The Politics of Militant Group Survival in the Middle East: Resources, Relationships, and Resistance
Springer, 26/11/2016 - 330 من الصفحات
This book compares the performances of four key non-state actors in the Arab-Israeli conflict ecosystem: the PLO, Hamas, Hizbullah, and Amal. It argues that it is not the assets a militant group has, but rather how it acquired them that matters in explaining the variation in these actors' abilities to militarily resist and politically recover from confrontations with far more powerful adversaries. Groups that rely on marketing campaigns to secure local support and regional patronage do far better than those that rely on coercion or even barter. The book develops a typology of organizations based on their foreign and domestic policies, which has interesting implications for other non-state actors, such as ISIS. It is based on field research in Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank, Egypt, and Syria, including interviews with members of a range of Lebanese and Palestinian militant groups, as well as politicians, UN staff, journalists, and members of the Jordanian and Israeli armies.
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طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات
able adversary alliance allies Amal Amal’s Amman Arab Arab–Israeli conflict Arafat army Asad attacks behavior Beirut Bekaa Black September Change and Reform Christian civil civilians coercion coercive conflict ecosystem constituents Counterinsurgency domestic policy early elections established ethnic factions Fatah fedayeen fighters fighting forces foreign policy Gaza Hamas Hezbollah Hizbullah Hussein identity ideological Imam Insurgent Interview intifada Iran Iranian Iraq Islamic Israel Israeli Jordan Jordanian July War leaders leadership Lebanese political leftist legitimacy marketing Maronite Middle East militant group military proxy militias Musa Sadr Muslim Brotherhood narrative non-material nonstate actors Operation Operation Litani organization organization’s Palestine Palestinian National Movement particularly parties PFLP PFLP-GC PLO’s political project Poll position Rafik Hariri refugee camps regime regional resistance rocket Sadr’s Sayigh service provision Shi’ite community social services south Lebanon sponsors strategy successful Sunni survival Syria territory tion UNIFIL violence West Bank