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fire from the harsh aftringent darkness.--As soon as this child of love is born, the whole birth of eternal nature stands in great triumph of divine joy, all its powers and essences become substantial, and they see, hear, smell, taste, and feel one another in the most ravishing joyfulness beyond words, and this pen’s expression. When this love-fire tincture enters into the dark fire forms, and comes to penetrate the burning sulphur, poisonous mercury, and fal-nitre of the fire spirit, and to change them into its own nature, there arises such triumphing joy, charming pleasure, ravishing extasy and exultation, as none can imagine but those that have felt them; and tinctures them with such variety of beautiful sparkling colours, as surpasses all the precious ftones and gems of this visible creation.'

How wonderful! how edifying! Is this sense ? Is this piety? If it is either, we must own we know nothing of the matter. We should rather think that some parts of these writings were a kind of blafphemy, than any way honourable to the Supreme Being, or beneficial to mankind.

Hi. ART. 30. A port Treatise on the Lord's Supper. Wherein the

chief Meanings which Men put on its Institution are examined; the Ends of it are considered ; the Benefits conveyed to us by it are demonstrated; the Obligation of coming to it is proved and enforced; the several Pleas which are offered by Men in Excuse for not coming to it are answered; the Preparation to be made for it is recommended; and the Behaviour which is proper at and after our receiving of it is pointed out. By Thomas Pollen, A. M. 8vo. 2 5. 6 d. sewed. Rivington. 1770.

After so diffuse an account of this treatise in the title-page, it will not be requisite to spend much time in setting forth its contents. How faithfully and fully the Author has executed his proposals, is a question which will doubtless be differently decided by different readers. It is hardly pollible that a person who has a common share of sense and knowledge should write upon subjects of this kind without saying some pertinent and useful things. We acknowledge that there are some, that there are several very good and proper observa. tions in the little book before us; yet we cannot declare ourselves perfeâly satisfied in it, not merely because the Writer's views of the lubject do not entirely correspond with our own (since we may miltake as well as he) but we apprehend he has not thoroughly canvaffed, and is not truly master of the topic, which he has undera taken to treat upon. The first chapter encounters the absurd doctrine of transubitantiation, and plainly overthrows it by some such arguments as have long been made use of in this dispute. The fecond considers and confutes a notion that has prevailed among many Christians,' that the body and blood of Christ are carnally present with the bread and wine, and take up the very same room as they do, but are not seen as they are.' Though Protestants do reject and ridicule the Popith doctrine of transubitantiation, there is yet reason to think that among the common people, and among others who have greater advantages in our church and land, there are some fuperititious and false opinions very prevalent concerning this ordinance. Nor are these opinions likely to be removed unless great care is taken by the clergy, in a plain and rational way, to instruct their hearers Rev. Jan. 1771.

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in the nature of it, as it may be deduced from Scripture; or unless fome alterations were made in the method of administering it, which has certainly a tendency to excite and encourage some mistaken apprehensions concerning it. The present work, however useful fome parts of it may be, inclines to the same purpose, since the Lord's Supper is here fpoken of as a mystery, and what our Lord says of eating his flesh, drinking his blood, and having eternal life, and being raised up at the last day, applied to it in such terms as these: * Common meat and common drink can preserve us alive for a while, but. cannot raise us up when dead, whereas these words seem to intimate that our Lord's flesh and blood both can and will.-How the body and blood of our Lord eaten and drunk by us, become a principle within us of eternal life, we are given to understand, as much as we are able to understand it, by the lymbols of bread and wine. For as bread and wine can lengthen out our life in this world, as far as it is capable of being lengthened out, so can the body and blood of our Lord lengthen out our life in the next world.' But without other reflections, we fall only just observe, as a farther instance of this writer's inattention and mistake, that he has applied the parable of the marriage feast, without any hesitation, as inviting and compello ing persons to celebrate this ordinance.

Hi. Art. 31. Constant Readiness for Christ's final Appearance, urged

from the Uncertainty of the Time of it. The Substance of Two Sermons preached at Morley, near Leeds, Yorkshire : on the Lord's Day, April 17th 1768. By William Whitaker.

6 d. Buckland. 1770.

A plain, but serious and sensible exhortation to prepare for death and futurity: it comes recommended to the public notice by the particular circumstances of the young minilter, its Author, which gave rise to the publication. The evening after he had preached upon this subject, we are inforined, • a blood-vesel broke in his lungs, and finished his capacity for usefulness, as a preacher, in an inftant:' a circumstance which he hoped might procure some peculiar attention to what is here delivered, especially from those who had a personal value for the writer. Therefore, during his lingering illness, he sent it to a friend, requesting that it might be published after his decease, which happened on the 7th of June last. He prefixed to it, with much dimculty, a farther address to the Reader, being desirous, it is said, “to bear his dying testimony against that delulion to which many trust, the hopes of a death-bed repentance, grounded on the presumption of a lingering death." These pious and benevolent intentions of the Author, together with his affecting fituation will be peak some regard to him and his performance, and was there any reason for it, muft effectually prevent all censure. We with his good designs may be in any meafure answered, and shall only add in the words of the publisher: 'If the critical Reader shall yet discern the want of perfect exactness, it is hoped he will candidly attend to the circumitances of the case.'

Hi: Art. 32. A short Account of Theological Lectures, now read

ing at Cambridge. To which is added, a new Harmony of the Gospels. By the Reverend John Jebb, M. A. late Fellow of St. Peter's College. 4to. 2 s. 6d. White, &c. 1770.

From From the account which is here given, Mr. Jebb appears as a friend to learning, to religion, and the right of private judgment; but he laments that his endeavours to call the attention of youth to the ftudy of the Scriptures have in some instances been created in a manner far different from what might be expected from men, born to the enjoyment of civil and religious liberty. That confidence, how. ever, he observes, with which the uprightness of his intention, and the approbation of many worthy and learned persons had inspired him, enabled him for a time to persevere, regardless of the clamours of his adversaries. But when he was informed, that a charge of the most invidious nature was solemnly urged, in a manner which was likely to do him great disservice; he was no longer able to refrain from attempting a vindication of himself from thote calumnies, with which the untempered zeal of some otherwise well-disposed brethren had afperfed his character.'

The first method he used was, we are told, to transmit an apology for himself, to some persons of eminence in the church; and had the intolerant spirit of his enemies, it is said, been satiated with this exertion of their power, he would have contented himself with opposing the efforts of private slander, by the force of private representation and remonftrance. But since some persons of weight and authority in the university have thought proper openly to exert their influence, in order to obstruct the progress of that scheme of lectures which they once approved ; since some other Gentlemen more artful, and therefore less honourable in their deportment, have given authentic evidences of being equally industrious in the prosecution of such fifling measures ; his only resource is the power of appealing to the free, impartial voice of an unprejudiced public. He therefore now submits his vindication and plan, together with the annexed harmony, to their candour and indulgence.'

The method which this Author proposes for the study of the Scriptures, and the plan of his lectures, appear to be rational, judicious, and well adapted to advance an accurate and critical knowledge of the sacred writings, and also to impress the mind with a sense of their excellence and value. He discovers no bigotted attachment to any particular scheme or party, but seems willing to avail himself of real aflistance in his enquiries from any quarter. From the relation he gives, it certainly appears, as he says, that he has not made it his aim to thew the consonancy of the articles of the Church of England with the words and sense of Scripture : But I truft, he adds, it will be apparent, that I have endeavoured to do more ;- to explain-establish-and recommend to the love and esteem of youth, that complete, that glorious fyltem of faith and mosals, which is the only proper foundation of every Church in Chris. tendom.-I have honeitly communicated to all who have honoured me with their attendance, the same means of information which I have found to be of service in my own cafe.--I recominend the fame process in the Acts and the Epistles as I have pursued in the Gospels. And, as aflittances, advise the perusal of those Authors, who have fo happily completed the scheme of Mr. Locke.'

He proceeds to propose some hints to the consideration of students of the Gospel, explaining the design of his harmony, and pointing out a compendious method of acquiring a comprehensive knowledge of all chcie docirines and injunctions, which Jesus recommended to the attention and observance of his disciples.'

After expressing his persuafion, that the mode of study here proposed, will, upon experience, be found to be far less irksome, than the pains of toiling through a sea of commentators, expositors, fathers, schoolmen, councils, &c. he farther observes, “The fruits of such industry will be, as far as relates to all necessary points, a thotough acquaintance with, and a perfect knowledge of our Bible: a book which contains whatever is profitable for doctrine, for instruction, and reproof; and which amongst its other epithets and titles descriptive of its worth, may juftly be stiled in the words of the immortal Chillingworth, THE RELIGION OF PROTESTANTS.' H. Art. 33. Sermons on the most useful and important Subjects, adapted

to the Family and Closet. By the Rev.' Sam. Davies, A. M. late President of the College at Frinceton, New Jersey. 8vo.

2 vols. 8 s. fewed. Buckland, &c. 1771.

As fome notice hath already been taken of the pulpit discourses of this writer, formerly printed, we shall not intrude much upon our Reader's time, by dwelling on the present publication. A former colle&ion appeared, (in three volumes, under the same title * with these) fince the Author's death, for the benefit of his widow and children. The volumes now before us are published, with the same view in regard to the orphans,-the widow, we understand, being deceased.

From the particulars which the Editor hath here collected, in respect to the Author, the latter must be regarded as a considerable and a worthy man. His discourtes are plain, but striking and animated ; Calvinistical, as to principles, but serious and practical : and, if not perfectly accurate and polished, yet likely to be useful to those who hold the fame opinions, or who can make allowance for them, although their own sentiments should, in some respects, be different. - We are, nevertheless, obliged to observe, that there are fome speculative points, in these compositions, to which we must object, as being not merely useless, but even uncomfortable,- if not hurtful to mankind. Art. 344. The Moral System of Moses. By Samuel Pye, M. D.

Member of the College of Physicians, London, Author of the Mofaic Theory of the Solar or Planetary System. 4to. 5 s. 3 d. fewed. Dodfey, &c. 1770.


This work, which is called the Moral System of Moses, is little more than a paraphrase on the Mosaic history of the creation and fall of man. It is divided into chapters, the contents of which are 1. Of the moral attributes of God. 2. Of the moral system of Mofes. 3. Of the tree of life, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. 4. Of the inititution of the moral government of God in Eden. 5. Of the old serpent. 6. Of the formation of woman. 5. Of the fall. 8. The temptation. 9. Of the fall of Adam. 10. Of the origin of thame. d. The examination of the offenders.

* See Review, vol. xxxiv. p. 485.
I See Review, vol. xxxvi. p. 230,

12. The

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12. The sentence part on the different parties concerned in the fall, On the serpent. 13. The sentence on the woman. sentence on the man. 15. An appendix to chapter iii. of the tree of life. 16. Of the origin of sacrihces. 17. The history of Cain and Abel. 18. A digression the mark set upon Cain. Of the mark set upon Cain. In these disquisitions the Doctor has laid himself extremely open both to controversy and to ridicule, but we are by no means disposed to employ either, on such a subject. The former, we suppose, would afford very little entertainment to our Readers, The latter might produce too much.

น. Art. 35. Ito Sermons on the Mortality of Mankind. By George

Marriot, Lecturer of St. Luke, Middlesex, late Chaplain of the British Factory at Gottenburg. 8vo. Flexney:

There are many striking, and some very pathetic, observations in these discourses; which we, therefore, with pleasure, recommend to the public.

POLITIC Art 36. Thoughts on capital Punishments: In a Series of Letters.

8vo. Baldwin. 1770. These letters have already been published in the London Magazine; but an advertisement now informs us, chat, • intimations having been given of a design to attempt an amendment of the penal laws, the Writer concluded it would not be improper to collect and place them in one view, for the easier perusal of those who are difposed to exercise their thoughts upon this important subject. The letters, it is farther said, consist chiefly of extracts from a variety of respectable Authors, the coincidence of whose sentiments with the Writer's, gave him great pleasure.'

The subject must be allowed to be of confiderable moment, both as respecting society in general and individuals : wise and good men have long expressed their wishes that some attempt might be made for an alteration and amendment of the present system of penal laws, and modes of punishment: it peculiarly requires the attention of those who are appointed to direct and enact our laws: but whether any endeavours will be used as to this matter in particular, or in respect to some others which materially aff the property and welfare of the subject, or whether they shall all be left to take their course, 'till by some violent efforts they amend or destroy themselves, is a point which it is not our business to canvass, nor can any one determine it.

Our Author expresses his hope that he shall not be considered as an apologist for criminals, and an encourager of them, when he declares his wish, that none of them besides murderers, were by our laws condemned to die. He proposes the following question, which is obvious to all who think upon the subject; ‘Doth not experience demonstrate that the law threatening death, frequently put into excution, is not effectual to keep men from a violation of it? I well remember, says he, that very soon after the legislature had made fheep-itealing a capital offence, I heard the Judge on the bench inform the grand jury, that, to his great surprize, he found in the calendar an uncommon number of that fort of criminals, I would G 3


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