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BACCHUS:

AN ESSAY ON THE NATURE, CAUSES, EFFECTS,

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London : Salisbury & Bateman, Printers, Red Lion Court, White Hart Street, Drury Lane.

THIS WORK

IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED TO THE

OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF

THE AMERICAN TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES,

WHOSE UNPARALLELED EXERTIONS

IN THE

CAUSE OF MORALS AND RELIGION,

AND WHOSE EFFORTS TO EXTERMINATE

THE

MOST FRUITFUL SOURCE OF HUMAN MISERY,

THE USE OF INTOXICATING LIQUORS,

WILL EVER ENSURE THEM

THE GRATEFUL AFFECTIONS OF MANKIND,

AND THE

REGARD AND ADMIRATION

OF

POSTERITY.

THE NEW BRITISH AND FOREIGN TEMPERANCE

SOCIETY.

PRIZE ESSAY.

The Committee of the above Society give notice, that they have come to a resolution to offer a Premium of One Hundred Sovereigns for the best Essay on the Benefits of Total Abstinence from all Intoxicating Drinks

1. The Essay must be written in a Christian spirit, and with a design to benefit the bodies, circumstances, and souls of men.

2. The proposed Essay will contain the origin, progress, and consequences of the customs of drinking and drunkenness, both from sacred and profane history.

3. It will comprise the medical opinions of the faculty, ancient and modern; with the sentiments of magistrates, judges, and the most eminent literary, scientific, and theological writers.

4. It will produce Scripture testimony, that, although the use of wine is not prohibited, except in certain cases and under certain circumstances, Total Abstinence from all intoxicating drinks is encouraged.

5. It will contain statistical accounts of the evil effects of drinking customs on the habits, wealth, morals, and religious feelings of the community; embracing the experience of other nations on these topics.

6. It will contain details of committals, punishments, and miseries arising from drunkenness.

7. It will present the amount of loss of property, time, and intellect to the British nation, by their use.

8. It will show how the various religious societies for the renovation of the world are impeded by the drinking habits of the population.

9. It will present, in an inviting manner, the vast blessings which result to families, masters, mistresses, servants, fathers, mothers, and children, and to some of the most degraded individuals, from the total disuse of intoxicating drinks.

10. It will also show the advantages that will accrue to trade, commerce, and the shipping interest; to the arts and sciences; and the immense moral benefits it will confer on the nation and the world.

ADJUDICATORS—The Rev. Theodore Dury, M.A., Rector of Keighley ; Rev. J. H. Hinton, M.A. ; and J. E Howard, Esq.

CONTENTS.

DIVISION THE FIRST.

Page

Testament. 2. Intemperance in some of the

early centuries. 3. The Anglo-Saxon, French,

SECTION I.

and English, 4. Intemperance at church,

and of the feasts in various countries in con-

NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF IN-

nexion with the Roman Catholic Church.

TEMPERANCE.

5. Drunkenness at festivals more or less asso-

Page

ciated with the Reformed Church.-IV. The

I. Introductory observations, &c.—II. De-

use of intoxicating liquors an obstacle to Mis-

finitions of moderate drinking in various ages

sionary exertion.-V, The use of inebriating

of the world.-III. The free use of strong

liquors an antagonist to the Gospel at home.

drink by those who ominate hemselves

1. In its effects on Christian churches, and

sober and temperate members of society.-

particularly in reference to ministerial useful-

IV. Difference between medicinal substances

ness. 2. In its effects, in various other ways,

and articles of diet.-V. Distinction between

in preventing the progress of religion.

38

intemperance and drunkenness.-VI. Opi-

nions of eminent inedical men on the physical

evils consequent on moderate drinking.-Vil. DIVISION THE SECOND.

Definitions of temperance.--VIII. The use of

a bad thing distinguished from the ABUSE of

SECTION I

& good thing.--IX. Characteristics of intem-

perance. 1. The use of intoxicating liquors, MORAL CAUSES OF INTEMPERANCE.

an acquired habit. 2. Fascinating influence

of inebriating liquors. 3. Intemperance not

I. Delusive notions of strong drink, a cause

confined to climate. 4. Intemperance com- of intemperance.-II. The praise of inebriat-

mon to savage and civilized nations to the il- ing liquors by poets, a fruitful source of in-

literate and the educated. 5. Effects of strong temperance.--III. Ignorance and poverty,

drink on various temperaments. 6. Modifi-

toil and care, causes of intemperance.-Iý.

cations produced by various kinds of intoxi- The sensuality and earthliness of the commu-

cating drinks. 7. Changes effected in the nity considered as a cause.-V. The association

temperament by the use of inebriating of indulgence with the social habits of life, a

liquors.

i prolific source of intemperance.-VI. Festive

indulgence, a common cause of intemperance.

-VII. The practice of toasts and drinking

SECTION II.

healths, an occasion of intemperance.-VIII.

Emulation in drinking and erroneous notions

HISTORY OF INTEMPERANCE.

of hospitality, considered as causes.--IX. The

I. Scriptural illustrations of intemperance.

facilities afforded for the sale of intoxicating

--- II. Intemperance of the Persians.-III. liquors and the allurements of publicans, com-

Macedonians, Philip and Alexander.-IV.

mon causes of intemperance.

56

Thracians and Scythians.-V. Gauls and

Germans.-VI. Greeks and Romans.-VII.

SECTION II.

Other nations of antiquity.

18

PHYSICAL CAUSES OF INTEMPERANCE.

SECTION III.

I. Delusive notions in regard to strong

liquors.-11. The moderate use of intoxicating

HISTORY OF INTEMPERANCE, continued.

liquors, the primary physical cause of intem-

I. Aboriginal inhabitants of Britain.-11. perance.-III. Improper diet and physical

Anglo-Saxons and Danes.-III. Normans.- exhaustion, a cause of intemperance.-IV. The

IV. English.-V. Scotch.-VI. Irish.-VII.

use of stimulants in various forms, a cause of

Nubians; Natives of Ashantee, Congo, Nico-

the formation of intemperate habits. 1. The

bar Islands, Otaheitan Islands, New South

use of condiments or provocatives. 2. The

Wales.--VIII. American and Brazilian Sa-

use of tobacco in smoking. 3. The use of va-

vages.--IX. Russians, Kamschatkans, Lap-

rious preparations of opium. 4. The use of

landers.---X. Swedes.-XI. Prussia.-XII.

spirituous, patent, or quack medicines.-V.

America.-XIII. France.-XIV. Hartley's

The present system of the medical profession,

Table.

27 a productive source of intemperance,

74

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