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deceased went to the Scotch college in Rome in 1760, where he remained eight years, and carried away the first prizes awarded during that period. He returned to Scotland in 1772, and acted as missionary apostolic in Strathern till 1780, when he was appointed rector of the Scotch college in Valladolid, in Spain, where he remained eighteen years. In 1798 he was appointed coadjutor to Bishop Hay, then Vicar Apostolic of the Lowland District of Scotland; and was consecrated a bishop in Madrid the following year. In 1802 he returned to Scotland, and Bishop Hay having resigned in 1806, he then succeeded that prelate. From the period of his last return, he uniformly resided in Edinburgh. Bishop Cameron was an ornament to his church and to the age in which he lived: he was pious without bigotry; learned without pedantry; and his benevolence was truly catholic, embracing all denominations of Christians. His body lay in state three days, having his sandals and ring on, and his mitre, crook, crosier, &c. lay beside him. *10. 1686.-SIR WILLIAM DUGDALE DIED, ÆT. 81.
This celebrated antiquary was the only son of John Dugdale, of Shustoke, gent., and was placed at the free school in Coventry, where he continued till he was fifteen. In 1638 he went to London, and was introduced to Sir Christopher Hatton and Sir Henry Spelman, through whose interest he was created a pursuivant at arms extraordinary, by the name of Blanch Lyon. He was afterwards made Rouge-Croix pursuivant in ordinary, by letters patent, dated March 18, 1640; and, having a lodging in the heralds' office, and convenient opportunities, he spent that year and part of the following in augmenting his collections out of the records in the Tower and other places. In 1641, through Sir Christopher Hatton's encouragement, he employed himself in taking exact draughts of all the monuments in Westminster Abbey, Saint Paul's cathedral, and in many other cathedral and parochial churches of England. In 1642 he was ordered by the king to repair to York; and in July was commanded to attend the Earl of Northampton, who was marching into Worcestershire and Warwickshire to oppose the forces raised by Lord Brooke for the service of the parliament. He was with the king at the battle of Edge-Hill, and afterwards at Oxford, where he continued with his majesty till the surrender of that garrison to the parliament in 1646. In 1642 he had been created M.A., and in 1644 made Chester herald. During his long residence at Oxford he applied himself to the search of such antiquities, in the Bodleian and other libraries, as he thought might conduce to the furtherance of the • Monasticon,' at that time designed by him and Roger Dodsworth; as also to collect whatever might relate to the history of the ancient nobility of this realm, to be made use of in his · Baronage. After the surrender of Oxford upon articles, Dugdale, having the benefit of them, and having compounded for his estate, repaired to London, where he and Dodsworth proceeded vigorously in completing their collections out of the Tower records and Cottonian library, and published, at their own charge, the first volume of
Monasticon Anglicanum,' adorned with views of abbeys, churches, &c.: the second volume was published in 1661, and the third in 1673. This work is a splendid monument of antiquarian fame, particularly the new edition of it by HENRY ELLIS, Esq., a name truly worthy of being associated with that of Dugdale-par nobile fratrum!
In 1656, Dugdale published, at his own charge, • The Antiquities of Warwickshire Illustrated. The author mentions, in his preface, that he had spent the greatest part of his time, for more than twenty years, in accomplishing this work, which, indeed, is allowed to be one of the best methodised and most accurate accounts ever written of this nature, and to stand at
the head of all the county histories that have been given to the public. While this work was printing, which occupied nearly a year and a half, Dugdale continued in London, for the sake of correcting the press; during which time he had an opportunity of collecting materials for another work, which he published in 1658, · The History of St. Paul's Cathedral, in London.' And here it is but an act of justice to living merit, to mention the beautiful reprint of this work by the same learned and indefatigable scholar who edited the “Monasticon:' the graphic illustrations to both these works are superb.
Upon the restoration of Charles II, Dugdale was, through the recommendation of Lord Chancellor Hyde, advanced to the office of norroy king at arms; and in 1662 he published · The History of Imbanking and Draining of divers Fens and Marshes, &c.' About the same time he completed the second volume of Sir Henry Spelman's Councils ;' and also the second part of that learned knight's Glossary.' In 1666 he published Origines Juridicales, or Historical Memoirs of the English Laws, &c.' His next work was the ‘Baronage of England,' of which the first part appeared in 1675, and the second and third in 1676. This has been censured as incorrect and defective; but, whatever might be its faults, it was so acceptable, that in the year following its publication very few copies remained unsold. In May, 1677, this diligent and laborious antiquary was solemnly created garter principal king at arms; and on the day following received from his majesty the honour of knighthood. The collections of materials for the Antiquities of Warwickshire' and the · Baronage of England,'all written with his own hand, and contained in twenty-seven yolumes in folio, he gave by will to the University of Oxford, together with sixteen other volumes, which are now preserved in Ashmole's Museum. He gave, likewise, several books to the heralds' office, in London, and procured many more
for their library. In a short time after his last publication had made its appearance, this illustrious man closed his long and useful mortal career. He died in his chair, at Blithe Hall, and was interred at Shustoke, in a little vault which he had caused to be made in the church. Over that vault he had erected, in his life-time, an altar-tomb of free-stone, with an epitaph of his own writing.–See a beautiful work, now in course of publication, entitled, Graphic Illustrations of Warwickshire.' *10. 1581.---LEONORA D'ESTE DIED, ÆT.
44. Lucretia and Leonora, of Este, were, says Serassi, two princesses, most beautiful in person, and of manners so elegant and courteous as to excite in all minds the highest admiration. Their mother, the unfortunate Renée of France, daughter of Louis XII, a princess of singular virtue and talent, and especially inclined to letters, had bestowed great pains upon their education; and, besides the usual round of accomplishments, had inspired them with a taste for the fine arts, and particularly for poetry, which, indeed, they not only admired, but occasionally cultivated. To these accomplished ladies the author of the Gerusalemme Liberata' was introduced when in his twenty-first year; and the pleasure which the youthful poet felt from their kind and flattering attentions is attested by some canzoni of his, written at this period, in language full of that respectful gallantry which the favourable notice of ladies so distinguished would naturally inspire.
In the spring of the year 1568 the Princess Lucretia was married to the Prince d'Urbino; and Leonora, thus deprived of her most intimate companion, and naturally of a shy and reserved disposition, renounced, in a great measure, all public amusement; and, in the retirement of her private apartments, devoted herself to pursuits more congenial to her taste, to private study, and the conversation of literary men. Highly appreciating the genius of Tasso, and the many estimable qualities with which he was endowed, the Princess Leonora found no small enjoyment in his philosophical conversation, and in the productions of his muse. To her he read the portions of his great poem as they were composed; to her taste appealed; and, flattered by the warmth of her praises and her gracious condescension, he seems to have given himself up, with less reserve, to the delightful emotions inspired by her presence.
The first advances of his passion were, however, marked by much timidity towards the individual beloved, as appears from some verses which he composed, beginning Amor l'alma m' allaccia,' &c. Many beautiful little poems were composed by Tasso in honour of Leonora; and some of these have been elegantly translated by Mr. Wiffen: we subjoin one specimen of these charming productions.
Thou, Lady, in thine early days
Of life didst seem a purple rose,
Nor dares its virgin breast disclose;
Was like thee then) thou didst appear,
On every blossom shakes a tear;
No charm the speeding years have snatched,
In perfect loveliness unmatched
When fult its fragrant leaves it spreads,
At noon a brighter beam it sheds:
The sun's ascent and rose's growth.