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and change the matter, spirits first, and after humors, by which we are preserved, and the constitution of our body, Fernelius and others will shew you. I hasten to the thing it self: And first of such Diet as offends in substance.
Beef.] Beef, a strong and hearty meat (cold in the first degree, dry in the second, saith Gal. I. 3. c. L. de alim.fac.) is condemned by him, and all succeeding Authors, to breed gross melancholy blood: Good for such as are sound, and of a strong conscitution, for laboring men, if ordered aright, corned, voung, of an Ox (for all gelded meats in every species are held best) or if old, c such as have been tired out with labor, are preferred. Aubanus and Sabellicus commend Portugal Beef to be the most savory, best and easiest of digestion ; we commend ours: but all is rejected, and unfit for such as lead a resty life, any ways inclined to Melancholy, or dry of complexion: Tales (Galen thinks) de facile melancholic is agritudinibus capiuntur.
Pork.] Pork, of all meats, is most nutritive in his own naturef, but altogether unfit for such as live at ease, are any ways unsound of Body or Minde: Too moyst, full of humors, and therefore noxia delicatis, saith Savanarola, ex earitm usu ut dubitetur anfebris quartana generelur: Naught for queasie stomacks, in so much that frequent use of it may breed a quartan ague.
Goat.] Savanarola discommends Goat's flesh, and so doth 1 Bruerinus, /. 13. c. 19. calling it a filthy beast, and ramish; and therefore supposeth it will breed rank and filthy substance: yet Kid, such as are young, and tender, Isaac accepts, Bruerinus and Galen, /. I.e. 1. de alimentorum facultatibus.
Hart.] Hart and Red Deer 8 hath an evil name, it yields gross nutriment: a strong and great grained meat, next unto a Horse. Which although some Countries eat, as Tartars, and they of China ; yeth Galen condemns. Young Foals arc as commonly eaten in Spain, as Red Deer, and to furnish their Navies, about Malaga especially, often used; but such meats ask long baking, or seething, to qualifie them, and yet all will not serve.
Venison, Fallow Deer.] All Venison is melancholy, and begets bad blood; a pleasant meat: in great esteem with us (for we have more Parks in England, then there are in all Europe besides) in our solemn feasts. 'Tis somewhat better
* Frieingius. f Isaac. 'Non lnudatur quia nulancholicum prab^t alimentum. * Mali' alit cervina (inquit Krictagius) crassissimum & aitribilarium vuppiiliiatalimemum. h Lib. de subliliss. dieta. Kquina caro & a?inina cquinis C,ipda est homin bus U asininis.
hunted hunted than otherwise, and well prepared by cookery: but generally bad, and seldom to be used.
Hare.] Hare, a black meat, melancholy, and hard of digestion, it breeds Incubus, often eaten, and causeth fearful dreams, so doth all Venison, and is condemned by a Jury of Physitians. Mizaldus and some others say, That Hare is a merry meat, and that it will make one fair, as Martial's Epigram testifies to Gellia; but this is per accidcns, because of the good sport it makes, merry company, and good discourse that is commonly at the eating of it, and not otherwise to be understood.
Conies.] 1 Conies are of the nature of Hares. Magninus compares them to Beef, Pig, and Goat, Reg. sanit. pari. 3. c. 11. yet young Rabbets by all men are approved to be good.
Generally, all such meats as are hard of digestion, breed melancholy. Areteus, lib. 1. cap. 5. reckons up heads and feet, * bowels, brains, entrals, marrow, fat, blood, skins, and those inward parts, as heart, lungs, liver, spleen, &c. They are rejected by Isaae, lib. 2, part. 3. Magninus, part 3. cap. 17. Bruerinus, lib. 12. Savanarola, Rub. 32. Tract* 2.
Milk.] Milk, and all that comes of Milk, as Butter and Cheese, Curds, &c. increase melancholy (Whey only excepted, which is most wholsome): 1 some excqit Asses Milk. The rest, to such as are sound, is nutritive and good, especially for young children, but because soon turned to corruption, ■ not good for those that have unclean stoinacks, are subject to headach, or have green wounds, Stone, &c. Of all Cheeses, I take that kinde which we call Banbury cheese to be the best, ex vetustis pessimus, the older, stronger, and harder, the worst, as Langius discourseth in his Epistle to Melancthon, cited by Mizaldus, Isaae, p. 5. Gal. 3. de cibis boni succi, Mc.
Fowl.) Amongst Fowl, 'Peacocks and Pigeons, all fenny Fowl are forbidden, as Ducks, Geese, Swans, Herns, Cranes, Coots, Didappers, Waterhens, with all those Teals, Curs, Sheldrakes, and peckled Fowls, that come hither in winter out of Scandia, Muscovy, Greenland, Friezland, which half the year are covered all over with snow, and frozen up. Though these be fair in feathers, pleasant in taste, and have a good outside, like Hypocrites, white in plumes, and soft, their flesh is hard, black, unwholesome, dangerous, melancholy meat; Gravant X putrefaciant stomachum, saith Isaae, part b. de vol. their young ones are more tolerable, but young Pigeons he quite disproves.
'Parum obsunt a natura Leporum. Bruerinus, 1. 13. cap. 25. pullorum tpnera k optima. k Illaudabilis succi nauseam provocaut. 1 Piso. Al
tomar. ■ Curio. Frietagius, Magninus. part 3. cap. 17. Mercurialis, de af
fect. lib. 1. c. 10. excepts all milk meats in Hypocondriacal Melancholy. "Wecker Syntax, thtor. p. 2. Isaae, Bruer. lib. 15. cap. 30. & 31.
Fishes.] Rhasis and ° Magninus discommend all Fish, and say, They breed Viscosities, slimy nucriment, little and humorous nourishment. Savanarola addes cold, moyst; and phlegmatick, Isaac ; and therefore unwholesom for all cold and melancholy complexions: others make a difference, rejecting onely amongst fresh-water fish, Eel, Tench, Lamprey, Crawfish (which Bright approves, cap. 6.) and such as are bred in muddy and standing waters, and have a taste of mud, as Fran, ciscus Bonsuetus poetically defines, Lib. de aquatilibus.
"Nam pisces omnes, qui stagna, lacusque frequentant,
All fish, that standing Pools, and Lakes frequent.
Lampreys, Paulus Jovius, c. 34. de piscibus fluvial, highly magnifies, and saith, None speak against them, but inepti & scrupulosi, some scrupulous persons ; but pEels, c. 33. " he abhorreth in all places, at all times, all Physicians detest them, especially about the Solstice. Gomesius, lib. 1. c. 22. de sale, doth immoderately extol Sea-fish, which others as much vilifie, and above the resr, dryed, soweed, indurate fish, as Ling, Fumados, Red-herrings, Sprats, Stock-fish, Haberdine, PoorJohn, all Schell-fish. 'Tim. Bright excepts Lobstar and Crab. Messarius commends Salmon, which Bruerinus contradicts, Lib. 22. c. 17. Magninus rejects Congre, Sturgeon, Turbet, Mackerel, Skate.
Carp is a fish, of which I know not what to determine. Franciscus Bonsuetus accompts it a muddy fish. Hippolitus Salvianus in his Book de Piscium natura M praparaiione, which was printed at Rome in Folio, 1554. with most elegant Pictures, esteems Carp no better then a slimy watery meat. Paulus Jovius on the other side, disallowing Tench, approves of it; so doth Oubravius in his Books of Fish-ponds. Freitagius '• extols it for an excellent wholsom meat, and puts it amongst the Fishes of the best rank; and so do most of our Country Gentlemen, that store their Ponds almost with no other Fish. But this controversie is easily decided, in my judgment, by Bruerinus, /. 22. c. 13. The difference riseth from the site and nature of Pools, 'sometimes muddy, sometimes sweet; they are in taste as the place is from whence they be
* Cap 18. part. 3. P Omni loco & omni tempore medici detectantur anguillas prxsertim circa solstitinm. Damnantur turn snnis turn aegris. 'Cap. 6. in his Tract of Melancholy. * Optime nutrit omn um judxio inter prima
ootae pisces gusiu prsestanti. 'Non est dubium, quin pro variorum situ, ac namra, magnas alimemorum sort'antur diffcrentias, alibi suaviores, alibi lutulentiores.
taken. taken. In like maner almost we may conclude of other freshfish. But see more ir.' Rondoletius, Bellonius, Oribasius, lib. 1. cap. 22. Isaae, I. I. especially Hippolitus Salvianus, who is instar omnium solus, Kc. Howsoever they may be wholsome and approved, much use of them is not good: P. Forestus, in his Medicinal observations, ' relates, That Carthusian Fryers, whose living is most part fish, are more subject to melancholy then any other order, and that he found by experience, being some times their Physitian ordinary at Delph in Holland. He exemplifies it with an instance of one Buscodnese a Carthusian of a ruddy co,lour, and well liking, that by solitary living, and fish-eating, became so misaffected.
Herbs.] Amongst Herbs to be eaten, I finde Gourds, Cowcumbers, Coleworts, Mellons, disallowed, but especially Cabbage. It causeth troublesome dreams, and sends up black vapors to the brain. Galen, loc. affect. I. 3. c. 6. of all Herbs condemns Cabbage; and Isaae, lib. 2. c. 1. Aninue gravitatem facit, it brings heaviness to the soul. Some are of opinion, That all raw Herbs and Sallets, breed melancholy blood, except Bugloss and Lettice. Crato, consil. 21. lib. 2. speaks against all Herbs and Worts, except Borrage, Bugloss, Fennel, Parsly, Dill, Bawm, Succory. Magninus, regim. sanitatis, 3. part. cap. 31. Omnes herba simpliciter malie, via cibi. AH Herbs are simply evil to feed on (as he thinks). So did that, scoffing Cook in " Plautus hold:
"Non ego ccentun condio ut alii coqui solent,
Like other Cooks I do not Supper dress,
That put whole Medows into a Platter,
With Herbs and Grass to feed them fatter.
Our Italians and Spaniards do make a whole dinner of Herbs and Sallets (which our said Plautus calls cwnas terrestres, Horace, caenas sine sanguine), by which means, as he follow* it,
"'Hie homines tam brevem vitam colunt
Qui herbas hujusmodi in alvum suum congerunt,
Formidolosuni dictu, non esu modd,
Quas herbas pecudes non edunt, homines edunt."
Their lives that eat such Herbs must needs be short,
'Observat. 16. lib. 10. * Pseudolus, act. 3. teen. 2. "Plautus ibid.
Thai men should feed on such a kinde of meat,
i They are windy, and not fit therefore to be eaten of all men raw, though qualified with Oyi, but in Broths, or otherwise. See more of these in every 'Husbandman and Herbalist.
Roots.] Roots, Etsi quornndam gentium opts sint, saith Bruerinus, The wealth of some countries, and sole food, are windy and bad, or troublesome to the head ; as Onyons, Garlick, Scallions, Turnups, Carrets, Radishes, Parsnips: Crato. lib. 2. consit. 11. disallows all Roots, though a some approve of Parsnips and Potatoes. b Magninus is ofCrato's opinion, " cThey trouble the minde, sending gross fumes to the brain, make men mad, especially Garlick, Onyons, if a man liberally feed on them a veer together. Guianerius, tract. 15. cap. 2. complains of all maner of Roots, and so doth Bruerinus, even Parsnips themselves, which are the best, Lib. 9. cap. 1 4.
Fruits.] Pastinacarum usus succos gignit improbos. Crato, consil. 21. lib. 1. utterly forbids all maner of fruits, as Pea.,s, Apples, Plums, Cherries, Strawberries, Nuts, Medlers, Serves, &c. Sanguinem inficiunt, saith Villanovanus, They infect the blood, and putrifie it, Magninus holds, and must not therefore be taken via cihi, aut auantitate magna, not to make a meal of, or in any great quantity. d Cardan makes that a cause of their continual sickness at Fessa in Africk, "because they live so much on fruirs, eating them thrice a day." Laurentius approves of many fruits, in his Tract of Melancholy, which others disallow, and amongst the rest Apples, which some likewise commend, Sweetings, Pairmains, Pippins, as good against Melancholy; but to him that is any way inclined to, or touched with this malady, c Nicholas Piso in his Practicks, forbids all fruits, as windy, or to be sparingly eaten at least, and not rtw. Amongst other fruits, 1 Bruerinus, out of Galen, excepts Grapes and Figs, but I finde them likewise rejected.
Pulse.] All Pulse are naught, Beans, Pease, Fitehes, &cc. they fill the Brain (saith Isaac) with gross fumes, breed black ihick blood, and cause troublesome dreams. And therefore, that which Pythagoras said to his Schollars of old, may be for
r Quare rcctius valetudini suae quisque consulet, qui lapsus priorum parentum memor, eas plane vol omiscrit vcl parcc degusiarit. kersleius cap. 4. 'Je vera usu med. * In MizalJo de Horto P. Crescent. Hcrbasiein, &c.
• Cap. 13. part. 3. Bright in his Tract. of Mel. 'Intellectum turbant, pro. ducunt insaniam. 'Audivi (inquit Magnir.) quod si quis ex iis per annum continue comedat, in insaniam cadcrct. cap. 13. Improbi succi sunt. cap. 12.
* Dc rerum varietat. In Fessa plerumque morbosi, quod fructus comedant ter im die. • Cap. de Mel. 'Lib. 11.c. 3.