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out Europe. Still however we did not behold the full effect of the devil's labours upon the Roman earth. According to the sure word of prophecy, the great earthquake of the French Revolution was to take place in the year 1789, and the third woetrumpet was publicly to introduce the anarchical principles of Antichrist on the 12th of August 1792, ere the noisome sore of Atheism · broke out under the first vial. But, when that memorable 12th of August was past, and when on the no less me. morable 26th of the same month an open profession of Atheism was made by a whole nation once zealously devoted to the papal superstition; then was the first vial poured out upon the earth, then commenced the eruption of the noisome sore.

At this period, in consequence of the success of the French revolution, corresponding societies and atheistical clubs were every where held fearlessly and undisguisedly. All Europe seemed to have drunk deep of the cup of trembling. Scarcely a Christian was to be found within the limits of the papal Latin earth : and, in protestant countries, many, who had clean escaped from them that live in error, had been allured, through the lusts of the flesh, by vain promises of liberty, of a lawless freedom from all restraint both civil and religious, to forsake the religion of their fathers. At this period moreover, the project of converting all the kingdoms of the earth into atheistical republics framed after the model of the misshapen democracy of France, was unreservedly, and trium

phantly

phantly avowed by infidel demagogues, and loudly and incessantly applauded by the populace throughout the whole great Roman city. When all these signs of the times concurred together, when the poisonous humours were perfectly concocted, then it was that the noisome sore broke out. The principles of Antichrist were now publicly developed in the face of the whole world: and, since all the prophetic periods of the Apocalypse are dated, not from the secret cogitations of the heart which are known only to the Almighty, but from some overt and prominent display of those cogitations reduced to actual practice and manifested to the eyes of all men; to what era shall we look for the first undisguised avowal of national atheism, for the first open eruption of the noisome sore predicted under this vial, except the 26th of August 1792, on which day the denial of a God was for the first time formally established by law ?

“ And the second angel poured out his vial upon " the sea : and it became as the blood of a dead “ man; and every living soul died in the sea. "

The pouring out of this vial immediately succeeds that of the first : and it relates, I conceive, to the dreadful massacres of revolutionary France which commenced early in the September of the year 1792*; massacres, which, extending from

the

* The massacres, which took place before this time, are not comprehended under the second vial, because they were perpe-> VOL. II.

trated

the metropolis to the provinces, converted that unhappy country into one great slaughter-house. The sea symbolizes a nation in a violent state of effervescence and revolution : and, when it is said to become as the blood of a dead man, we are evidently led to conclude, that the nation thus convulsed with intestine discord is deeply stained with the blood of its slaughtered citizens. That such has been in an eminent degree the case with France, in consequence of her being infected with the noisome sore of Atheism, we have all unhappily beheld, as it were, with our own eyes. We have seen murder accumulated upon murder; and the life of man, which every civilized legislature has hitherto regarded of the utmost importance, considered as a thing of no value. Of so little consequence did it appear in the eyes of Marat, the friend of the people, that he scrupled not to assert, that, in order to cement liberty, the national club ought to strike off 200,000 heads. During the reign of terror, as it was emphatically termed, “ the revolutionary tribunal added daily, for a long « time, new victims to the thousands who had fal“ len on the fatal days of August and September. * Here the mockery of justice was complete; for,

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trated previous to the sounding of the third woe-trumpet on the 12th of August 1792. They belong on the contrary to the great earthquake of the first revolution, which commenced in the year 1789, and the last shock of which produced together with the downfall of the limited monarchy of France the atro cities of the oth of August 1792.

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« in the condemnation of the accused, the convic« tion of the jury, without the examination of

witnesses, or even the confession of the pria

soner, was declared sufficient to establish guilt.”. As for the privilege of extending mercy to the condemned, it was contemptuously disclaimed: and all applications for pardon were rejected with the declaration, that the enlightened government of republican France possessed no such power*. It was esteemed indeed a sufficient crime to be sus. pected of being a suspicious person. “ state of society, when fortune, honour, and life,

depended upon the caprice of sanguinary indi“ viduals, it is not surprising that private assassin

nations were frequently perpetrated with impu“nity; and, from the torpor and insensibility that

prevailed t, were regarded as trivial acts. Suia cécide likewise became the resource of the unfora “ tunate, especially of those who had renounced

every idea of religion, of the superintendance of “ a Providence, and of a future existence. Thus “ those, who escaped from the tribunal of the rul

" In such a

* “I fly far off,” said the poet Klopstock, “ from the cries “ of that execrable tribunal, which murders not only the “ victim, but which murders also the mercy of the people. Well then might Dumourier observe in his address to his own countrymen, “ If the despotism of a single individual be dana, "gerous to liberty, how much more odious must be that of « seven hundred men, many

of whom are void of principles, ". without morals, and who have been able to reach that suam " premacy by cabals or crimes alone.” + it became as the blood of a dead man."

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“ ing

ing faction, perished by their own hands Var “ lazé stabbed himself; Echelle and Condorcet " preferred poison ; L'Huillier killed himself in “ prison ; Rebecqui drowned himself: they were " both agents in the atrocities of Avignon, and the second of September. Hidon, and the academi“ cian Champfort, fell by their own hands. Such “ also was the end of Roland, who was one of the

principal actors in the revolution of the tenth of August - In the short space of two years, al“ most every individual of the principal actors in " that revolution was brought to a violent end. « Danton and Westerman, the one who directed, « and the other who executed, the counsels of the “ insurgents, perished on the same day, and on “ the same scaffold. A similar fate befell many ~ of those, who decreed the death or imprison“ment of the king. Of the 693 members of the “ Convention, who voted that the king was guilty, “ seven were assassinated, eight were suicides, “ thirty-four were proscribed, ninety-two were im“ prisoned, and sixty-five were guillotined. The " addition of those, who have since suffered in “ various ways, will swell this account to a far "greater number. Thus, for a considerable time, « in the interior of France each recent event surpassed in horror that which preceded it; and the " metropolis was the centre of massacre, atheism, and anarchy. The conduct of the governors and "the governed was equally an outrage to all decor rum, humanity, and consistency of conduct-In

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