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his Atay at Ruthven castle; but, " such thither direct, regular, speedy, and · is the change in the circumstances of convenient, every encouragement is
the place, concurring with the genius held out to fpirited exertion, ingeof the times, that the same caitle, in nuity, indutry, and enterprise.” which the proud and powerful baron Mr. Campbell has not taken quite lo once confined his King as a prisoner, wide a range in his journey as fome is now quietly occupied by a colony former Tourists had done, having of calico.printers *. This colony was chiefly confined his excurlions to the established here in the year 1792, under districts circumjacent to Lothian, the firm of Young, Ross, Richardson, and Perth, and St. Andrew's ; but he has Caw. The annual expenditure in viewed the multifarious objects with a workmen's wages is about three thou. penetrating eye, and with an expanded - fand lix hundred pounds. Thirty and cultivater mind, and has amassed hands are usually employed about such a collection of Scottish history, each table and press, the printers being tradition, and biography, illustrated by allowed from fifteen shillings to one such a selection of picturesque scenery, guinea per week. The staple manu as we believe to be unequalled. The facture of the country around Perth plates (forty-four in number) are very is well adapted for the purpose of finely engraved and characteristically printing ; and the London market be tinted.
J. ing always open, and the conveyance An History of Marine Architecture ; including an enlarged and progrellive
View of the Nautical Regulations and Naval History, both Civil and Military, of all Nations, especially of Great Britain. Derived chiefly from Original Manuscripts, as well in private Collections as in the great Public Repositories, and deduced from the earliest Period to the present Time. By John Clara nock, Esq F. S. A. Three Vols. Royal 4to. R. Faulder, and all the other considerable Booksellers of London.
(Concluded from Page 125.) The third and last volume of this • A continuance of the fame acting
hittory, which juftly claims the principle, which had lighted the torch honourable distinction of being con- of war, and brandished when blazing in fidered as a work of public utility, all its horrors, over a considerable part since it communicates material informa. of Europe, towards the conclufion of tion on a subject of the firit magnitude, the Seventeenth century, was productive the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom of Itill more dreadful effects immedia of Great Britain and Ireland, opens ately after the commencement of the with a political account of the different Eighteenth. The discordant and dia
Navies of Europe from the commence. bolically ambitious fpirit of Louis the ment of the lait century to the death of Fourteenth, nothing abating in its
Queen Anne, and a comparative view vigour, though the fuel which had at of those Navies, and of the commercial firit fed its fury was consumed, eagerly ftate of Europe during that era. fpread itself in search of freth mate
A Itriking feature of this firft divi. rials which might continue to support fion of the volunie, is the malterly its rage. The fatal industry with which sketch of the character of Louis XIV. this lyitem was pursued, proved, most fallely styled the Great, King of France, unfortunately for the reit of the world, which, from respect for the Author's too effe&tual. Independent of those talents as an historian, and as a gentle countries which immediately sure hint to thole Englishmen who have rounded the identical spot whence the expressed their good wishes for the fame arose, and which of courle be. Houte of Bourbon (which, under a came the most immediate prey to its fucceffion of three Monarchs, within effects, its baneful influence was soon the above-mentioned period, never moft fenfibly felt even in remote permitted Britain to enjoy the tran- districts, which its own immediate ope. quillity of peace for longer intervals rations were incapable of reaching. than five, fix, or ten years, at moit), we “ Spain, Portugal, Britain, Holland, lay before our readers.
Germany, and the northern parts of
• Stat. Account, vol. xvii. p. 647.
Italy, formed an immense volcano, of ships which perilhed, were entirely of which France was the crater ; while Englith contruction (captured lips), Ruflia, Sweden, Denmark, and, in fine, while the remainder, built in the ports almost every country in Europe, in. of France being better enabled to hold Hluenced by the perfuafion, terrified by their wind, to work off a lee. thore, and the threats, or cajoled by the specious to endure the aflaults of a heavy head. promises, of Louis, were armed against sea, were capable of successfully comeach other, and joined in a scene so bating and effectually resisting it. terrific as almost to threaten an annihi. "The total of thips taken from the lation of the human race.
French, or destroyed by the, Englith “ Notwithstanding the severe losses and the Dutch, in the war which com. which Louis had experienced during menced against France and Spain the preceding war, and that heavy in 1702, and was terminated by the blow he had in particular received peace of Utrecbt in 1713, amounted by the destruction of the best thips he to forty Mips of the line, several of possessed off Cape La Hogwe, so ear which were first and second rates, nestly did he apply himself, during exclusive of frigates, and of many the short period of tranquillity which other thips loft by tempests and other fucceeded the peace of Ryswic (1097), misfortunes. As to the Spanifh in the re-establishment of that Navy, Navy," says our Historian, ” though the posseflion of which he appeared to Spain was a principal in the war, it was think so essential to his glory, that at
reduced to a state of insignificance the commencement of the eighteenth which could scarcely fail to excite the century in 1702, he considered him elf compassion even of a foe; and with in a condition to disturb the peace of respect to Portugal, her marine held Europe as powerfully as ever. The che fanie inoffen live rank at the comevent, however, proved he wad been mencement of the eighteenth century, too fanguine in his expectation, this is in which it continued unoffendingly exemplified by the fresh lofses he suf- to pass through the remainder of it, tained in the attack made on the port Holland appeared to have passed of Toulon in 1707, by the army under the zenith of its glory. Its maritime the command of the Duke of Savoy, power continued, indeed, still respectand the combined British and Dutch able, but carried not with it that ter. fleets commanded by Adini al Sir ror as in the preceding century, when Cloudeley Shovel for the loss of eight it arrogantly assumed to itself the mar thips of the line, taken and deitroyed terihip of the Ocean, and the power of by the fire of the aft: ilants, accelerated prescribing marine laws to almost all and completed the almolt io!al retire. Euroje." ment of the French Navy from the We are next entertained with a conbusy and dangerous theatre of war cile account of the rapid advances of during the next thirty six years. Our the marine forces of the Northern Author, however, gives instances to Powers of Rultia, Denmark, and Sweprove, that though Britain at that den ;, with judicious remarks on the period was manifeitly lue:ior, with indefatigable and luccelsful operations respect to its naval torce, not only to of Peter 1. the truly Great first Em. France, but to all the other maritime pesor of Rusia, “ who raised into con. Powers of Europe, yet the French lequence, as a naval Power, a pation thips of war were built upon better which he found deftitute of a hingle principles than the British, which en. ship of war ; and by his enterpriting abled them, in the Samen's phiale, genius, and unremitted attention to confiderably to fore reach those of the this important object, had raised, in British. The lolles imputable to acci. the year 1944, a naval force contiiting dent, and those dangers to which all of more than forty tips of the line, vefsels at sea are subject, no less forci as many frigates, and upwards of 150 bly proved the fuperiority of that gallies.” construction or form given to velles,
The result of the accurate review of under the load water. line, which was the marine of the European nations as then adopted by the French, for in the it food in the year 1900, presents that retreat of the imall Fiench fieet, which pleasing picture of the naval superiority made an un:uccessful attempt to cover of Great Britain, which every lover of the descent of the Pretender in Scot. his country, every loyal Briton, will land in 2708, to their own coast, the sead with gicat satisfaction ; and with
a fincere with that our Rulers may ne- well as force, is the next fubject of dir, ver lote light of this splendid example, cuffion, and every particular is miwhich exhibits an unequivocable proof, nutely detailed which is neceffry to that the glory and commercial prope: explain the different principles of thiprity of the British empire cannot be building practised by the artificers of maintained by any other means, but by the Southern, from those of the Norá the fuperiority of the British Navy, thern States. very emphatically, upon all public In our last Review, a summary ac occasions of feftivity, acknowledged to count of the active measures taken by be “the Wooden-walls of Old Eng. King William III. to augment the navy land :" for let it be remembered, that of England, was noticed as forming the era we are now contemplating was the principal contents of the sevendiftinguished by the most fignal victo. teenth Chapter of Vol. II. We have ries of our land forces ander the g
now to observe that Mr. Charnock is Duke of Marlborough; yet event these rather too fond of recapitulation, which would have proved ineffectual to pre. sometimes engenders tiresome tautovent the success of the ambitious pro- logy, as in the instance before us, part je&s of Louis, if his Nivy had not been of the third Chapter of Vol. III. being nearly annihilated by the valour of our taken up with the same subject, as inNaval Officers, Marines, and Seamen. troductory to the history of the naval
“Britain," says our Author, "might tranfactions of the reign of Queen be faid, at that period. to poffefs nearly Anne, amongst which, besides a relaone-third of the whole of that force, tion of the victories of Sir George which was especialty equipped for the Rooke and Sir Claudesley Shovel, off purposes of war, by all the other ma the ports of Vigo and Malaga, we find: ritime powers of Europe : France and curious remarks on the civil economy Holland held more than a second third and management of maritime affairs ; part, while the minor States of Spain, the murmurs of the merchants, in conPortugal, Ruffia, Denmark, and Swe- sequence of a pretended neglect of the den, could boast no greater navy, had commercial interest of the nation, with the whole of it been united together, other grievances contained in various than what could have been sent fort petitions to the House of Peers against from the ports of England alone. The the administration of Prince George of fluctuation or alteration which was oc Deninark, the Queen's hufband, as casioned by the uninterrupted conti- Lord High Admiral of England, with nuance of war during the firit fourteen their Lord thips' report thereon; the years of the eighteenth century, tended answer of the Prince, and observations but little to affect the proportion juit on the whole proceedings. ftated. The alteration which was pro. The next period, the naval events of duced by it was in favour of Great which make a considerable addition to Britain; the losses sustained by her not the renown of the British Heets, comhaving equalled, by one third, those prises the signal defeat of the Spanish which France had suffered within the Aeet by Sir George Byng, in the Faro f.ime period. The marine of Spain of Mellina, in 1718, the fourth year of had also undergone what might be con the reign of George 1. for which that sidered as a total demolition ; while the gallant Adriral was created a Peer, by contests sublisting between the Nor- the title of Viscount Torrington, and thern Powers had prevented them, extends to the commencement of ano. taken in the aggregate, from augment. ther war between Great Britain and ing that total which they had poífeiled Spain in 1739. Dar author gives us at the commencement of them, not. the state of the British navy at that pe. withstanding the wonderful exertion riot, no:ices the bad construction of made by Peter the Great to raise him. the ships composing the Britih navy at self into naval conteqnence."
that time, and explains the mistaken An account of the improvements principies on which the marine archie made in marine architecture among the tects of Great Britain then afte;t, and different European Powers during the the inconveniences under which thips first fourteen years of the eighteenth fo contrived laboured. A, brief re. century, and of the immediate causes cital of the various expeditions which which gave birth to them, and pro. took place during the war, with their duced the extraordinary augmentation consequences, are the next fubjècts of of 'velles in regard to their tonnage as the continuation of our naval biftorys
and the capture of the Princesla, a in 1744, owing to the representa Spanish hip of 70 guns, and nearly tions of Sir John Norris, and the assi3800 tons birthen, is Itated as having duity of the Admiralty and Navy. the most happy effect in producing that Boards, were the firit triumphs of wil. reform and alteration of system in the dom over custom; and their utility is construction of Biitih ships of war, fully explained by our author in which had been so long necessary. Chapter 8, which also contains a com
Admiral Sir John Norris, who was parative view of the quantity of mathen universally confidered the naval terials consumed in the construction of oracle of Britain, was written to, by different ships, more particularly of the order of the Board of Admiralty, on timber consumed in building the Royal this subject; and this letter, with the George, the Princess Amelia, and le. documents annexed to it, are given by veral other ships on the plan of reform our author, as forming a curious and and improvement. Also a list of the well connected, though concise bistory Royal navy, as it itood at the conclu. of the civil establishment of the Bri- fion of the war against France and tish navy, from the early part of Queen Spain in 1748, including the thips Ann's reign, down to the time when which bad been taken from the enemy ;. the Princella was taken, in the year exhibiting a most formidable force, 1741.
and evidently demonstrating that Great “The Admiral in consequence of this Britain at that time, was Sovereign of application, which was rather an invi the Seis : it amounted to four thips of tation, than an order, to exert his ta the first rate, viz. the Ruyal George, lents for the benefit of his Country in the Royal Anne, the Royal Sovereign, the civil department of the navy, im and the Royal William, carrying 100 mediately adopted the obvions and cer. guns each, and 850 seamen ; ten fe. tainly the moft prudent method of pro cond rates, of ninety, guns; fortyducing improvement. He feught the eight third rates, carrying from eighty opinions of men who were considered down to fixty-four guns; sixty nine as belt informed on the subject, and re. fourth rates ; forty-two fifi h rates; ported to the inquirers the result of and forty-eight Exth races. In the intheir information, surmounted by such ferior classes were five fire-thips, ten professional observations, as his long bomb-ketches, thirty-five noops of continued maritime pursuits had en. war, two store-lhips, seven hospital abied him to collect. Reform how. Tips, eleven yachts, as inany hoys, ever went on but Nowly; the British five smacks, tixteen hulks, and five navy was reduced to an inequality xebecks, forming in the whole a ma-. with respect to that of the different rine of 313 fail. powers of Europe, reckoning Tip for “The losses of the combined enemies Thip; not only in the contracted di. during this thort war of four years, are mensions, but in the form or shape unparalleled in the annals of our own, given to the vessels composing it, which or any other country, they amounted neither the inconveniences experi. in ships taken or destroyed, and a very mentally and most serioutly found to few loft by accident, to fifty five result from them, nor the example of French, and twenty-four Spanish ships; thole beneñts found to be derived by and the navy of France was reduced to other countries, from the pursuit of a thirty-eightshins, carrying from eighty contrary fystem of construction, were, down to twenty guns!" for many years, capable of removing.' To follow up the progressive imUnder these disadvantages the question provements from this period to the will naturally be to discerning readers, present time, would be to give an How the superiority of the Britilh na: abridgment of this valuable and exval power was supported? The an- penlive work to the injury of the aufwer will be found in this part of its thor, and other proprietors; a praca history; by out-numbering other pow. tice but too common of late years, and ers; so that her fleets when confidered highly reprehensible. Our Review, on collectively, rendered the individual the contrary, aims at placing meritoinferiority of the ships of less confe- rious works, such as the present, in quence. The alterations in the prin- the clearest and fairest point of view; ciples of construction which took place and, by means of an extensive circulaa in the British navy soon after the com- tion, to make its publication more gemencement of hostilities against Francenerally known. On this principle we .
Road to Orchant to
Addington and Echo-West Indiamen
first Ship Entered the Import. Dock a. Intended Warehouses, b. Shades C. Lando unapropriated.
The works were begun to be created agreeable to ther Plan on Februay 3:1800_And on the 16. do! of Fine the first Brickorthe Dock Wall was laid.
Publind by J.Sewell , Cornhill, Oc1'1-1800