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► femblance a Candle bears to the life of Man The story of Prometheus, the inventor of Candles-Remarks on the Mythology of the Ancients-OvidHeliod -Homer-Of Machinery- The early ages fond of it, and why?-The itory of Theseus and Ariadne-Light-houses, the great benefit of– Edy stone Light house-Candles probably made use of on this occalion among the An. cients-Light-Sir Isaac Newton-Optics-Astronomy-Chronology-Age
of the World not known-Mofès-Bonaparte-Friar Bacon-Conclulion. (1) WHEN Phabus refts his head in That future ages from my verse
may , [Heav'n,
[Candles. And ebon clouds oblcure the face of The art sublime of making. Tallow How best a friendly luttre to supply, Inspir'd ly Hops, a bard (11) has sung And by the aid of man dispel the gloom its praise,
[ftrains : That through all nature reigns fu. And prov'd its influence in narcotic
preme, I sing. (bard (2) The Cyder-making and Wool-combing Ye, who of old inspired the Mantuan arts (12)
[explain. Tosing the labours of a Farmer's life,(3) Have both found bards their secrets to Now give alliltance to mybold attempt(4) Then why, ye Critics, that disdainful And grant my verses, like my theme,
(unsung? [fong, Say, why should Candles be alone Nor is the subject that demands my No! I thill sooner seize th' advent'rous Unworthy of the Muses' kindelt aid,
(talk, For oft their vot’ries have its influence And, though unequal to fo great a known.
Shall, in Miltonic numbers, nobly dare (5) Within some cloud-capt tower of To paint the labours of a Melting day. fam'd Grub-street,
Ye, who unceasing at Love's altar bend, See the poor poet at his table fit, Scorn not the poet, or his theme despise; His last fad rulb light to the socket. For though in darkness Love delights spent ;
[sublime, to lurk, In vain he tries to make his lays Yet lovers often have its aid enjoy'd. (6) The half-form'd thought incum. This none can doubt who have with ber'd hobbles forth,
tears perus'd (tale; (13) And the sense glimmers with the (And ah! what lover has not ?) the fad glimm'ring light.
How, aided by the taper's twinkling Till prompted by necessity, with care ray,
[waves, He props th' expiring wick upon a pin, Leander boldly stemm'd the hoift'rous Then 'with resuscitated
powers it And gain'd a harbour in his mistress" flames,
[condemn, (7) And the verse quickly gains its prif- Nor should the Moralists my theme tine ftrength.
(14) For who can view the Candle's So have I seen a poor unlucky boy
(Man? Dragg'd lifeless from that smoothly And not bethink him of the life of
gliding stream, (plains, From op'ningchildhood uptoage mature (8) That laves the fertile Trinobantine We trace its semblance strong in ev'ry Aud, by the kind Promethean art of
[Time Hawes, (9)
[friends. And when at last the with’ring hand of Restord to life, his country, and his Lays all the honours of proud manhood Such is th' important subject I have low,
Still we the likeness see, and humbled T'immortalise in never dying strains,(10) Kings, Confuls, Candles, all expire alike!
NOTES EXPLANATORY AND CRITICAL. (1) The opening of this poem is peculiarly beautiful. We here see the Subject proposed in a moft fimple yet dignified manner, and a thought, which of itself is low and trivial, by the art of the Poet made majestic and important.
(2) Mantua was the birth place of Virgil. Thus his epitaph—" Mantua me genuit," &c.
(3) The Georgicksm" Quid faciat lætas fegetes,” &c. (4) “Da facilem curfum atque audacibus annue cæptis."-VIRGIL,Geor.lib.1.41.
(5) Grub-street, in the ward of Cripplegate, running between Moor-treet and Chilwell-streer, Vid. Map of London. lis apparent poverty, I suppose, bas given rise to the idea of its being the retidence of the foraries of the Mules. VOL.XLII. Dsc. 1802. Tii
That it has long had this character is well known : Pope, in the Dunciad, has often mentioned it as such. By the “cloud-capt tower," an expression taken from the immortal Shakespeare, the Poet means the attic story of a house, or what is commonly called the garret. For the benefits of living in a garret, Vid. Rambler, No. 117.
(6) To make the sound echo to the sense, has long been considered an excellency only to be found in two or three of the greatest masters of verlification'. Homer and Virgil excel all the ancients in this beauty ; but I question whether there is a more perfect example of it in all their works, than we have in these two lines. For remarks on this art, the reader may consult Dion. Halic. Dimit. Phal. Blair's Lectures, and The Elements of Criticism.
(7) Another beautiful instance of the same. As in the last we felt the verse languid, and as it were impeded, we here feel it flow with itrength and celerity. Belide the writers already mentioned, see Pope's Art of Criticism.
(8) I imagine the stream here alluded to, is what is commonly called, the New River, although there appears some arguments to believe the Poet means the river Lea; as the Trinobantes were the inhabitants of Ellex and Middlesex, and the latter mentioned river has its course through these counties. Vid. Camden's Brit. Moll Speed, and other topography; also Brooke's, Salmon's, and Walker's Gazetteers. The critical reader will, perhaps, discover an inconsistency in this line. If the river “ glide smoothly," how can it wash or lave the plains ? It might be said with justice of a river that is liable to overflow its banks, but not of one that " glides (mouthly” within its banks. I am sure, if the author had reviewed this a second time, he would have corrected it; and, if I might be allowed to hazard a suggestion, instead of the word “lave," would have put the word eats, which at once conveys a most beautiful idea to the reader's imagination, viz. a river devouring a plain, and exprelles, in a very Itrong manner, the nature of the river described. The thought, I mult own, is from Horace, but that surely is no objection.
Non rura, que Liris quietâ
Mordet aqua taciturnus amnis. Hor. Od. 31. lib. i. (9). The excellent Founder of the Humane Society.
(10) There is scarce a poet, of any antiquity, but what has made a like declaration of their expectations. Vid. Ovid Metam. 15. Virg. Gev. 3. Hor. Od. s. This one circumstance proves the poetical abilities of the author.
(11) The “Hop Garden," a Georgick, in 2 books, by Christopher Smart. (12) “Cyder,'' a Poem, by John Phillips, and “ The Fleece," by Dyer.
(13) The Hero and Leander of Muræus. Some people suppose this beautiful Poem to be the work of some more modern poet than Musæus, the successor of Orpheus. Voffius and others think it belongs to one Onomacritus, who was feven hundred years younger than Mufæus. This opinion seems chiefly to reft on the authority of Pausanias, who mentions that person as the writer of some fragments attributed to Mufæus, extant in his time, but whether the Hero and Leander was one of them, does not appear. Others, among whom are F. Casaubon, and Daniel Parzus, imagine it the work of some writer in the fifth century of the Chriftian zra. I thall not pretend to give an opinion on the subject, but Thall leave it to the confideration of the judicious reader, who may confult, if he pleases, Vofius, Paræus, Cafaubon, Heinseus, Scaliger, and the other critics who have discusled the subject more at large.
(14) I with the reader to notice the beauty, and excellent moral tendency, of these concluding lines.-Vide. Gray's Inn Journal, No. 27.
ARGUMENT OF BOOK II. This Book opens with the Genius of Russia pronouncing a panegyrick on Rustian
Tallow- The great Benefits arising from Navigation --Argonautic Expedie tion-Captain Cooke-Remarks on Expeditions in general - For CommerceFor Religion-For Conquest-A Personification of Expedition - Egypt Address to the Memory of Bruce-Palmyra-Zenobia-The Nile --Crocodiles -Pyramids—The Plague-Tallow Chandlers not affected with the Plague of 1665-Oxygen-Azote-Description of a Tallow.Chandier's thon-Weights and Scales-Episode of Sextillus and Pruinella --Consumptions cured by the Smell of Tallow-Conclusion,
OF THE LATE
Some small memorial leit behind,
JOHN THE HERMIT. See Poetry in our lajt, p. 382. IT
has been the established custom in character, of a faithful friend, and of a all ages, and almost in every nation companion, through the long course under the Sun, not excepting even the of half a century, hopes he may juftly uncivilized, to erect some frail memo- 'claim; for nothing but the truth shall rial of departed fellow-mortals, and to be briefly related. perpetuate, as far as human means A classical education, no matter when could effect it, the remembrance of or where, gave my decealed friend an great and good men.
early taste for scientific and polite litera. On this principle, pyramids, mauso. țure, and perhaps no better means offerleums, obelisks, and monuments, with ing to indulge this propenlity, he set out their various decorated recorded tablets, in life, in the station of a bookfeller, by have, from earliest antiquity, been the which we are not always to understand pompous fhrines in which the manes of a mere buyer and feller of books, but the illuttrious dead have been pre. not unfrequently, what the French term ferved, and memorials of their noble un homme de lettres, a learned man, one deeds handed down to remote pofte- who is well fkilled in literature-such rity.
was Mr. Robert Dodsley, bookseller in Thus Heroes, Statesmen, Kings, in dufl re- London, also a dramatic poet and mirpose.
cellaneous author, who paid the debt
of nature in 1764 ; and such was the But it has sometimes happened, that late Mr. Samuel Paterson, recently de. these posthumous honours have been parted; and fuch, at this day, are paid to the good and the bad inditcri. fome distinguished booksellers in dif. minately ; to the tyrant, and to the ferent countries on the continent of Father of his people ; to the fanguine Europe. destroyer of devoted nations, and That branch of the business in whicha to the brave deliverer of his country my friend engiged was, at the distant from Jawless usurpation and uncon- period of time when he first settled, but trolled oppreflion. Hence, the bright little known in England-the importaexanıples and the moral ledons which tion of foreign boks ; in this departe should be conveyed to the living are ment, the late Paul Vaillant was almost perverted, base adulation extends its alone ; certainly the most eminent, influence beyond the grave, and many and commonly callery the Foreign Bookof these Splendid monuments exhibit feller. Mr. Paterson followed in the only, lying legends.
Tame line, and but for the mismanageIn the humbler walks of private life, ment of the person intrusted to exethe useful ralents, the amiable virtues, cute his commissions abroad, might of the good citizen, ere the tears that have succeeded as well. bedewed his funereal obsequies have He afterwards directed his views to cealed to flow, find a readier mode of an employment for which he was pecu. preservation from oblivion ; an untar. liarly qualified, and perhaps unrivalled. nishable record, perhaps not less dura. It is certain he has left no equal, nor, ble than marble, being not so liable to as it is to be feared, any fucceffor. the depredations of time, a never-fad In the arduous and difficult talk of ing record on the pages of the faithful composing scientific and classical cata. hiitorian, or the candid biographer; logues of public and private libraries of the latter title the writer of this laf books and manuscripts in the ancient tribute to the memory of a worthy and modern languages, for a long teries • See the Obituary in our lart, for the latter end of October. liia
of years, Mr. Paterson acquired the lected principally, with a view to a highest degree of reputation, and se- History of English Literature, fold in veral volumes of his catalogues, which March 1771, in three parts. are now becoming scarce, are not only The third, Bibliotheca Fletwoodiana, well known to the literati of the prin- including the ancient Conventual li. cipal cities and universities of Europe, brary of Meffenden Abbey, Buckingbut constitute valuable articles in their hamshire. Sold in 1774. public libraries.
The fourth, Bibliotheca Beauclerk. A talent fo rare could not fail of re- iana, or the valuable library of the late commending him to the notice of per- Hon. Topham Beauclerk, F. R. S. fons of high rank in his own country, consisting of thifty thousand volumes diftinguilhed for their refined talte, and in most languages, and upon almost judgment in literature, amongit whom every branch of science and polite he had the honour to be held in great literature. Sold in 1781. This cataesteem ; more particularly by the Mar- logue, in my possession, forms a very quis of Lansdown, who consigned to large and thick volume, in octavo, him the care of arranging his valuable closely printed. and well.chosen collection of books, The fiftb, Bibliotheca Croftfiana, a in the new and elegant library (built catalogue of the curious and distin. for their reception in Lansdown House, guilaed library of the late Rev. and Berkeley Square, by Wyatt), permits learned Thomas Croft, A. M. Chan. ting him, allo, add such' scarce or cellor of the Diocese of Peterborough, new books as he should think worthy &c. This, likewise, is a large octavo of a place in it, and continuing him in volume, in my possession. Sold in te honourable itacion of his Lordship's 1783. librarian, several years.
The fixth, Bibliotheca Universalis A regular list of our Bibliologist's Selecta, with an Index of Authors, valuable catalogues may be useful to Interpreters, and Editors.
Sold in men of literature, at the same time, 1786. that it serves as a memorial of his sin The seventh, Bibliotheca Pinelli, the gular talent.
library of a noble Venetian, an octavo The first, diftinguished by a most re- volume. Sold in 1790. markable circumstance, is a Catalogue The eighth, Bibliotheca Strangeiana, of a Collection of Manuscripts of the or the library of the late Mr. Strange, Right Honourable and Right Worship of Portland-place. Sold by Leigh and ful Sir Julius Cæsar, Knt. Judge of the Sotheby, 1801. Admiralty, Master of the Court of The nintb, Bibliotheca Fageliana, a Requests, &c. in the reign of Queen most noble collection of the late M. Elizabeth, and in the reigns of James Fagel, Secretary to the States General I. and Charles I. Chancellor, and Un- of the United Provinces, brought from der Treasurer of the Exchequer, &c. the Hague ; intended to be sold in which, by the ignorance of the perfon March 1802, but disposed of by private into whose hands they fell, were on the contract to the University of Dublin. point of being sold by weight, to a Independent of these profeffional cheesemonger, as waste paper, for the labours, Mr. Paterson was a miscellaSum of ten pound's ; but some of them neous writer of various little tracts, being shown to Mr. Paterson, by Mr. having for their object public utility, Bayne, formerly an apothecary in sound policy, and moral
' admonition; Cork street, he carefully examined and but to'which he did not think proper foon discovered their value. And, to put his name. finally, by his masterly publication of Those I have now before me are the Catalogue (now before me), di. Another Traveller ; or, Cursory gested under feveral thousands of the moft Renarks, &c. made upon a Journey Jingular and interesting beads, they fold, through Part of the Netherlands in by auction, for three hundred and fifty- 1766, by Coriat Junior. 3 vols. 12mo. tix pounds ; and amongst the pur. 1769. Some monthly and weekly Re: chalei's were the late Lord Orford, views, published at that time in magaPhilip Carteret Webb), and other pere zines, and other periodical publicafons of rank. It is dated in 1757. tions, having acculed our Author of
The second of which I have been en. being an humble imitator of Yorick's abled to collect any certain information Sentimental Journey, he published an was, Bibliotheca Anglia Curiosa, cole appeal, with attestations of the Books
fellers, Printer, and Stationer, con- fold to the biddeft bidder. The pow. cerned in the publication of Coriat erful opposition made to this publica Junior, that it was printed off before tion by the booksellers, at that time the printing of Sterne's work; and he the chief proprietors of most newf. lashes these pseudo critics with much papers, and by the advertisers of quack pleasantry, decent wit, and fair argu- medicines, accommodations for private ment.
lying in of pregnant women, &c. eally Joineriana, or the Book of Scraps, accounts for its want of success.. 2 vols. 8vo, 1772, conäfting of moral Speculations on Law and Lawyers, and literary aphorisms.
an excellent tract, demonstrating the The Teinplar, a periodical paper, injustice and iniquity of personal arrefts published on Wednesdays and Satur. for debt, previous to any verification days. Only fourteen numbers appear of the debt, on a limple affidavit ; # to have been published, the last on practice unknown in other countries; Wednesday, December 22, 1773. It and the pernicious consequences of was a severe attack on the conduct of which are exposed by affecting exnewspapers, particularly in adverting amples of cruelty. 8vo. London. 1788. simony chapels, and places of truit
T. MORTIMER. and honour under Government, to be London, Dec. 13, 1802.
ON THE ADVANTAGES OF A LIBERAL EDUCATION.
Doctrina sed vim promovet infitam,
a , merely as an ornament designed an unfortunate bias, are inclined to for those who move in the higher cir- the side of vice. The poetical genius, cles of society ; but the man, who re- which, afisted by education, might flects upon the subject with attention, have rivalled the celebrity of a Dryden will find, that it not only adds a lustre or a Pope, will perhaps only burst forth to the character, but is productive of into the staves of a triling bailad; and the most solid advantages ; and that the fertility of invention, or promptthose advantages are not confined to ness of execution, which might have the pampered fayourite of fortune, but nobly furthered the measures of Goextend to every man, whatever may be vernment, will perhaps be exerted in his fituation in life.
striking out the plots, or perpetrating The ignorance that pervades the the deeds of villany. But ä liberal lower classes of the community, and education is serviceable, not only in the numberless evils which arise from eliciting and polishing the talents of it, cannot but give the most serious genius, but also in arming the frail concern to a benevolent mind. The youth against the prejudices of ignor. child of poverty too often receives no ance and the temptations of immorality, other instruction, than the occasional and directing him to the knowledge of admonitions of parents almost as unin- the truth. Without a monitor to warn formed as himself; abilities, which, him of his danger, the example of had they been properly tutored, might corrupt asociates will easily seduce him have served the cause of virtue, not into vice. He will foon learn to con