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amiable Character who is the object of it, but an elegant Specimen of Hindu Architecture,
An elegant Pedestal (See the Second Prini), with the Bust of Warren Hastings, Elq rising out of the Sacred Flower of the Lotus, is placed in the Temple, directly oppolite the Door, bearing the following Inscription :
NATIONS AND ITS LAWS,
HAS APPEARED THE
BY JOHN OSBORNE,
IN RESPECT TO HIS
OBSERVATIONS ON THE SILK TRADE IN GENERAL, AND ITS OPERATION
ON THE SILK MANUFACTURE OF THE METROPOLIS.
BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.
(Continued from Page 352.) AT a period when peace is happily thirtt for extension and domination
established, and mankind have lei. too frequently visible in the rulers of sure and opportunity to contemplate kingdoms and states, and mercantile their relative situation in the calm jealousy too frequently ready to take lights of philosophy, there is (faith an the alarm upon every change in the author who wrote soon after the Ame. politics, upon every alteration in the rican War), perhaps, reason to ex circumitances, of rival nations; who pect that such cultivated nations as Thall say that these passions, like anim: England and France will be the first instinct, are not implanted in the hu. to instruct the world, by their example, man borom for wise, though, perhaps, in the advantages of a more liberal with respect to the first, inscrutable system of policy. They will measure purposes Who Mall aver, that it is their intere!ts on a less contracted not both proper and neceffary to use scale, and, in commercial ftipulations, the same precaution, to endeavour to rise superior to those national preju. make thie fame advantage of our fituadices, which, to the detriment of both tion in the commercial as in the pocountries, have been cherished for lical world? Therefore, if upon this ages.
principle it does appear that trade These fanguine expectations, though in general, or any particular branch of founded upon the broad basis of self. it, is likely to be subject to a mutation, evident principles, are easy in specu. and that our neighbours, inftead of lation, but the event has shown, like opening their ports and inviting to an many other theories, extremely difficult amicable interchange of commodities, in practice; Natural Philosophy may, mean to adopt in peace the warlike exnay mult, be applied to commerce, or redient of prohibiting the exportation rather to the manufactures upon which of those supplies which might caule it is erected; but I fear that it is next the arts of peace to flourith ; fearful to impossible to bend Moral Philosophy that our manufactures should rival, to its dictates. When we consider the and probably outvie, theirs; it is cer
• An original and interesting Memoir of Mr. HASTINGS will be found (ema bellished with a fine Engraving of his Buft) in Mr. Seward's " Biographiana," page 610-628.
tainly VOL. XLII. Dec. 1802.
tainly our duty to endeavour to foil Manufactory. A compages of efforts, and counteract them with such weapons of which, when I contemplate all the as Providence has put into our hands. fubordinate parts ; the easy operation
There is little doubt, as my esteemed of diversified and apparently complex friend Mr. Colquhoun (when writing machinery; the different preparations on the subject of the Cotton Manufac of materials disimilar in their natures, ture in the year 1789) has most ably and properties, and ules; the various pro. accurately Itated, but, with the means celles through which the fabrics pals in our possession, the improvements in in their transformation from the raw contemplation, the new channels intó substance, till they come from the which it had been and was ftill about hands of the calenderer, or other finish. to be turned, and the new markets ing workman ; with the infisite variety about to be opened, by the medium of of articles produced; they seein to which piece goods, the produce of compofe such a ttupendous syftem of Indoltan, might, with the fabrics of inventive power, art, and ingenuity, England, find a circulation from the that the mind is lost in attempting to south to the north poles, from 'the discriminate the integral principle, and torrid to the frigid zones ; that, under independant or dependantly io trace proper regulations, our ingenuity and the progress of the whole. resources of materials would be equal In the Silk Manufactory, our Gallie to any demands made upon them; rivals have been more successful, and so that our national revenue and have, as has been already town in these individual wealth would be increaled papers, established that kind of moto a degree which, at the time that it nopoly that depends rather upon ce. establilhed our commercial superiority lebrity than folidity, and has its nebo upon the best and lureit foundation, dence in the human mind, where, by would discourage and deter other na. the influence of fashion and fal se raste tions from attempts to counteract us, on that organ, it has been divided into by the uncertainty of their success. two branches; the firit of which was a
These speculations have, notwith prejudice in favour of the productions ftanding the many disadvantages, both of French loons, which was not, at a local and general, which the adven former period, to be repressed even by turers in this branch have had to
conviction of its futility; and the counter, been fully verified. The second, in favour of the same kind of Cotton Manufactory, subject to those materials, i. 6. French and Italian alks, accidents and changes to which all hu. which, I am sorry to oblerve, ftill man exertions are subject, has been exists in tbe opinions of the artificers, progrellively successful. The attempt and which, I'fear, nothing but the that was made to establish works of the circumstances of the times is likely to same nature in Switzerland, and I do eradicate. not think that it was an attempt which That the circumstances of the times, indii ated any traits of the usual pru. to which I allude, has caused a most dence of the natives of Helvetia, would, enormous advance in the price of the had not the projectors been counter Raw, or Organzined silk of Italy, is acted by political events, long before too well known to the Manufacturers this period have been crushed by its in this country, to require any ilown weight : that those establishments Justration, and, from this article being were some years since in a very languid drawn into, and centring in France, ftate, I have reason to believe. The where, from some late transactions, only branch of them that flourished it is apparent that every nerve will be was the printing, which was kept alive Itrained, and every mean exerted, to by large supplies of plain piece goods encourage and stimulate the artificers, purchased in this country, which the and to create and exercise a monopoly taste of the Swiss induced them to or over the unwrought material, the nainent by Itamping upon thein very reason for witholding it is equally apbeautiful, though they would here be parent. termed broad and glaring, patterns. What has lately been the motives
The French, in this respect more which induced the Chief Consul to cautious than their neighbours (I am visit the Manufacturing Cities ? CerSorry now to say than their lubjects), tainly to inspect their different branches; have not very conspicuously exerted to give to the workmen employed althemselves to rival us in the Cotton surances both of protection and reward;