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Goethe's return to Weimar. — His house in the Frauenplan. — The
study, the library and the bedroom. — Friendship with Meyer.

- The · Bürger-general.' – The Aufgeregten.'. • Reinecke

Fuchs

182

Influences of Goethe and Schiller on each other. – Evil effects of

philosophy on German literature.— Character of the Romantic
School in Germany. - Schlegel, Fichte, Schelling, Schleiermacher,

and Solger. — Shakespeare translated by Tieck and Schlegel. –
Preference of the Romanticists for the legends and heroes of Cathol-
icism. General enthusiasm for Mysticism. — Art the hand maid
of Religion. Return of the painters to Roman Catholicism and
the middle ages. — Theoretical discussions of Goethe and Schiller.

- Goethe's literary labors. — Gives Schiller a plan of William
Tell'. - Walter Scott

219

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CHAPTER IV.

HERMANN UND DOROTHEA.

Foundation of Goethe's poem of · Hermann und Dorothea'.

Analysis. — Character of the poem. — Truthful descriptions of
country life and country people. — Objective delineation of the

Pure human existence represented in the subject-matter.
- Clearness and significance of the style. - Subtleties of German
æsthetical criticism

228

scenes.

CHAPTER V.

THE THEATRICAL MANAGER.
Court character of the Weimar stage. - National co-operation in-

dispensable to dramatic art. — Error of Goethe and Schiller in
appealing only to the cultivated few. – Necessity for the combi-
nation of amusement with instruction in the drama. - Failure of
Goethe's experiments in the Weimar, theatre, arising from his
contempt of public opinion. — Influence of the Jena students
upon the Weimar theatre. — Despotic efforts of Goethe to control
public criticism. — Managerial despotism over the actors. - Reve-
rence of the actors for Goethe. — Difficulties in the management.
- Effect of the connection of Goethe and Schiller. — Representa-
tion of Wallenstein ’: - Devrient's critical observations on the
Weimar school. — Difficulties of rhythm and pronunciation. -
Art preferred to nature. — Rehabilitation of the French tragedy.
— Delusive efforts to found a German drama by poetic works and
antique restorations. — Goethe no dramatist. — His version of
• Romeo and Juliet'. Character of Shakespeare's play. — Inju.
rious alterations of Goethe. — Declining interest of Goethe in the
theatre after Schiller's death. — Refusal to admit performing dogs
on the stage. — Offensively dismissed by Karl August

241

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