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the bow. He has sometimes sported with lucky malice; but to him that knows his company, it is not hard to be sarcaitic in a mask. While he walks like Jack the Giant-killer in a coat of darkness, he may do much miscnicf with little ftrength. Novelty captivates the fuperficial and thoughtless ; vehemence delights the ditcontented and turbulent. He that contradicts acknowledged truth will always have an audience; he that vilifies established authority will always find abettors.

• Junius burst into notice with a blaze of impudence which has rarely glared upon the world before, and drew the rabble after him as a monster makes a show. When he has once provided for his fafety by impenetrable secrecy, he had nothing to combat but truth and justice, enemies whom he knows to be feeble in the dark. Being then at liberty to indulge himself in all the immunities of invilibility; out of the reach of danger, he has been bold; out of the reach of shame, he has been confident. As a rhetorician he has had the art of-persuading when he seconded desire; as a reasoner, he has convinced those who had no doubt before; as a moralift, he has taught that virtue may disgrace ; and, as a patriot, he has gratified the mean by insults on the high. Finding sedition ascendant, he has been able to advance it; finding the nation combustible, he has been able to infiame it. Let us abstract from his wit the vivacity of infolence, and withdraw from his efficacy the sympathetic favour of Plebeian malignity; I do not say that we shall leave him nothing; the cause that I defend scorns the help of falsehood; but if we leave him only his merit, what will be his praise?

• It is not by his liveliness of imagery, his pungency of periods, or his fertility of allufion, that he detains the cits of London, and the boors of Middlesex. Of style and sentiment they take no cognizance. They admire him for virtues like their own, fur contempt of order, and violence of outrage, for rage of defamation and audacity of falsehood. The Supporters of the Bill of Rights feel no niceties of composition, nor dexterities of sophiftry; their faculties are better proportioned to the bawl of Bellas, or barbarity of Beckford; but they are told that Junius is on their fide, and they are therefore sure that Junius is infallible. Those who know not whither he would lead them, resolve to follow him; and those who cannot find his meaning, hope he means rebellion.

• Junius is an unusual phænomenon, on which some have gazed with wonder and some with terror; but wonder and terror are tranfitory passions. He will soon be more closely viewed or more attentively examined, and what folly has taken for a comet that from its faming hair shook pestilence and war, enquiry will find to be only a meteor formed by the vapours of putrefying democracy, and kindled into fame by the effervescence of intereit struggling with conviction; which after having plunged its followers in a bog, will leave us enquiring why we regarded it.'

The present publication is not entirely free from that disgusting petulance and affectation, which generally characterize the performances of its Author. Filled with that little vanity, which so frequently attends on contemplative and retired men, he delivers his oracles with an air of the utmost authority; and seems to consider



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himself as seated on the pinnacle of the temple of wisdom, from whence he looks down with a sapient disdain on the repules that crawl kelow him.

St, Art. 15. An Examination of the Declaration and Agrement with

the Court of Spain, relating to the Refiitution of Falkland's Ifand. 8vo. I s. Bingley

This performance has but a small portion of literary merit; yet its defects, in this particular, are amply compensated by its candour, good sense, and public spirit.

st, Art 16. Reflections upon the present Dispute between the House of Commons and tke Magistrates of London. 8vo. I s. Bladon. 1771.

According to the spirit of our constitution, the members of the House of Commons ought to hold no language but what the people should hear, or be informed of. They are elected for the purpose of fupporting the general rights of the nation; and when they complain that their speeches are published, it is naturally to be suspected that they are inclined, in some respect, to betray their constituents.

The publication however before us, in compliment to adminiftration, would vindicate the House of Commons in their late tranfactions 'with the magistrates of London. . It is written with no extraordinary ftrength of argument, or elegance of composition; yet, from its style and nanner, we should be apt to ascribe it to a person of fome eminence in the literary world--the Author of Memoirs of Great Britain

St, and Ireland. Art. 17. An Aldress to the House of Commons of Ireland. By a

Frecholder. 8vo. No Publisher's Name. Advertised by

Contains fome pertinent hints for the protection of Ireland againft invasion, which, the Writer thinks, is to be apprehended on the commencement of any future war; and which, according to the representation made of the present state of the country, it is by no means enabled to repulse. Hence he justifies the augmentation of the army, insists on the burden and ineflicacy of militia in a country, the majority of the inhabitants of which are Catholics, and points out proper fortifications to be made and garrisoned, to render any descent on that island abortive.

N, Art. 18. An Address to the People of England, on the present State

of the British Legislature; pointing out the Causes of the present Diturbances. 8vo. Griffin.

1771. When the forms of a free government outlast the ends for which they were inftituted, they become a meré mockery of the people for whose welfare they ought to operate.

The delegates of a people never lose the confidence of their cona ftituents without deserving it; and whenever this unhappy circum1tance takes place, no good can be expected in any point of view, until the people are referred to a new choice. If, when they obtain this opportunity, they can again misuse it, let their own refiections suggest to them what they deserve; but then let them not be so totally void of hame as to complain of the venality of those men to whom they fell themselves.

The dispasionate Address now before us traces the public disquiets from their natural and obvious causes; the electors firit bafely bartering away their votes, and the purchasers afterward proflituting and be


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traying their trust, to reimburse themselves, in the mean capacity of ministerial agents : at which the people, strange to say, are surprised, and angry!

Our Author calls upon the British electors, therefore, to let the year 1774, when the next general election takes place, be the grand æra of British freedom.-But, alas ! addreiles of this kind will be little regarded, perhaps little read, by those who should profit by them; and hence, it is to be apprehended, our political redemption can only be effected by short parliaments, which, if any thing can, will spoil the markets at which our national rights are bought and fold.

One thing, with respect to this sensible Address, gave us peculiar pleasure in perufing it; viz. to observe such constitutional principles enforced by the pen of an officer in the regular forces; and we hope there are many more gentlemen in the army as true well-wishers to their country as this worthy Writer : such men will, in all exigencies, act in such a manner as becomes its real friends and defenders. NOVEL S, &c.

N. Art. 19. Sentimental Tales. 12mo.

2 Vols.

5 s. sewed. Wilkie. 1771. In these fentimental productions are comprehended some very warm ideas, and allusions to situations rather sensual than sentimental.

The Author, in some parts of his work, imitates S:erne, with the usual success of imitators. He has intro luced a number of poetical pieces, both originals and translations *, and they are not the worst parts

of the Tales in which they are interspersed : but even of th-se, in justice to the public, we cannot speak in the highełł terins of approbation. Art. 20. The Fault was all his own. In a Series of Letters. By a Lady.

2 Vols. 5 5. fewed. Riley. We are told that this is the production of a young Lady, of a promising genius ; and the work bears fufficient teftimony that we are not misinformed; for it abounds with the marks of an immature judgment, and yet affords proofs of a fine imagination. It is defective in plan, characters, and style; but many good sentiments are interspersed in it; and we meet with reflections that would do honour to the pen of a more experienced writer. Art. 21. The Adventures of a Bank Note. In Four Volumes.

Vols. III. and IV. 12mo. 5 s. sewed. Davies. We refer to our short mention of the two former volumes of this droll performance: see Review, vol. xliii. p: 152.-It appears that the public are to thank the humorous Burlesquer of Homer for the entertainment afforded them in the Adventures of a Bank Note. These adventures result from the various transfers of the note, from one poffeffor to another; with the characters of its several proprietors, among whom are divers well-known remarkable personages of the present age, and of various ranks and complections. Art. 22. Betsy; or, the Caprices of Fortune.

7 s. 6 d. fewed. Jones. All improbability; yet not entirely deititute of interesting scenes. Particularly from Catullus.



I 2mo.

3 Vols.

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Art. 23. The Vicar of Bray: A Tale. 12mo.

2 Vols, 5 8. sewed. Baldwin. A ridiculous story ridiculoully blended with the political history of the lait fourteen or fifteen years, in order to give an air of secret history to a scandalous improbable fiction.

N. Art. 24. The Disguise : A Dramatic Novel. 12mo. 2 Vols.

5 s. fewed. Dodsley. 1771.
The Author of this performance apologizes to his Reader for de-
viating from the forms in which novels have usually been written ;.
but this circumstance is, perhaps, the only one for which he de..
serves commendation. In the hands of a man of genius the dra-
matic form may certainly be employed in a novel with the greatest
advantages; but our Author is not to be ranked in this class. The
incidents he has selected are often unnatural ; they are always fan-
cied with little ingenuity or talle; and the language in which he
expreffes himself, is, in the highest degree, loose and incorrect. He
has thrown mere events into dialogue; there is no matterly distinc-
tion in his characters ; and he appears not to be intimately y face
quainted with the human heart. He has complained that epiitolary
correspondencies have grown dull, that narratives have become te-
dious, and journals heavy; but the acts and the scenes he has pro-
duced, are, in our opinion, ftill more exceptionable; their general-
languor and insipidity being never interrupted by firokes of humour,
and fallies of vivacity or wit.

Art. 25. Eikonoclaffes. In Answer to a Book intitled, Eikon

Basilike, the Portraiture of his sacred Majesty in his Solitudes and
Sufferings. A new Edition Corrected by the late Reverend
Richard Baron. Svo. 35. sewed. Kearily. . 1770.

The advertisement prenxed to this edition, by the publisher, is as follows:

• No heart ever glowed with a more ardent and generous warmth in the cause of religious and civil liberty than Mr. Baron's. He only breathed, he did not live in his own ellimation, but whilft he was in some way or other lending his afifiance to this glorious cause. He wrote, he publihed and re published perpetually in its defence,

· Had he been equally mindful of his domestic concerns, he might have left a competency behind him for his wife and family; but his whole foul was engaged in the cause; he neglected every other concern. He is now no more.

• Some time before his death, at his fole expence, he printed this new edition of the EIKONOCLASTES. He did not live to publish it. His notes and additions to it are truly valuable. The expence of this edition is a dead weight apon Mr. Baron's effects.

It is now published to subserve the general cause, and also to serve the interest of Mr. Baron's family. The EIKONOCLASTEs is too well known to need any commendation : there is not a friend to liberty who would not will it to be inmortal.

' The public may be allured that every farthing arising from the publication of it, thall be faithfully and conscientiously applied to the fole benefit of Mr. Baron's family.'


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Mr. Baron had written a preface to this publication, in which he informs us, that when the last edition of Milton's prose works was committed to his care, he executed that truit with the greatest fidelity; of which no one who knew Mr. B. will entertain the least doubt: that after he had thus endeavoured to do juslice to his favourite Author, by comparing every piece, line by line, with the original editions, he met with a second edition of the EIKONOCLASTES (which had neither been seen by Mr. Toland, the former Editor, nor by Mr, B.) with many large and curious additions; and he quickly resolved that the public should no longer be with held from the posfeftion of such a treasure. I therefore now, says Mr B. give a new impreffion of this work, with the additions and improvements made by the Author: and I deem it a linguiar felicity to be the initrument of restoring to my country so many excellent lines, long lost-and in danger of being for ever lost-of a Writer who is a laiting honour to our language and nation ;-and of a work, wherein the principles of tyranny are confuted and overthrown, and all the arts and cunning of a Great Tyrant and his adherents detected and laid open.'

The following observations on Milton, are at once characteristic of that great man, considered as the CHAMPION OF THE PEOPLE, and of the political zcal and spirit of his late reverend Editor :

· MILT, in particular, ought to be read and ftudied by all our young gentlemen as an Oracle. He was a great and noble genius, perhaps the greatest that ever appeared among men ; and his learning was equal to his genius. He had the highest sense of Liberty, glorious thoughts, with a strong and nervous style. His works are full of wisdom, a treasure of knowledge. In them the divine, the ftatesman, the historian, the philologik, may be all inítructed and entertained. It to be lamented that his divine writings are so little known. Very few are acquainted with them, many have never heard of them. The same is true with respe&t to another great writer, cotemporary with Milton, and an advocate for che same glorious cause; I mean ALGERNON SYDNEY, whose discourses on Government are the most precious legacy to these nations.

• All antiquity cannot thew two writers equal to these. They were both great masters of Reason, both great mafters of Expreslion. They had the strongest thoughts, and the boldest images, and are the best models that can be followed. The style of SYDNEY is al. ways clear and flowing, strong and masculine. The great MILTON has a style of his own, one fit to express the afonifing sublimity of his thoughts, the mighty vigour of his spirit, and that copia of invention, that redundancy of imagination, which no writer before or since hath equalled. In some places it is confessed that his periods are too long, which renders him intricate, not altogether intelligible to vulgar readers; but these places are not many. In the book before us his style is for the most part free and easy, and it abounds in eloquence and wit and argument. I am of opinion that the style of this work is the beit and moft perfect of all his profe writings. Other men have commended his History as matchless and incomparable, whose malice could not see' or would not acknowledge the excellency of his other works. It is no secret whence their averfion



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