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This is an humorous satire on the little arts, the low policy, and various instances of mismanagement, practised in the lower orders, not of academies but of boarding-schools. It may rank next to, though not quite on an equal footing with, Swift's admirable Directions to servants. Art. 20. The Tutor's Guide: Being a complete System of Arith

metic, with various Branches in the Mathematics. By Charles Vyfe, Teacher of the Mathematics, and Master of the Academy in Portland-Street.

38.

Robinson and Roberts. 1770. Arithmetic, and the inferior branches of the mathematics, which are the proper subjects of a school-book, have of late years been so thoroughly studied, and are in general so well understood, that we can expect little novelty and variety in publications of this kind :it is a plain and beaten tract, in which none can err, who have any share of genius and application.-This however is no reason, why those who have the care of youth, and to whom reputation is an advantage, should not recommend to the approbation of the public that plan of education, which they have adopted and pursued.-

The best method of conveying instruction is derived from experience; and though the Author of the Tutor's Guide does not pretend to boast of new discoveries, it must be allowed, that he has selected a great variety of necessary and useful rules for obtaining a thorough knowledge in those sciences, which depend upon arithmetic : and his book will be found particularly useful in this respect, that it contains a very considerable number of queftions to exemplify the rules he has laid down, and to exercise the attention of the learner, Many of them, it may be thought, surpass the capacity of young scholars; but this circumstance is no just objection against the book itself: it rather recommends the work to an after-review, when the understanding is enlarged and ripened. The plan and execution of Mr. Vyfe's performance do honour to his judgment and application, and entitle it to the general notice of those who are entrusted with the education of youth.

The Author will, we hope, teach *, and not learn his scholars, that a fraction is not always less than an unit +.

th-s. Art. 21. Selim's Letters, exposing the Mal-practices of the

Office of Ordnance ; with the Particulars of the Enquiry of the BOARD of Ordnance, and their Determination on the Charge exhibited against Thomas Hartwell. With a Preface and Conclufion. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. sewed. Miller,

1771. These letters were first published in the London Evening Poft. They contain an heavy accusation against the Gentlemen of the Ordnance, particularly Sir Charles Frederic and Mr. Hartwell; whom the Author charges with great embezzlement of his Majesty's stores. Selim has sewn a warm zeal in the prosecution of this ill looking affair; and if it proceeds merely from an honest regard for the public, it is certainly very laudable. But we must observe, that the extreme virulence of his language, and the monstrous, torrent of perfonal abuse which he has poured upon the above-named Gentlemen, will be apt to raise a suspicion in the mind of a candid Reader, with • Page 2. of preface. + Page 2, compared with page 168.

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refpect to our Author's motives, and the principles on which he has
proceeded : and, indeed, he fomewhere lets fall an expresion, in-
iimating that his father had, on some occasion, been betrayed by Sir
Charles. If, therefore, it ihould have appeared to the Board before
which Selim had, very lately, brought the cause to an hearing, with
respect to Mr. Hartley, that there was any degree of personal or
family pique in the case, it is not much to be wondered at if they
did regard this prosecution as in some measure malicious; and ac-
cordingly dismífled the culprit with only a moderate reprehenfion.
Be this, however, as it may, Selim, assures the public that he will
not suffer matters to rest here; but that he is determined to carry his
complaint into the house of Commons: to which, we must suppose,
the Gentlemen accused can, if they know themselves to be innocent,
have no objection. Their characters are publicly impeached ; and
they will no doubt, be glad to have them publicly cleared. If, how-
ever, they are found guilty, it will probably set on foot an enquiry,
the consequences of which may be highly advantageous to the nation,
which, we are afraid (from many anecdotes that we have heard)
hath long, too long, been shamefully plundered by her servants, in
most, if not all, the public offices,-to the amount, it is to be
feared, of MANY thousand pounds a-year! And should these abuses
be, in any considerable measure, remedied, in consequence of Selim's
activity, spirit, and perseverance, his country will certainly be
much obliged to him, whatever may have been his principal motive
for pursuing the inquiry, or however indiscreetly and intemperately
he may have conducted himself in the course of it.
Art. 22. Proceedings of a General Court-Martial, held at Pen-

facola in West Florida, March 16,-- April 20, 1768. 8vo.
3 s. 6 d. Johnston. 1770.
The accusations brought against Major Farmer, though some of
them of the most atrocious nature, do not seem to have had any real
foundation, and are fapported by no evidence. His prosecutors ap-
pear to have acted against him from personal resentment, and formed
the wicked design of depriving him of his reputation, his fortune,
and his life. In this they were defeated by the court-martial before
which he was tried, and by his Majesty's justice in confirming the
fentence of that court. But though he has recovered his honour and
his liberty, we are sorry to observe, that his accusers have been the
inftruments of depriving him of his rank, and his military cha-
racter.

st: Art. 23. A Treatise on the Hair, Thewing its Generation,

Means of its Preservation, Causes of its Decay, how to recover it when loft, what occasions its different Colours : with the probable Means to alter it from one Colour to another ; its most proper Management in different Climates, and in all the Stages and Circumstances of life. Allo a Description of the most fashion. able methods of dressing Ladies and Gentlemen's Hair both natural and artificial. Addressed to the Ladies of Great Britain. By

* The Author speaks of Mr. Hartley as the friend of Sir Charles ; and positively connects these Gentlemen together as companions in guilt.

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Art. 24.

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David Ritchie, Hairdresser, Perfumer, &c. 8vo. 2s, 6d. Sold at the Author's Shop in Rupert-street, and by Wilkie in St. Paui's Church-yard. 1770.

This hair-doctor, in imitation of many of his brethren of the faculty, has written a treatise to recommend his own noftrums. L. STE

The Youth's Geographical Grammar ; containing geographical Definitions, Problems on the Terrestrial Globe, the Situations, Dimensions, Boundaries, Divifions, Capes, Rivers, Harbours, Mountains, Irlands, Climates, Productions, and Manufactures, of all the Countries in the known World ; with an Account of the Religion profeffed, and Form of Government established in each of them. To which is added, I. An alphabetical Index of Kingdoms, States, and the most considerable Inands ; mentioning the Situation, Religion, Government and chief Town of each. Il. An alphabetical Index of Cities, Towns, &c. with an Account of the Provinces, Kingdoms, and Quarters of the World in which they are. By Stephen Addington. Small 8vo. 4 s. bound. Buckland. 1770.

A judicious compendium, drawn up by the Author for the instruction of his own pupils, and may be useful in schools. Art. 25. A Letter to the Members of the Provident and other

Societies, established with a view to secure a Provision in Old Age,-on the Impropriety and Insufficiency of their present Plans. 8vo. I s. Brotherton, &c.

The observations contained in this letter, appear to deserve the most serious attention of the several societies alluded to in the title. The Author not only shews the defects of the several plans on which these focieties are formed, buț endeavours to point out proper remedies, by calculations and tables : from the accuracy of which the merit of his letter will, chiefly, be determined. Art. 26. Analects in Verse and Profe, chiefly dramatical, fatirical, and pastoral *.

2 Vols. 5 s. fewed. Shatwell. The harmless efforts of a harmless muse!"

น. RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 27. Sermons on Regeneration : Wherein the Nature, Neceffity,

and 'Evidences of it are considered, and practically improved. By Joseph Barber. 12mo.

as. bound. Buckland. 1770. 'These discourses are written in the strain of what is now confi. dered as old divinity, and to those who are partial to that scheme they will no doubt be acceptable. Truth is, and must be, always the same; but there are subjects on which it is difficult to determine where it lies, though some persons are very politive that they have discovered it. There is great difference in men’s reasonings and apprehensions; and the modes of thinking as weil as of expresion, 'wpon all topics, vary in a course of years, while at the same time wise and good men do not, when they come to be rightly understood, so greatly diffent from each other, upon important points, as is often imagined. But in regard to subjects which admit of debate, as to

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* There is no mention of the Author's name in the title, but we find the dedication subscribed George Savile Carey.

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the meaning of words and phrases, and points of doctrine, on which the most considerable persons have had different ideas, it becomes every one to deliver his thoughts with some diffidence and caution, however supported by any established fyllem, or generally received opinion.

In relation to the sermons before us, so far as they are any way calculated to serve the cause of truth, or solid piety and virtue, we can with them success: but should they in any measure tend to promote enthusiasm and self-conceit, ftrife and uncharitableness, we must take the opposite side. Some parts of them are serious and practical, others speculative and disputable, and therefore not greatly iending to edification, Posibly if the Author was carefully to enquire into the true and original meaning of some words, phrases, or texts, or to consider them in their connection, he might see reason sometimes to alter his sentiments upon them, or acknowledge at least the sense to be doubtful. Art. 28. A Treatise on the Faith and Hope of the Gospel. In two Parts. 2 S. Nicoll.

1770. This treatise is of the same stamp with the book just mentioned. We have been at some loss to determine whether the Writer is as Hutchinsonian, or Sandemanian, Methodist, or Moravian. . But we think (as we do of the former) that he has really a good end in view. He complains that the faith and hope of the Gospel have been confounded together by many writers, as if they were but one thingthat some have represented faith as if it were a person with ey and hands--that others have represented the faith of the Gospel as confifting of several different acts of faith-which has 'occasioned great disputes and confusion; all owing, as he apprehends, to not understanding the meaning of the word

faith in its different acceptations in the Scriptures. Our Author is desirous of removing this confusion, and setting the truth before us with perspicuity : but notwithstanding his good intentions, and though he often repeats the same thing, that he may, we suppofe, the better drive it into us, yet he writes so much about it, and about it, that the Reader may sometimes be long in discovering his meaning, and when he does obtain it, be doubtful, after all, whether it is the truth.

• Faith, we are told, is a persuasion or asient of the mind, arising from testimony or evidence. What we believe is the persuasion of our mind; and that which persuades or convinces our minds, is evidence of some kind. To believe a thing means to assent and give credit to it as true.-The faith, belief or believing of the Gospel is a persuasion of mind that the Gospel is true; yea the very truth of God. It is the believing of God's faithful testimony concerning his son Jesus Christ, and upon God's authority, and at God's command believing in Jesus Christ and his righteousness. The afsurance of faith is a firm, full, assured persuasion and conviction of mind of the truth of the Gospel.-It is being fully satisfied in the mind of the truth of the Gospel. To believe the Gospel is to be persuaded or convinced that the Gospel is true.'

Who can ever forget or be doubttui concerning the meaning of a word, thus peremptorily and powerfuily inculcated upon us > But after all bis plain account of faith, which is greatly enlarged upon,

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when we come to be told how it is to be attained, we find that no inftru&tions, and no endeavours of men can possibly effect it: 'One man may teach another Latin, Greek, or Hebrew, arts and sciences, trade or business: one man may teach another to make a profession of faith, as children are taught to say a catechism : but no man in all the world can teach another to know the Lord, the just God, and the Saviour.' This faith, according to the Writer, is produced instantaneously, “it comes not with observation, but in a way, and manner, and at a time, unexpected, according to the purpose of the most High. If this faith is thus efsential, and if it be thus predetermined concerning all persons whether they shall have it or not, one consequence seems to arise, viz. that as there is no necessity for our taking any care or thought about it, neither was there any occafion for this honest man's taking so much pains to inform us of its nature, and declare its importance. In the course of his enquiries we meet with a few criticisms, or different versions of the original Greek text, concerning one or two of which translations, though pretty positively assumed, it may be juftly questioned whether they they are at all valid. Art. 29. A compendious View of the Grounds of the Teutonic Philo

sophy : With Considerations by Way of Enquiry into the Subject Matter and Scope of the Writings of Jacob Behmen, commonly called the Teutonic Philosopher. Also several Extracts from his Writings; and some Words used by him explained. By a Gentleman retired from Bufinefs.

4 s. bound. Bathurst, &c. 1770.

The Editor of this work pleads so strongly, in his preface, in be-half of moderation and candour : he fays so much, and some things fo fenfibly, concerning the imperfection of human knowledge, the mistakes to which all are liable, and the poflibility that others, whom "we censure, may have made advancements and improvements beyond ourselves ; that (though even here we observed an enthusiastic cincture) we were yet inclined to hope that we should find something

more intelligible and rational than is generally to be expected from 'the works of Jacob Behmen : but, alas? when we came to look farther into the book, all was mysticism and rhapsody: and we might add folly, though we feel some kind of reluctance in being severe upon a man who fo greatly intercedes for candour, as the Publisher of this work does in the preface we have mentioned. But if this book does contain good sense, reason, religion, or truth, we must acknowledge it is far beyond our ability to discover it; for who can comprehend such sentiments or expressions as these : when speaking of what is called eternal nature, it is said, “God brings forth the air, which blows up the love-fire essence, and together with it constitutes the sixth form of eternal nature. The fire essence being placed between two dangerous enemies, the darkness on the one hand, and the water on the other :-therefore that the fire of his eternal furnace might never be in danger of being extinguished, the great Creator of all things brought forth the air essence to blow up the fire, that it might not go out — The air spirit does not only moderate the wrath fire, but it also blows up the love-fire essence. This love.fire has its rout in the meek water, from whence it fprings, as the fierce

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