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of its course. In point of force, ships and the rest seventy-two guns; the of the firtt rate had advanced from fifty third rates, consisting of the fame namę to fixty, and afterwards to '100 guns. ber of thips as the second, had ixty The ship intended for distant voyages, four and sixty; and the smallest of and that wbich was destined for the the fourth rates mounted fifty, and humbler occupation of domestic com were reckoned line of battle fhips ; merce, all became augmented in pro- so that they brought forward for the portion to the ranks they respectively service of the confederacy seventy fail held in the maritime world ; and the of the line, besides several other large very boats or skiffs participated in the two deckers. general prevailing principle. In short, Chapter XIV. opens with a statement Britain, which had long aspired to the of the Ruffian Marine at the middle of dominion of the Seas, now appeared in the seventeenth century, which was carnest, as to the establishment of her very contemptible compared with the claim beyond the power of competition least of the maritime countries of Euor rivalship, and must have effected it, rope. " The first mention," says our if the civil commotions had not inter Author, “ of a flotilla which can con. vened. The wonderful attention of vey an idea of any naval equipment Louis the XIVth, King of France, to whatever belonging to Ruflia, was in the formatio:1 of a Navy; the means by the year 1669, on occasion of the which he effected it ; his design to dreadful rebellion excited by Stencoerect France into a maritime Power Razi, Chief of the Dow Cofracks, that might awe all Europe ; the state against the Czar Alexis Michaelowitz, of his fleet in 168, and in 1689 ; the the father of Peter the Great. Alexis, invention of bomb-ketches by an ob. however, laid the foundation of a Ma. fcure Frenchman, which effected the rine, and Peter made such a progress in destruction of Algiers, and the sub- it, that he lent a fleet of fifty fail of the million of Tripoli, Tunis, and Genoa ; line into the Palus Mæotis against the * with the rapid augmentation and fuc Turks. The Ruflian armament becess of the Navy of the Grand Mo- feged Azoff in 1696, and after repeated narch, and the as rapid decline of the asaults, and a very obftinate defence, naval consequence of France ; are the it was compelled io surrender. This chief subjects of Chapter XII.

success was the forerunner of his well. The United Provinces, commonly known naval career, which ended in called Holland, had acquired, about the the complete establishment of a new middle of the seventeenth century, a

maritime Power in the North of Fu. maritime consequence far exceeding rope, sufficiently formidable to alarm that of any single nation in the universe. the jealousy of the Danes and Swedes, Their commerce had extended itself and to excite the former to raise a into the most distant quarters of the Navy superior to all the Northern ma. world: they poflefled a Navy appa. ritime Powers. Hamburgh, Lubeck, rently fufficient to advance their inie. and even the States-General, enters refts to the utmost possible extent, and tained apprehensions of the hostile into punith the imallest encroachment tentions of Christian, King of Den. that might be attempted by the envy mark, who, in alliance with Louis XIV. or rivalthip of any other country what. obliged the Dutch to submit to such ever. Amsterd.27 was at that time con terms of peace as he thought proper to filered, wish the greatest truth, as the impose. The attention of the famous emporium of a Europe, and was indis Chriftina, Queen of Sweden, to her putably the 'idicit city in the world. Marine, and the naval events in that The rise, progress, and decline, there country from the year 1650 to the confore, of iheir Marine, is historically clution of the century, terminate this detailed in the thirteenth Chapter, Chapter. which compriles, also, an account of Another retrospe&t to the naval the Confederacy entered into between transactions of Great Britain from the Holland :ind England against France ; death of Charles I. to that of Cromwell, the conduct of the Siates-General olur: includes the conquest of Jamaica, and ing the war; and a list of the Dutch the total deftruction of the Spanish Thiss employed, amounting in all to Plate Fleet in the harbour of Tene-* nine'y-two fail, fourteen of which were riffe, which are the most Itriking events first rates; nineteen second rates, the recorded in Chapter XV. The state of Imalleft of which carried fixty-eight, the British Navy from the Restoration

to the Revolution ;. the operations of ing, and much useful information, our fleets in the Mediterranean, and which closes the Voluine with great during the war with Holland, which propriety, comienced in 655 ; the appointment

In addition to the engiavings already of a new Navy Bant, with their report noticed, the following repreientations to the Duke of York on the meatures are given of the thips of Spain, France, pecellars to be taken for the further Holland, and England, copied from improvement and civil management of drawings made by Vandevelde, as is the Navy; and a list of all the thips fuppoted, on good authority, about added to it from tbe time of the Revo. the year 1670. A Spanish Second-rate, lution to the conclution of the century, A French Second-rate. A Dutch containing the names, force, and prin. Second-rate. An Englilh Second-rate cipal dimentors of such thips, with of the imaller clais. The Hollandia, a brief remarks, on a comparative view Dutch Firit-rate 1688; and Le Soleil of their force and tonnage, are the tub Royale, a French Firit-rate 1692. jects of Chapter XVI.

The Speaker, an English Second-rate Chapter XVII. contains an account 1653, and a Spanish thip of so guns. of the active measures taken by King Stern of the Royal Charles, a FirstWilliam Ill. to augment the British rate 1673. Side view of the same thip. Navy; the history of the engagements, Midihip lection of a Fourth-rate 1684, expeditions, and other marine affairs ; Projection, horizontal lines, and sheera tbe regulations in the civil department draught, of twelve British thips, of and management of the Navy propoled different clifles, built at fundry times by Sir Cloudelley Shovel ; and amongit in the course of the seventeenth cen. other calculations and estimates, it ap- tury. The above belong to the con. pears, that at the time of the general cluding Chapters; belides which are peace concluded at Ryswick between the following at the beginning, from France and England, highly advan- page 7 to page 24. tageous to the latter and her allies, A Genocie Carrack (1542). Mid. in 1697, fifty-four new thips of the tip lections of a thip of war built at

line had been launched fince the ac. Venice 1550 ; and a modern trigate, • cession of King William ; and that the with a theoretical projection, points

most unrémiting perfeverance, noting out the imperfections of the first, only in refitting, but also in augment. anů the method of remedying them. ing, the Royal Navy, had been refo- Draught of a Galley built in the fourlutely adhered to, although the people teenth century; and of a Venetian murmured at the impolts which the Galleas used at the battle of Lepanto. extraordinary expences of thole mea. Draught of a Felucca built at the fures occafioned.

commencement of the eighteenth cen. In the eighteenth and last Chapter of tury, and the projection of a modera: this Volume, the principles of Marine Maltese Galley. Draught and hori. Architecture adopted by the different zontal section of a modern Maltele maritime nations at the close of the Galley. A Venetian Galleon (1564), seventeenth century are amply dil and a ship belonging to the Spanish culled ; and scientific obfervations by Armada. The Prince Royal, built by our Author, on the improvements King James I. (1610), and given by made by England in the const:uction him to his eldeit son, Henry Prince of of thips of war ; with calculations of Wales. The principal Engravers are the actual tonnage, dimentions, &c. of the fame as mentioned in our Review fhips of every clais; and various other of the Firit Volume.

M. matters; forma together a kind of reca. pitulation of the different lyiteins that (The concluding Review of Vol. III. of tbia have prevailed in the art of thip-build Splendid Work in our next.)

Designs to a Series of Ballads written by It appears by the Preface to thing

William Hayley, Ejq. and founded on work, that Mr. Hayley is now bufily Anecdotes relating 10 Animcts, drawn, einployed in rendering an affectionate engraved, and published, by William tribute of justice to the memory of Blake. With the Bullads annexed by Cowper the Poet, and that Mr. Blake ibe Author's Permifion. Two Numbers. has devoted himself with indefatigablo 410. Printed at Chichelter.

spirit to engrave the plates intended

to decorate the work. To amuse the pieces show the horrible excesses to artik in his patient labour, and to fur- which minds naturally benevolent may nith his fancy with a few flight subjects be driven, and how little dependance for an inventive pencil that might can be placed on the best refolves, afford some variety to his incessant when encountered by this turbulent application, without too far interrupt- and overbearing passion. The sea ing his most serious business, Mr. maining piece gives a view of ambition Hayley proposed to furnish him with as it is generally found in the ordinary a series of ballads for a few vacant mo. intercourse of life, excited by vanity ments: employment, to be published rather than the love of power, and dire periodically, and to be completed in played in a character which is not supfifteen numbers. Two of these are ported by the consciousness of abilities now before us. The subjects, the adequate to its designs. While we gratitude of an elephant, and the he- have been perusing this volume, we roism of a mother in rescuing her child have frequently had occasion to regret, from the fangs of an eagle. The artist that a person whose talents are to well has executed his share of the under- calculated to reitore a true taste for the taking much to his credit ; and from drama in the public mind fhould not Mr. Hayley's pen, though carelessly employ herself in some production for employed, the Public will not be dil- representation, which would drive into appointed in their expectation of ele- obscurity and oblivion the trash which gant, chafte, and pathetic compositions. at present usurps the place of the legiTo the inhabitants of Chichester, where timate drama. it is printed, this work is inscrihed.

Juvenile Friendbip; or, The Holidays. A Series of Plays: in which it is attempted A Drama in Three Atts. To which is

to delineate the stronger Paffions of the fubjoined, The Arrogant Boy, a DramaMind, each Paffion being the Subječt of a tic Aftergiece, in Verse, intended for tbe Tragedy and a Comedy. By Joanna Representation of Cobiidren. 8vo. Baillie. Vol. II. 8vo.

These pieces rank with the produce In 1799, the ingenious Author of tions of the late Mr. John Newbery and this volume gave the Public the first Mrs. Trimmer. They inculcate such Series of Plays, containing Count Basil sentiments as are favourable to virtue, a tragedy, The Trial a comedy, and and therefore deserve to be recomDe Montfort a tragedy ; the two for- mended. mer on the passion of love, the latter on hatred ; all of them postelling great A Short View of the Natural History of the merit, though not, as appeared by the

Eartb : Designed for tbe Inftruction and trial of De Montfort at Drury lane

Amusement of Young Persons. By H. E. Theatre, adapted to stage representa.

12mo. pp. 108. tion. The present voluine is a con The Compiler of this little volume tinuation of the plan, and contains, deserves our commendation for having The Election a comedy, Ethwald, two familiarized the juvenile mind with the parts, a tragedy, and The Second Marn treasures hidden by Nature beneath the riage a comedy : the first on the passion surface of the earth; and while his of love; the others on that of ambie book furnithes, in this point of view, tion. Of the first, the Author fays, a source of rational amusement and the has endeavoured in it to thew the instruction, it must frequently lead the passion of hatred in a different situa. reader into serious contemplation on tion, and foltered by a different fpecies the wisdom, the power, and the good. of provocation, from that which was ness of God. exhibited in De Montfort, and existing in a character of much less delicacy Brigblon New Guide ; or, A Description of and reserve. The next two claim our

Brigbthelmson, and the adjaceni Counnotice from the variety of situations,

try: To which is added, A correct the diftin&tness of charaster, and the

Account of all the Cities, Toruns, and force and energy of the language. In

Villages, from Dieppe to Paris. both these dramas, the Author has

pp. 130. with great success trod in the steps of Mr. Filher has in this little treatise Shakspeare, and attempted to emulate presented his readers with a much the terrible alarms of Macbeth, and the greater portion of information than saptivating forrows of Ophelia. Both his brief and unoftentatious title-page



would lead them to expect; and his his own Circulating Library (in which, book will be found a most useful and to be sure, he may be conlidered as amuling vade-mecum to every one having bad an eye to business) ; 2. A whom business, health, or pleasure, Map of the vicinity of Brighthelm. may draw to this delightful part of the iton ; 3. A Plan of the Town of Sníex coaft.

Brighthelmfton ; and, 4. A View of Though not mentioned in the title. the Marine Pavilion : the last three page, the volume contains four very engravings are on whole heets. neat engravings ; viz. 1. A View of



A ,

JULY 31.

refifted his importunities. Rinaldo T the Little Theatre, in the Haymar. foon after called away to the service of a play in three acts, entitled, “ The vered of a son. This is the child conVoice of NATURE;" the characters cerning whose filiation the contest springs. being as follow, and thus represented : Alzira, the wife of Bertoldo, a Nobleman Alphonfo, King of } Mr. BARRYMORE. misconduet, for which, however, the white

of the firit rank, had been guilty of some Rinaldo, his Brother Mr. C. KEMBLE. to be forgiven, provided that she brought Gareb, Minifter of of}Mr.

her husband an heir. She did bear a lon. Mr. WADDY. Alphonso

but he died the moment he saw the light., Officer

Mr. ABBOT. An unprincipled and daring woman, the A Boyz pafling for }Master BYRNE.

employed her physician to procure a lupa

positious child. Hofpar Atole away Ricardo, Head

Lilla's son, and laid the dead infant in Gardener to the Mr. PALMER. the cradle he had robbed. Lilla is dire King

confolate for the loss of this pledge of her Clorinda, Bride to

loves, and the lapse of five years brought Alphonso } Miss Norton.

no alleviation to her maternal anguish. Alzira, Widow of Mrs. ST. LEGER.

The child in the mean time is brought Bertoldo

up as the son of Bertoldo. The action Lilla, a young Vil.

here commences. King Alphonso, have lager, Mother to Mrs. GIBBS, ing vanquished his enemies, returns to the Boy

his palace with Clorinda, a foreign Prina Bendetta ber Nurfe } Mrs.Dave NPORT. accompanies him to lead to the whom

cels' he is about to espouse. Rinaldo Isabel, Governess

a , to

he had been betrothed soon after her hure Lilla, the only daughter of a Sicilian band's death. The rumour of the inCount, by the death of her father, is lett tended marriage had reached Lilla, and completely deititute. She flies for thel. He comes, along with old Bendetta, in the ter to the cottage of Bendetta, her nurse. hope of seeing him. Still her constant By this worthy matron she is educated in theme is her long-loft son ; the is perpeobscurity, fair as Lavinia, but not equaily tually expatiating upon the various feelfortunate. She had reached her leven. ings of a mother, and feems scarcely able teenth year, when Rinaldo, the King's to reflect with regret upon the illicit inbrother, having been drawn by his ardour, tercourle from which she derived the title. in the chafe to the neighbourhood of the Walking in the royal gardens, to which fpot where she lived with her adoptive he was admitted, Ricardo, the head-gará mother, observed her gathering flowers dener, being related to her nusle, the on the banks of a rivulet. He was truck (pies a boy playing with Isabel, bis with the exquisite charms of the lovely governess, and feels a Atrong and unvillager, but was far from feeling those accountable emotion; the voice of Nature sentiments which ought to have been in- 'spoke within her ; this was her son. {pired by the art leis innocence of her She recognizes certain marks upon his looks, and the unfullied purity of her body, and her conjectures are confirmed sind. She does not seem long to have by the domestics of Alzira. While ne


to the Child nets }Mrs. Exerr.


it tenderly embracing him, Alzira sud. plause at Paris. The transplanter of it denly appears, and expresses high indig- . into our soil is Mr. Boaden, who has ration at the familiarity of this female merely changed the names of the characpeasant with her pretended - Son. Lilla ters, and removed the scene from Jerusa. afferts her own claims to the child, and lem to Sicily #. boldly taxes her with her crimes. She As, however, the event upon which betrays great confusion, but at last reco the drama is built is universally known, vers her effrontery, and orders the two there is nothing in it to keep the inind of

Atrangers to be driven from the gardens. the auditor in suspense, or prevent him Before this Rinaldo had several times from anticipating the catastrophe. The seen the woman he had betrayed, and, action is single, and unrelieved by any soused to remorfe by the reproaches of episodical incidents. The di&tion in bis brother, had resolved to repair her adorned with some pleasing images, and wounded honour. He now informs the abounds with moral precepts ; but par. King of this extraordinary controversy. takes much of the declamatory style of. The child is ordered into the custody of the French school. Indeed the piece is Clorinda, and the next day is appointed of a uniformly grave and sentimental for hearing evidence and palling judg. character. The King is a model of a ment. In the third act, his Sicilian Ma- just and virtuous Prince ; and maternal jesty appears feated on his throne, fur. affection is Arongly depicted in the chasounded with the Ministers of Justice. racter of Lilla ; but we are apt to enquire, The contending parties stand on either why the might not as well have been fide of him. Lilla first prefers her plaint, drawn as a virtuous matron, or an un. but, owing to the murder of Hospar, happy widow, instead of a who had been poisoned by the order of who has given up her honour ? The his mistress, she can only produce pre- authority of Scripture may be pleaded ; fumptive proof. Alzira resolutely main- but the original historian by no means tains that the child is her offspring, represents the real mother of the child in although he thew's the greatet antipathy such fascinating colours. We never see to her, and conftantly clings to the breast her, except before Solomon ; and, for of the real author of his being. At laltaught we know, Me either bitterly dethe King, seeing no end to his perplexity, plored her laple from virtue, or was pronounces the awful sentence, that the tainted with crimes that rendered her child shall be equally diviled. An exe odious. A woman who has violated the cutioner rushes in, and raises his scymnetar laws of modefty, in some cases, may have against the infant's life. Alzira cannot incurred but a fimall degree of moral conceal her fatisfaction ; but Lilla faints guilt, and may be deferying the tenderett away,exclaiming, “ I yield him ! I yield compassion ; but the general interests of him!" The King feps down from his fuciety forbid that indulgence should be throne in a trantport of joy, and adjudges thewn to the individual: the must be che child to her who had teftified ruch condemned to solitude and repentance agcny from seeing him in danger. Alzira for the renainder of her days ; and if contesles her guilt, Lilla declares her such a character be introduced into a birch, Rinaldo acknowledges his son,' Novel or a Drama, it should only be to and the audience are informed that the hew the misery which is occalioned by approaching dawn Mall witness the nup- the least aberration from prudence. tials of Rinaldo and Lilla.

Lovers' Vows has been censured for its This piece is a tranfarion of a French immorality į but the present production drama (Le Jugement de Salomon), written is in this respect inore exceptionable, by M. Caigniez, on the well known Scrip. inasmuch as Lilla is not only raised ture history of Tbe Judgment of Solomon at last to rank, opulence, and respect, between the two Harlots, and which was but scarcely ever seems to feel any bad performed eighty nights with great ap- consequence from her indiscretion. This

• The principal personages in the French original are-Solomon, King of Ifrael ; Eliphell, his younger brother, betrothed to Tamira; Azelie, daughter of Pharaoh, King of Egypt; Leila, a young damsel of Hebron ; Tamira, the widow of Banaias; Deborah, a faithful attendant on Leila. All that Mr. Boaden bas done has been to transform Solomon, King of Israel, into Alphonso, King of Sicily; Eliphall into Prince Rinaldo ; Azelie into Clorinda ; Leila isto Lilla ; Tamira into Almira ; and Deborab into Bendetta.


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