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aid her luxuriances; when all at once; rious effrontery upon the humble ada méthought a tall figure of majestic ap. vocate of truth, and threaten and awe pearance, with a lword in its, hand, the juft man and patriot into blence. and its feet bathed in human gore, There is, indeed, à being wlio erects frode across the verdant carpet, and at himself into public notice, falfely called every ftep left itains of blood. I awoke a patriot, who sounds. the trumpet of at the frightful vision, and involunta. reform ; all are attonitbed to behoid his rily exclaimed “ Ambition."

pure and disinterelted actions during The next degree of greatness that an election; he ihakes hands with the destroys the social intercouría 'twixt butcher, drinks his glass with the talnacion and nation, and man and man, low chandler, and "hugs the greaty is that which denominates “ a Politi. rogues, they please him 10;" his heart çian." . A great Politician . (as it is overflows, and his tongue inoves with called) is the legitimate offspring of the stream of his time-ferving honety, Cunning and Corruption, capable of while it lafts : but view him feared in doing great mischiefs, and incapable of Parliament, and where does he take his humanity. From him the polluted place ? True to his principles, we find stream flows into the opinions and him on the Opposition fide. Absurd sentiments of all ranks, froin the high. farce! played by Crooked Policy'. est to the lowell, and turns the natural What has Truth to do with Pariy. course of human actions. The present Truth disclaims the distinction, and retined system of art, and Timulation in a flerts her proud prerogative in any politics, buúness, and manners, may be place; Party is the conrenient mediuun attributed to the fa!le and dangerous of Amhirion. True Patriotism has opinion that little is to be gained by nothing to do with her, and acknow. ingenuousness and truth. The con- ledges No Side but Truth. gueror Siniles at the notion of good But to return to the epithet Great. faith in treaties; the startefman ridi; There is in the opinions of philosophy cules what he calls romantic honefty i a much higher denomination; it is and the man of business looks with in Good a tisle little eiteemed, and effable contempt on the plain dealer. feldom Conight for. Let us not iinaThe minners of the times assume the gine, however, that it is exrinci, or fame character of deception, and false that Ambition may not, in the hous pretences are the resources of the of peacė, direct its views for the happigreater as well as the smaller swindler. Bess of mankind, and become a candi. The spirit of politics is transfured into date for the best of all distinctions. the most common actions of life ; and Let the Conqueror recollect that he (peciousness of words, failure of pro, has, according to the ancient and roo miles, and concealment of truth, con ceived opinions of ihe helt men, to live titute the character of our tran tactions ellewhere than in history. in the world, affitting the general de. It becomes, then, the Conqueror to pravity, till it will lwell to that enor. consider, whether there is not much inous height when it must break its more honour to be achieved in ailing mounds.

the patriot interests of a noble and It is not sufficient that some will say, once happy Repibl'c, from a pure and it has ever been so, and ever will be; disintereited love of liberty, and a that we must go with the stream; and defue to meliorate their condition, than thit á virtuous administration exists from any notive of aggrundizement of only in theory. Such wife and excel territory, which, while it pretends to lené muxims have but one fault, they ferve, robs them of their dearest privi. are not true; both moral and physical leges and hereditary righrs. The face evit increase or decrease in an equal of Poland is a disgrace to Earope, and ratio with the good or bad difpofi. the injuftice of high Powers an exam, tions of the tiines; and it is in the ple of frinud to lefser communities, power of men and nations, by their even from the public to the private mutual reciprocities and regret for family. justice, to be much happier, collectively Happy for us, in this country the and individually, than they are. 'The title of Good is to be found in the manners of the presept day present Crown. The King is good : the Xing only great and monitrous deviations loves his subjects; and the latting from morality, religion, and virtue, lo cement of their atlections will rupe eidablitbed, that they frown with auda- port the pillars of the Throne. It

is in him to give health to the fickly be no longer a suspension of their constitution of the common-wealth': liberties ; let every nian be tried whom it is in him to make all party yield to you suspect ; and we hall find how truth : it is in him to say, “ Stand by, rich and safe we are in the people's and let me tee ny people. Let there love."

G. B.

RESTORATION OF PICTURES DECAYED OR INJURED. [The following curinus Account of the Restoration of a Pi&ture of RAPHAEL, which had been much injured in its journey from Foligno to Paris, is extracted from a recent French work, publithed by the Administration of the Museum at Paris.)

SUBJECT OF THE PICTURE. were broken, hy means of pieces of In the midst of a glory of Angels, the auze pafted on the surface. Besides

Virgin Mary lits 'holding in her his injury, the white wood, of about arms the infant Jesus, who is playing thirty-two inches in thickness, on with his mother's mantle ; the receives which the picture was painted, had with humidity and modesty the vows a cleft of about ten in width at its and the prayers which are addresied to fuperior extremity, which descended to her by St. John, St. Francis, and from the centre, diminishing progreso St. Jerome, in favour of a Chamberlain fively to the left foot of the Infant of the Pope, who, with hands joined, Jesus; on each side of the frakture the implores with fervour her protection. wood was bent. A great number of

In the middle of the picture, and scales were already detached, and morebeneath the Virgin, with eyes raited over the painting was pricked in many towards her, an Angel holds a tablet parts. destined to receive the name of the It was time to think of saving this Chamberlain, the donor of the picture. valuable picture from the ruin which

The ground represents a landscape. threatened it, and the Administration

Raphael executed this work for Sigis- decided that it should be taken off, be mund Conti, a learned man, Chamber- ing well convinced that it could only lain and first Secretary to Pope Julius II. be refixed upon another ground. But The picture was then placed at the as a religious respect would not permit high altar of the Church of Araceli at an operation of this importance, partiRome. Afterwards, about the year cularly when applied to a picture of 1965, it was removed to Foligno, and Raphael, they requested the Minister given to the Church of the Religieuses of the Interior to invite the National of St. Ann, called Le Contesse, from the Institute to appoint from its own boion After Anna Conti, niece of Sigismund, a Committee to make a Report on the It was lately brought from that church projected Restoration, in order to tran: to Paris, being one of the hundred arti- quillize timorous persons, or Glence cles included in the Treaty of Tolen- those of bad faith, and above all, to zino.

render public operations the most fim. RESTORATION OF THE PICTURE. ple, and far distant from Charlacinism The Administration think they can and juggling. render an important service to the This Commission was composed of Arts, by giving to the Public an ex. Citizens Guiton and Bertholet, Chy. tract from the interesting Report made mists, and Citizens Vincent and Tax. by Citizens Guton, Morveau, Bertho. nai, Painters. let, Vincent, and Taunai, Members of They agreed with the Administra. the National Institute, to that learned tion as to the argent necessity of tak. body, respecting the operation to which ing off the picture. The following arc this valuable picture has been submit. the operations which followed. ted.

The surface being rendered smooth, When it was rewived at Foligno, ir a piece of gauze was spread over the was in such a fate/of deterioration that picturé. Citizen Hacquin cut several the Commissaries of the Arts in Italy little trenches in the wood at some disa besitased whether they ought to send it tance from each other, which werecon. to Paris, nor did they determine upon tinued from the Superior extremity of fending it until they had fixed togeiber the centre to the place where the ground the several parts of the picture which of the wood presented a surface more

straight.

Araight. He then introduced into the ened part, he applied a hot iron'; and trenches small pieces of wood, and co on the part which had ihrunk, by vered the whole furface with wet linen,. which they were i eturned to their ori. which he was careful to renew. The ginai thape, but not tili heb.id dire action of the limalt pieces of wood, covered, by intallible means, the des fwelled by the humidity again't the gree of heat which the ison ought to fottened wood of the pieture, forced polless before it was permitted in apa it to resume its first form, the two proach the picture. edges of the cleft approached, and the We have seen that he had fixed the Arritt introduced iome irong glue to painting, disembarraited from its inunite the two separated parts ; he then pression, on the paite, and all other applied cross bars of oak to preserve foreign fubitances, on aa impreffion in the picture. whilft drying, in the form oil, and that he had rettored to a which it had taken.

fmooth form the thrunk parts of its The drying proceeding flowly, the Surface ; but the cbej d'æuvre still reArtist applied a second gadze on the mained to be done, namely, io fix the firit, and successively two iheets of paper picture solidly upon a new ground. of a spongy subitance.

For this purpole ne dilengaged the This preparation being dry, he turned gauze, which had been provisorily the picture on a table, and proceeded placed on the impression, added a new with great care to separate the wood on coat of oxide of lead and oil, appired a which the picture was painted. gauze, rendered very supple, and upon

The firf operation was executed by that placed another preparation of lead means of two laws, of which the one and an unbleached cloth cur in one worked perpendicularly and the other piece, and impregnated, on the extes horizontally': he then used a plane, and rior surface, with a reánous mixture, afterwards another of a different con- on which was fixed a similar cloth fixed Itruction, until the wood was reduced in a frame. The body of the picture, to the thickness of a common sheet of disembarrassed from what had been prepaper.

viously placed on it, and furniihed In this state the wood was successively with a new ground, was then applied, moistened, by compartments, with pure with exactness, to the cloth, impregwater, until the Artist was enabled to nated with the retinous fubitance,

separate the pieces with care by the avoiding every thing that might injure point of a knife.

it by a too great or unequal extention, Citizen Hacquin, after having taken and forcing all the points of its extent off the whole impression to the paste on to adhere to the cloth fixed in the which the picture was painted, and frame. By this process the picture was above all the maltics which in former incorporated with a bale more durable settorations had been thought necessary, than the first, and fortified againit those discovered the firit sketcb of Raphael. accidents which had produced its dete

In order to render the painting more rioration, since it has been finally re. yielding, he moistened it with corton stored, which is the object of the dipped in oil, and afterwards, by means second

part

of this Report. of wax, moisteoed with oil, took off This second operation, which we the impression from the paste, and fixed will call Picturesque Restoration, was it by means of a soft bruth.

confided by the Administration to Citi. After three months drying, a guze zen Roser, to whom we are indebted was patted on the impression in oil, for the reparation of the molt valuable and over that a fine linen cloth. pictures, and whole fuccess multiplies

When the clotlr was dry, the picture the motives for confidence. The Com. was detached from the table and turned, miffaries, after having pointed out the in order to take away the gauze and process employed for this purpose, depapers firft applied with water. This clare, that it is as perfect as it was poroperation being done, he proceeded to sible to defire, and thus conclude their (mooth the inequalities upon the fur interesting Report. face, which proceeded from the thrink “ We felicitate ourselves on having ing of different parts. For tbis pur: at length seen this chef d'oeuvre of the pose the Artist applied fuccellively, on immortal Raphael rettored to existence, the inequalities, a strong palte, and hav- in all its primitive beauty, and by fuch ing placed a piece of paper on the moist. means as leave no room to fear the

retura

return of accidents, whole ravages multiplied operations, than to abandon ebreaten the objects of general admi, them to the destruction with which ration."

they are menaced. The invitation The Administration of the Central which the Adminiftration of the MuMuseum of the Arts, who, by its feum has made to the National Safti. Science, Las perfected the art of Re, tute to follow the process of Rettora toration, will, doubtless, neglect no. tion with respect to the pi&ture of thing to preserve the art in all its inte, Raphael, is a fure guarantee that the grity; and, in spite of reiterated success, enlightened men who compose it, feel st will not suffer the application of the that they ought to render an aceount Art to objects, unless they are fo de of their conduct to the whole of en. teriorated, that it will be better to run lightened Europe. the risk infeparable from delicate and

For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

A HINDOO ANECDOTE.

Near the city of Smyrna, a Bramin cating herbs, te excite phrenzy - it is

Jately died, and left a wife behind owing to your pèrnicious doctrines, Sim.

that a cuttom so ihocking to humanity In countries fubje&t to the authority is till in practice !--Go, depart bence and government of the Mahomedans, and be no more feen." the cuttom of women committing them The Bonze, undaunted, food his felves to the funeral pile with the bo- ground. He assured the Governor that dies of their deceased husbands is, if he had never spoken to the woman bepot abolithed, at least under very great fore bini į but confelled he had pre. reftri&tion; as it is not allowed to be pared many others to undergo the fame practifed but by express permifion, Sacrifice ; that it was an act agreeable

The widow of the Bramin, therefore, to her god Brama ; and for this reason waited in p sson on the Governor of the he begged the Governor, in the mod City, and in the moit pailietic manner respectfal manner, to grant his conimplored his permillion for the high fent ; on which the widow redoubled honour of burning with the body of her tears, prayers, and entreaties. The her decealed bulband, which the Go Bonze, thus encouraged to go on, vernor peremptorily refused to grant added, “Sir! great, great will be her her. Nothing diicouraged thereby, reward! great her recompense for it in the continued her entreaties - prof. the other world! there she will be re. trated herself on the ground before joined to her husband, by a second snar, him, and mingled her tears with the riage and live with him to all eternity." duft.

The widow's fine black eyes instantly All entreatics were vain : the Go received new lustre. She darted a piercvernor remained inflexible. Rage and ing look at the Bonze, expressive of despair then filled the breast of the fatisfaction, mingled with a portion beautiful victim and they broke out of terror." What," exclaimed the, in there, and such like, exclamations. “ shall I indeed find my husband in **Ah! iniferabie me! Why was my mo. heaven ? . Haw have I been deceived ther burnt ? why my aunt ! my two by two old Bonzes ! They never told lifters !-Ah! miserable mel-Why me this. They knew my husband well. am I, alone, refuled the honours of my They knew too how he treated me!-fex}"

Then. Sir," says the, turning round to A Prief, or Bonze, of the fame cast the Gupernor, "since the god Brama of Hindoos, happened to be present at would reunite me to my husband, 1 rethis interesting scene. He gazed ar: nounce him and his religion for every Sently on the young woman; and now and rmbrace yours." Then looking at and then turning his eyes towards the the Bonze, -- You may, if you please, Governor, filently reproached him, for when you see nir husband, tell hiin refuling the prayer of the widow's peti. what I have dons, and say that I hope tion. When the Governor rook notice to find myself extreinely well without of this Piiert, he exclaimed, " Wretch, him--for he was an old cross wretch ; it is you who have administered intoxi. -lupid, jealous, and oftenfive."

THE

LONDON REVIEW,

AND

LITERARY JOURNAL,

FOR OCTOBER 1802.

QUID SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILI, QUID NON.

,

Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt, in Company with several Divisions of the

French Army, during the Campaigns of General Bonaparte in that Country;
and published at Paris, under his immediate Patronage, by Vivant Denon.
Embellished with numerous Engravings. Translated by Arthur Aikin.
Two Editions. 4to. Two Volumes. 8vo. Three Volumes.

HE title of this work coincides in therefore, of particular places, and the
publication on the same subject, viz. will in some instances so perfectly ac.
« Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt, cord with each other, that no novelty,
by SONNINI," on which we bestowed a and but little variety, will be found,
very ample investigation in our Literary in those instances, by the readers of
Journal for the months of February, the prefent work; bur in other respects
March, and April 1800, Vol. XXXVII.; it will appear to possess confiderable
that some of our Readers, at the first advantages over the former.
glance, will be apt to exclaim—What, Denon embarked from Toulon for
more travels in Egypt ! to which we Egypt in the month of May 1798,
may readily reply-Yes, Gentlemen ! and arrived at Alexandria the latter
and we sincerely hope, as well for your end of June following : here, then,
information as for your rational aniuse- is a lapse of time, no less than eighteen
ment, these will not be the lait. The years, which alone constitutes a mate-
Paris Press has furnilhed employment rial difference in the description of
for our Translators, Printers, En- the state of the country, at the former,
gravers, and Booksellers ; and we trust and at the latter period; to which mart
we may yet expect from some of our be added, the two years employed in
own countrymen, who either as com new discoveries and researches. To
panions to, or Oificers in, our gallant the present Author, therefore, we are
army in Egypt, had equal opportuni- indebted for the most recent account
ties of exploring this wonderful coun of che antiquities, curiofities, and in-
try, one or more original works of ternal circumstances of Egypt, the
equal merit with the labours of the journal of his travels ending only in
ingenious and assiduous French writers the year 1800. “ An eye witneis of
abovementioned, whose malterly per- the military operations of Bonaparte,
formances are at once an honour and and protected in his excursions by an
an ornament to polite literature. escort of French soldiers, he had the

It will be recollected by the constant most favourable opportunities of exapatrons of our Magazine, that Sonnini's mining those stupendous remains, and travels commenced in the year 1773, eternal documents of the ancient civiliand terminated in 1780, when he re. Zation of the country, to which its turned to France : these data mult then unsettled itate had denied a peacealso be the guides to those readers who able admission. Hence, the work con. with to make comparisons, and to attend tains an agreeable mixture of incident to the connexion of the two works. and description ; and Citizen Denon Both Authors travelled over great part not being a soldier by profession, and, of the fame ground; their deicriptions, therefore, not hardened to the atrocio VOL. XLII. Oct. 1802,

Na

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