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TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,
me to make the fol. · raise a fund for their future fupport,
I am, Sir, &c. Animal Life," and with the view 101
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, Having met by cliance with the inclosed Paper, which the Author of it calls “GOLDEN RULES FOR A MAN TO LIVE ALL THE DAYS OF HIS LIFE,” I send it for insertion in your esteemed publication, if you think it merits a place therein. 220 October.
The present pleasures produced by a : his economy to lhew, he will crawl
lai ge expence of money by no contemptibly about the world, he up. means balance the future miseries of a braided for his former prodigality, wafted patrimony, dislipated fortunes, even ly his own children, who, having and a decayed conftitution. los no hopes, will consider him as an in
There is great sealon for us to make cumbrancé ; and, wanting the various a reserve of property againft the day of atrentions which are neceilary to the decrepitude; because, in old age, we accommodation of the last scene, his want chiefly thole comforts which only continuance in the family will be irk. money can procure ; a comfortable
fome. his life must be fupported, by houte, delicate living, and a little hare the contribution of the charitable, and of authority, which, in tlie laft ftage of he must die unmourned. Keep a com: life, are exceedingly foothing and ac- petent Mare of the staff in thine hand. ceptable.
'The fame principle of prudence Perhaps society cannot thew a more which makes it necessary for a man to pitiable figure, than either a very old provide against the wants and infirmi.
or woman, who, having fpeut ries of age, Thould prevail with a man their substance in the Battering girieties 'to provide against the wants avd infirof youth, are rednded, in the moit "mities of dilleniper. Let the fick man helpless situation, to live upon acci- rather depend on the panacea of his dental ttrokes of generosity, and to be purse, than on the pity of his p!ıyliat once ridiculed and relieved.
cizni. If an old perfon' expects to receive A very healthy person is very soon the least degree of attention from the reduced to his chamber :-and we are world in general, or even from his all liable to the most nauseous disrelations in particular, it must be hy orders.' It often happens, iliat a ftout the force of happy circumstances in his young man, in the very vigour of exiftfavour; luch, for instance, as arise out ence, is brought to such a itate as tode. of a fortune accumulated by the indus- pend on the servitude of another for. try or ingenuity of youth. This will allistance in those very points which, render the veteran seípeciable amongst in a Itate of heilth, he would blush to his dometics, 3) make even his uto make known to a second person. If moit intirmities resp portable Whereas, these feeblenelles continue tor any if an old mai 1945 no tettimories of length of time, nothing but the power
of paying our attendants well can make Art thou poor? Be industry thy them be done cheerfully, if at all. A guard, lelt thou should want the bread fick spendthrift is therefore a horrid of life; and, in wanting that, the path Spectacle ; his servants become negli. of disgrace is not remote, and that path gent ; his physician gives him now will lead thee, peradventure, to the and then a call upon the score of hum.s- pits of misery and destruction. Connity; and, what is worse than all, he descend not to be the object either of rebukes himself for having squandered, pity or charity, whilst thou halt limbs in the hour of superfluity, what should to toil, imagination to suggelt, er
or have been reserved for the momenz of health to perform. Liberty is indeexigence.
pendence, and Navery is a state of Art thou rich ? Place then circum- pecuniary obligation. Get honeitly, spection as a centinel over thy passions; and give cautiously. Whoso putteth lett that which thou poffesielt become a in practice these rules, thall certainly prey to arrifice!
LIVE ALL THE DAYS OF His Life.
Wither'd and wan lie itrewn on Earth's His leafy robe pale Autumn now rę. ligns,
cold hier. [ting I with gold. *" Chill'd by rude" winds which chide Her rich Jress'd flowers and fruitage his lingering fay;
Emblem of thee, proud Man! the scaloos' Whilft marching on from bleak tem.
[round thee gas, pellumis climes,
Tho' youth's frech honrurs now YurFierce Winter now resumes his defpot When Age, destroying, hall, like Win
Tway Stripp'd of its verdure, now's the land. Andround thy te npies harg her whitett Icape bare ;
grey. It's charms all perishid we no more
Little St. Thomas Apofile's,
This line I confess to be an inferior imitation of the one commencing the beau. tiful Epilogue written by the present inimitable son of Wit and Genins, R. B. She. sidan, El. the four first lines of which aie fu truly elegantly conceived and clatically expreifed, ihat I cannct relilt the temptation of transcribing thein."
Chilled by rude gales, while yet relu&ant May
Sulpends the smile her heart devotes to love. The measure of these verses meets the car with the fame exquisite flow of harmony as the Eclogues of the highly portical Collins. Perhaps Mr. Sheridan had these two lines of Gokimith's Traveller in his memory, when he wrote the above, where, Speaking of Switzerland, he says,
No verdure here thefe torpid rocks array,
But Winter lingering chills the lap of May. I do not mean to charge Mr.S. with an inttarce of pligiuriím ; his mind being truly original in all its aims : as a Piel, ailowed by his Mondy on the Death of the late' Britiid Rolcius David Garrick, Edq. and other 'ingenious miscellanies ; as ą Dramatiit, that great judge of literature, Dr. Johnfon, allows the palm of merit to his productions above all others tince the days of Congreve, Wycherly, Vanburgli, and fasquhar ; as an Orator, atcer having heard bis Demo'thenian (peech agzint Warren Huitings, Esq. Qur late English Cicero, Edinund Burke, declared Mi. Sheridan'a luminous and comprehensive Ipeech poslelted every requilite of perfet human eloquences and ventured further in tay, not forgetting the thundering convic. tion that fowed trom the late Lord Chachain's lis, no! torgetting the refined polish of speech his present lon our late Minister policies, nor letting aside the argumentive LYCOPHRON'S CASSANDRA,
- oύνεκα θεα θεός Χέρσου μέγαν σόρθυγγα δωρείται κτίσαι,
quoniam deæ dea
LACINIUM is a promontory near
One cannot belp remarking, that no Croton in Italy. Its emple, mention is made of Juno's famous temwhich was dedicated to Juno, has ple; but only of its circumjacent been celebrated by historians and grounds. Perhaps Lycophron has told poets. Cassandra's attention is more us in a line that is loft, and which immediately directed towards the spot, ought to have followed xricai, that on which this temple was afterwards Thetis gave Juno this land for the built. She foretells that the ground, purpose of building her temple ; to which extends from Lacinium's bay which these women should resort, in to the summit of its cliff, shall be order to perform the rites, and all planted by Thetis with thrubs; and **Teño
This would have been a good shall be presented by her to Juno. reason, why they, thus constantly emHere women, natives of the country, ployed, ought never to have appeared shall be appointed to superintend those gaily habited. The passage has cermournful rites, which shall be infti- tainly not reached us as the poet tuted to the memory of the son of wrote it. We may observe here a Thetis. Their dress shall be suited to change of tenses from the future, as their office. They shall not be splen. Teúžev above, to the present dapitai. didly attired; but appear in the weeds But this change may be accounted of mourners, employed in lamenting for. It is customary with perfons, the death of Achilles. The reason, who asume the character of prophets, afligned for their not being decorated to speak of things future as present with gold and purple, is far from be, with a view to impress the more ing fatisfactory.
strongly on the reader's mind the cer@uv! xa Deo luids tainty of their predictions. Otòs, we χέρσου μέγαν το θυγγα δωρείται κτίσαι. know, signifies both a god and a god
because Thetis gives to Juno defs. It is here, and only here, used this large neck of land xtioci, i. e. in the latter sense. To ascertain that tapos tò xri azı, ad condendum. Krisas, fense, it might have been expected, as a verb transitive, requires its ac
that the poet would have prefixed cusative case; and the sense, as it with his usual accuracy the article : fhould seem, demands it. Krica Perhaps we ought to read, ovex méXır, ist", Cwriv, are expreffions that goa gadiso occur in Pindar. Ktiget mofyous are
R. Lycophron's own words, L. 1255.
vehemence and heart-selt sentiments of the great Charles James Fox; he summed up all praise by concluding, that what he had heard that day from Mr. Sheridan ex. ceeded every thing he had heard within the walls of that House (of Commons) before.
I hear with pleature, that M:. 8. is now employing his faccetsful pen upon some dramatic piece. If true, whether it proves a Conieds, Farce, or Opera, the Public are sure of a treat ; for who that has read or leen his inimitable School for Scandal, his Critic, or a Tragedy Rehearsed, his Duenna, betides his other pieces, can dare give room to the lufpicious idea that it will not be favourabiy received ?
T. E. S.
BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.
AND FOUNDRY WOOLWICH WARREN.
ANDREW SCHALCH, ESQ. ORIGINAL OF lected, those taken at Cherburg were THE LABORATORY
in the summer of the year 1758 *.
These cannon, from whatsoever moWhen the Foundry for brass ord tive (probably that of convenience)
nance was in Upper Moorfields, they were placed near the Foundry, on the spot which is now the site of the it was determined to recait, and as, Tabernacle erected by the late Rev. by their having been so long pnblickly M:. Whitfield, in the City Road, near expoled, this was a circumstance geneFinsbury-square, and which is still rally known, the operation became an called the Foundry, from the building object of contiderable attraction. A that had perhaps continued from the very great number of perions attended fourteenth century to the reign of at the Foundry the day it was to be George the Firit; it was, at the time a performed ; among whom were inany number of pieces were to be caít, ge- of the Nobility, General Officers, &c. nerally an object of curiosity, among &c. It 10 happened, that a young man, perfons of even the upper rank of of the name of Andrew Schalch, a fociety, to see the procels of running native of Sbaffhausen, who had in the Auid metal into the moulds pre- the course of his travels (which every pared for its reception.
Burger is obliged by the municipal These moulds, it is necessary to state, law to take) been a scientific observer are formed of Stourbridge clay, loom, of the operation of several foundries sand, and earth, bound and connected upon the Continent, was also attracted with bricks, iron hoops, &c.; and in to this spot. Curiosity, or, perhaps, this operation it is absolutely necellary, as he was a person of considerable in order to insure the fatety of the learning and genius, a better motive, workmen, &c. that they hould not a l.iudable desire of improvement in an only be closely and firmly constructed, ait, the principles of which he had so that no fiffure should remain to cause Itudie:l, induced him to be there at what the artificers term a blow or wind. an early hour. He had, when he an. hole, but also that they should be per. nounced his profeffion, an opportunity fectly dry; for if they retained the given him to inspect the works, and smallett moisture when the melted metal it appears that he did this with such run, the opposition of intense heat and minute attention, as the event ihewed damp would inevitably cause an explo. to be the result of ability and experi. fion,
For a considerable time after the When the company had assembled, conclufion of the Treaty of Utrecht, a for whole reception galleries were great number of cannon taken from the erected, part of which almost overhung Freach in the ten glorious campaigns the furnace, Schalch, who trembled of the Duke of Marlborough, but by for the consequence of the operation, them rendered useless, were placed be- took an opportunity to address Colonel fore this Foundry, and in the adjacent Armitrong in French ; and after exArtillery Ground: they were perhaps plaining to him the reason he had to exhibited as objects of curiolity, per- believe that an explosion would follow haps of triumph, as, it will be recol. the fulion of the metal, warned him,
At this period twenty-one pieces of cannon and four mostars, upon carriages, were expoled for a conliderable time in Hyde Park, where a camp was formed, confitting of some companies of the artillery. The scene was a very gay and fplendid one. Booths for seireshment were allowed to be erected, and the Park was like a fair. These pieces, were afterwards drawo in triumph through the City, and placed in the Tower,
which VOL. XLII. OCT. 1802,
ih warning he desired he would acquaintance, that an advertisement irmuncate to the persons present, had appeared in some of the public
rue Colonel, who, from his papers, itating, in effect, that “ Where. puriectly understood the
as, on the
when the tie process, interrogated dreadful explosion happened at the citu, 24 found that he was inti. Foundry, Moorfields, a young man ?ly acquainted not only with the (a foreigner) stood near to Colonel tiny is and mechanical princi. Armstrong, and after some conversa.
Pühich the art is governed, but tion in French, in which he discovered a to it; lubordinate operations, He a proficiency in the art of calling cant
ding y resolved to profit by his non, warned him, to whom, from the Fiice, which he immediately commu. ftate of the moulds, he suggested the 1... !ted to his own party, and indeed probability of an explosion, to remove ***eavon ed to persuade all that would from the ipot. If the said young man Siiten to doim to remove from the vortex will call upon Colonel Armstrong, at of varger. Scarce had they uime to the Tower, he will hear of something retire io a place of security before to his advantage." the gates of the furnaces were opened, It will not be doubted but that, in and the Huid metal rushed out with compliancewith this intimation, Schalch a tremendous ncile, which, as it filled immediately attended the Colonel, by ille n pulds, was (as Schilch had fug; whom he was informed, that in congered) followed by a most dreadtul sequence of the accident that had exolodin, in which the liquid fire, lately happened, it was in the conhricks, &c. tiew about in every direc- templation of the Board of Ordnance t'on, the furnaces were demolithed, to erect another foundry, and being part of the roof of the Foundry blown convinced, by the skill and knowledge off, the galleries fell, many limbs were which he had displayed, that he would broke., I believe some lives loft, and be a proper perion to take the direction mult of the workmen scorched and of it, he was therefore authorized to bruiled in a dreadful manner t. commission liim to choose a spot where.
Schalca had in the interim left the on such a building might be erected, place. Ho mentioned the neglect of with the greatest convenience to the che principal founder, the inattention extensive operations of the works, and of the workinen to their own safety, for the carriage of the heavy mate. and the warning he had given to rials. Colonel Armstrong, to some of his Elated with this commission, and countrymen ; but he probably would with the place which a conjunction never have thought of these circum. of merit and good fortune had profinces again, had he not, after some cured him, Schalch set immediately uume had elapled, been informed by an about the execution of the firit part
Surveyrr General of the Ordrarce 1716. George Harrison, Esq. was Super, intendar tof the Foundries, in which place he succeeded Colonel A.
† An exzlohon of a fimilar rature, ariling from a natural caule, was experier.ced in the course of last fuminer, as appears trom the following extract, September 23. " Ar the late thunderstorm in Colebrock-dale, the contents of one of the furnaces belonging to the Cumpany, conhiting of about 2000 cubic feet of ore, limestone, &c. were blown up, in consequence of the sudden ingress of the water, cccationed by the overflowing of the dams. . The inttant the water entered the furnace, a dieadtul explofion took place, and a column of melted and red hot mineral was dilcharged into the air, in a perpendicular direction, upwards of 150 feet. The ex; fion was repeated two or three times, accompanied by a brilliant column of nie, the heat of which was to intense that it was telt at several hurdred yards Hestar ce."
This is an exact, ard consequently philosophical, explanation of the latent causes of those phenomena, the explosions of Mounts Veluvius and Erna, and indeed of the ebullitions of volcanoes in general. This speculation las by Dr. Wallis, Mr. Bryie, Fa. Alell. de Burgis, been adopted, and the territic operations of earthquakes traced to the same fource of lubterranean elementary contention arising fr. m adven'ithius circumstances. Di. Woodward is of the fame opinion with respect to where pheai mera ; and further obferves, that Veluvius, Eina, Hecla, &c. are valy spisacles for the discharge of the subterraneous fire.