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five years.

98. The First Consul ratifies the the extent of its population, conform. Treaties of Peace and Alliance, after able to the annexed table. taking the advice of the Privy Council. -:71. All the members of the Legida. Before he promulgates them; he com- tive Body belonging to the fame depus inunicates them to the Senate.

tation are to be nominated at once. 59. The act of the nomination of a 72. The departments of the Repubmember of the Legillative Body, of the lic are divided into five series, conforio: Tribunate, and of the Tribunal of Caf- able to the annexed table. sation, is.entitled arreté.

73. The present Deputies are classes 60. The acts of the Senate, relative according to these five series. to its police and internal administra- 1 74. They shall be renewed in the tion, are entitled deliberations. year to which the series, including the

61. In the course of the year 19, he department to which they are attached, will proceed to the nomination of 14 thall be referred. Citizens, to complete the number of 75. The Deputies nominated in the 80 Senators, fixed by the 15th article of year 10 shall, however, complete their the Constitution. • This nomination shall be made by 76. The Government convokes, ad. the Senate, on the presentation of the journs, and prorogues, the Legillative First Consul, who shall for that purpose Body. select three persons from the list of,

TITLE VIII. Citizens chosen by the Electorate Colleges.

OF THE TRIBUNATE. 62. The members of the Grand 77. From and after the year 13, the Council of the Legion of Honour are Tribunate shall be reduced to so memmembers of the Senate, whatever may bers. be their age.

• One-half of the so lhall go out every 63. The First Consul may besides three years. Until this reduction be nominate to the Senate, without the completed, the members who go out previous presentation of the Electoral shall not be replaced. Colleges of the Departments, Citizens The Tribunate is divided into sec. distinguished for their services and their tions. talents, on these conditions, however, 78. The Legislative Body and the that they shall be of the age required Tribunate are to be wholly renewed, by the Constitution, and that the num. immadiately on their disolution by the ber of Senators shall not exceed 120. Senate. 64. The Senator's may be Consuls,

TITLE IX. Ministers, Members of the Legion of Honour, Inspectors of Public Instruc OF JUSTICE AND THE TRIBUNALS. tion, or employed on extraordinary 79. There shall be a Grand Judge, and temporary missions.

Minister of Justice. 65. The Senate appoints each year 80. He has a distinguished place in two of its members to perform the the Senate and the Council of State. duty of Secretaries.

81. He presides in the Tribunal of 66. The Ministers have seats in the Cassation and the Tribunals of Appeal, Senate, but no deliberative voice, unless when the Government judges it prothey are Senators.

per.

82. He has the right of vigilance TITLE VI.

and superintendance over the TribuOF THE COUNSELLORS OF STATE.

nals and justices of Peace. 67. The Counsellors of State fhall he lits as President, has the right of

83. The Tribunal of Cassation, when never exceed the number of so. 68. The Council of State is divided nals of Appeal and the Criminal Tri

censure and discipline over the Tribuinto sections.

bunals. He may, on serious com69. The Ministers have rank, seats, plaints, fufpend the Judges from their and yotes in the Council of State.

functions, and send them before a TITLE VII.

Judge, to give an account of their

conduct. OF THE LEGISLATIVE BODY. 84. The Tribunals of Appeal have

70. Each department hall have a the right of superintendance over the nuinber of members proportioned to Civil Tribunals within their jurisdic.

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tion, and the Civil Tribunals over the Grand Judge, two Ministers, two Justices of Peace of their district. Councils, and two Members of the

85. The Commisioners of Govern- Tribunal of Callation. ment to the Tribunal of Caffation The Council of State having, on the fuperintend the Commiffioners to the reference of the Consuls, discutled the Tribunals of Appeal and the Criminal above project, approve of it, and agree Tribunals.

that it thall be presented to the Contulo The Commissioners to the Tribunals in due form. of Appeal Superintend the Commis (A true copy.) Loners to the inferior Tribunals.

J. G. LOCRE, Secretary General 86. The Members of the Tribunal

of the Council of State. of Legation are appointed by the Se. Approved, BONAPARTE, First Conful. nate on the presentation of the First By order of the First Consul, Conful.

H. B. MARET, Secretary of State, The First Consul presents three can: didates for each vacant place.

The project of the Organic Senatus TITLE X.

Confultum was carried to the Conser

vative Senate by the Counsellors of RIGHT OF PARDONING.

State Regnier, Portalis, and Defolle, 87. The First Consul has the right Orators of the Government, and adoptof pardoning

ed by the Senate in its fitting of this He exercises it after the deliberation day. of a Privy Council, composed of the

THE

AND

LONDON REVIEW,
LITERARY JOURNAL,

,
FOR AUGUST 1802.

QUID JIT PULCHRUM, QUID TUIPB, QUID UTILI, QUID NON.

Cambrian Itinerary ; or, Welch Tourist ; containing an Historical and Topo

graphical Description of the Antiquities and Beauties of Wales ; wherein are minutely and separately described, according to their Geographical and Modern Diviçons, all the different Counties, Towns, Villages, Hamlets, Mountains, Vales ; Agriculture, Manufactures, Rivers, Canals, Mineral Waters, Fossils, Antiquities, Caverns, Mines, Monafteries, Castles, Camps, Crumlechs, Cistyaens, Carneddau, &c. &c. Also, the principal Houses of Accommodation, or Inns, in the Country. Likewise, A Colloquial Vocabulary, in English and Welch; and an Appendix, containing the Bardie, or Ancient Welch Alphabet, indispensably necessary for every Tourilt. The Whole illustrated by a new and corre&t Map of the Principality, including the Roads, Rivers, and Mountains. By Thomas Evans. 8vo.

X In

of every reader converfant in works bill of fare ; and it reminds us of a of literature, that the title-page above long list of culinary preparations at a displayed must have been the compoli. fashionable French hotel in London, tion of a young author, who was re on which one of our countrymen re.

marked,

marked, “ that there was enough for pastures, but the remainder is rude wid money, if it were but good.” In the mountainous, therefore chiefly devoted present case, we can affirm, that the to rearing of cattle and fbeep. The contents of the volume correspond latter are remarkably numerous, and with the title ; at the fame time, we very beneficial to the county, being with our young friend, in future, would the chief support of the industrious imitate modelt. ladies, by expofing less, poor, who are mostly employed in and leaving more to the pleasure of manufacturing coarfe cloth, fannels, imagination.

and ftookings for their apparel, and To iuch Reviewers, however, as are clothing the army. The north-welt not desirous to cut up a juvenile pro- angle of this county is an absolute dnction with an unsparing and un- delart, and almost impassable, so that feeling hand, merely to thew their skill the inhabitants are scarcely able to raife in carving criticism, the Author has a small produce of rye, barley, and oats, rendered an eflential service, by abridg- for their immediate support. Still Rad. ing their labours ; for the title-page is norshire .possesses every advantage of a correct analyfis of the book, in which water, particularly the rivers Wye, se he has described with brevity, accu. Tame, Ytbon, and Somergil, likewise racy and perfpicuity, every pleasing several copious streams, which run prospect or ruin which occurred to nearly through the centre of the county, him in several journies through the and are much praised by the angler and Principality;" and we trust it will be epicure for an abundance of excellent found by those, who take this per- falmon, trout, and grayling. The woods formance with them as a guide through and hills are not less celebrated for this romantic country, that he is julti- game. fied in asserting with confidence, in In the further defcription of this his preface, “ that there is nothing county, we find nothing remarkably left undescribed, in either North or curious, except the account of LlanSoutb, which is at all deserving the drindod Wells ; for, however interestattention of a traveller." And if this ing the examination may be to travel. be the truth, and the whole truth, and lers on tbe 1pot, of the remains of nothing but the truth, we believe both castles, whose original foundation is all travellers and readers will concur in that can be traced at present, we canafcribing more than an inferior dec not but conlider the recital of their gree of merit to a juvenile production former consequence as uninteresting of alliduity and diligence," which to the distant readers. With respect within such a small compass comprises to the waters of Llandrindod, the considerable amusement and much cafe is totally different, the know. local information.

ledge of every health-restoring spring The Colloquial Vocabulary, with throughout the united kingdom ought great propriety, follows the preface, to be extensively, communicated, and as a competent knowledge of the an. therefore we recommend our Author's cient British language must be a plear description of thein to Valetudinarians. ing introduction to a personal know. " When they were first used for their ledge of the country ; and as it is the medical virtues is uncertain, but are Author's maternal tongue, and a libe- generally believed to have been introral education has made him a profi. duced to public notice about the year cient in the English, no doubt can be 3679, and then used indiscriminately ; entertained of a just interpretation. however, at all times since 1750, an

The Itinerary commences in the uncommon number of people have resouth-east divifion of the Principality, forted here to use the waters, on many pamely, Radnorshire, which is united, occasions, and with success." as it were, to the English counties of The increasing favne of Llandrindod Hereford hire and Shroplaire, and is in Wells induced Mr. Grosvenor, of the diocese of the former. 6 It con- Shrewibury, in 1749, to make some tains four towns, fifty-two parithes, alterations and improvements for the and about 20,000 inhabitants; and has reception of the company who annuproportionally more cultivated land ally made their pilgrimage here. For than many of the Welch ones i par- that purpose he took a lease of several ticularly the eastern and southern boules, and at a vast expence repaired parts ; which being tolerably level, them, with foine additional buildings, are more productive of cord and good particularly one, which is fpacious

enough

enough to contain several hundred vi. and fcurvy, hydrophobia, madness, kcors, besides affording every accom- diseases of the head, stone, and gravel, modation and amusement that can be rheumatism, and gouty disorders, &c.” wiled during a residence at this place. The next county deferibed is Breck The waters, three in number, are all nockshire, our Author proceeding in within a few yards of each other, yet his Itinerary to the south and southwithout participating in the qualities western coasts of the Principality. of tbe otber.". We are sorry to observe This county is irregularly triangular, a strange negligence here and there in narrowing north wards ; in length the ftyle of this performarice which we twenty-nine miles, the breadth of its are at a loss to account for, as Mr. fouthern basis thirty-four, containing Evans appears to be a gentleman and a goo square miles, and near 600,000 Scholar. Would it not have been bet. acres. It is divided, like Radnorshire, ter sense to have written, « without into fix hundreds ; has four towns, participating in the qualities of ane an- and fixty.one parishes in the diocese other, or of each other. The 'saline of Sainé David, with about 36,000 ins pump water, in the next page, is said habitants. Brecknockfire is a very to be about 100 yards north of the mountainous country, affording á fulphureous water; surely, the aggre- variety of sublime scenes, being every gate number 100 cannot be called, with where interspersed with hills, but culany propriety, a few yards, as above. tivated to their very fummits. With But we forbear to dwell on inaccura- respect to its foil, that on the hills is cies, which too frequently occur, and for the greater part barren and ftony ; proceed to the discrimination. “ The however, there are numerous springs Rock water issues out of a Nate rock, that iffue from the rocks in great which contains a vast quantity of iron plenty, so as to render the vallies earth, falts, and fulpbur. It is usually abundantly fruitful in grafs and corn. prescribed in bronical diseases, that The most considerable rivers are the proceed from weakness in the fibres, Wys, Honddu, Yrvon, and Wye. These, allo in fcorbutic eruptions, weak nerves, and all its rivulers, abound with fith of palfies, or a laxity of the whole frame, various kinds; but the Wye and Wysg and in agues, where bark proves in. are particularly, noted for fine trout effe&ual ; likewise disorders in women and the best of salmon. The principal and seminal weakness in both sexes." commodities of the county are cattle,

The saline pump water has been of theep, wool, and corn, with confidera great service in various diseases, parti. able manufactures of coarse cloth and cularly bypochondriac malady, proceeding stockings. This county, like the for from too great a quantity of the juices, mer, has the privilege (rather say the allo fevers, particularly those that affect right) of returning two representatives the spirits, and the leprosy, likewise to the Iinperial Parliament, one for the feveral species of the gravel; they are county, the other for Brecknock the in the greatest perfection from about chief town, a very romantic place, the middle of March to November." abounding with broken grounds, tor

The fulpbur, or black itinking wa. rents, dismantled towers, and ruins of ter, so named from the frong fmell it every kind ;" for a full description of emits, and the black dye of the current which we refer the curious reader and in its passage through, yet if taken up traveller to its proper department in immediately at the spring, it is as clear the work. The civil history of this as other water, but twenty-five grains town is more entertaining than that of Jighter in a pint than common water. many others." When thrown on hot iron, it emits a Having thus exhibited a specimen of blue flame, and smells like brimstone. the Cambrian Itinerary in two coun: This water is best adapted for an artifi. ties, our limits not admitting of further cial bath, or any external use designed details, we close the article, by a well. for the relief of chronic diseases : it is merited commendation of the Map of likewise very beneficial when used as Wales designed for the work, and ele. an internal medicine, but chiefly re- gantly engraved by T. Conder. commended in the subsequent cases :

M. venereal diseases, old fores, leprosy,

An

An History of Marine Architecture ; including an enlarged and progressive

View of the Nautical Regulations and Naval History, both Civil and Military, of all Nations, especially of Great Britain. Derived chiefly from Original Manuscripts, as well in private Colle&tions as in the great Public Repositories, and deduced from the earliest Period to the present Time. By John Charnock, Esq. F. S. A. Three Vols. Royal 4to. R. Faulder, and all the other confiderable Booksellers of London.

x (Continued from Page 41.) W refume with great pleasure the enterprizes opened the eyes of the

historical progress of our Naval Portuguese, a nation at that time but Architecture, as we have now to lay little known, but possessing, in point before our Readers a most interesting of situation, the highest advantages that and entertaining account of the firit a people, desirous either to attempt establiment of the Royal Navy of new discoveries, or to avail themselves England. An establishment which laid of those already made by others, could the foundation of the maritime power, possibly hope for. Freed from nearly a of the dominion of the Seas, of the moiety of those dangers which would triumphant success of her feets in have attended any similar undertaking Naval engagements, and of her exten- on the part of either F.ngland or five well-protected commerce with all France, and in a ftill higher degree parts of the habitable globe.

those of the more Northern Powers, Our Author introduces this import their adventurers could proceed from ant fubje&t with fome judicious obfer. Lisbon, without having before their vations in the firt Chapter of Vol. II. eyes the terrors of the Bay of Biscay, now under our consideration. A brief or the still more dangerous navigation abstract from this part of the work will of the British and German Ocean. To serve as an indication to the curious of the attonisbnient and grief, then, of the progresive improvement of our the Italian navigator's, they suddenly Marine Architecture, as it proceeds found themselves, in a fhort time, rowards its final state of maturity and totally excluded from all commerce, perfection.

except that of the Mediterranean. " A variety, as well as combination, « Towards the close of the fifteenth of causes and circumitances rendered century, Baribolomew Diaz, a Portu. the middle of the fifteenth century a guese navigator, doubled that immense very remarkable epoch in the annals of promontory fince known by the name Marine Architecture. Some particular of Cabo del buona Esperanza, or the Cape States, which had, for a very consider. of Good Hope, but which was first called able period, thone forth in all the me. by the discoverer, on account of the ridian of power, suddenly became difficulties he experienced in passing it, eclipled by others, which burst forth Cabo Tormentoo, or the tempestuous into a coniequence unprecedented and Cape. This success paved the way unexpected ; fo did the rapid decline for the more confequential discovery of ene. open an easy passage for the of the passage to India, by Vasco de equally rapid ascent of its rival suc- Gama, another Portuguese, and the ceflor.

good fortune which attended both >“ The republics of Genna and Ve- there enterprises, proved tbe parent of nice, after a forced reconciliation, lost the Royal Navy of Portugal.' For, lo their maritime power ; and the enter- early as the year 1500, Emanuel, King prising turn of the subjects of these of Portugal, fent a flect, confitting of once-renowned rivals, to which the thirty thips of war, to the affiftance of world is primarily indebted for those the Venetians, who were then threat. territorial discoveries which advanced ened with a very formidable attack by in the most rapid degree the conse. Bajazet, Emperor of the Turks. The quence of other nations, from that Portuguese Aag waved triumphantly very cause, experienced as rapid a along all the shores of India ; and, till downfall. Had Columbus the Ge- the middle of the sixteenib century, noese, and Sebastian Cabot the Vene- they enjoyed a more extended and tian, never exifted, the decline of their valuable commerce 'than any other different countries would moit likely, State in the universe. have been procrastinately but theis' “ The conqueft of Portugal by Phi

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