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OCTOBER was named, like the preceding month, from the place it occupied in the Romulean calendar: it was the eighth. Scorpio is the sign into which the Sun enters during this month.
In OCTOBER 1829.
1. SAINT REMIGIUS.
REMIGIUS, the great apostle of the French, was born in 439, and was chosen Archbishop of Rheims at 22 years of age. He died in his 96th year.
*1. 1828. THE LONDON UNIVERSITY OPENED.
The first of a course of lectures, dedicated to the medical classes of this institution, was commenced on this day, by Mr. BELL, the professor of physiology and surgery. A considerable part of the building is as yet (Nov. 1828) unfinished, but in a state rapidly approaching completion. The museum of pharmacy, and the materia medica, is already very forward. The dried medical plants are arranged with great ingenuity, and extremely convenient for the access of students. The anatomical and surgical museum is in great forwardness: it contains some very rare and curious specimens, prepared with great skill and beauty; and is furnished with some part of a very large collection of drawings made by Mr. Bell. Among the many judicious ar rangements which have been made for the accommodation of pupils, is one which will obviate some of the objections that have been raised against the institution. The lower part of the building has been fitted up as a refreshment room, in which the students may be supplied, at a very moderate rate, with dinners, breakfasts, and other refreshments. Any thing like an approach to luxury has been wisely avoided; but all that is necessary and convenient is furnished.
6. SAINT FAITH.
This virgin martyr suffered death under Dacianus, about the year 290, the most cruel torments being inflicted upon her.
*6. 1828.-CHARLOTTE AUGUSTA MATILDA, Princess Royal of England, and Dowager Queen of Würtemberg, died.
Her Majesty, who was the eldest daughter of George III, was born on the 29th of September, 1766. She married, on the 18th May, 1797, Frederick, late king of Würtemberg, who died on the 30th October, 1816, leaving no issue.
Or Dionysius, was martyred under the persecution of Domitian, A.D. 96.
11.-OLD MICHAELMAS DAY,
Still observed, in many places, as the end of one year, and beginning of another, in hiring servants. 13.-TRANSLATION OF K. EDWARD THE CONFESSOR.
He built Westminster Abbey, and was the first that was buried in the new building, in 1066.
*14. 1827.-EARL OF GUILFORD DIED.
This amiable peer was the third and youngest son of Frederick the second Earl, K.G. and celebrated Minister, by Anne, daughter and sole heiress of George Speke, Esq. Through his father's interest he obtained the patent place of one of the Chamberlains of the Tally Court, which office, by act of Parliament, expires with him; and also that of Comptroller of the Customs of the Port of London. On his appointment to the latter office, in 1794, he resigned the representation of the family borough of Banbury, to which he had succeeded on his eldest brother's coming to the earldom two years before. That short period was the only time he sat in the House of Commons, being soon after appointed Governor of Ceylon. There he acquired an easy fortune, and during his stay made a tour of the island, accompanied by the Rev. James Cordiner, who, in 1807, published a 'Description of Ceylon,' in two volumes quarto. Having subsequently been sent by Government on a mission to the Ionian islands, his liberal efforts introduced there a system of education, which has been productive of the following results:
Total, 176,398 29 1,733
While to the inferior classes the blessings of education are thus dispensed, colleges have been established for the young nobility, who were absolutely destitute of all knowledge. The Greek Patois, which has hitherto been spoken in the Ionian islands, is gradually changing into the more elegant and copious language of continental Greece. A library has also been established by Lord Guilford; and, although it has existed but two years, it contains above 30,000 volumes of select authors, most of them contributed by the noble Lord. Whether the infant institution will fall with its founder, or obtain other patrons, remains to be proved. Applications will, probably, be made to the liberality of the British Government. His Lordship succeeded to the family titles on the decease of his brother Francis, in January, 1817; and, having died unmarried, bas left them to devolve on his first cousin, the Rev. Francis North, Prebendary of Winchester, and Master of the Hospital of St. Cross, the eldest son of the late Bishop of Winchester. The new peer, who succeeds to a property of £18,000 a year, has resigned the Prebend, but retains the Mastership.
Etheldreda was daughter of Annas, King of the East Angles, and lived under a vow of perpetual chastity. She erected an abbey at Ely, and died there in 679.
18.-SAINT LUKE THE EVANGELIST.
The period and manner of the death of St. Luke are alike unknown. His festival was first instituted A.D. 1130. See T.T. for 1826, p. 251, for an account of a curious custom at Stoke Verdon, in Wiltshire.
*20. 1827.-BATTLE OF NAVARINO.
Crispin, and his brother, Crispianus, born at Rome, in the year 303, maintained themselves by exercising
the trade of shoe-makers; a circumstance which, naturally enough, led to their being regarded as the patrons of the gentle craft.' These brothers were both beheaded.-There is a curious anecdote relative to this day in T.T. for 1816, p. 291. See also T. T. for 1824, p. 259.
28.-SAINT SIMON AND SAINT JUDE, Apostles.
The Simon here meant is Simon the Canaanite, or Simon Zelotes. He and Jude both suffered martyrdom together in Persia, about the year 74.
*29. 1828.-LUKE HANSARD DIED, ÆT. 77.
He was, for more than fifty years, printer to the House of Com mons, and fulfilled this important office with credit to himself and advantage to the nation. When we penned the tribute to his worth, inserted in p. 246 of our volume, under the head of Public Printing, we had hoped that his life might have been spared, if it were only to discover that one obscure individual who had long known and esteemed him, was not insensible to his value as a useful member of society, and a faithful servant of the public. His sous, James and Luke, are the worthy successors of their venerable parent, and cannot fail to display all his talent and industry in the execution of the anxious task confided to them by the Government. May a kind Providence permit them long to remain the worthy and efficient representatives of their lamented and respected father!
*30. 1827.-HENRY SALT DIED,
British Consul-General in Egypt., He was born at Lichfield, and received his education in the grammar-school of that city. His love of travelling, and taste for drawing, procured him the friendship of Lord Valentia, whom he accompanied to the Levant, Egypt, Abyssinia, and the East Indies. The travels of that nobleman, published in 1809, 4to, derived great benefit from the graphic illustrations of Mr. Salt, who also published, about the same time, twenty-four of his views in a folio size. In consequence of the knowledge of the East which Mr. Salt had thus acquired, he was employed by Government as the bearer of presents to the Emperor of Abyssinia, the result of which mission appeared before the public in 1814, in a work of high importance to commerce and science. It is entitled 'A Voyage to Abyssinia, and Travels into the interior of that Country, executed under the orders of the British Government, in the Years 1809 and 1810, in which is included an Account of the Portuguese Settlements, on the East Coast of Africa.' He died at a village between Cairo and Alexandria.
A midshipman of his Majesty's Ship Sybille, and son of the late enterprising Mungo Park. He went out in this ship with a full determination to proceed on foot, and alone, from the coast to the spot where his father perished, in the hope of hearing some authentic and more detailed account of the catastrophe than had yet been received. With leave of the commodore, he set out from Accra, and proceeded as far as Yansong, the chief town of Acquimbo, distant from the coast about one hundred and forty miles. Here the natives were celebrating the Yam feast, a sort of religious ceremony, to witness which Park got up into a Fetish tree, which is regarded by the natives with fear and dread; where he remained the great part of the day, exposed to the sun, and was observed to drink a great quantity of palm wine. In dropping down from one of the lower branches, he fell on the ground, and said that he felt a severe shock in his head. He was that evening seized with a fever, and died in three days afterwards. As soon as the king, Akitto, heard of his death, he ordered all his baggage to be brought to his house, and instantly despatched a messenger to Accra, first making him swear by the head of his father,' that he would not sleep till he had delivered the message: it was to inform the resident of the event, and that all the property of the deceased would be forthwith sent down to Accra. This was accordingly done, and it did not appear, on examination, that a single article was missing; even an old hat, without a crown, was not omitted. There was an idle report of Park being poisoned, for which there appears not the slightest foundation.