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tion like mad people. To this delirium succeeds the mourning of Lent; and now scarcely an individual, even the English included, who is not dressed in black, moves along the quiet street. A few days ago we heard of an accident having happened through the carelessness of a cardinal's coachman, who, by driving furiously, threw down and killed a little boy. The law on such occasions is, to bayonet the horses; but the cardinal, supposing that his dignity would exempt him from the penalty, cried out, “Sono un Cardinale !' The indignant populace answered, 'Say, rather, you are an executioner.' His horses were poniarded without mercy.
For an account of the celebration of Twelfth Day in France, see our last volume, p. 8.
8.-SAINT LUCIAN. He was presbyter of the church at Antioch, and, as some affirm, a disciple of St. Peter. He flourished about A.D. 80, and founded a church at Winchester. *8. 1826.-REV. T. WOOD, A.M., DIED; ÆT. 60.
He was a minister among the Wesleyan Method. ists, but was so strongly attached to the church, that he frequently spoke in bigh terms of the liturgy, and educated one of his sons for the church, by sending him to the university of Cambridge. He published, also, in 1825, The Parish Church, or Religion in Britain, in one volume 8vo, in which he traces the progress of Christianity in Britain. He also published, in 1805, The Progress of Christianity, from its promulgation at Jerusalem to its legal establishment under Constantine, in one volume 8vo. But the work by which he is best known is his Mosaic History of the Creation of the World,' illustrated by discoveries and experiments derived from the present enlightened state of science; to which is prefixed, the Cosmogony of the Ancients, with Reflections, intended to promote vital and practical Religion: The first edition was published in one volume 8vo,
1811; the second, greatly enlarged, in 1818: to this is prefixed a portrait of the author. His other works are numerous, the principal of which are-Memoirs, of his Son, Mr. Jas. H.Wood, late Surgeon, &c. &c. to the Dispensary and Workhouse at Blackburn, in Lancashire, who died Dec. 30, 1814, aged 19 years, 12mo, 1815; The Echo of the Study, or Lectures and Conversations expressive of Character and Sentiment, 12mo, 1819; Germs of Thought, or Rudiments of Knowledge, intended to promote religious improvement in youth, 12mo, 1820; Religious Declension, considered in its Nature, Causes, and Effects, with the Scriptural Means of Recovery and Prevention, 12mo, third edition, revised and enlarged, 1822; A Biographical Sketch of the remarkable Life and Character of the late Mr. James Bundy, of Bristol, whose active benevolence and Christian fidelity procured him a large share of public confidence, and much personal esteem, third edition enlarged, 12mo, 1824.
12.-PLOUGH MONDAY. This is always the Monday following the Epiphany. For an account of some curious ceremonies on this day, see T.T. for 1822, p. 9.
13.-SAINT HILARY, A pious Father of the Christian church, a native, and afterwards bishop of Poictiers, where he died in the year 367.
*13,- SEASONS FOR MARRIAGE. In Aubrey's Gentilism, a MS. in the Lansdowne Collection, is the following printed advertisement, apparently cut out of an old almanack: 'Marriage comes in on the 13th day of January, and at Septuagesima Sunday it is out again until Low Sunday, at which time it comes in again, and goes not out until Rogation Sunday; thence it is forbidden until Trinity Sunday, from whence it is unforbidden till Ad
vent Sunday ; but then it goes out, and comes not in again till the 13th day of January next following.' *17. 1820. ANNIVERSARY OF FINDING
ST. PETER'S CHAIR, Or, as it is more generally said, that on which our Lord delivered to him the keys of heaven, is a grand festival held at St. Peter's at Rome, only to be surpassed in show and ceremony by those of St. Peter's day and Easter Sunday. The bronze statue of Jupi. ter Capitolinus, now called St. Peter, having undergone no other change than that of the keys, instead of the thunderbolt, in the right hand, was dressed in the richest papal robes. The tiara is studded with precious stones, or rather with paste, in imitation of them, for the French had dexterously substituted the one for the other. The quantity of finery with which this black figure is loaded makes its ugliness more conspicuous. It is seated on a chair, the right foot extended forwards, which is worn bright with kissing, for that homage is paid by every Roman Catholic, man, woman, and child, who approaches it; children, when not tall enough to reach it, being held up for the purpose by some one present. The chair, suspended over the high altar, is cased in brass, and was this day illuminated with greater splendour than usual, as well as the shrine in the inside of the Bal. dacchino or canopy. It was left open to discover the golden sarcophagus, of superb workmanship, which is said to inclose the remains of St. Peter. Large golden lilies hold the lights, which are kept always burning round it. The Baldacchino stands under the dome: it is one hundred and twenty-two feet high, supported by four spiral bronze columns. The pope was car, ried on his chair in grand procession; two great fans of white peacocks' feathers were held waving above his head. He was thus conveyed to the foot of the statue, until he, too, should offer adoration. On the back of the pope's chair a dove was painted, surrounded by rays, to represent the Holy Spirit.-See * Three Years' Residence in Italy.'
18.-SAINT PRISCA. She was a Roman virgin, and put to death by order of the emperor Claudius, A.D. 47.
20.-SAINT FABIAN Was the nineteenth Bishop of Rome. He was chosen to that office in the year 241, and, after being bishop thirteen years, suffered martyrdom in the Decian persecution.
21.–SAINT AGNES. This beautiful girl was beheaded at the early age of thirteen, by order of Dioclesian.-See our former volumes.
22.-SAINT VINCENT Suffered martyrdom under the Dioclesian persecution, A.D. 304.
*22. 1828.-DR. MARUM DIED, ÆT. 54, The Roman Catholic Bishop of Ossory. He was educated first at Kilkenny, and afterwards at Salamanca, where he distinguished himself as one of the most proficient of the students, and immediately on taking his degree of Doctor of Divinity, was appointed Vice-Rector and Professor. Having been recalled to his native country in 1798, he engaged without delay in the humble and laborious duties of a mission; but was shortly after invited to the College of Carlow, and filled there successively the chairs of philosophy and divinity. In March, 1811, on the death of Dr. Lanigan, he was nominated to the vacant see of Ossory.
The intellectual powers of Dr. Marum were of a superior order; his episcopal administration was lenient and gentle; and his charities were so extensive, that, notwithstanding his elevation was not of recent date, and his habits of life retired and unexpensive, he was not worth one shilling when be
died. He was the founder, and in a considerable degree the supporter, of the Female Orphan Asylum, which is conducted under the guidance of the ladies of the Presentation Convent.
25.-CONVERSION OF SAINT PAUL. This festival was not adopted in the ritual of the Church of England till the year 1662. *26. 1828.—LADY CAROLINE LAMB DIED, ÆT. 42.
She was the only daughter of Frederick, present and third Earl of Besborough, by his late countess Henrietta Frances, sister to the present Earl Spencer. She was named Caroline after her paternal grandmother, Lady Caroline Cavendish; and was married to the Hon. William Lamb (heir apparent to Viscount Melburne) June 3, 1805. She has left an only son, George Augustus Frederick, a godson of his Majesty. Lady Caroline Lamb was a woman of a masculine character, and made herself conspicuous some years since by personally canvassing the householders of Westminster, when her brother-in-law, the Hon. George Lamb, was a candidate to represent that city in parliament. Her ladyship' also possessed considerable acquirements, and enjoyed the friendship of some eminent literary characters; among others, of Lord Byron, Rogers, and Moore. She had a happy vein of poetry, in which she frequently indulged, and some of her smaller pieces have occasionally found their way into the periodicals and newspapers. She published also three novels, entitled, Glenarvon, Graham Hamilton, and Ada Reis. Lord Byron addressed some beautiful lines to her a short time previous to his final departure from England, which were much admired at the time.
*29. 1820.-KING GEORGE III DIED. The following beautiful lines will form an appropriate and interesting illustration of this day: they first appeared in the London Magazine,' and have been reprinted by Mr. Watts, in his Poetical Album.'