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HARVARD COLLEGE

OCT 9 1919

LIBRARY

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Copyright, 1892, by
AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY.

SCOTT's IVAN.

Printed by
mwilliam Tvison
Mew York, U.S. A.

INTRODUCTION.

In presenting to the young student this English classic, it is the aim of the notes and the Introduction to suggest rather than to explain at great length. Historical details and minutiæ of manners and customs of the period are therefore outlined only, their amplification being left to the student.

Sir Walter Scott, the seventh child in a family of twelve, was born at Edinburgh, August 15, 1771. His father was Walter Scott, a writer to the signet, or solicitor, and akin to the border Scotts of Harden, a connection of the powerful house of Buccleuch. This connection of his father with the great house was a source of considerable pride to Scott: indeed, it was the aim of his life to be recognized among the landed gentry, and it was to the establishment of his family as such that he bent, later on, the full force of his literary energy. His mother was Anne Rutherford, daughter of Dr. John Rutherford, a medical professor in Edinburgh University. Scott was a delicate child, and when three years old was taken to Sandyknowe, his grandfather's farm. It was here, in his early youth, that he heard the traditions of that border war whose spirit he afterward infused so thoroughly into his poetry. Undoubtedly the influence of Sandyknowe was one of the strongest upon his mind. In 1779 he returned to Edinburgh, improved in health, but with a slight lameness in his step, the result of a fever. The lameness was incurable. After

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