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endowments of his mind, or the bene- fortunes of others should teach us pru.. volence of his heart.

dence, our own should teach us humi. But in speaking thus highly of medi- lity; the prosperity of others should tation, I do not with to be considered ftimulate our induitry, our own should as recommending the folitude of the excite our gratitude. When we fee eremite, or the austerity of the mil our friends carried to their graves, we anthrope. There is no fituation of should refiect on the venity of all the life, nor any period of our existence, bonours which ambition can obtain, at which a contemplative mind needs and all the wealth which avarice can be unemployed. Any ordinary occur. hoard ; we should remember that we rence may tinetimes lead our thoughts too thall be foun borne to the same. into an inttructive and delightful train: common receptacle ; and Diould en, an inconsiderable item frequently quire, how far we have fulfilled the spreads out into the most luxuriant purposes of our existence. When any ramifications. It is a miilaken notion, peculiar dispensation of Providence that reflection is incompatible with rouses us from the Itupor of heedless pleasure : it is productive of it ; but indifference, and crowds upon our rethe pleafure which begets is not collection the fins of which we have the sudden burit of unmeaning frenzy, been guilty, the favours which we but the uniform cheerfulness of a mind have received, and the dificulties, which applies the 'lenitive of philofo- from which we have been extricated; phy to every pain. I am always very this survey should tend to thame us highly pleated with that beautitul pal into virtue, and to encourage our conlage of Addison, wliere he so forcibly filence in Him whore indulgence and, delineates this happy turn of mind. Support we have to repeatedly and so, “ For my own part,” says he, " though undelervedly experienced I an always serious, I do not know Bur it too frequently happens, that what it is to be melancholy, and can imprellions of a serious nature are therefore take a view of nature in her itamped but faintly upon the mind, deep and joiemn scenes with the fame and are foon obliterated by the de. pleasure as in her niot gay and de- ftructive example of the vicio:is, or lightful ones. By this means," he adds, effaced by the ravages of time. For "I can improve myself with those this region, we ought to encourage objects which others conlider with their frequent recurrence, and to build terror." As the bow. which is always upon them such ferious resolutions as ftrung loses its force, so the mind may convert them to our laiting ada which is always kept on the stretch vandage. Retection will prove of but of thought must neceflarily be ex. Lietle avail, it we fuffer the virtuous hauled. Occasional intermiflions are emotions which it awikens in our the neceilary relief of nature : but breaits to be distipated by the fint triwe must be inindful to prescribe pro viai occurrence that attracts our notice. per bounds to our recreations ; for the It is then that it shines forth in all its allurements of pleasure are too apt to unclouded lustre, when the beneficial gain upon our affections. He who effects of its intiuence are displayed in devotes himself to fruition, and never our lives. I would therefore with to employs his talents but in itriking recommend a habit of reviewing in out new stratagems of voluptuous in the evening the incidents of the day, dulgence, is always miserable. A cer of examining impartially how far our tain litleiliness, which overcasts his conduét has been praile-worthy, and mind, robs svery gratification of its wherein we might have acted with charms: he reviews the patt day with greater prudence; and of availing di gust, and anticipates the morrow ourselves of the deductions of our with despair. It is therefore the part meditation, whenever any opportunity of prudence to teinper retiection with is offered to us. Tbus no day would recreation, and to relieve thic fatigue of glide away without reaching us fome the one by the vacancy of the other. leilon, and no lesson would pass by

It should be our ftudy to improve unimproved. This habit would ferve every important event which' falls a faithful compais to inform us, within our observation, and to imitate how far we have proceeded in the the example of the bee, which seeks course of virrue, or how far we have for honey in every Hower. The mifs deviated from it. For if we find the

talk VOL. XLII. SEPT. 1802

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talk become more and more painful to Satisfaction which we receive from the us, and feel ourselves inclined to pass review of our conduct continually inover our actions in carelessness, rather crease, and the uncafiness gradually disthan arraign them at the bar of Con- appear, it is well. For this we may science, it is a dangerous fymptom. fafely consider as a certain evidence When, afraid of retiring into our own that we are daily growing in virtue, hearts, we are perpetually haunting and that the affect ons of our minds the ring of noisy and unthinking mirth, are concentred in those pursuits which the trumpet of alarm cannot be founded can alone heftow fubftantial and per. too soon ; but if we find ourselves be manent felicity. coming every day more attached to the

AURELIUS. calmness of folitude, if we perceive the September the 4th, 1802.

COPY OF AN ORIGINAL LETTER FROM SIR FRANCIS WINDIBANK, TO KING

CHARLES THE FIRST, WITH The King's ANSWER IN THE MARGIN-THE METHOD THEN PRACTISED BEFORE THE Posts WERE ESTABLISHED.

It may please your Majesty,

This Dispacbe came

Yesterday the UPON Monday the 31st of Auguk, most opportunlie to my Earl Marmaland

and upon Tuesday the first of this Hands ; for it was, myself attended present (September], I made several as I was consulting her Majekty at dispatches to your Majesty, and gave about the petition pre- Oatlands, as well account of your affairs here, [in Lon- fented by ibe Lords of to present our don): The occasion of the last was the tbe South. I have humble services calling of Earl of Essex from Ecnes to agreed to your advyce to her, as to adyour Majesty, and the conferring of in the subjlance oniie ; vile with her iome employment upon him there, for ebé Plact, we all what was fit to which I do again most humbly beseech beere, are cleerlie and be done in this your Majesty to take into seriou. con unanimuslie refolved, distraction of lideration, as a business, in the oppi- that the meeting muß your Majesty's nion of the committe, highly concern be beere [at York) for affairs. The Ear! ing your service.

manie Reasons wbicb Marlal repreMost of these Lords that resorted to I referr lo Goring. senied to her this town, and mentioned in one of my

Majesty his oplart dispatches, are now, after some pinion, that it would be very fit to meetings and consultations, retired call the Nobility of the Kingdom to a into the country ; but I understand general counceli, and to make them the result of their Councils hath been, lensible of the danger wherein your to present a petition to your Majesty, Majetty, the whole state, and consewhich they either have already sent, or quently then selves, are at this prewill thortly fend, to your Majesty, fent ; and to let them know, that now

The Earl of Warwick came lately to the intentions of tke rebels were maniOxford, in a coach of the Farl of Hert- fest to make an absolute conquest of ford's, and had long conferences with the nation. the Primat of Ardmah, who is now in This my Lord thought would engage the University : from thence he went them in the common cause, and give to the Lord Say, and so came to Lon. great fatisfaction to the people: I don.

thereupon desired the Queen to joyn The paper that goeth herewith is a in advice to your Majesty to this pur'duplicat of a letter written lately from pore, and that a dispatch might be Windfor, which my Lord of Canter. made by me to your Majesty accord. bury thought fit to be presented to ingly, and with all expedition : Her your Majelty. The truth is, those of Majesty would not contradi& it, but the Scorch Nation, both in the towns thanked my Lord for his care, and and in other parts, are grown very high told him the would write ; but withall upon their success at Newcastle'; and in private she was plealed to let me in London and Westminster, some of know the would write only Generalls, them made feasts the last night, in and refer the rest of my relation, which triumph for that news ; and much I conceive is the effect of her Majesty's ringing there was in London.

letters that go herewith. Her Majeity

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likewife desired me not to be too for- upon which this Advice of theirs is ward in making any such dispatches taken and founded ; and likewise the to your Majesty, until I had advised Considerations of the Committe, now with my Lord of Canterbury, which likewise sent by this Bearer, that your I most willingly obeyed, never intend- Majesty may be so much the better preing to enter upon a business of such pared to dispatch Mr. Nicholas away weight without his and the Com- back again, when he fhall arrive there, mitte's knowledge ; and these confi- which will be more flowly much than derations was done by them, which I this Bearer, who promises to use great

I now prefent Diligence. Tell my Lord of to your Majesty The Lord Maior and Aldermen were Canterbury, that I herewith, and likewise at the Board this Afternoon, leave it freelie to bim, this the Lords and the Earl María! delivered them wberber be will com have proposed your Majesty's Commission of Lieute. doune or not ; for as meerly as an ad nancy, letting them know the Truit the jurnie will be most vice upon that you repose in them; and, as the great. trubelsum, so I cannot which Mr. Se est argument thereof, that the Queen promise anie great com- cretary Vane fig. and your Royal Children are, by your forte any of os will nified in his let. Majeity's Appointment, to reside here. take of this meeting. ters, that your The Earl Marshal further acquainted

Majelty expect them with the present Danger, and ed an advise from my Lords, even what

made them so was fit to be done in this exigence ; This was most un sensible of it, and the Committe

advysedly done : there that they pro(though, for my part, I wish the bufi. fore by anie means ftay mised to be rea. 'ne's had gos no farther, until we had the giveing of ibem dy to assist your more particularly understood your Ma. Powder npon fome Majesty with all jesty's Sense of it and Commandments) handsome pretence or their force upon but, when they came to the Councile, other, as likewise the any warning, to which likewise met this Afternoon, increase of their men.

which purpofe after I had given Account of Mr.

they defire powSecretary Vane's dispatches, and that der, which the Lords have thought fit to your Majesty expected Advice from grant them; and they depred to encrease them, this Calling of the Peers was the number of their Trayned Bands. The proposed, and put to Votes, and it Lords gave them a latitude to raise was unanimoully voted by the whole them in as great a number as they Board, to be offered to your Majesty, could or woull.

as their humble The Lords of the Committee have Send me Word who Advice, faveing likewise commanded me to represent those Lords were. that some of the to your Majeity that the Lieutenant of

Lords did joyn the Tower" is observed to be disconwith it the Calling of a Parliament lo.

tented since the dainly ; but this last, if it were practi. If I can find an Oc- LordConstable's cable, what present Remedy it could cafion, I will. being there; and give to your Majelty's Affairs, now

therefore, if your the Enemy is at our Gate, I do not yet Majesty could handsomely call him from understand : However, I am command. thence, and put him in some employed by the Lords molt humbly to pre. ment in your army, they are of opinion sent and submit this Calling of the it would much contribute to your MaPeers to your Majesty, as their opi- jesty's services. nion only; with this, that, at this Dir. The Wirl Marshal, and the Lord tance, they are in the Dark, and und no Cott. are to go Tomorrow to view a Grounds, hy any Advertisement that place on the other side of the river, coines from thence, upon what they right over against the Lymehouse, can settle a Councill in so important'a which may be made a fit magazine for Business.

the powder, it lying very dangerously The Lords have thought fit to send now where it is ; and, in the mean Mr. Nicholas to attend your Majelty time, a good proportion of it may be

on this Business ; fent to Portsmouth, if your Majesty I have sent back so he hath the pleases. your Confiderations an Extracts of Mr. The Lord Cott. hath made a provi. fwered by Apostyle. Twr. Letters, fion of 2000 pair of hods, 1000 of

B be

which

which are delivered to the carrier of likewise your Majesty's Letter of the York, and the other thall be sent im- 311t, by Mr. Walker of Carlisle, for mediately.

both which your Majesty may pleafs All that your Majesty, by your Let

to accept my most humble Thanks, ters or otherwise, hath given in Charge and withal to pardon the Length of to the Lord Constables, concerning the thele. With all Humility I crave fortifying and repairing of the Tower, Leave to relt, is in Hands. Sir William Uvedale goes from hence Tomorrow with 15cool.

Your Majesty's most humble,

Subject and Servant, and if he could have stayed three or four Days longer, he might have had

FRANCIS WINDIBANK. 3cm l. more, which shall be sent with Drury Lane, Wednesday Night all the speed that may be. I have re 2d of September. 1640. ceived my dispatch back again, apo. Returned, afolyled, by the King, ityled, of the 28th of August, and dated Verk, 4 Sept.

ESSAYS AFTER THE MANNER OF GOLDSMITH.

ESSAY XIX.

“ I'll eat nothing, I thank you, Sir." Gentle MASTER SLENDER. THE 'he disadvantages of Timidity, or about me worse than the jacket of

what the French call Mauvaise Dejanira did about Hercules, or the bonte, or False Shame, are lo numerous little Old Man that clung to the shouland pitiable, that we cannot wonder ders of Sindbad the Sailor in the Ara. at the great pains which persons of the bian Nights Entertainments. This higher ranks of society take to divest disorder generally attacks me when I their falhionable offspring of so trouble. go out of doors, or into company; it fome a companion ; and when the being itops my mouth, feizes hold of my perfectly at ease means that happy point limbs, fixes my eyes, and paralizes the only which presents a man to the best functions of my mind and body, till I advantage, unfullied by pride, affecta. become nearly as inanimate as a stock tion, or impudence, it is the perfection or a Itone.

If I be surrounded by 3 of good breeding, and constitutes the party in the Park, or in the ttreet, gentleman,

I look for all the world like the statue The following letter, received only of King James in Privy Gardens; a few days fince from a correspondent if I be seated in a chair in company, who labours under the unhappy ma

I am as iminoveable as Banquo's Ghoft; lady above-mentioned, describes the and when I dine abroad, it totally de symptoms and character of the disease prives me of appetite. Yet, extrafo faithfully, that no patient can be at ordinary as it may appear, I am pera lofs to discover whether he is actually fectly well and in spirits when I am at affected with the complaint.

home, can talk to inylelf by the hour

together, and stalk about the room SIR,

with vitit importance. But that you Having read with much attention, may be the better able to underttand in the European Magazine, your Erlays the nature of my complaint, I will on the Morals and Manners of the pre- make you in fome measure acquainted fent ago, I am encouraged to ask your with my constitution and inabits of opinion and advice on my peculiar living from my infancy, from which case, which falls under the latter head, you may probably determine whetlier that is, of “ Manners," heing, vou the disease be hereditary, confirmed, or must know, very much afraid that I incurable, or whether it inay be pullible am extremely defective in that necer. to restore the tone of my manners, to sary article of life, owing, as I ima- create in me an apperite for being sengine, to a complaint that, when it teel, or to electrify me with the sparks comes on me, prevents the exercise of of vivacity and good-breeding. Now, iny functions, whether vital, natural, or Sir, you muit, in the first place, be inanimal, for the time it laits ; that hangs formed, that my father, Mr. Barnaby

Balhful

Bashful the elder, was a Citizen; but, much more liberal, I assure ye, than though you may be inclined to thake that of my friend Bob Bluiter, the your head on that account, yet you upholsterer's son next door, of whom will please to recollect that many of I shall have occation to speak hereafter. our young City blades, to ule an ex Beside these acquirements, I had a pression that I heard the other day, good voice, and learned to play a little and bad kindly explained to me, are on the piano-forte. But, to ihorten my perfectly au fait, or up to what they narrative, I shall end the days of my ought to do in company ; and therefore poor mother, who died of a decline I ain not the more incurable on that when I was only twenty five, and I account. I was my mother's favourite, was thrown, at that tender age, upon and muit adınit that her regime and the wide world. My inheritance was course of education were ill calculated not sufficient without some help, and to form me agree.bly to the manners I had to look out for a bulineis ; that of the worll. My father died when I of my father, a haberdather, I knew was only ten years of age, and left my nothing of, to that I was utterly at a mother with a little independence. loss how to apply to advantage the The tirit thing he did was to take me, little capital I poflefled. At last, my out of her parental tenderness, from old play-fellow Bob Bluiter, who, school before I knew my Latin, being, being a next-door-neighbour's child, as the used to say, a very delicate had been permitted sometimes to come child, and not fit to buffet with the in to see me, arrived from abroad, boys at a public seminary. I hall and had been made a Captain. Lucknever forget how the uled to cuddle ily, he paid me uncommon attention ; me up froin the cold of a night, and his father had also been dead some carefully tie a handkerchief round my years, and Bob (pent his money freely, neck when I went out in the air. and kept the best company ; though “ Poor dear ! 'tis fo tender !” was her I confels I am at a loss why he should conítant expresion when the was shield. have picked me out, having none of ing me from the frost of a fine win- his qualifications to recommend me. ter's morning, or covering me up Bob advised me by all means to set up from a gentle hower of rain in the wine-merchant, and pointed but the midit of summer. I never was suffered prospect he had of serving me in that to go any where without her, and the line, from his connexions. But, as it feidom went out, unless to take a cup happened, nothing could be more illof tea with Aunt Dorothy 01 2 Sun.. judged, as you will perceive when I day, 'The boys in the neighbourhood recount the numerous scrapes and difused to call me Molly Baihtul; and, ficulties in which it involved me. Howthough I had not much inclination to ever, I laid in the pipes and hogsheads, fight, I believe that I ihould have done which I did froin the recommendation it once if my mother had not got hold of my cellar-mar; for, as you muit of my arm, and infilted on my not know I had never drank any thing with making myself a backguard. But my inother but gooseberry wine, it was though I inight fuffer a great deal natural to conječture that I could be no froin these indulgencies, yet my fitu.z. great judge of port or therry: but that tion was attended with some advan- did not much inatter; my taste would tages; I had an extensive library to improve in time ; and I difolved va. resort to ; my mother was pofleffeil of rious famples on the mantie-Thelt in a Book of Martyrs, Salmon's Geogra- the compting-house of the most culphy, and Pilgrim's Progreis, and my rious brandies and ihrubs ; my binns father had left behind tiie great object in the cellar were well filled with empty of his studies when he retired on a bottles ; and the cooper took care to Sunday to bis villa at Kentih Town, find caks : thus I had a great stock, a large Encyclopedia, or Dictionary of as is the w?;' with us in the City. Arts and Sciences ; but he poor man Bub had promised to in seduce me into had only lived to get to H ; and on all the upper circits, as an opulent mermatters beyond that his undertanding chiant well knowil on 'Change, and was altogether circumiuribed; but he one day actually took me under his left me to go through the alphabet, 21 m to Colonel Gaylite's honse, in which I did with astonishing diligence. Grosvenor-it:eet, where he wished me Such was my course of education, which to make my debut, as he called it. embraced the whole circle of science; I was quite elated a th: approaching

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