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AN ACCOUNT OF HIS STUDIES AND NUMEROUS WORKS,
IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER ;

A SERIES OF HIS EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE AND CONVERSATIONS
WITH MANY EMINENT PERSONS:

AND WARIOUS ORIGINAL PIECES OF HIS COMPOSITION, NEVER
BEFORE PUBLISHED :

THE whole ExHIBITING A view or LITERATURE AND LITERARY MEN IN GREAT BRITAIN,
FOR NEARLY HALF A CENTURY DURING WIHICH HE FLOURISHED.

By JAMES BOSWELL, Esq.

A NEW EDITION,
ELUCIDATED BY copious NOTES,

AND ILLUSTRATED witH NUMERous PoETRAITs, views, AND CHARACTERISTIC DESIGN's,
ring RAWED FROM AuTeiLent IC SOURCES.

IN FOUR WOLUMES.—WOL. III.

LONDON :
ROUTLEDGE, WARNE, AND ROUTLEDGE,
FARRINGDON STREET.
NEW YORK; 56, WALKER STREET,

LonDon : &AWILL AND EDWARDs, PRINTERS, CHAN Dos STREET, COWENT GARDENs.

CONTENTS OF YOLUME III.

Contents . .... . « . HI

List of Illustrations . . » k . . vit

CHAPTER I.—1776.

Johnson returns to London—Dr. Butter—Mr. Wedderburne—Mr. Macklin—Johnson's

Opinions on Marriage—Death of Dr. James—Johnson's Remedy for Melancholy—

Baretti—Lobo's "Abyssinia"—Captain Cook—Omai—The Mitre Tavern—Lord

Charles Hay—Public Schools and Universities—Mr. Maclaurin—Law of Libel—

The Roman Catholic Religion—" The all-knowing" Mr. Jackson—Anecdote of

Mr. Fowke—Jack Ellis, the Money Scrivener—Johnson's Ideas of Gaming—On

Conjugal Infidelity—Mr. Macbean—The Usury Laws—Dr. Cheyne—Gibber's

"Lives of the Poets "—Literary Reviewers—Smollett—" The Spectator "—Dr. Barry

— Gar-rick — Genius of Thomson — Dispute between Goldsmith and Dodsley—

Mr. Cradock—Dr. Harwood—Supper at the Crown and Anchor—Wine-drinking—

Johnson visits Bath .... - ... 1

CHAPTER a—1776.

Boswell visits Bath—Addison and Eustace Budgell—Dr. Blair—Johnson's Conversation

and Opinions on various Subjects—Excursion to Bristol—Chatterton's Forgery—

Return to London—Madame Sevigne"—Sharpe's Letters on Italy—The Infidel—

Johnson's Opinions on Luxury—On Conversation—On the Bible—On the Liberty

of the Pulpit—Meeting between Johnson and the celebrated John Wilkes—Their

after-dinner Conversation—Garrick—M'Swinney—Collpy Cluber—Horace's "Dif-

ficile est proprie communia dicere "—Elkan^h Settle, the " City Poet"—Johnson's

Ideas of Scotland—Mr. Wilkes and the Attorney-General—Mrs. Knowles, the

Quaker Lady—Johnson expresses his Delight with Mr. Wilkes's Company—The

fascinating but infamous Margaret Caroline Rudd . . 2t

CHAPTER III.—1776—1777.

B«.wxell's Departure for Scotland—Correspondence respecting Dr. Goldsmith's Epitaph

—A literary Round Robin—General Correspondence between Johnson, Boswell,

Sir Joshua Reynolds, Levett, Steevens, and Sir A. Dick—Count Manned—Mr".

Paterson—Johnson's Suasorium—Granger's Biographical Dictionary—Mr. Langton

—Discordances of the Boswell Family—Dr. Blair's Sermons—Prayer for Easter-day

—Steevens—Dr. Memis's LawBuit—Sir Allan Maclean's Suit—Sir A. Disk's Rural

Pursuits —Shaw's Erse Grammar—Johnson's Remarks on the Erse Dialect-

Johnson's Engagement to write " The Lives of the English Poets" . 50

CHAPTER IV.—1777.

Dr. Johnson's Agreement to write " The Lives of the British Poets "—Dllly, the Book-

seller—Charles O'Connor—Bishop Pearce—Prologue to Kelly's Comedy—Savage's

Tragedy of "Sir Thomas Overbury"—Sheridan—Harris—Thomson—Anderson—

Dr. Dodd—Boswcll's Letter from the Tomb of Melancthon—Seward—De Groot—

Dr. Watts—Dr. Vyse—Sir Allan Maclean's Lawsuit—.Johnson's Visit to Ashbourne

—Death of Harry Jackson—Sir Philip Sidney—Lord Hailes—Sale of Macquarry's

Estates, Ulva and Staffa—Projected Trip to the Baltic—Folly of Melancholy . 71
CHAPTER V.—1777.

BosweU's Arrival at Ashbourne—Grief for the Loss of Friends—" Journey to the

Western Islands"—Ashbourne School—Poor Curates—Johnson's zealous Inter-

ference and Correspondence on behalf of Dr. Dodd—Petition of the City of London

in his Favour—Dodd's Petition to the King—Mr. Jenkinsou—Mr. Fitzherbert—

Dr. Taylor—Hamilton's Poems—The Rev. Mr. Seward—Johnson's Opinions of

Hume—Gen. Paoli's Sentiments on the Fear of Death—Dr. Butter—Duties of a

Biographer—The Stewart Family—Coxeter's Collections of the Poets—Johnson s

Criticisms on Lyric Poetry 91

CHAPTER VI.—1777.

Keddlestone, the Seat of Lord Scarsdale—Dr. Manningham—liennet Langton—Arrival

at Derby—Dr. Butter—Dr. Nicholls—Anecdote of Dr. Dodd—Blair's Sermons-

Early Rising and its Difficulties—Sleep—Johnson's Opinion of Water-drinking—

Rutty's "Spiritual Diary"— Autobiographers— Blair's Lectures—Johnson's Style

of Writing—" Biographia Britannica ''—Melancholy and Madness—London Society

—BosweU's Ancestor, Lord Douglas—The Legal Profession—Ashbourne Church—

Intimacy between Johnson and Dr. Taylor—Johnson's Conversational Powers—

Mrs. Macaulay—Duke of Devonshire—Burke's Letter on America—Ham—Differ-

ences among Christians—Mungo Campbell—Johnson and the Dead Cat—Lord

Rochester's Poems—Prior — Hypochondriac Reading — Homer and Virgil — Lord

Bacon—Self-vindication 107

CHAPTER VII.—1777.

Johnson's Remarks on Philology—Granger's "Ode on Solitude"—Effects of Music-
Johnson's Opinions on Happiness—Conference in Dr. Taylor's Garden—Slave Trade
—American Independence—Corruption of the British Parliament—BosweU's De-
parture for Scotland—Edensor Inn, and ludicrous Character given of Johnson-
Correspondence between Boswell and Johnson—The Negro Cause decided—Mr.
Florence Wilson—Mr. Saunders Welch—Advice to Travellers—Parnell, the Poet—
"Taxation no Tyranny"—Rumoured Death of Johnson 133

CHAPTER VIII.—1778.

BosweU's Arrival in London—Mrs. Desmoulins—-Johnson's Benevolent Liberality—

Mr. Howard, of Lichfield—Tom Da vies—Johnson's Advice on Law Pleading-

Characteristic Trait of Johnson—Thomas a Kempis—Lord Trimlestown—Sir Robert

Sibbald—Johnson's Advice on strict Adherence to Truth—His Opinion on Ghosts

— John Wesley—Henry Constantine Jennings and Alclbiades' Dog — Boar of

Florence—Emigration—The House of Commons—Place-hunters—Irish Language

—Thicknesse's Travels—Anecdote of Sir Godfrey Kneller—Dr. Kennedy's Tragedy

—On Shooting a Highwayman—Mr. Dunning— Dr. Campbell and his Wine-drink-

ing—Mrs. Montagu—Mr. Harris—Johnson's Opinion of Wine-drinking—Goldsmith

—Charles V.—Sermons—Scotland—Davies—On Absenteeism 160

CHAPTER IX.—1778.

Belany's "Observations on Swift "—Horace's Villa—Mr. Cambridge—Goldsmith's
"Traveller"—Literature of France—Old Age—Garagantua—Dr. Kenriek—Dr.
Burney—Potter's .iEschylus—On Poetic Translations—Writings of Sir Wm.
Temple—Elphinston's Translation of Martial—Hawkins's "Siege of Aleppo"—Sir
Wm. Scott—On Subordination—Fame— Proper Use of Wealth—Soldiers and Sailors
—Charles Fox—De Foe—Cock-lane Ghost—Johnson's Anger at being asked frivolous
Questions—Travelling—BosweU's system of Shorthand—Dr. Dodd's "Thoughts in
Prison"—Writings of Pennant—Johnson and Dr. Percy—Correspondence—
Johnson's high Opinion of Dr. Percy . ; ...... 168

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