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Hants, the place of his residence; Castle, “ Aimez Loyaulti" (which has declared, “ that if the King had not ever since been the motto of the family); another foot of ground in England, he which fo provoked the soldiers of would hold that spot for him to the Cromwell (as they probably considered last extremity."

it as a stingingreproach to their leader), In consequence of this resolution, that, after plundering it of money, Basing. Castle sustained a fiege of more jewels, and furniture, as it is said, to than two years; from August 1643 the anouift of two hundred thousand until the 16th of October 1645; when, pounds, they determined to burn it after the loss of upwards of a hundred to the ground; which resolution it men, the Castle was taken by storm, appears they most conscientiously exeand the gallant Marquis, with the cuted, for, except a gateway; upon Mattered remains of his force, made which were the arms of the first Marprisoners.

quis (the builder), and a small portion This Nobleman had, during this of the external walls, they destroyed memorable fiege, caused to be written every other part of it. These Vestiges with a diamond on the windows of his were remaining folately as the year 1765. Winchester. Baling was the head of his Barony, and has this circumstance, which has, I helieve, atiended few estates in the kingdom, attached to it: the pofleffion has been in the heirs of his body ever since, and has been with little interruption their principal residence, and has also always had (I think) annexed to it the principal eitate.

It would he to little purpose minutely to trace the genealogy of this noble family, which has already been given with equal precision and corre&ness by the author I have quoted, and several others, yet it may be material to flate that William, the fifth Baron, assumed the name of St. John, writing himself “Willielmus de Sancto Johanne, filius & hæres Adæ de Port." He was living in the reign of Henry the Third, and married Godchild, daughter of N. Pagenball. The seal of his arms on a deed of gift to the Morks of B xgrave was on a Chief, three Mullets.

The family name being thus changed to St. John, descended to William St. John, ancestor to the Lord St. John of Bleiso, and Viscount Bolingbroke; but we find the - Barony, in the time of the ninth Baron, vested in the person of Thomas Poynings Lord St. John, of Baling, who died 1428, 7th of Henry the Sixth. He was, I think, the ancestor of Sir Edwand Poynings who, in the time of Henry Seventh, rendered himself famous by his driving Perkin Warbeck out of Ireland, and fill more famous, by the Statute which he procured, called Poynings' Law, and also another, which added to the grandeur of the Irish Parliament by enaĉting that the Peers should always at in their robes.

In the time of Henry the Seventh, Basing came by marriage to Sir W. Paulet, K.B. whole fon Sir William was the first Marquis of Winchester, so famous for bis flexibility.

* Some idea may be formed of the value of the furniture of this mansion from a Statement that has come down to us, that a single bed cost 14,000l ; each private soldier is said to have had 300l. for his share of the plunder. It is therefore no wonder, tince Rebellion was to profitable, that it was for a time successful.

† It may not be improper, in order to introduce a hint respe@ing a man who in the latter part of his life might have been termed a Republican Oak; or, in the cant of modern times, a branch of the Tree of Liberty ; to obierve, that the firft wife (for he had three) of this Marquis of Winton was Jane, the daughter of Viscount Savoy, and the lady whore epitaph was written by Milton : it begins in a manner that would ditgrace the Bellman:-" This rich marble does inter

6. The honour'd wife of Wincbefter."

Vide Milton's Works, 12mo. 1747, p. 281. It appears by this epitaph, that the lady died in childbed at the age of 23 ; and it is a little extraordinary, considering the steady principles of the Bard, that, living or dead, he mould have ever thought of prailing any part of a family so conspicuous for its loyalty as that of the Marquis; who, whatever the npinion of the poet might have beei, had certainly remained the same inflexible character through lite. Of his own epitaph, written by Dryden, it is but fair to give a specimen, in order to draw the attention of the reader to the whole :

“He who in impious times undaunted stood,
“ And, midit Rebellion, dar'd be just and gocd ;
" Wiose arms allerted, and whole suffering more
“ Confirmed, the cause for which he fought before," &c.

Vide DRYDEN, Bell's Edit. p. 204:

MEMOIRS

OF

ALEXANDER DALRÝMPLE, ESQ.

ever.

[ Concluded from Page *327.] A

LTHOUGH it had long been in and that your memory will live for

contemplation to have an Hy. Love of fame is a laudable andrographical Office at the Admiralty, bition, Young calls it the universal it did not take effect till Earl Spen- passion; and yet how few pursue the cer's administration, when, in 1795, true road to it. a memorial to his Majesty in Council “ I wish you was placed in a ficu. was prefented by the Commissioners ation that would afford you more for executing the Office of Lord High means, and a greater latitude to pursue Admiral, recommending the measure, your favourite Itudy. I mean at the which was graciously approved, anri Head of an Hydrographical Board, the Admiralty empowered to ap- established by authority of Govern. point a proper person to be Hydro. ment, to which ofice encouragement grapher to the Admiralty; Earl Spencer should be given, to bring all surveys was pleased to think of Alexander and discoveries of rocks, thoals, &c. Dalrymple as a proper person. On and those found good, printed at the this being mentioned to him, Alex- public expence. It is no more than ander Dalrymple observed that he was what the interest, as well as reputation, much fattered by the distinction, but of the nation, as a great maritime thought it incumbent upon him to state, requires thould be done. By inform the East India Company in the such an office, well conducted, what first instance; not only as he had been an increase of good surveys would the in their service so great a part of his Publick be benefited with! And the life, and was now in a similar employ- good being stamped with the authority ment for the Company, but they of the Board, would direct the pur. having given him a pention for lite, chaler to avoid those erroneous Charts, it behoved him to pay them the greater which, instead of serving to avoid dan. attention, although the two offices were gers, too often fatally lead to them. not incompatible, but rather parts of “ To encourage men of genius, is the fame. The Court of Directors one great means to make a, State expressed their assent to Alexander flourish, our Ministers in general, I Dalrymple's acceptance of the Oifice think, have never been eminent for of Hydrographer to the Admiralty, that virtue; a genius in this country and Alexander Dalrymple was accords may remain unknown to our Ministers, ingly appointed.

though known and eitecmed in every On this occasion it will be expedient other State of Europe." to insert a letter from that distinguished « Charles Sireet, character, the late Admiral Kempen Dec. 24th, (1780).” felt, a man, in his course through a long life of public service and ditin

The opinion of this intelligent offi. guilhed merit, witbout a fee or im

cer may serve to teítity, that for the

effectual benefit of the Publick, the putation!

Etablishment of the Hydrographical « DEAR SÍR,

Ofice hould be on a more extensive “ I have received your very valuable plan than at present; What were the Charts for particular parts of the Ealt powers or duties of Grand Pilo: do not Indies-what an infinite deal of pains appear, though that ofce was as inand time you must have bełtowed to cient, at least, as Edward the VI. who form such a numerous collection! It appointed Sebastian Cabot in that caseems an Herculean labour! but it is pacity. a proof what genius joined with in. The following very sensible ordonduitry is capable of. However you nunce of the French was of ro old a have the pleasing reflection that you date as the month of August 1681, but have succelsfully laboured for the it is taken from a cupy publithed at public good, the good of navigation, Paris, in 1747.

Trana

TRANSLATION.

tion of the Admiralty, have hitherto Title VIII.

prevented any effectual measures being 6 of the Professor of Hydrography,

adopted, although many plates have

been engraved towards forming a comART 1: “ We will, that in the mot plete collection of Charts, for the use considerable maritine towns of our of his Majesty's Navy. Kingdom, there be Pre sjors of Hydrography, to teach publickly Navigation. The annexed is a List of Alexander

ART. 2. “ The Professors of Hydro. Dalrymple's Publications, graphy must draww, and inttruct their Catalogue of PRINTED Books and Icholars to make them capable of Tracts by A. DALRYMPLE, exfiguring the ports, coaits, mountains, clusive of the Nautical Publications trees, towers, and other things serving which are printed in a separate Lift. for marks to harbours and roads, and to make Charts of the lands they dif Those marked * were never publifkeł. cover.

Those marked t not fold. ART. 3. “ They must four days in each week, at lealt, keep their (1)Account of Discoveries in the South schools open, in which they must have Pacific Ocean before 1764. 8vo. 1767. cbarts, nautical inftructions, globes,

spheres, (2) + Memorial to the Proprietors compasses, forestaffs, astrolabes, and other of East India Stock. 8vo. 1768. inftruments and books necessary in (3) + Account of what has palied their art.

between the East India Directors and ART. 4.

“ The Directors of the Alexander Dalrymple, as first printed. Hospitals of the Town, where there 8vo. 1768. hall be an Hydrographical School, (4) Account of what has passed thall be bound to send there for in. Do.- Do.-as published. 8vo. N.B. ftruction, annually, two or three child. It is dated 1969, by a ridiculous custom ren, who shall be kept there, and of Printers, to date Publications, furnished with books and instructions printed towards the close of the year, necessary to learn navigation.

as if in the year ensuing. ART. 5.

“ The Profefors of Hy. (5) Plan for extending the Comdrography thall carefully examine the merce of this Kingdon, and of the Journals of Voyages lodged with the Eait India Company, by an ElablithRegifter of the Admiralty, of the place ment at Balambangan.-N.B. Although of their eltablishment, and correct ihein p'inted in 1709, it was not publidied in presence of the Pilots, who had erred till 1771. in their track.

(6) Letter concerning the proposed ART. 6. " They are not to retain Supervisors. 20th June 1769. 8vo. more than one month the journals (7) Letter concerning the proposed which fall he communicated by the Supervifiors. 30th June. P. S. 3d Register, which we enjoin to be done, July 1769. 4to. 1769. free of charge, on pain of interdiction. (8) Second Letter-Do.--10th July

" We declare the Pio. 1769. 4to. 1769. feffors of Hydrography actually teach (9) Vox populi Vox Dei, Lord ing, exempt from watch, and guard, Weymouth's Appeal to the General guardianship (Guet and Garde, Curatelie) Court of India Proprietors, considered, and all other publick charges.

14th August. P. S. 19th Auguft 1769. ART. 8. They are prohibited 4to. 1769: from absenting from the places of the (10) Historical Collection of South establishment, without leave of the Sea Voyages. 2 vols. 4to. 3770. 4to. Admiral, or of the Mayors and Sheriffs 1771. who pay their salaries, on pain of losing (11) + Proposition of a benevolent their appointments."

Voyage to introduce Corn, &c. into This plan is admirably adapted to New Zealand, &c. 410. 1771. make navigators in the general course (12) Considerations on a Pamphlet of service well qualified for all stations. (by Governor Johnstone) entitled

We understand Alexander Dalrymple "Thoughts on our Acquisitions in the has given in several memorials of mea. East Indies, particularly respecting sures expedient to be pursued in the Bengal.” 8vo. 1772. charge of Hydrographer'; but the many (13) General View of the East India in portant objects requiring the atten- Company's Affairs (written in January

ART. 7.

1769), to which are added fume Obe 19th June 1777.-Memorial -29th fervations on the present State of the June 1777. Company's Affairs. 8vo. 1772. (29) + Account of the Subversion of

(14) | A Paper concerning the the Legal Government of Fort St. General Government for India. 8vo, George, in Answer to Mr. Andrew

(15) + Rights of the East India Stuari's Letter to The Court of Di. Company.-N.B. This was printed at rectors. 4to. 1778. the Company's Fixpence. 8vo. 1773, (30) Journal of the Grenville,

(16) Letter toDr. H.awkesworthi. published in the Philosophical Transito. 1773.

actions. 4to. 1778. (17) Obfervations on Dr. Hawker. (31) Considerations on the present worth's Preface to 2d Edition. 4toState of Affairs between England and 1773. An Opinion of Sir David Dal. America. 8vo. 1778. symple, that there was too much af. (32) Considerations on the East In. perity in this Reply, retarded, and the dia Bill 1769. 8vo. 1778. Death of Dr. Hawkesworth, prevented (33) State of the East India Comthe Publication.

pany, and Sketch of an equitable (18) + Memorial of Doctor Juan Agreement. 8vo. 1780. Louis Arias (in Spanish ) 4to. 1773. (34) Account of the Loss of the

(19) + Proposition for printing, by Grosvenor. 8vo. 1783. Subscription, 'the MS. Voyages and (35) Reflections on the present Travels in the British Museum. 4to. State of the East India Company. Svo, 1773.

1783, (20) A full and clear Proof that 36) A Short Account of the Gentoo the Spaniards have no right to Balam- Mode of collecting the Revenues on bangan. 8vo. 1774.,

the Coast of Coromandel. 8vo. 1783. (21) An Hiltorical Relation of the (37) A Retrospective View of the several Expeditions, from Fort Maibro' Antiene Syltem of the East India Comto the Itands off the West Coast of pany, with a Plan of Regulation. 8vo. Sumatra. 4to. 1775.

1784. (22) Collection of Voyages, chiefly (38) Poftscript to Mr. Dalrymple's in the South Atlantic Ocean, from the Account of the Gentoo Mode of colo Original MSS. by Dr. Halley, M. lecting the Revenues on the Coast Bouvet, &c. with a Preface concerning of Coromandel, being,--Observations a Voyage on Discovery, proposed to be made on a Perusal of it by Moodoo undertaken by Alexander Dalrymple Kiltna. 8vo. 1785. at his own Expence; Letters to Lord (39) Extracts from Juvenilia, or Po. North on the Subject, and Plan of a ems by George Wither. 24mo. 1785. Republican Colony: 4to. 1775. (40) Fair State of the Case, between

(23) + Copies of Papers relative to the East India Company, and the the Restoration of the King of Tan. Owners of Ships now in their Service, jour, the Imprisonment of Lord Pigot, to which are added ---Confiderations &c. Printed by the East India Coins on Mr. Brough's Pampliet, concerning pany, for the use of the Proprietors. E.It India Shipping: 8vo. 1786. 4to. 1777.-- N.B. In this Collection (41) A serious Admonition to the are many Minutes of Council, and Publick on the intended Tlief Colony some Letters by Alexander Dalrym- at Botany Bay, printed for Sewell, ple.

Cornhill. (24) * Several other pieces on the (42) Review of the Contest conSaine Subject, written by Alexander cerning Four New Regiments, gra. Dalrymple, were printed by Admiral cioutly offered by his Majesty to be Pigot and Alexander Dalrymple, but sent to India, &c. 8vo. 1788. not sold; those particularly by Alex (43) * Plan for pronoting the Furander Dalrymple are 4to. 1777.

Trade, and securing it to this Coon. (25) Notes on Lord Pigot's Nar- try, by uniting the operations of the rative.

Eait India and Hudson's Bay Companies. (26) Letter to Proprietors of East 4to. 1789, India Stock. 8th May 1777.

(44) * Memoir of a Map of the Lands (27) Account of the Transactions around the North Pole. 410. 1789; concerning the Revolt at Madras. (45) An Historical Journal of the Joth April 1777. Appendix.

Expeditions by Sea and Land, to the (28) Letter to the Court of Directors. North of California in 1768, 1769, and

4

*770,

3770, when Spanish Establishments (53) + Observations on the Copper were first made at San Diego and Mon- Coinage wanted for the Gircars. Printed terey, tran Nated from the Spanish Ms. for the use of the East India Company. by William Revely, Esq. to which is

8vo. 1794. added, Translation of Cabrera Bueno's (54) The Poor Man's Friend. 8vo. Description of the Coast of California,

1795. and an Extract from the MS. Journal (55) A Collection of Englid Songs, of M. Sauvague le Muet, 1714. 4to. with an Appendix of Original Pieces. 1790.

8vo. 1796. (46) A Letter to a Friend on the (56) * A Fragment on the India Teit Act. 8vo. 1790.

Trade, Written in 1791. 8vo. 1797 (47) The Spanish Pretensions fairly (57) Thoughts of an old Man of dilcussed. 8vo. 1790.

independent Niind, though dependent (48) The Spanish Memorial of 4th Fortune. 8vo. 1800, printed for ReyJune considered. 8vo. 1790.

nolds, Oxford-treet. (49) † Plan for the Publication of a (58) Oriental Repertory, Vol. ift. Repertory of Oriental Information. 4to. April 1791 to January 1793. 410. 1790.

(59) Oriental Repertory. Vol 2d. (50) * Memorial of Alexander Dal. 4to. (not completed). symple. 8vo. 1791.

(51) Parliamentary Reform, as it is N.B. There are some other pieces called, improper, in the present state printed by Alexander Dalrymple, of this Country. Svo. 1793.

which from want of a copy to refer to, (52) Mr. Fox's Lerier to bus Worthy cannot be particularised ; and also fome and independent Electors of West in the Press unfinished, especially a minster, fully considered. 8vo. 1793, Treatise of Practical Navigation, of princed for Stockdale, Piccadilly. which three Chapters are printed.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, AS I was, one morning lately, taking my usual walk in Kensington Gardens,

I by chance perceived on one of the seats what I imagined to be a letter. As a person, when totally idle, is eager to seize any thing that appears likely to give the least amusement, I immediately took it up, and found I had been more fortunate than ever I could have expected. On examination, I dif. covered it to be tlie outlines of a Didactic Poem. It seems to have been the intention of the writer to have comprised it in twenty Books, but the Com. mencement of Book I., the Arguments of Books II. and III., and a detached Episode, is all Fortune has thrown into my hands. The perutál of it gave me peculiar pleasure, and I think I cannot perform my duty to society until I have communicated the pleasure to my countrymen. I have, at the same time, some hopes, the applause it will no doubt gain will emboiden the author to finish a Poem he has commenced so successfully. If the writer does not intend to favour the world with a continuation of his labours, I am still confident, that in bringing this fragment into the world, I am doing an effential service to literature. The inestimable Treatise of Longinus is a fragment, yet no one will dispute its value. I have attempted to point out some passages in which I discover imitations, or

casual similitudes, with the classics: I have also endeavoured to elucidate some pailages, which I thought needed it. Conscious of inability, I could not do more, and a regard to justice would rot permit me to du less. If you think it proper to publish the enclosed, on fonte future occasion I Mall present you with the remainder.

I am yours,

HERANIO.
THE ART OF CANDLE-MAKING.

A DIDACTIC POEM, IN TWINTY LOOKS.
Non fumum ex fulgore, fed ex fumo dare lucem.

ARGUMENT OF Book I.
Subject proposed – Invocation The subject proved to be of great importance to
Poets-To Lovers-The tale of Hero and Leander-To Moraliks-The re-

lemblance

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