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of encouragement, to give to the mind Bible, to the value of 5581. forty copies a proper bias and direction.
of which have been disposed of. The “ It is dangerous, then, to imagine, that Committee baving likewise received the work of education consists entirely, from the Society, in the conrse of the or even principally, in applying means year, very large consignments of Bibles, to unfold the powers of the human Testaments, Common PrayerBooks, and mind, or in giving an increased momen. religious Tracts, have been enabled to tnm to its natural activity. If nothing furnish abundant supplies of those more than this were done, society would books and tracts to the several depôt be left exposed to a formidable con- stations, particularly to the depôts at flict between ungovernable spirits, each Dinapore aud Meerut, and to the depôt eager to exercise his strength and in- recently established at Dacca and Chit. clivation in the pursuit of his own ob- tagong. Of Prayer-books, Tracts, and ject and the accomplishment of his own elementary books, the Committee have purpose, without regard to any gene. also continued to afford supplies, as ral bond of mutual affection, or of they have been called for, to the Mili. moral influence. Peace and happiness, tary Orphan Asylum, the Free School, truth and justice, religion and piety, the Female Orphan Asylum, and other would still remain undefined, and charitable institutions, and whererer doubtful terms, or unsanctioned at else occasions have been offered for dis. least by any authority which could tributing them to advantage. Upon a give them effectual sway.
representation from T.C. Plowden, Esq. “So far is it from being true, that by that he had found the books and tracis increasing the vigour and the expansion obtained from the stores of the Com. of the mental faculties, the necessity of mittee highly useful and acceptable to systematic instruction in religion is persons employed in his office, it was superseded; that, on the contrary, in resolved to make known to the Chris. proportion as their power is thus in- tians employed as writers in the several creased, is this necessity rendered more principal public offices, the existence urgent. It is not in the nature of such of these publications, which are very faculties, and so excited, to remain in- cheap, and calculated to do much active, or to be cold and listless when good. Accordingly, a circular on the an object of pursuit is offered. The subject was addressed to the heads of first plausible theory, whether true or departments. In this circular, the Com. false, which is presented to their cou- mittee respectfully request, that cata. templation, will engage attention ; and, logues of the books and tracts maybe cirif it have any captivating features, culated among the Christians employed will probably take strong hold of the in the several public offices; and, at the affections; more especially, if it par.
same time, give an assurance, that, upon take of those qualities which most rea
the application of the head of each de. dily fall in with the solicitations of ap. partment, they will have much pleasure petite or passion. The first and most ip supplying from their stores, either at essential point, therefore, is to satisfy reduced prices or gratuitously, what. the cravings of the mind with such ever may be required for the use of such knowledge as shall best coudace to its persons. A great number of persons moral, as well as intellectual, strength. thankfully availed themselves of the As the latter increases, the former offer; and a large quantity of books must still be enabled to maintain its and tracts were furnished accordingly, due ascendency: and better were it, the greater part being regularly paid that the one should be circumscribed, for at the Society's prices. A small even within the narrowest limits, than stock was also placed under the care that it should be suffered to range be- of Dr. Willich, for the use of the apyond the control of the other, under no prentices avd other Christians employguidance or direction but that of its ed in the Botanical Gardens. own undisciplined propensities.” in the diocese of Calcutta, the Dio
CHURCH-OF-ENGLAND TRACT cesan Committee at Calcutta appear,
SOCIETY. from their Report for the year 1820, to
The Society state in their Tenth Repromote with great success the several port, that bis Grace the Archbishop of designs of the Society. Early in the Tuam bas corresponded with them on year, the Committce received a large the means of circulating their tracts in consignment of the Society's Family Ireland; and that his coinm unication
have been very beneficial in the promo- Means of Humiliation, and Role of tion of that desirable object. The Arch- Duty. bishop bas expressed his cordial appro. The Evil of Profane Swearing; or, Rebation of the tracts; and has added marks on the Third Commandniept. his name as a patron of the Society, to Cottage Tracts on folio Sheets. those of the Bishops of Gloucester, St. A Clergyman's Address to his Pari. David's, and Elphin.
shioners, on Watchfulness. The lord Bishop of Bristol has also A Clergyman's Address to his Pari. become a patron, and has accepted the shioners, on the Value of the Holy office of president. His lordship states Scriptures. of the Society's publications, that he The issues during the year have been, has never seen any tracts which ap- By Sales.
112,210 peared to him “ better calculated to By Grants
9,164 excite the attention of the lower classes, To Subscribers with the Report 2,130 and to promote pious and devout feelings in their hearts;” and also “ to
Making a total of.... 123,504 excite a feeling of warm attachment to Several pleasing testimonies of benefit the Church of England.”
resulting froin these tracts, have been The Committee have opened a com
received from different clergymen: one, munication with “ The Religious Tract whose neighbourhood bad been greatly and Book Society for Ireland," from infected with a deistical spirit, writes, which they bave been led to anticipate “ This year we have circulated more very important results; and have already Bibles than in any preceding one; and received an order for 50,000 tracts.- particularly in those hamlets where The Church Tract Society for Sheffield Deists have abounded. The eagerness of and its vicinity; the Durham Church all classes to procure Bibles, and their Tract Society, under the patronage of care to use them, are very pleasing its venerable Bishop ; the Cork Religie circumstances; and we attribute them ous Tract Society; the Religious Tract to the distribution of your and other Society, established at York; and the tracts.” Bath Religious Tract Society have con. The Clergyman of a large town tinued to assist the funds of the institu. writes : tion, and to make demands for its tracts. “ I have heard of many instances of The Committee are likewise indebted good resulting from your tracts. About to the continued exertions of their cor- four months ago, I put one or two of responding members in various parts of the tracts, on the Warning before the England and Wales.
Communion, into every pew of my A Society has been formed at Glo. church, on a Sunday on which I had to cester, under the Bishop of the diocese, give notice of the celebration of the for the circulation of such religious Lord's supper. This was done before tracts as are on the list of the Bristol the congregation assembled. On the Tract Society, the Cheap Repository following Sanday the number of comtracts, and any other tracts which municants was larger than it had ever shall be approved after due examina. been before, and it has been increasing tion. The Committee are very desirous ever since. My desire and prayer to of promoting parochial associations God is, that, by such and other means, wherever they can be formed, and of singers may be brought to the saving receiving donations and subscriptions, knowledge of Christ, the members of however inconsiderable.
onr church be edified, and God be glo. A "Prayer-book and Church-of-Eng. rified among us.” land Tract Society,” has been formed The chaplain of the garrison at Ha. at Dudley. By means of this associa. lifax, iu Nova Scotia states, “ that the tion, the Society's tracts are in active tracts had excited great attention among circulation throngh a very populons the sick soldiers in the hospital, who had district, where they are held in high them continually in their hands.” estimation.
The Committee are in expectation of The following new tracts have issued receiving one or more valoable tracts since the last anniversary :
on the subject of Popery. They wish Good-Friday Intercession; or, the also to enlarge their list of tracts for
Churchman's Duty to pray for all children. They strongly recommend
Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Heretics. the formation of local associations; and The Decalogue; or, the Churchman's the assistance of the clergy in every
part of the kingdom to promote their previously to his receiving the Prayer-
On the shores of the Mediterranean,
the demands for religious information PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY are loud and numerous. In Italy many SOCIETY.
prejndices against our English creed At the late annual meeting of this are stated to have been removed simply Society, it was stated that the issues of throngh reading our Prayer-book. A Prayer-books and Homilies during the version of the Liturgy into pure Biblical last year had increased (the ivcrease in Hebrew has been strongly advised for the issue of the latter amounting to the use of the Jews. . Homilies in the 30,000), and that its cause is more Manks language have been circu, warnılx espoused, and its utility more lated among the people of the Isle of generally acknowledged, than in former Man. The Report, in conclusion, re. years.
The Book of Homilies pre- commended fervent prayers to God for viously to the formation of this Society, his blessing upon the labours of the was considered by too many persons as Society, without which all human effort almost antiquated and obsolete ; but by is unavailing. means of this institution, these valuable compositions have become extensively LONDON HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. known and valued.
Tbe Report, read at the late anniver. Besides the Homilies already circu. sary, stated, that the number of the lated, measures have been taken to Society's schools in Ireland bad intranslate several more into the French creased in the last year from 534 to and Italian languages, and voihing is 575, and that the number of scholars wanting but enlarged funds for dis- was 53,233 : thirty-five of the schools semivating these instructive composi. were under the superintendance of Cations over the greater part of the Conti. tholic priests. The Society had repent,w bere theyare thankfullyreceived, ceived 1000. Bibles and 10,000 Testaand in some cases highly esteemed. ments from the British and Foreiga
The Morning and Evening Prayers, Bible Society, and had distributed upthe Psalter, and the First Homily, have wards of 80,000 Bibles and Testaments. been translated into Chinese, and dis. The progress of the Society had been tributed in various places, not indeed slow, but sure: it extends now to 23 actually in China, but in places where counties out of 32, and the conduce persons who understand the Chinese tors look with confidence to complete language reside. In China itself, the success, as the cause is not that of a Cuart decides, withont any toleration, party, but truly catholic. The Society in what mamer the people shall wor. deserves extensive patronage in the ship; but in the Chinese colonies, uo present afflicted state of Ireland. Its such opposition is encountered. A object is simply to reach all classes of Chinese servant, resident in ihis coun- the people to read the holy Scriptores, try, was present with a Prayer-book, which are not only “able to make them which had been trauslated into the wise unto salvation, but to render, Chinese language by Dr. Morrison, them, in every respect, good men, good whose name was perfectly familiar to subjects, good citizens; industrious in him ; for upon hearing it, and seeing iheir habits, contented with their lot, the book, he exclaimed, " Good man! and a blessing to themselves and good book ?”—This poor heathen had mankind.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
circumstances, from the recurrence of FRANCE.—The internal tranquillity of various conflagrations, of which the this country continues to be partially incendiaries cannot be traced, or their disturbed; as appears, among other object ascertained, except that it seems
to be connected with political animo month are generally favourable to the sities. The unpopularity of the pre- progress of the Greeks in procuring sent ministry is indicated by the cha- their emancipation from the oppression racter of the elections for the new of the Turks. The insurgent party obmembers of the chamber of deputies, tained possession of the isle of Scio; but in lieu of those who have gone out it has been reconquered by the Turks, by rotation, in those places where and dreadful massacres have folpublic feeling is most strongly ex- lowed. The Greek Peasantry, in the pressed. In the department of the north of Thessaly and Upper MaSeine, especially, which includes the cedonia, are reported to have formed capital, the Liberals have obtained a a budy of 7000 men, warm with patriumph, the whole of the members triotic ardour, who have occupied the returned being of that party:
defiles of Mount Olympus, the Valley Some discussions have taken place of Tempe, and the banks of the Peneus, on the subject of the Slave Trade, both and have traversed the country towards in the chamber of peers and in the the sea-coast, increasing their numchamber of deputies. In the former, bers, and obtaining new successes, the Duc de Broglie made a motion throughout their progress. Russia, by for adopting severer measures of re- retaining her armies on the frontiers 'pression against the Slave Trade. He of Turkey, and thus drawing the Otprefaced his motion by a speech of toman forces northward to be ready extraordinary talent, conveying a most to repel invasion, is effectually, though luminous view of the whole subject, silently, fighting the battle of the and urging his proposition of it by a Greeks before she strikes a single most powerful appeal to all the high blow. Her thus suffering the Greeks principles and feelings involved in the to acquire strength and cohesion, question. The motion was unsuccess- would lead us to hope, independently ful: the French ministers declared of other considerations arising out that they saw no necessity for any of the general policy of the great further legislative measures, the ex- powers of Europe, that in the event isting laws being, in their view, suffi- of subjugating Turkey, Russia may cient. Can any thing mark more not be unwilling to allow the Greeks clearly than such a declaration, after to form themselves into an indepenall the uncontroverted facts which dent state; a course which might ma- have been brought before the French terially counteract, in the general opigovernment, a determination not to . nion, any supposed evils likely to redisturb the slave-trader in his nefa- sult from an accession to the strength rious and destructive career? The and territory of Russia, in the southspeech of the Duc de Broglie, we are east of Europe, of countries so favourhappy to find, has been printed, and ably placed for purposes of aggresis now widely circulating in France. sion and aggrandisement as are the We have seen nothing which is more peninsula and archipelago of Greece. admirably calculated to enlighten the We should view the probable enfranpublic mind in that country on this chisement of the Greeks with more importaut subject; and it is now evi- unmixed satisfaction, were it not for dently to the influence of public opi- the torrents of blood with which it is nion, and not to the honour and good likely to be cemented, in addition
faith of the French government, that to those which have already flowed - the appeal must be made, as it is upon in this implacable contest. But even this alone that our hopes must now rest, these horrors are probably light, We shall not, however, pursue the when put in competition with those matter further at present, as we ex- which Greece would have to enpect soon to have an opportunity of dure, were she once more subjected laying before our readers a variety of to the Turkish yoke. May a merafflicting particulars respecting the ciful God speedily terminate these illicit French Slave-trade, and the state · murderous conflicts ! of that trade generally,drawn from that South AMERICA.-The new RepubReport of the African Institution, read lics in Spanish South America are at the annual meeting announced in firmly entrenching then selves in their our last Number; and from papers recently acquired liberties, and are recently laid before the British Par- proceeding with the consolidation and liament, embracing a mass of pain- improvement of their laws and confully interesting information.
stitutions. They at present amount to TURKEY.—The ports of the last five; Buenos Ayres, Chili, Mexico, CoCHRIST. O. No. 245,
lumbia, and Peru. Their independ- common and equal participation of all ency, as Sovereign States, has for some civil and political rights with the time been virtually, and is now open- White. Every Christian mind must ly and authoritatively, recognized by hail with delight, and with fervent the Government of the United States gratitude to God, the opening thus ,of America, who, from the circum- niade for the diffusion of freedom, and stances of their own history, and re- for the admission of the sacred Scrippublican constitution, as well as from tures and religious instruction, in retheir proximity, and from the deep gions where hitherto “ the true light" commercial interest they have in culti- has either never shone, or has been vating a good understanding with their lost in the thick gloom of papal bisouthern neighbours, might naturally gotry and superstition. The example be expected to take the lead in this may well make the parliament of recognition. A bill is now passing Great Britain itself to blush when it through our own parliament which is contemplates the cruel and unmitigatintended to regulate our commercial ed bondage in which so many of her intercourse with these states, and to subjects still groan in our colonies, admit their ships freely into our ports, and the ipidnight darkness as to all the effect of which will be a real and sub- moral and religious improvement in stantial, if not a formal, acknowledg- which their successive generations are ment of their independent sovereignty. permitted to live and die. Fifteen --It is gratifying to find, that among years have elapsed since the abolition these infant republics there prevails, of the slave trade was decreed by the to a considerable extent, a spirit of British parliament; and to this hour humane and enlightened legislation. not one effective law has yet been In Columbia, in particular, which is adopted by it, or by any of the coloconstituted nearly after the model of nial legislatures, for raising the civil the United States of America,-Ge- condition of the slave, or for paving neral Bolivar, like General Washing the way for his future emancipation. ton, being the first President,--the House of Representatives have adopt
DOMESTIC, ed many provisions of a most praise- The parliamentary proceedings of worthy character ;--among others, the the last few weeks have been very removal of every vestige of the in- various and important. We can only quisition; the decreeing of toleration glance at a few of the chief occurand equal civil rights to all members of rences. the community who have not forfeit- The state of the agricultural inteed their citizenship by their crimes; rest has undergone several animated the declaring every man free to write, discussions, the result of which has print, and publish his opinions, but been the adoption of the chief meabeing responsible for the abuse of this sure suggested in the late report of the privilege; the making provision for trial agricultural committee of the house by jury, as soon and extensively as the of commons. The first proposition feelings and habits of the people may of the committee; namely, to grant allow of this regulation; the allotting the sum of one million to be laid out specific funds for the education of all in corn to be warehoused, in order to classes of the people on the system of secure the growers against being commutual instruction; and lastly, what pelled to carry their produce to an involves no trifling sacrifice in slave- over-stocked market, was clearly so holders, the decreeing the early aboli. . unwise and futile a scheme, and was tion of slavery, not only by declaring all so generally and strongly disapproved free who shall be born within, the by the house of commons, that after limits of the republic, but by appro- a brief discussion, it was abandoned. priating large funds for the gradual The principal feature of the regulamanumission of the adults who are tions now intended to be adopted is to now in bondage. Nor has this mea- repeal the law which probibits the imsure of Christian benevolence and : portation of wheat (we omit the de true policy been confined to Columbia. tails respecting the other species of It has been adopted likewise by the corn, all of which however are includother Independent States, who have ed in the regulations, according to also, with a magnanimity which it their relative value,) till it rises to the would be well if Europeans could be average price of 80s. per quarter; and induced to imitate, abolished all dis- also to rescind the permission to imtiuctions arising from Colour, and ad- port freely for three months from the mitted the Indian and the Negro to a period of its so rising; and to substi