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Fortunately the House is not left to liberty. It is very true, that in the dischance in this important decision; on charge of this high office, much mata the contrary, it is most happily led in ter may be found in the Journals, its choice, by that sure and unerring by which considerable knowledge may criterion, experience. I have a Right be obtained; but it is a striking reHon. Gentleman in my eye, whom mark that no man, however he may many Members of the present will be ably qualified for the talk, can do recollect, with every sentiment of gra the duty of the chair, unless he is titude, to have filled the chair of this supported by the confidence of the House, during a part of the last session Members. If any man has not that of the late Parliament. His services confidence, he certainly ought not to upon that occafion must be eltimated aspire to that dignity; or if he ever as of the highest kind, and surely they should obtain it, being destitute of must challenge the highest applause, as that firm confidence and reliance, they gave the mest ample and fatis. he ought not to retain it for a single factory earnest of his future exertions hour. in the discharge of his arduous and Sir W. Scott and Mr. H. Lascelles important duty. His late services have then led Mr. Abbott to the chair. given an authentic and decided seal to The Speaker then addressed the the late Parliament sufficient to console House.- Placed for the second time in them for the loss they had sustained in this high office, I feel penetrated by being deprived of the exertions of his the deepelt gratitude, but I humbly predeceffor (Lord Redeldale). The trust that the House will rather feel Right Hon. Gentleman to whom I inclined to judge from my conduct have alluded, is characterised by in. while I retain this honour, than from dustry moit severe; attention minute any professions I can make. and unbounded; knowledge most ex Lord Caitlereagh then congratulated tensive and profound ; principles truly the Speaker in a very elegant though constitutional; private elegance and fort 1peech, upon the choice which urbanity of manners; and public dig. the House had just made, wbich, he was nified demeanour There is no oc- happy to say, met with the most cordial cafion for me to indulge in panegyric. approbation. He should, however, -He comes forward upon this occa - be wanting in respect to the House, fion peculiarly diftinguished by these did he not allo moft fincerely assure qualifcations, fortified and strength- them, that the choice they had made, ened by experience in the chair ; deep. reflected the highest honour on their ly verted in the forms of the House; discernment. When the late Parliaand entertaining the highest veneration ment had been deprived of the talents for the usages of Parliament. I now of their late worthy Speaker (Lord move, Sir, That the Right Honourable Redesdale), they had called the preCharles Abbott be called to the chair fent Right Hon. Gentleman to the as Speaker of this House.

chair from a thorough conviction that Mr. H. Lascelles, in a thort speech, in every respect, he was worthy of seconded the motion, which was car their choice. Tire House had this ried unanimously.

evening adopted the same line of conMr. Abbott.-Unquestionably, Sir, duct, and if his Majesty thould be to be recommended :o fill the chair of graciously pleased to approve of the this House, is the highest honour election juit inade, the House would which can be conferred on any Mem. certainly feel the most lively joy. ber of this assembly. Although such He concluded by moving that this recommendation

may take place House do now adjourn till to-inorrow. through the kindness of that Mem. The motion was put and carried. ber's friends, in such a case it becomes Adjourned. every man to be diffident of his abili.

WEDNESDAY, NOV. 17. ties. The little experience I have had The Speaker (Mr. Abbott) came in the chair, has however taught me to the House about two o'clock, but the neceility of a deep and comprehen- not attired in his robes, and very soon five knowledge of business, at the same afterwards the Uther of the Black Rod time that it has convinced me extreme fummoned the Members to the House vigilance is neceílary for defending of Lords.--They accordingly went up, the rights, usages, and privileges of headed by the Speaker, and on their Parliament, as the only basis of all true return, the Speaker acquainted them

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that he had been in the House of Peers, most sincere gratitude for the honopy where his Majesty, through his Com they had done him in placing him in million, had given his approbation to the chair. He must remind them, that their election of a Speaker; that he liad, the only way for him to discharge his according to ancient usage, clained by duty with dignity and effect, was by petition to his Majesty, all the rights a strict attention and obedience on and privileges of the Commons Houle their part to the forms of Parliament, of Parliament, freedom of debate, which, the more they were considered, freedom from arrest in their own pers would be the more readily obeyed. sons, and in those of their servants; A great number of Members were that' his Majesty thould conftrue all then i worn in, after which the House their proceedings in the most favour- adjourned. able manner, and that they should have The House was occupied in swearingaccess to his Majesty's person when in Members till Tuesday, Novemoccasion might require. His Majesty ber 23, when the House attended the had been graciously, pleased, by his House of Peers, to hear his Majesty's Commissioners, to give his asent to speech. all these demands in the most ample [In both Houses, the Address passed manner.

unanimously, after a Debate which He then addressed the House, and shall appear in our next.) ftated that he had only to repeat his


The Helvetic Dier to Citizen Bona mocratic Cantons, the civil war they ÞARTE , First Conful of the French Republic. have organized to attain their end, dia

66 CITIZEN FIRST CONSUL, refled at first against those Cantons, then THE Proclamation which you did vs against all Switzerland, the unexampled

the honour to send to us on the zoth feverity with which they have done it, of September, by Citizen Rapp, your Ad- have produced a discontent equally genejutant General, arrived at Schwitz on the ral and juft, and a determined and avowed 6th of October.

will to make off this insupportable voke, " We could have wihed that the letter “ It is not then, General First Consul, We took the liberty of sending you, Gene an affair of party ; it is the sacred cause, ral Fira Consul, on Sepi. 30, could have of humanity ; it is the general wish of a reached you sooner : it contains a faithful whole nation, which has given us our exposition of the present state of Switzer. power and our instructions ; of a nation land. Permit us to send you enclosed a which you yourself wished to free, and duplicate of it, and to entreat you to re which has been ill-treated and irritated ceive it favourably. It will prove to you, contrary to your intentions. that the movements which have taken “ Yet that nation, we render ourselves place in Switzerland are not the result guarantees, will never abuse the liberty it of a spirit of party, and that the Swiss claims. The Swiss have nothing more Nation has no other object in view than at heart than to attain a state of repole, to make ure of the right which she claims in which, under the thield of a mild and of giving herself a central and cantonal just Government, each inhabitant may Conftitution, founded on her position and enjoy liis property and his exiitence. We her wants--a facred and precious right, are convinced that we hall arrive at that which you deigned yourself to insure her essential object of all social order, from by the Treaty of Luneville.

the moment our will and our efforts thall “ Switzerland would long since have be no longer fettered. been tranquil, if the Meinbers of the « General First Conful, all Europe. Helvetic Government, those obscure me. admires in you the Supreme Head of an taphysicians, had confulted the real itate imniente power and empire, which, withof affairs, instead of obitinately attaching out doubt, according to your own views, themselves to theoretic attempts, as er

will be directed to the good of humanity i *roneous as they are expensive.

your magnanimity affures us, that you ". The violence with which they have will not make use of it against a people tried to impose their lyfter upon the de. who only desire what you have made them



hope, and who only wish what they be In consequence, the King of Prussia lieve themselves authorised to do by your and the First Consul engage themselves self.

to reiterate in concert, at Ratisbon and “ Penetrated with eternal gratitude, Vienna, their efforts to caule the plan the Swiss Nation will do its endeavour presented to be adepted by the Germanic to deserve the good will of the French Body, and to be ratified in its whole exGovernment ; and will fulfil all the dun tent, but particularly so far as it guararties which are imposed upon it by the tees to the Elector of Bavaria che preferdesire of cultivating good neighbour- vation of his poffeHions on the righi bank hood.

of the Inn, and as far as it lecures to " It is with the most distinguished him the town of Patiau. respect that we remain, General First And it, contrary to their hopes and Contul,

their united interposition, the Emperor, THE DEPUTIES OF THE HEL. taking advantage of the polletion of VETIC Diet.

Paflau, should retuse to evacuate it wichSchwitz, O&t. 8, 1802.

in the period of fixty days appointed for the deliberation of the Imperial Diet,

the Governments of Prussia and France PUBLIC, PRUSSIA, AND BAVARIA.

pledge themselves to combine their efforts The Firit Conful of the French Re. with those of Bavaria, to secure the latter public and the Emperor of Rullia have the preservation of her ancient donains ing offered their mediation for the are, on the right of the Inn, as well as the rangement of the affairs of Germany, parletion of Passau, and the entire ille and having made known to the Imperial demnity which has been adjudged to Diet, by their declaration of the 18th of her. August 1802, the Indemnities which


at Paris, September 5, 1802. they thought should be adjudged to each (Signed) TALLEYRAND. Prince in consequence of the 7th Article

MARQUIS DE LUCCHESINI. of the Treaty of Luneville, the King of

CETTO. Prullia haitened to conform to the plan presented, and, in taking possellion of the

PARIS, Oft. 28.-Our papers are States adjudged to him, confined himself principally occupied with details relative fcrupulously within the limits alligned in

to the intended visit of the Firtt Consul the declaration.

to the different ports of the Republic. The Emperor of Germany having, on

The Prefect of the Department of the his lide, announced the intention of cauf. Seine has published a notice on this sub. ing its. ditierenc poflessions to be occu

ject, in which, alluding to the Firk Conpied, the King of Prullia, the First Con !ul, he says, “It is to him you are qui, and the Emperor of Rullia, have indebted for victory, peace, the return of fpontaneously haftened to make known to good morals, order, and the laws-to him, that it was not at all becoming him whose activity, equally indefatiga. that his troops should pass the limits ble in peace as in war, undertakes one assigned by the declaration, or that they labour atter another, and who devotes thould occupy any territory but that his life to your happiness.” Shortly appointed for the indemnification of the after he adds, “ the name of this Hero Archduke Ferdinand.

fills the world ; ftrangers Aock to see Ye:, without regard either to this him from the extremities of the earth. declaratior, made collectively at Paris to Every where, at home and abroad, his the Imperial Amhallador by the Minister words are received as oracles of wisdom; of the three Powers, nor to that which be bas become the common Arbiter of Nahas been made at Berlin by the Count de tions and of Kings !" Haugwitz to M. de Stadion, the Au The Firit Consul fet off for Rouen Atrian troops have taken pollellion of this day, accompanied by his wife. The Passau, and his Imperial Majetty has object of his journey is stated to be to informed the Diet, by his Plenipoten- visit the manufactures of the Depart. tiary, that he would not withdraw his ment of the Lower Seine. troops, unless the countries occupied by The French Committee of Arts and the other Princes were in like manner Sciences appointed to prepare a work on evacuated, which is an indication that the subject of Egypt, at the expence of his Imperial Majesty fets no value on the Government, are proceeding in their the declaration of the Mediating Powers, labours with great activity. The work and that he regards it as void,

is expected to be very splendid.


O&t. 31. The First Consul arrived then gave an audience, when the at Rouen on the 29th, at half past four Mayor of Rouen delivered the keys of in the afternoon. He was met by all the city; on returning which, the First the Civil Officers beyond the gates of Conful answered, “I cannot entrust the city: The carriages of the Mi. the keys of the city of Rouen better nister of the Interior, the Generals than to the worthy Mayor who is at and the Prefets, who accompanied its head; but the keys, which I thalt him, led the van of the procession : in never entrust to any body, are those the Consul's carriage were Madame of the hearts of all the inhabitants of Bonaparte and General Songis; the Rouen and of this department." The cavalry which e corted them was com Prefect of the Palace then presented posed of eighty young men, natives of the different. Civil and Military OffRouen. In the evening the residence cers. He replied to each of the of the Consul, and the avenues to the speeches that were addressed to bim, city, were illuminated. After dinner and conversed with all the Deputabe walked into the gardens with Ma. tions, particularly with the criminal dame Bonaparte, and his suite, when and civil Tribunals, on the necesity artificial fire works were exhibited at of speedy decisions; with the countiy the old Palace. On arriving at that part Mayors, on the respect which ought of the terrace nearest the people, he to be paid to the laws, and on the prestopped, and seemed to labour under servation of good morals; with the a grateful emotion on receiving the Clergy on the virtue of charity, and teltimonies of their affection. On the on the spirit of peace, moderation, following day he vilited part of the and good will towards men : with the environs of Rouen, in coinpany with Tribunal of Commerce he entered tome General Officers, and escorted into lome minute details respecting the by a party of the National Guards. trade of Rouen in particular. This During this excursion he ascended the levee lasted fix hours. heights of Mont aux Malades and Mont The First Consul and his suite left des Sapins, and after mæking fome Rouen on the 5th. Before his deremarks on the civil and military his parture, he gave 50,000 franks to the tory of Rouen, returned to his pa- Hospital for the purchase of linen, and lace, where Mass was performed by 12,000 to form a Soup Establishment the Archbishop. After this religious on the plan of Count Rumford. He ceremony had been gone through, - presented fuuff-boxes, &c. to the dif. the Mayor and his Ollicers presented ferent Mayors and Archbishops. certain presents, according to ancient Lord Whitworth, the British Am. custom, on similar occalions; they bassador, arrived in Paris on Sunday confitted of 40 boxes of dried (weet. the 14th. meats and 40 bottles of wine. On Don Ferdinand, the Infant of presenting them, the Mayor delivered Parma, died of a liver complaint on an Addreis, the object of which was the oth October. to express the gratitude and admi. By an order from the French Go. ration of himself and his fellow-citi. vernment, the Duke de Choiseul was zens, for the advantages which they arrested at Calais on his return had derived from the Consular Go. Paris. This unfortunate Nobleman vernment. The Address is, of course, had come to England to give up more couched in the usual Ityle of French than 8ool. per annum, which he held adulation ; it praises the Conful for a gift from our Government. collecting in the field of victory the This is the 4th or 5th time he has olive of peace, re-establishing the edi. been doomed to confinement since the fice of morals on the basis of reli- Revolution. gion, &c. &c. On addressing Madame Toussaint, the African Chief, it apBonaparte, the Orator said, “ Con- pears has been removed from Paris, descend to accept, Madam, through to a dungeon in the Ile of Elba. me, their spokesman, the respectful Accounts recently received in France homage of the inhabitants of Rouen. from St. Domingo are stated to anWhat unlimited right, Madam, have nounce the death of General Leclerc, you to our gratitude ; you, who dis and the extention of disease and revolt charge the debt of patriotisın by con. throughout the island. The breach of vibuting to the happiness of the Hero faith practised against Toussaint, and who is dear to us all." Bonaparte 4 or 5000 of his followers, has naturally





excited distrust amongst the rest, who the list of Councillors of State will appear to embrace every occasion to complete his punishment. escape from the power of their new Means are taking by the Missionary masters.

Societies for the extension of Method.

ifin in France. Some Missionaries are Another Black General, named Bel

now there, and their success is repre. lazer, who had submitted to the French sented as being considerable. in St. Domingo, and had been admit. ted into their service and confidence, has been placed at the disposal of the

It appears that the Dutchy of Parma has revolted, and joined the insurgents. French Republic. This event has There are accounts, via America, to the end of September, at which period concluded between France and Spain,

taken place, in virtue of a Convention the brigands were increasing in num

on the 21st of March 1801, by which bers and in confidence. They have the States of the infant Duke were to burnt some fmall towns about Monto devolve to the French Republic on his Christo, and in the Eastern part of the decease. This Prince having died on 11:2:nd were almost unoppoledi.

the gth ult. the First Contul has de. The disgrace of Bonaparte's private cided that the exercise of the jove. Secretary has been the subject of inuch reignty is transferred to him and his convenation at Paris. The facts which coadjutors by right. With this view, led to this circumítance are thus stated he has suddenly appointed Moreau de in a private communication : " Bour- St. Mery, the French Minister at Parrien, the secretary, whose paflion for ma, to act as Administrator-General of money is so well known as to have the States of Parma, Gualtalla, Pia. become proverbial, formed a connexion cenza, &c. This Minister has in conwith the house of Coulon and Co. and sequence published the following Proput into the concern one million five clamation : bundred tloufund livres, for which he 1. From the oth O&tober all the was to receive intereit at the rate of rights and powers attached to the Sothree per cent. per month, or 36 per vereignty in the faid States of Parma, cent. by the year, their being no law in Piacenza, Guastalla, &c. belong and France to prevent ufury. The autho. remain to the French Republic. rity of Bourrien's situation, his known II. The Provisional Regency estab. wealth, and the publicity of his con lished the same day that his Royal nexion with the houie, gave the con. Highness the Infant Duke of Parma

great respectability. After a died is suppressed. length of time, B. fuddenly with III. All the Functionaries of the old drew his money, but lett the interest Government ihall continue provitiondue on his a:lvances, ainounting to ally, and until a new order express upwards of 42,000l. iterling, in the their functions. hands of the houle. This was a great IV. The public acts of whatever blow to the concern : they still, how. nature, shall be made out in the name ever, managed to make good their pay- of the French Republic, and thail ments, till B. suddenly demanded his bear a double date, viz. that of the interest. The creditors then repaired calendar of this Republic, and that of in a body to the Prefect of the Police, the old calendar. to whom they represented their cale, V. No act of public administration stating, that they had given credit to or legislation, hall have any validity, the house chicfiy on the strength of unless it emanates directly from us, or Bourrien's itability, who, by with. is clothed with our approbation. drawing himself, had defrauded the VI. We enjoin all the public func. creditors. The Prefect directly sent tionaries, without exception, under an account of the transaction to the their responsibility to increase their Firit Conful, who ordered B. to restore zeal and activity, to labour conjointly tlie 40,000l. He at first hesitated; but with us to maintain good order, and the First Consul told him if he did not public tranquility, to secure the triinstantly comply, he would send him to umph of justice, without which there the Bicetre, and there leave him to rot! is no society, and to preserve among a B. knew too much of French law to people, worthy of all our cares, the hostate. The 40,000l. was initantly respect which it owes to its Magifre-embarked in the concern. B.'s dit: trates, as also the sentiment of hapgrace followed, and his era!ure from piness to be governed by France.

VII. The


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