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sion on thy fellow-servant, even as I had pity on thee? And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him: so likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.” (Matt. xviii. 21–35.)
“And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have aught against any ; that your Father also, which is in heaven, may forgive you your trespasses.” (Mark, xi. 25.)
“Love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again, and your reward shall be
ye shall be the children of the Highest, for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.” (Luke, vi. 35.)
“And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.” (Luke, xxiii. 34.)
II. The universality of benevolence without distinction of country or religion.
They went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans to make ready for him ; and they did not receive him, because his face was as though he would go to Jerusalem. And when his disciples, James and John, saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, even as Elias did ? But he turned and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.” (Luke, ix. 52, 53.)
“ The Jewish lawyer, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour? And Jesus answering, said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him,
and departed, leaving him half dead : and by chance there came down a certain priest that way, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side ; and likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side: but a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was; and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him; and on the morrow, when he departed he took out twopence, and gave them to the host, and said, , Take care of him, and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee: Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour to him that fell among the thieves ? and he said, He that showed mercy on him. , Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.” (Luke, x. 29–37.)
III. The inferiority and subordination of the ceremonial to the moral Law.
“ Leave thy gift before the altar, and go thy way ; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.” (Matt. v. 24.)
had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.” (Matt. xii. 7.)
“ And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered : and they came to him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days ? that they might sccuse him. And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it and lift it out? how much then is a man better than a sheep? wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.” (Matt. xii. 10—–12.) See also Mark, iii. 1--5.
“ Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man: those things, which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart, and they defile the man; for out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witnesses, blasphemies : these are the things which defile a man; but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a
(Matt. xv. 11, 18—20.) “Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, justice, mercy, and faith (fidelity ): these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the others undone."
“Ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess. Thou blind Pharisee! cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.” (Matt. xxiii. 23–26.)
“And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth, for there is one God, and there is none other but he, and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices. And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God." (Mark, xii. 32–34.)
IV. The condemning of spiritual pride and ostentation.
“ Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them; otherwise ye shall have no reward of your Father which is in heaven: therefore when thou dost thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men :
verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But
I when thou dost alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth, that thine alms may be in secret; and thy Father, which seeth in secret, himself shall reward thee openly. And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are, for they love to pray, standing in the synagogues, and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men ; verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. Moreover when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance ; for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast ; verily I say unto you, They have their reward : but thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head and wash thy face, that thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly." (Matt. vi. 1–6; 16–18.)
“All their works they do for to be seen of men : they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, , Rabbi, Rabbi.” (Matt. xxiii. 5—7.)
“And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others. Two men went up into the temple to pray ; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican ; I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, This man went down to bis house justified rather than the other ; for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted.” (Luke,
, xviii. 9–14.)
V. Restraining the licentiousness of divorces.
“ The Pharisees came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning, made them male and female; and said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife; and they twain shall be one flesh? wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of
hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so; and I
and I say unto you, ,
Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for forni. cation, and shall marry another, committeth adultery; and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.” (Matt. xix. 3—9.)
N. B. These four last articles were in direct opposition to the established practice and opinions of our Saviour's own country.
VI. The separation of civil authority from religious matters.
“Then saith he unto them, Render unto Cæsar the things which are Cæsar's, and unto God the things that are God's.” (Matt. xxii. 21.)
“ And one of the company said unto him, Master,