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and examples; they can walk in fiery furnaces, make men feel no pain on the Wrack, aul alias torturas sentire; they can stanch blood, e represent dead men's shapes, alter and torn themselves and others into severa'.l formes, at their pleasures. * Agaberta, a famous Witeh in Lapland, would do as much publickly to all spectators, Modd Pusilla, modb anus, modd procera ut quercus, modd vacca, avis, coluber, He. Now young, now old, high, low, like a Cow, like a Bird, a Snake, and what not? she could represent to others what formes they most desired to see, shew them friends absent, reveal secrets, maxima omnium admiratione, Hc. And yet for all this subtilty of theirs, as Lypsius well observes, Physiolog. Stoicor. lib. 1. cap. I7. neither these Magicians nor devils themselves can take away Gold or Letters out of mine or Crassus' Chest, Clientelis suis largiri, for they are base, poore, contemptible fellows most part; as f Bodine notes, they can do nothing in Judicum decreta aid pxnas, in regum Concilia vel arcana, nihil in rem nummariam aut thesauros, they cannot give money to their Clients, alter Judges decrees, or Councels of Kings, these minuli Genii cannot do it, altiores Genii hoc sibi adservdrunt, the higher powers reserve these things to themselves. Now and then peradventure there may be some more famous Magicians like Simon Magus, % Apollonius Tyaneus, Pasetes, Jamblicus, § Odo de Stellis, that for a time can build Castles in the aire, represent armies, &c. as they are f said to have done, command wealth and treasure, feed thousands with all variety of meats upon a sudden, protect themselves and their followers from all Princes persecutions, by removing from place to place in an instant, reveal secrets, future events, tell what is done in far Countries, make them appear that dyed long since, and do many such miracles, to the world's terror, admiration and opinion of Deity to themselves, yet the Devil forsakes them at last, they come to wicked ends, and rard aut mtnquam such Impostors are to be found. The vulgar sort of them can work no such feats. But to my purpose, they can, last of all, cure and cause most diseases to such as they love or hate, and this of ' Melancholy amongst the rest. Paracelsus Tom. 4. demorbis amentium, Tract. I. in express words affirms; Multifascinantur in melancholiam, many are bewitehed into melancholy, out of his experience. The same

« Lavat. Cicog. * Boissardus de Magis. f Daemon. lib. 3. cap. 3.

1 Vide Philostratum vita ejus Boissardum de Magis. § Nubrigenses lege

lib. 1. c. 19. Vide Suidam de Paaet. De Cruent. Cadaver. 'ErasMs. Adolphus Scribanius. s Virg. jEneid. 4. Incantatricem describens: H« se carminibus promittit solvere mentes. Quas velit, ast aliis duras immittere curas.

saith Danaeuslib. 3. de sortiariis. Vidi, inquit, qui Melancholicos morbos gravissimos induxerunt: I have seen those that have caused Melancholy in the most grievous manner, h dryed up women's Paps, cured Gout, Palsie; this and Apoplexy, Failing-sickness, which no Physick could help, solo tacta, by touch alone. Ruland in his 3. Cent. Cura 91. gives au instance or' one David Hckle a young man, who by eating Cakes which a Witch gave him, max delirare capit, began to dote on a sudden, and was instantly mad: F. H. D. in 'Hildesheim, consulted about a Melancholy man, thought his dissease was partly Magicall, and partly naturall, because he vomited pieces of iron and lead, and spake such Languages as he had never been taught; but such examples are common in Scribanius, Hercules de Saxonia, and others. The means by which they work, are usually Charmes, Images, as that in Hector Boethius of King Duffe; characters stamped of sundry metals, and at such and such constellations, knots, amulets, words, Philters, &c. which generally make the parties affected, melancholy; as kMonavius discourseth at large in an Epistle of his to Acolsius, giving instance in a Bohemian Baron that was so troubled by a Philter taken. Not that there is any power at all in those spels, charmes, characters, and barbarous words; but that the Devil doth use such meanes to delude them. Ut fideles inde magos (saith *Libanius) in officio retineat, tum in consortium malefactorum vocet.


Stars a cause. Signes from Physiognomy, Meloposcopy, Chiromancy.

NATURAL causes, are either Primary and Universal, or Secundary, and more Particular. Primary causes are the Heavens, Planets, Stars, &c. by their influence (as our Astrologers hold) producing this and such like effects. I will not here stand to discussc obiter, whether Stars be causes, or Signes; or to apologize for judicial Astrology. If either Sextus Empericus, Picus Mirandula, Sextus ab Heminga, Pererius, Erastus, Chambers, &c. have so far prevailed with any man, that he will attribute no vertue at all to the Heavens, or to

h Godelmannus cap. 7. lib. I. notricom rmmivns prx,iccant, solo tartu podngram, Apoplexiam, Pamlysin, & alios morbos, quos med cina curare rum potent. 'Factus ind': Maniacus, spic. 2. fol. * Omnia Plnlira clsi uuer »e different, lioc habent commune, quod liominem eflkiam mulaucholicum epiH. 231. Scholtzii. * Decruent. Cadaver.

Sun, or Moon, more than he doth to their signes at an Innekeeper's post, or tradesman's shop, or generally coiidemne all such Astrological Aphorismes approved by experience: I refer him to Bellantius, Pirovanus, Marascallerus, Goclenius, Sr Christopher Heidon, &c. If thou shalt aske me what I think; I must answer, nam H doclis hisce erroribus vcrsatus sum, they do incline, but not compel; no necessity at all: magunt non cogunt: and so gently incline, that a wise man may resist them; sapiens domvnabitur astris: they rule us, but God rules them. All this (me thinks) "Joh. de Indagine hath comprized in brief, Quaris a me quantum in nobis operantur astra? He. "Wilt thou know how far the .Stars work upon us? I say they do but incline, and that so gently, that if we will be ruled by reason, they have no power over us; but if we follow our own nature, and be led by sense, they do as much in us, as in brute beasts, and we are no better." So that, I hope, I may justly conclude with "Cajetan, Caelum is vehiculum divina virtutis, Kc. that the heaven is God's instrument, by mediation of which he governs and disposeth these elementary bodies; or a great book, whose letters are the Stars, (as one cals it) wherein are written many strange things for such as can read, "p or an excellent harp, made by an eminent workman, on which, he that can but play, wil make most admirable musick. But to the purpose.

* Paracelsus is of opinion, "that a Physitian without the knowledge of Stars can neither understand the cause or cure of any disease either of this, or Gout, not so much as Toothache; except he see the peculiar geniture and Scheme of the party affected." And for this proper malady, he will have the principal and primary cause of it proceed from the Heaven, ascribing more to Stars then humors, "'and that the constellation alone many times, produceth melancholy, all other causes set apart." He gives instance in Lunatick persons, that are deprived of their wits by the Moone's motion; and in another place, referres all to the Ascendent, and will have the true and chief cause of it to be sought from the Stars. Neither is it his

" ' Astra regunt homines, & regit astra Deus. "Chirom. !ib. Quxris a me quantum operantur astra? dco, in nos nihil astra urgere, sod animos praeclives trahere: qui sic tamen Hberi sunt, ut si ducem sequantur rationem, nihil officiant, sin veto naturnm, id agere quod in brutis iere. • Ccelum vehiculum divinae virtuiis, cujus mediante motu, lumine &: influentia, Dcus! clemen, taria corpora ordinai & dUponit Th. de V o. Cajeinnus in Psa 104. r Mundus iste quasi lyra ab exccllenri5simo quodam artifice concinnata, quem qui norit mirabiles eliciet harmonias. J. Dee. Apliorismo 11. 'Medicus sine cceli peritta nihil est, &c. nisi genesim sciverit, ne tantillum potent. lib. do podag. * Constellatio in causa est; & influentia cmli morbum hunc move, interdum omnibus aliis amoiis. Et alibi. Oiigo ejus a Cuelo petenda est. Tr.de moibis amentium.


opinion only, but of many Galenists and Philosophers, though they not so stifly and peremptorily maintain as much. “This variety of Melancholy symptomes proceeds from the Stars," saith Melancthon: The most generous melancholy, as that of Augustus, comes from the conjunction of Saturne and Jupiter in Libra : the bad, as that of Catiline’s, from the meeting of Saturne and the Moon in Scorpio. Juvianus Pontanus in his 10. book, and 13. Chap. de rebus cælestibus, discourseth to this purpose at large, Ex atrá bile varii generantur morbi, &c. “'many diseases proceed from black choler, as it shall be hot or cold; and though it be cold in its own nature, yet it is apt to be heated, as water may be made to boyle, and burn as bad as fire; or made cold as ice: and thence proceed such variety of symptomes, some mad, some solitary, some laugh, some rage,” &c. The cause of all which intemperance he wil have chiefly and primarily proceed from the Heavens, 6 u from the position of Mars, Saturne, and Mercury." His Aphorismes be these, “ * Mercury in any geniture, if he shall be found in Virgo, or Pisces his opposite signe, and that in the Horoscope, irradiated by those quartile aspects of Saturne or Mars, the childe shall be mad or melancholy.” Again, 665 He that shall have Saturne and Mars, the one culminating, the other in the 4. house, when he shall be borne, shall be melancholy, of which he shall be cured in time, if Mercury behold them. z If the Moon be in conjunction or opposition at the birth tiine with the Sun, Saturne or Mars, or in a quartile aspect with them, malo cæli loco, Leovitius adds) many diseases are signified, especially the Head and Brain is like to be mis-affected with pernicious humours, to be melancholy, lunatick, or mad," Cardan adds, quartå luná natos Eclipses, Earth-quakes. Garcæus and Leovitius will have the chief Judgment to be taken from the Lord of the geniture, or when there is an aspect betwixt the Moon and Mercury, and neither behold the Horoscope, or Saturne and Mars shall be Lord of the present conjunction or opposition in Sagittary or Pisces, of the Sun or Moon, such persons are commonly Epi

• Lib. de anima, cap. de humorib. Ea varietas in Melancholia, babet cælestes causas Ć het 4 in o doet ( in m. Ex atra bile varii generantur morbi perinde ut ipse multuin calidi aut frigidi in se habucrit, quum utriq; suscipiendo quain aptissima sii, tametsi suapte waiura frigida sit. Annon aqua sic afficitur a calore ut ardeat; et a frigiore, ut in glaciem concrescat? et hæc varietas distinctionum, alii fent, rident, &c. "Hanc ad intemperantiam gignendam plurimum confert et h positus, &c. * ŏ Quoties alicujus genituia in m et * adverso signo positus, horoscopum partiliter tenuerit atq; etiam ad vel h radio percussus fuerit, natus ab insania vexabitur. Qui het habet, alteruin in culmine, alterum imo culo, cum in lucem venerit, melancholicus erit, à qua sanabitur, si ç illos irradiarit. . Hac configuratione natus, Aut Lunaticus, aut mente caplus.


leptick, dote, Dasmoniacal, Melancholy: but see more of these Aphorismes in the above-named Pontanus. Garcxus cap. 2;',. de Jud. genitur. Schoner. lib. 1. cap. 8. which he hath gathered out of "Ptolomy, Albubater, and some other Arabians, Junctine, Ranzovius, Lindhout, Origan, &c. but these men you will reject peradventure, as Astrologers, and therefore partial Judges; then hear the testimony of Physitians, Galenists themselves, bCarto confesseth t e influence of Stars to have a great hand to this peculiar disease, so doth Jason Pratensis, Lonicerius prafat. de Apoplexid, Ficinus, Fernelius, &c. c P. Cnemander acknowledged the Stars an universal cause, the particular from Parents, and the use of the six non-natural things. Baptista Port. mag. 1. 1. c. 10,12, 15. will have them causes to every paiticular individium. Instances and examples, to evince the truth of those Aphorisms, are common amongst those Astrologian Treatises. Cardan, in his 37. geniture, gives instance in Math. Bolognius. Camerar. hor. natalit. centur. 1. geuit. 6, 1. of Daniel Gare, and others; but see Graecaus cap. 33. Luc. Gauricus. Tract. 6. de Azemenis, tfc. the time of this melancholy is, when the significators of any geniture are directed according to Art, as the Hor: Moon, Hylech, &c. to the hostile beames or termes of h and d* especially, or any fixed Star of rheir nature, or if b by his revolution, or transitus, shall offend any of those radical promissors in the geniture.

Other signes there are taken from Physiognomy, Metoposcopy, Chiromancy, which becauseJoh. de Indagine, and Rotman the Landgrave of Hassia his Mathematician, not longe since in his Chiromancy; Baptista Porta in his celestial Physiognomy, have proved to hold great affinity with Astrology, to satisfie the curious, I am the more willing to insert.

The general notions d Physiognomers give, be these; "Black colour, argues natural melancholy; so doth leanness, hirsuitness, broad veines, much hair on the browes," saith cGratanarolus cap. 1. and a little Head, out of Aristotle, high sanguine, red colour, shewes head melancholy; they that stutter and are bald, will be soonest melancholy, (as Avicenna supposcth) by reason of the dryness of their brains ; but he that will know more of the several signes of humors and wits out of

* Ptolomaeus cemiloquio, & quattripartito tribuit omnium melancholicoram s; mpuima syderum influentis. b Arte Medica. nccedum ad has causas af

tecnones syderum. Murimum incitam Sc provocant influential catlestes. Velcurio lib. 4. cap 15. c Hildesheim spicel. 2. de mel. 'Joh. de Indag. cap. 9. Montaltus cap. 29. 'Caput parvum qui habent cerebrum k spirirur plerumq; angustot, facile incident in Mclancholiam rubicundi. /Etius Idem Jrlontalius c. 21. e Galeno.


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