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extraordinary a genius. There is something altogether striking in the
novelty of his ideas. Justice he represents as a bird of passage:

See Juffice haften to forsake the land,

And to some happier country wing her flight!
The Virtues as lamp-lighters, just going to set up in the Strand :

With anxious hafte the Virtues seek the STRAND,

And go to bless the Pagan world with light.
Mr. Whitefield's tongue, he tells us, was loos’d by prayer; and
what then?-Why, then he filent:

Prayer loos'd his guilt-bound tongue, his lifted hands

In filent rapture then his God ador’d.
He next informs us what this great man endured; and that was
what every body else endures !
Each season's various changes he endured.

Art. 45. Elegy to the Memory of the Right Honourable the Mar.

quis of Granby. 410. 6 d. Dodsley.
One of those things that come under the fickly title of mediocrity;
but has not the printer made a mistake in the poet's address to the
present Lord Granby?

Great was his soul ; but happier shalt thou be,

By being not so great as he.
What, if we should read,

Great was his soul, but greater shalt thou be,

By being not so great as he !
Art. 46. Epiftola Politica-An Epistle on the Times, a Poem,


A Latin poem about Wilkes and Liberty, which has the merit of
a decent schoolboy's exercise.

No V s.
Art. 47. The False Step; or the History of Mrs. Brudenal.


2 Vols. 5'5. sewed. Almon.
The false step which is here set forth as a warning to young female
Readers, is the heroine's deserting her parents, and running away
with an agreeable but worthless fellow, in order to a clandestine
marriage. The fatal consequences of this first indiscretion, which
is here, not unnaturally, productive of other false steps, in a cha-
racter extremely amiable in all other respects, form the principal
incidents of this history ; which is thrown into the modifh form of
letters, and diversified by an episodical part, less interesting and less
exemplary than the main story. The work, if not a brilliant per:
formance, is a moral one; which ought not to be considered as a
flight commendation. The language, if not elegant, is easy, and
might pass very well, were it not for two or three uncouth expref-
fions *, and an affectation of French phrases, which is become ridi:

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• A fine Gentleman exclaims against his mistress for making his rival happy, without any demurrage; and a fine Lady talks of swearing that the never saw two people so exactly alike : but we must do the writer the justice to observe, that faults like these are not very common in this work,


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I 2mo.

5 s. sewed.

I 2mo.

culously fashionable. There is hardly a page plain English to be
met with in our modern productions: it is all friped, though we
feldom meet with any of the right Parisian pattern.
Art. 48. Authentic Memoirs of the Countess de Barré, the French

King's Mistress, carefully collated from a Manuscript in the Por-
session of the Duchess of Villeroy. By Sir Francis N.

3 s. bound. Roron. 1771. Another heap of rubbish, swept out of Monf. de Vergy's garret. This foreigner, who has so impudently thruft himself into the English Grubean society, appears determined to fill all our booksellers ihops, italls, and circulating libraries, with lies and obscenity; the only studies in which he seems ambitious of excelling. In truth, we are sorry to see the Chevalier so grossly misapplying his talents; for he certainly

is capable of better things. Art. 49. The Adventures of a Jesuit : interspersed with several remarkable Characters, and Scenes in real Life.

2 Vols. Cook.

1771. The adventures of this Jesuit may very well serve as a second part to the adventures of Luke Antony Gavin, as recorded in his famous Majter-key to Popery. Art. 50. Memoirs of Mr. Wilson : or the Providential Adultery.

2 Vols. 5 s. sewed. Hall.
Although this romance abounds with the grosiest absurdities, and
most ridiculous flights of imagination, it is not, however, a dull
performance. We cannot give it a better character, confiftently with
a due regard to our own.

Art. 51. The present State of Midwifery in Paris. With a Theory

of the Cause and Mechanism of Labour By A. Tolver, Man-
midwife. 8vo, i s. 6 d. Cadell, 1770.

France, as Mr. Tolver obferves, was not long ago regarded as the fountain of chirurgical knowledge ; but the seat of this part of learning, he adds, is now removed, and the great source of midwifery, in particular, has been long dried up. By this equivocal phrase, however, our Author, who in general writes rather too figuratively for a man-midwife, means only to express that, in consequence of the levity and indecent behaviour of the French students, the doors of the lying-in wards of the Hotel-dieu have been shut against them, The principles of the obstetric art are nevertheless taught by many in Paris ; though there are but two professors of eminence in that city; V. Levret, well known to the medical world by his writings, and M. l'ayen, profeffor at St. Côme. The lectures given by the first, and most eminent, of these two gentlemen, are supported with geometrical reasoning and demonstration, and are consequently too abitruse for the generality of learners. ' His machines too are finished in a very slovenly manner, and their contrivance far inferior to our own.' He is characterised by the Author as a person of strong natural parts, and pofTefied of some advantages of education ; ' but partial to a {yltem, he treats different opinions with too little respect, and sees every effort of genius that does not tend to elucidate his own theory,

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with the eye of malevolonce. Hence, adds our florid Accoucheur, ' He has fettered the free expanfon of his capacity; and with the affectation of originality, often blends the errors of prejudice and fancy with the moit solid reasoning.'

The Author speaks with much less respect of M. Payen's course. It is less expensive and scientifical than M. Levret's, and is accordingly more frequented: his auditory consisting of a promiscuous and disorderly afsembly of barbers, women, and regulars. His machinery is indeed preferable to that of M. Levret; but the cases on which he operates are studied and improbable, and the manuel often ridiculous and absurd. The Author gives an humorous specimen of the genius and abilities of this profeflor, describing him as applying, in his course, a pair of brass callipers to the hips of a woman, in order to take the distance between the os facrum and pubis, and to discover the structure and proportion of her pelvis, with all the gravity of a bombardier surveying the dimensions of a mortar.---Such is Mr. Tolver's representation of the present itate of the capital schools of midwifery in Pari

The remainder, which is indeed the principal part of this pamphlet, consists of notes or general observations, chiefly taken from M. Levret's lectures; to which are added short descriptions of his method of extraction in fourteen different cases, on which he gives examples on his machines, and to which he reduces all others that can posibly happen. In the short essay at the end, on the cause and mechanisin of labour, the Author, or rather Dr. Petit, whose theory he here seems to deliver, attributes, with some preceding theorists, the act of partorition to the irritability of the womb, excited by the diftention of its fibres to a certain degree; but we find very little new light thrown upon the subject. Art. 52. Remarks on the Composition, Use, and Effects of the Ex

trałt of Lead of M. Goulard, and of his Vegeto-mineral Water. By G. Arnaud, M. D. &c. 12mo, Is. Elmsley.

Of the great and extensive virtues ascribed by M. Goulard to his folution of lead in the pure acetous acid, and of its method of operating on the human body, when applied externally, our readers will find a succinct account in our 4ift volume *, extracted from a Treatise on this subject, published by the inventor. M. Arnaud, who confiders this preparation as the belt and moit universal topic which has hitherto been employed in furgery, offers a few observations, in the present small pamphlet, arising from an accurate consideration of its compofition, with a view of improving this remedy, and of extending the use of it. He lays great, it may be thought improper, stress on the quality of the vinegar employed in the solution of the metal; not only observing that · pure or natural vinegar contains an essential oil, which disolves lead, while its acid only divides its parts ;' but adding that · M, Goulard has discovered that it is the property of some particular vinegars only of the province he lives in, to disolve this metal perfectly, as they contain more effential oil than the rest.' The fac


• Monthly Review, October 1769, page 311.



titious vegetable acids, M. Arnaud observes, (such, for example, as
are brewed in England, and in the northern countries, under the
name of vinegar) which receive their power of action from the acrid
ingredients only mixed with them, are not only rendered incapable
of perfectly diffolving the lead; but likewise communicate an inflam-
matory quality to the extract, very different from the cooling and
calming one natural to it, when made with the best vinegar.'

Without stopping to controvert what may appear questionable in
the preceding quotations, we shall only add, that those who are dif-
posed to make trial of preparations of lead, in any of those cases in
which they are recommended by M. Goulard, as cooling, discutient,
or resolvent applications, will undoubtedly do well to prefer those
prepared by the inventor; from whom the Author of this pamphlet,
convinced by long experience of the superior virtues of his extract,
has procured a quantity of it, accompanied with an exclusive privi-
lege of vending it in this country.




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Art. 53. The Trial of John Almon Bookseller, upon an Information
filed ex officio, by his Majesty's Attorney-General, for selling Yunius's
Letter to the K- -g, before Lord Mansfield and a special jury,
in the Court of King's Bench, Westminster, June 2, 1770. To
which is prefixed a Copy of the Information, taken in Short Hand.

It appears from the Trial before us, that no proof was established
personally against the defendant. Presumptive evidence was thought
lufficient to ascertain his guilt. But the injury done to Mr. Almor is, by
no means, the chief ground of exception in the present case. The liberty
of the press is evidently struck at, and a precedent is given, in conse-
quence of which it may be effectually destroyed by future decisions.
If ever there shall come a time, when judgments of this kind shall
cease to be canvassed, and shall no longer excite the public indigna-
tion, it may safely be pronounced, that the boasted freedom of Eng-
lishmen is at an end.

Art. 54. A second Poffcript to a late Pamphlet, entitled, A Letter

to Mr. Almon, in Matter of Libel. By the Author of that Let-
ter *. 8vo.

The judgment of the court of King's-Bench in the case, King
against Woodfall, has given occasion to this poftfcript. According
to this decision, our Author conceives, that juries, in matter of libel,
are not to be considered as judges of the intent or criminality of the
writing, and that, if they declare they have acted in this manner, it
will annul their verdiet.' This pernicious doctrine he combats with
great strength of argument; he afferts the just rights of an English
jury : he appeals to history and precedents; and explains the danger
which must result to the liberty of this country, from the infringe-
ment of so invaluable a branch of the conititution. His publication
discovers a truly patriotic spirit, and deserves to be read with at,


I s.

Miller. 1770.

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See Review for Otober 1770, p. 288.


Art. 55. A Collection of Decisions of the Court of King's Bench,

apon the Poor's Laws, down to the present Time. _In which are cona tained many Cafes never before published. Extracted from the Notes of a very eminent Barrister deceased. The whole digested in a regular Order. By a Barrister at Law of the Inner-Temple. 8vo. 6s. Uriel, &c. 1771.

The nature and design of this work cannot be better explained than has been done by the learned Barrister himself, in the advertisement prefixed to it. The number of collections on this subject already published, might seem, he observes, to render any work of this nature useless. . But he adds, the want of method and accuracy, evident, in a greater or less degree, in all of them, precludes any further apology. The number of years elapsed since the publication of the latest of them causes an unavoidable insufficiency in them.

A great number of very nice and important questions upon the poor-laws have been lately determined by the court of King's-Bench. . Of these Mr. Burrow has favoured the world with an excellent report ; but from the size of that collection, it is rendered too expensive for the purchase of parith officers, and inconvenient for gentlemen who attend at the sessions. Dr. Burn deserves the highelt respect for his Justice of Peace; but as only the lait edition of that excellent work is enriched by extracts from Mr. Burrow's reports, all the former editions, fall tort of that perfection which their ingenious Authors would now have been able to bestow upon them. Dr. Burn's Justice of Peace contains likewise a great number of matters which are not the objects of the jurisdiction of the quarter feffions, and of the attention of parith officers, for whose use this present compilation is more particularly intended. The fame obfervations likewise may be applied to Lord Ward's Country Justice. I fatter myself therefore, that this com, pilation will correct the errors, supply the defe&ts, and, as far as it extends, more fully assist the practitioner than any of the former collections. Reports only of unexceptionable authorities have been confulted in forming this Compilation, which has likewise been improved by a great number of extracts from a manuscript collection of cases by the late John Ford, Esq; The cases marked MSS. in the following theets, are all of them taken from that manufcript. The-Compiler has very feldom hazarded any observations of his own, nor ventured to make any alteracions in the style of the reporters, however uncouth it might appear to him. He has distributed, under their proper heads, fome notes of cases which have been determined in the court of King's-Bench since the publication of Mr. Burrow's cases of settlements. Whether the order in which the cases are diftributed might not be changed for a better, the Compiler is in doubts yet he hopes that is of no great importance. But while he has endeavoured to correct the deficiencies, or inaccuracies of others, he is sensible, that he has much indulgence to ask for his own. Many of these are owing to the intricacy of the subject, and fill more to the Compiler's frequent absence from the press. He fiatters himself, however, upon the whole, that the utility of this undertaking will compensate for its defect, and that the humility of his attempi may repress the severity of cenfure.'

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