow should fall in such a place, which way the winde should stand in Greece, which way in Africk. In the Turks' Alcoran, Mahomet is taken up to heaven, upon a Pegasus sent a purpose from him, as he lay in bed with his wife, and after some conference with God is set on ground again. The Pagans paint him and mangle him after a thousand fashions; our Hereticks, Schismaticks, and some Schoolmen, come not far behind: some paint him in the habit of an old man, and make Maps of heaven, number the Angels, tell their severall ' names, offices: some deny God and his providence, some take his office out of his hand, will * binde and loose in heaven, release, pardon, forgive, and be quarter-master with him; some call his Godhead in question, his power, and attributes, his mercy, justice, providence ; they will know with f Cecilius, why good and bad are punished together, war, fires, plagues, infest all alike, why wicked men flourish, good are poor, in prison, sick, and ill at ease. Why doth he suffer so much mischief and evill to be done, it he be * able to help? why doth he not assist good, or resist bad, reform our wills, if he be not the author of sin, and let such enormities be committed, unworthy of His knowledge, wisdome, government, mercy, and providence, why lets he all things be done by fortune and chance? Others as prodigiously enquire after his omnipotency,
'Hercules Xv.?m ftdem Satyra Menip. edit. 1608. 'Sardi venales Satyr.
Menip. An. 161'2. 'riuteani Comus sic incipit, or as Lipsius SatyTein a
dream. "Tritemius I. de 7 secundis. » They have fetehed Trajanus'
soul out of hell, and canonize for Saints whom they list. f In Minutius,
«ine delec n tempestates uingunt loca sacra & profana, bonorum St malorura J.ta juxta, nullo online res fnmt, soluta le^ihus fortuna dominatur. ■Velmalu» »«1 impotcns, qui peccatum permittit, &c. unde Uaee superstitio?
arc possit plures similes creare deos? an ex scarabao deum? Xc. 5C quo demum ruetis sacrificuli? Some, by visions and revelations, take upon them to be familiar with God, and to be of privie counsell with him; they will tell how many, and who % shall be saved, when the world shall come to an end, what year, what moneth, and whatsoever else God hath reserved unto himself, and to his Angels. Some again curious phantasticks will know more than this, and enquire with f Epicurus, what God did before the world was made? was he idle? Where did he bide? What did he make the world of? why did he then make it, and not before? If he made it new, or to have an end, how is he unchangeable, infinite? &c. Some will dispute, cavill, and object, as Julian did of old, whom Cyrill confutes, as Simon Magus is fained to do, in that * dialogue betwixt him and Peter: and Ammonius the philosopher, in that dialogicall disputation with Zacharias the Christian. If God be infinitely and only good, why should he alter or destroy the world? if he confound that which is good, how shall himself continue good? If he pull it down because evill, how shall he be free from the evill that made it evill? &c. with many such absurd and brainsick questions, intricacies, froth of humane wit, and excrements of curiosity, 8cc. which, as our Saviour told his inquisitive Disciples, are not fit for them to know. But hoo? I am now gone quite out of sight, I am almost giddy with roving about: I could have ranged farther yet; but I am an infant, and not * able to dive into these profundities, or sound these depths; not able to understand, much less to discuss. I leave the contemplation of these things to stronger wits, that have better ability, and happier leisure to wade into such philosophicall mysteries: for put case I were as able as willing, yet what can one man do? I will conclude with « Scaliger, Nequaquam rtos homines sumus, sed partes hominis, cx omnibus aliquid fieri potest, idque non magnum; ex singulis fere nihil. Besides (as Nazianzen hath it) Deus latere nos multa voluit: and with Seneca, cap. 35. de Cometis, Quid miramur tarn rara mundi spectacula non teneri certis legibus, nonaum intelligi? multa sunt gentes qua tantum de facie sciunt cxlum, veniet tempos fortasse, quo ista qua nunc latent in lucem dies extrahat longioris avi diligentia, una atas non fiufficit, posteri, Kc. when God sees his time, he will reveal these mysteries to mortall men, and shew that to some few at
•J, Quid fecil Deus ante mundum creatum? ubi vixit otiosus a suo subjecto, Jte. * Lib. 3. rocog. Pet. cap. 3. l'eter answers by the simile of an egge
thell, which is cunningly made, yet of necessity to be broken; so is the world, &c. that the excellent state of heaven might be made manifest. 'Ut me
pluma levat,sic grave mergit onus. * Exercit. 184.
Vol. I. LI last, last, which he hath concealed so long. For I am of * his mind, • that Columbus did not find out America by chance, but God directed him at that time to discover it: it was contingent to him, but necessary to God; he reveals and conceals to whom and when he will. And which f one said of History and Records of former times, "God in his providence, to check our presumptuous inquisition, wraps up all things in uncertainty, bare us from long antiquity, and bounds our search within th« compass of some few ages:" Many good things are lost, which our predecessors made use of, as rancirola will better enform you ; many new things are daily invented, to the publike good; so kingdomes, men, and knowledge ebbe and flow, are hid and revealed, and when you have all done, as the Preacher concluded, Nihil est sub sole novum. But my melancholy Spaniel's quest, my game is sprung, and I must suddenly come down and follow.
Jason Pratensis, in his book de morbis capitis, and chapter of Melancholy, hath these words out of Galen, "* Let them come to me to know what meat and drink they shall use, and besides that, I will teach them what temper of ambient Aire they shall make choice of, what wind, what countries they shall chuse, and what avoid." Out of which lines of his, thus much we may gather, that to this cure of melancholy, amongst other things, the rectification of Aire is necessarily required. Thi» 5s performed, either in reforming Naturall or Artificiall Aire. Naturall, is that which is in our election to chuse or avoid: and 'tis either generall, to Countries, Provinces; particular, to Cities, Towns, Villages, or private houses. What harm those extremities of heat or cold do in this malady, I have formerly shewed: the medium must needs be good, where the Aire is temperate, serene, quiet, free from bogs, fens, mists, all maner of putrefaction, contagious and filthy noisom smels. The k Egyptians by all Geographers are commended to be hilares, a conceited and merry nation: which I can ascribe to no other cause than the serenity of their Aire. They that live m the Orchades are registred by c Hector Boethius and d Cardan, to be fair of complexion, long-lived, most healthfull, free from all maimer of infirmities of body and mind, by reason of a sharp purifying Aire, which comes from the Sea. The Boeotians in Greece were dull and heavy, crassi B»coti, by reason of a foggy Aire in which they lived,
* J.M't. ctescrip. occid. Indiae. f Daniel piincipio historix. 'Veniam ad me andituri quo esculcnto, quo item pocukmo uti debeanT, el praner litraen.um ipsum, putumq; ventos ipsos docebo, item aerisambienrU tcmperiein iniupertcgiunes quas el sere, quas vitare ex u*u sit. * Lcj Afcr, Majrnn*, tec. c Lib. 1. Scot. hist. * Lib. 1. de rer. var.
"(* Bceotum in crasso jurares aere natum)"
Attica most acute, pleasant, and refined. The Clime changeth not so much customes, manners, wits (as Aristotle Polil. lib. 6. cap. 4. Vegetius, Plato, Bodine method, hist. cap. 5. hath proved at large) as constitutions of their bodies, and temperature it self. In all particular Provinces we see it confirmed by experience, as the Aire is, so are the inhabitants, dull, heavy, witty, subtle, neat, cleanly, clownish, sick, and sound. Jn tPerigort in France the Aire is subtle, healthfull, seldomeany plague or contagious disease, but hilly and barren: the men, sound, nimble, and lusty; but in some parts of Quienne full of moores and marishes, the people, dull, heavy, and subject to many infirmities. Who sees not a great difference betwixt Surry, Sussex, and Rumny Marsh, the Wolds in Lincolnshire, and the Fens. He therefore that loves his health, if his ability will give him leave, must often shift places, and make choice of, such as are wholesome, pleasant, and convenient: there is nothing better than change of Aire in this Malady, and gene ltdly for health, to wander up and down, as those c Tartari Zamolhenses, that live in hords, and take opportunity of times, places, seasons. The Kings of Persia had their Summer and Winter houses; in Winter at Sardis, in Summer at Susa ; now at Persepolis, then at Pasargada. Cyrus lived seven cold months at Babylon, three at Susa, two at Kcbatana, saith J Xenophon, and had by that means a perpetuall Spring. The great Turk sojourns sometimes at Constantinople, sometimes at Adrionople, &c. The Kings of Spain have their Escuriall in heat of Summer, f Madritte for an wholesome seat, V.illadolite a pleasant site, &c. variety of secessus, as all Princes and great men have, and their severall progresses to this purpose. Lucullus the Roman had his house at Rome, at Baiae, &c. * When Cn. Pompeius, Marcus Cicero (saith Plutarch) and many Noble men in the Summer came to see him, at supper Pompeius jested with him, that it was an elegant and pleasant village, full of windows, galleries, and all offices fit for a Summer liouse; but in his judgment very unfit for Winter: Lucullus made answer, that the Lord of the house had wit like a Crane, that ehangeth her country with the Season; he had other houses furnished, and built for that purpose, all out as commodious as this. So Tully had his Tusculane, Plinius his Lauretan vil
P Horat. + Maginus. 'Haitonus de Tartaris. J Cyropaed. li. 8 perpetuuin inde ver. 'The Aire so clear, it never breeds the plague. « Leander Albertus in Campania, e Plutarclio vita Luculli. Cum Cn. Pompeius, Marcus Cicero, multique nobiles viri L. Luculiiim scstivo tempore convenissent, Pompeius inter coenam dum lamiliariter jocatus est, earn villain imprimis sibi sumptuosam, et elegantem videri, ienestris, porticibus, Ste.
L 1 2 lage, lage, and every Gentleman of any fashion in our times hath the like. The h Bishop of Exeter had 14. severall houses all furnished, in times past. In Italy, though they bide in Cities in Winter, which is more Gentleman-like, all the Summer they come abroad to their country-houses, to recreate themselves. Our Gentry in England live most part in the country (except it be some few Castles) building still in bottoms (saith 'Jovius) or neer woods, corona arborum virentium; you shall know a village by a tuft of trees at or about it, to avoid those strong winds wherewith the island is infested, and cold Winter blasts. Some discommend moted houses, as unwholesome; so Camden saith of k Ew-elme, that it was therefore unfrequented, ob stagni vicini halitus, and all such places as be neer lakes or rivers. But I am of opinion, that these inconveniencies will be mitigated, or easily corrected by good fires, as 1 one reports of Venice, that graveolentia and fog of the moors, is sufficiently qualified "by those innumerable smoaks. Nay more, m Thomas Philol. Ravennas a great Physitian conteuds, that the Venetians are generally longer lived than any City in Europe, and live many of them 120. yeers. But it is not water simply that so much offends, as the slime and noisome sinels that accompany such overflowed places, which is but at some few seasons after a floud, and is sufficiently recompensed with sweet smels and aspects in Summer, Verpinget variogemmantia prata colori,, and many other commodities of pleasure and profit; or else may be corrected by the site, if it be somewhat remote from the water, as Lindly, " Orton super montem, ° Drayton, or a little more elevated, though neerer, as p Caucut, t Amington, 'Polesworth, * Weddington, (to insist in such places best to me known, upon the river of Anker in Warwickshire, ' Swarston, and "Drakesly upon Trent.) Or howsoever they be unseasonable in Winter, or at some times, they have their good use in Summer. If so be that their means be so slender, as they, may not admit of any such variety, but must determine once for all, and make one house serve each season, I know no men that have given better lules in this behalf, than our husbandry writers. * Cato and Columella prescribe a good house to stand by a navigable river, good high-waies, neere some City and in a good soile, but that is more for commodity than health.
h Godwin vi:a Jo. Voysye al. Harman. 'Desrript. Brit. 1 In Oxfordshire. t Leaiider Albertus. ■ Cap. 21. de vit. hom, prorog . "The possession of Roht rt Bradshaw, Esq. • Of George Purefcy, Es'l. t The possession of William Pureicy, Esq. i The seat of Sir John Rcppingtoo Kt. 'Sir Henry Guodicres lately deceased. 'The dwelling house oi Hum. Ad
derly, Esq. 'Sir John Harpar's lately deceased. • Sir George Greselies Kt. « I.ib. 1. cap. 2.