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strated. The object of my journey, me the use of the right wing of his own was to introduce the British system of house, and I soon collected 50 poor boys education into Russia; but arriving at from the villages. The barbarous rude. Homel, the estate of Count Roman. ness of their manners, corresponded zoff, where the first school was to be with their miserable appearance : 'the established, an unforseen obstacle pre- generality of them had long filthy hair, sented itself ; not more than 30 or 40 dirty faces and tattered garments; no boys could be collected in one village, shoes, no stockings; and with looks exand the villages were so distant from pressive of hunger and misery: such each other, as entirely to preclude the they were, and such they would have possibility of the children of one village continued to be until, being completely attending the school of another. Count accnstomed to a wandering, idle, vicious Romanzoff being informed that the ad. life, and quite unfit to fill any useful vantages of the new system would vot station, they would have turied out be conspicuous in a school of 40 boys, pests to society, had they not been res. and that 200 would be necessary to dise cued by the benevolent kindness of their play it to advantage, was quite at a loss noble master. About a fortnight after. how they were to be collected ; and this wards they were all neatly clothed, and circumstance seemed for a while to on the 9th of December, 1818, the school cloud my prospects of success. Having was publicly opened and consecrated however, in my journeys through the according to the rites of the Greek different villages of the Count's estate,
Church. The ragged little beggars observed a number of miserable ragged were now metamorphosed into clean dirty children begging from door to orderly scholars, who seemed to pride door, and being informed that they were
themselves not a little on their improved orphans, who bad no means of support
appearance. but soliciting charity, I conceived the “They had all by this time learned the plan of rescuing these poor little crea- alphabet, and some to write upon slates; tures from misery, ignorance, and vice, and they performed the evolutions of the by the establishment of a School of system, to the admiration of the spectaIndustry,' in which they might by their tors, who began to be convinced that owu labour contribute something to. peasants, though slaves, are human bewards their support. The plan was ob. ings. My chief object in taking these jected to by many as being impractica. fifty hoys under instruction before the ble: the chief argument urged was, that school-room was built, was to prepare the children being accustomed to a life them to act as monitors, and the rapidiof ragrant idleness, could never be ty with which they learned was trnly brought to contribute in any material astonishing. Their excessive natural degree toward their own support. But stupidity bad been urged as a reason for fortanately the two principal persons of not attempting to instruct them; but it the place were of a different opinion, now appeared that haman nature is the and upon a proper statement being same in every country and in all classes, made to Count Romanzoff and General and that the lifference which we observe Derabiu , it was resolved to erect a
between the highly polished inhabitants large building for the accommodation of of France, England, and other countries the boys; and to inclose a considerable of Europe, and the barbarian, arises piece of land for a kitchen garden, in solely from habit, example, and educawhich they were to labour during the tion, Order was soon introduced into
The erection of the the new institution, and the children building necessarily occupied a con
were arranged into different classes of siderable time, bat the Count granted labour according to their age and
strength : the eldest of the boys were
appointed to be carpenters, shoemakers, There are 17,000 male peasants on or smiths, according to their own choice, this estate, one town, and between 80 while of the younger and more feeble, and 90 villages.
some were employed in splitting the + General Derabin, a gentleman of bark of the Linden tree, and others in eminent talents and liberal sentiments, platting it into shoes; some platting had the entire management of the estate, straw for hats, others in preparing wilthe Count being too feeble to take au lows for making baskets, and some in active part. The General had been in making fishing nets. The hour of as. England, and spoke English well. sembling in school during summer, was CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 244.
[APRIL, seven in the morning; and they came institution continued to prosper, and ont again at ten; three hours a day being even those who had opposed it joined in amply sufficient to teach them reading, praising it: thic children made rapid writing and the four first rules of arith. progress both in learning and their metic, in two years. From ten 10 eleven, trades, and became cheerful, obliging, they were allowed to play; at eleven the and industrious. dinner bell rung, and they proceeded “ A strict observance of the Sabbath two and two to the dining-room, where was not forgotten in the institntion, and grace was distinctly pronounced by the that part of the day not spent in church Monitor of the day, whose duty it was was appropriated to reading extracts to read to his companions, while eating from the holy Scriptures. their dinners, a portion of the holy “ By means of the school at Homel, Scriptures. At twelve o'clock they ar. the British system of education was ranged themselves in classes according spread to Poland, where hitberto the to their employments, and proceeded to strougest prejudices had existed against their different masters to their work, instructing the peasantry. Mr. Radofrom which they generally returned vitch, a young man of an amiable disabout eight in the evening; at nine they position, was sent by the university of supped, and immediately after supper Vilno, to study the system, which he their names were called over by the did with the greatest assiduity; and monitor-general, and those absent mark.
soon after his returo, three schools were ed down for inquiry the following day; established for the poor, upon the new wbich being done, and the evening lynn plan, and according to the last accounts sung by them, they retired to rest. Eight from thence, they were actively employ. months after the opening of the school, ed in the establishment of more, more than 60 children went in proces. “ In April 1821, the school at Homel sion to their benefactor Count Roman. being completely established and a plan zoff, dressed in clothes and shoes of laid down for extending the means of their own making. Such was the delight instruction to all the villages of the experienced by his Excellency on this Count's estate, I left Homel to return to occasion that he ordered them a better England, and never shall I forget the dinner than osual, and promised to par. artless demonstrations of sorrow and take of it with them, which promise be affection which were manifested by the fulfilled, to the inexpressible pleasure of children at my departure.” the poor childreu, From this uime the
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
able opposition from the left side. On FRANCE, whatever may be its the discussions which have taken place ternal appearance of tranquillity, is on that part of the Budget which reevidently far from being in a state of spects the colonies, and which inrepose. Paris indeed is quiet, and the volves the question of the Slave-trade, insurrections in the provinces appear and the re-possession of Hayti, we to have heen suppressed; but the very shall hereafter have much to say, as circumstance of various plots having well as on the course which the same been discovered shews the feverish questions have taken in the chamber state of the public mind. If it be of peers. Our limits are too contracttrue that the army also is discontent- ed to admit of our entering on the subed, its obedient and willing concur. ject this month. rence, in the case of any popular fer- The viscount de Chateaubriand, well ment, for the support of the measures known by a variety of interesting of the present government, would of works, has arrived in this country as course be somewhat problematical.- ambassador from France. The ministerial estimates of expendi- SPAIN.-The internal affairs of Spain ture have been carried in the chamber appear to be improving.. The partial of deputies, but not without consider- disturbances which occasionally occur,
are not probably more frequent’or more should rescue the victims from the serious than were naturally to be ex. barbarity of their oppressurs.. pected under all the circumstances of
DOMESTIC. so complete a revolution as that coun: The usual recess at Easter has try has undergone; and to such dis- abridged the sittings of Parlianient, turbances it may continue occasiona!ly and suspended the discussion of some liable, as long as the memory of their of the important subjects which are losses remains fresh in the minds of entered on ils Journals for investithose who have suffered by the late gation. Still, the month has not changes, or any hope, however feeble, passed without some interesting disis entertained by them of subverting cussions. The state of the agriculthe new order of things. The priests tural interest, in particular, has under.. are some of the chief agents in these gone much consideration. The Redisturbances; and their influence over port of the Committee appointed to the miods of the Spanish population, inquire into the subject, has served it naay reasonably be supposed, couti- chiefly to shew, that the distresses nues to be very considerable. In the complained of are not within the mean time, the new Cortes are pursue scope of legislative alleviation, ex. ing their labours apparently with firm- cept by ineasures which would be most ness and prudence ; and they seem injurious and unjust to the community anxious to maintain, what is essen- at large. The Report indeed scarcely nally necessary for the consolidation goes beyond mere hints and suggesof the late changes-a good under- iions. One of its principal recommen, standing with the executive govern- dations is, that the sum of one million ment. We would trust that their late of money should be advanced by the measures, as respects the suppression public on grain, to be placed in depoof the Slave-trade, if they are adoptsit, and thus temporarily withdrawn ed in good faith, will bring down the from the market. Such a measure blessing of God upon their future plays would be too limited in its effects to aud deliberations.
inake it an object of much public TURKEY.-The question of a Rus. concern, whether it is adopted or not; sian and Turkish war has continued but the principle is clearly an unwise to be debated throughout Europe,with one; and should Providence mercias much contrariety of opinion as ever, fully bestow another plentiful harvest, All that wears the appearance of cer- the measure would recoil with aug. tainty on the subject is, that Turkey mented injury on those who sought persists in refusing to accede to the the benefit of the provision. Another Russian ultimatum; and that, con- suggestion in the Report is, that a trary to the wishes of most of the variable duty should be imposed on powers of Europe, both parties are foreign corn, to be regulated by the preparing -- Russia offensively, and average prices ; these prices beinig reTurkey defensively-for hostilities. A duced in proportion to the increased few weeks, at most, will now probably value of nioney since 1815. The Reput a period to this suspepse. Russia port, in conclusion, strongly recomcertainly is not likely to lose, in pro- mends, that, whenever circumstances tracted negociations, the favourable will allow of it, a fixed and uniform season for opening the campaign, scale of duties should be substituted wbich is fast approaching. The ar; for the present system.--A most iinduur and fanaticism of the Turkish portant debate has also taken place on populace are also stated to be exces- the state of Ireland, but at too late a sive; and it is much to be feared that period of the month, to permit our the first breaking, out of war will adverting to it so fully as we wish to be attended with fearful torrents of do. We shall reserve the subject for Christian blood ; unless timely light our next Number.
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. C. J. Blomfield, D.D. (Rector of Hon, and Rev. J. E. Boscawen, M.A: St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate), to be Arch. to be Canon or Prebendary of Canter deacon of Colchester.
bary; vice Holcombe. Rev. G. Holcombe, D.D. to be a Pre- Rev. Jolin Greeply, to St. Thomas's bendary of Westminster; vice Blomberg. Perpetual Curacy, Salisbury.
Rev. A. Owen (Rector of Stapleton, Rev. W. H. White, St. Mary Bredia and Minister of St. Julian's, Shrews. V. Canterbury, bary), to be Archdeacon of Salop:
Rev. C. Penrice, Little Plumstead R. Rev. F. W. Blomberg, M.A. to be Ca. with Witton and Brundall annexed, non Resideptiary of St. Paul's Cathe. Norfolk. dral, vice Dr. Samuel Ryder Weston, dec. Rev. H. Wilson, Collingburn Ducis
Rev. Richard Conington, Minister of R. Wilts. the new Chapel at Boston.
Rev. R. Skinner, Sampford Pevereli Rev. Charles Ingle, Orston V. Notts. R. Devon. Rev. H. Boucher, Hilton V. Dorsetsh. Rev. T. Tattershall, St. Matthew's
Rev. Jolin Henry Hogarth, Stifford R. Perp. Cur. Liverpool. Esxex.
Rev. Dr. Wylde, Waltham R. Norfolk. Rev. Edward Elms, Itchingfield R. Rev. J. Hodgkinson, Leigh R. LanSussex,
cashire. Rev. Thomas Marwood, English Bick. Rev. W. Wilkinson, Sowerby Chanor R. co. Gloncester.
pelry, near Thirsk, Yorkshire. Rev. John Boyse, Kitnor, alias Cal. Rev. C. Ford, Billingford R. Norfolk. borne, R. Somerset.
Rev. H. Dawson, Bonwell R. Norfolk. Rev. Thomas Fownes Luttrell, Mine- Rev. John Jenkyns, Horsmonden R. head V. Somerset.
Rev. C. Penrice, Little Plumstead R.: Rev. J. Jacob, St. Aubyn Perp. Car. with Wiltou and Brundall annexed, Plymouth Dock. Norfolk.
Rev. C. Boyle, Tamerton Folliot V. Rev. W. W. Bagnell, to the Perpetual Devon. Cure of Clyst Houiton, Devon.
Rev. J. Hodgkinson, Leigh V. LanRev. T. Livingstone, Bigbury R. cashire. Devon,
Rev. H. T. Grace, Westham V. Suss. Rev. G. Bellett, Sampford-Arundell Rev. Henry Coryn, Monathon, other. V. Somerset.
wise Manacan V. Cornwall, Rev. James Hoste, Empingham V. Rev. John Jeffery, D.D. Exton R. Rutlandshire.
Somerset. Rev. N. M. Hacker, Kiddington R. Rev. H. Boulton, Sibsey V. Lincolnsht, Oxon.
Rev. R. T. Meade, Marston Bigot R. Rev.. T. Thompson, Adlington V. Somersetshiire. Yorkshire.
Rev. P. George, Aycliffe V. Durham. Rev. Henry Ingilby, Swallow and Rer. J. Miller, a Minor Canon in Rigby RR. Lincolnshire.
Durham Cathedral, Rev. F. Ellis, Lassam R. Hants.
Rev. E, Day, Kirby Bedon St. Andrew Rev. S. King, Lattimer's Perp. Cur, R. Norfolk. Backs.
Rev. J. Sparway, Pitt Portion R. in • Rev. Richard Waldy, A.M. to be Do. the Church of Tiverton. mestic Chaplain to the Dowager Lady Rev. W. J. Birdwood, Holme v, Vernon.
Devon. Rev. H. K. Bonney, to the Archdea. Rev. George Coke, Aylton R. Here. conry of Bedford.
fordshire. Rev. J. T. Hurlock, D.D. to the Pre. Rev. Wm. Nonrse, Clapham R. Suss. bend of Husborne aud Barbage, at Rev. John Webb (Minor Canon of Salisbury.
Gloucester), Cardiff v. Rev. John Moore (Archdeacon of Rev. M. Vicars, Allhallows R. Exeter. Exeter), to a Prebeud in Exeter Ca. Rev. John Strode Foot, Liskeard V. thedral.
Rev. Joseph Ashbridge, Heath V. Rev. T. Watson, Thurlton R. Norfolk. Derbyshire.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. SCRUTATOR; PAILO-Clericus; W. D.; B. B.; $id opalns ; " Notice sur M. R. ;'*
F.; CLER. Glou.; S. E. H.; A CONSTANT READER; J.J.; W. M.; p. 1.; R. C. H.; 11515; Onpeutùs; and “ Remarks on the Peterboronglı Questions ;" have
been received, and are under consideration. The Rev. G. T.'s packet is at our Publisher's. It is not consistent with our plan to enter into the engagement J.LR proposes. We assure
-, that it is far from our wish umecessarily to give offence to any conscientious Dissenter.
(No. 5. Vol. XXII.
For the Christian Observer.
fuse a spirit of infidelity and anarchy
among the poor and ignorant, lave REMARKS
OBJECTION succeeded less than the promoters SOMETIMES URGED AGAINST of the scheme expected; and we CHRISTIANITY, THAT THE may indulge a hope, that the cirSTRICT CONFORMITY Which culation of the holy Scriptures, IT REQUIRES TO DOC. and of moral and religious writTRINES AND SPIRIT, RENDERS ings grounded on them, with the Those whO EMBRACE IT IN- co-operative exertions of enlightenDIFFERENT TO THE best in. ed and good men, will effectually TERESTS OF MANKIND, check its progress. But, in the PRODUCING A DISTASTE FOR bigber orders, where evil princiSCIENCE AND GENERAL LITE- ples are far more detrimental to the RATURE."
well-being of society, not only by
Their effects on the individuals imTHERE ever have been, and mediately concerned, but by means
no doubt ever will be, nume- of the influence of their example, rous objections urged against the it is much to be feared, that intideChristian religion, more or less lity exists to a great degree, and dangerous according to the degree indecision of religious character to of plausibility and ingenuity exer- a still greater: cised in their contrivance. In al. The objection which is the submost every class of society, tbereject of the present remarks, is, in are persons, actuated either by the some circles, of frequent occurrence. pride of displaying their powers of It is urged, that ihe Christian reargumentation, however sophisti- ligion is inimical to the welfare of cally employed; or by the ambi- society, from the alleged circumtion of making converts to their stance that a strict conformity to opinions; or by a spirit of misan- its doctrines and spirit militates thropy, which seems to enjoy a against the best interests of manpleasure in destroying the happy kind, by producing an indifference feelings and delightful prospects of to science and literature. The obothers; who endeavour to under- jection is not one of the most formine the religious sentiments of all midable character ; but, as even within their influence. Among the trifling and accidental objections lower classes of the community, are often found to operate with a the objections to Christianity are, force to which they are by no means for the most part, little more iban entitled, it merits investigation, in an apology for a refusal to sacrifice order that it may be divested of the gross pleasures of sensuality to that indistinct and dangerous inthe purity required by its precepts; fuence, which the most impotent but in the higher orders of society, objection may assume when its real there are, in addition to these ob- claims are out little understood. jections, others of a more refined In common with almost every other nature, connected with intellectual objection, the one in question apenjoyments. The attempts to dif- plies not so much to a mere uominal CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 245.