ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.
طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات
ačting againſt alſo angle arch axis baſe beam becauſe body caſe center of gravity centripetal force conſequently curve decreaſe denſity deſcending thro direétion diſ diſtance draw ecliptic ellipſis equal equilibrio firſt fluid frićtion given Hence hight hyperbola inclined plane increaſed laſt leſs leſſer lever likewiſe line of meaſures motion move muſt oppoſite orbit P R O parallel paſſing thro pendulum perp perpendicular pole poſition preſſure primitive proječied projećtion Prop pulley quantity of matter radii radius raiſe reaſon reciprocally repreſent reſiſtance reſt revolve right line riſe rope ſame ſame thing ſcale ſcrew ſecond ſemi-tangent ſet ſeveral ſhall ſide ſimilar ſince ſmall ſolid ſome ſort ſpace deſcribed ſpecific gravity ſphere ſpring ſquare roots ſtrength ſtreſs ſuch ſum ſun ſun's ſupport ſuppoſe ſurface ſuſpended ſuſtain tangent theſe uſe velocity veſſel weight wheel whence whoſe
الصفحة 69 - As the distance between the body to be raised, or balanced, and the fulcrum, or prop, is to the distance between the prop and the point where the power is applied, so is the power to the weight...
الصفحة 70 - C (fig. 555.) of the pulley we draw the horizontal diameter AB; then will AB represent a lever of the first kind, its prop being the fixed centre C, from which the points A and B, where the power and weight act, being equally distant, the power P is consequently equal to the weight W. 1317. Hence, if the pulley be put in motion, the power P will descend as fast as the weight W ascends : so that the power is not increased by the use of the fixed pulley, even though the rope go over several of them....
الصفحة 69 - It is a principle in mechanics, that the power is to the weight as the velocity of the weight is to the velocity of the power.
الصفحة 90 - In thofe of the third kind, at the power, and dirninifh proportionally from that point. The axles of wheels and pullies, the teeth of wheels, which bear greater weights, or act with greater force, muft be made ftronger. And thofe lighter, that have light work to do. Ropes muft be fo much ftronger or weaker, as they have more or lefs tenfion. And in general, all the parts of a machine muft have fuch a degree of fircngth as to be able to perform its office, and no more.
الصفحة 77 - ... so that it may revolve freely, carrying round with it the attached wheel. On the axis is coiled a rope which sustains the weight ; and round the periphery of the wheel is coiled another rope, in a contrary direction, to which is suspended the power. Then supposing the machine to be put in motion, the velocity of the power will be to that of the weight, as the circumference of the wheel to that of the axle ; for it will be perceived that the power must sink through a space equal to the circumference...
الصفحة 76 - ... if the power be taken away, the fcrew will retain its pofition, and hinder the weight from defcending again by its friction, without any other power to fuftain it. In the common fcrew, fuch as is here fuppofed ; ' the threads are all one continued fpiral from one end to the other; but where there are two or more fpirals, independent of one...
الصفحة 128 - MISCELLANEOUS PROBLEMS. To find the specific gravity of a body heavier than water. RULE. — Weigh the body in water and out of water, and divide the weight out of water by the difference of the two weights. EXAMPLE. — A piece of metal weighs 10 Ibs. in atmosphere, and but 8i in water ; required its specific gravity.
الصفحة 122 - Now, by prop. 54, the pressure of the fluid against the hole B, by which the • motion is generated, is equal to the weight of the column of fluid above it, that is the column whose height is AB or a, and base the area of the hole B.
الصفحة 137 - Carol. 3. The air is denser near the earth, than in high places ; or denser at the foot of a mountain, than at the top of it.
الصفحة 44 - C, to D and F, for. the circle DF ; and from A, the projecting point, draw AF/, and AD^, then df will be the tranfverfe axis of the ellipfis. But if D fall beyond the line RE, as. at G,. then: draw. a fine from G backward thro' A to D, and then df is the tranfverfe of an hyperbola.