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very frong and argumentative manner. obje&ted, because that Officer did not reHe had himself, he said, been for upwards ceive the produce of the national purse, of twenty years attached to the militia but that of certain individuals, and that fervice, and preferred it to the line, more monied men, pensioners, placemen, and from pripciple than natural inclination. many others, were exempted from parish He confidered the militia as the moft con. and county rates. He believed that some ftitutional national defence, and had there- clauses had been passed to which his obfore paid the moft zealous attention to it. jections would apply, and therefore he Noble Lords had alluded to the measure Bould not press his motion ; but as soon of drafting the militia for the service as the subject should be again mentioned, of the regulars ; but that was only for a he thould move, that instead of the Treatemporary emergency, and never, to his furer of the County, the Receiver.Gene. knowledge, accompanied by any unfair ral of the Land-Tax Thould be subti. methods. The volunteers of the Suflex tuted. regiment turned out of their own accord, The Duke of Norfolk spoke on the without any solicitation; and he con fame fide; after which a conversation took ceived that the complaints against this place between his Grace, the Marquis of kind of drafting originated in those Buckingham, Lords Pelham, Romney, Commanding Oficers who wished to be Sheffield, and Hobart. ļurrounded by men of a certain descrips At the reading of the 33d page of the tion and Aandard ; whereas the publiç Bill, Lord Caernarvon made his motion, necessity demanded, that a great propor. and a division took place, when frangere tion of the men capable of bearing arms were ordered to withdraw.-Contents, fhould be trained in the use of them. The 5; Non-Contents, 16 ; Majority, 11. present military situation of France made The clause enacting that Officers in it prudent in this country to keep up ag the Militia Thould retain brevet rank, adequate force, and all that the provisions was then, after some explanation, put and of the present Bill required was, to enable carried. them to draw out for a limited time Lord Berkley obje&ted to that part of 45,000, and the remaining 20,000 by pro- the Bill which relates to the examination clamation, when çircumttances may re of men, as to their fitness to serve, by
common surgeons. His Lordhip pro. The House then divided on the quel. posed, that this should be referred to tion for the second reading-Contents, regular army furgeons nearest resident to 22 ; Non-Contents, 6 ; Majority, 16, the parilh where the men were to be bal, FRIDAY, MAY 28.
lotted. Agreed to. The Royal Aflent was given by Com. Lord Hobart moved an amendment to million to a number of public and private the last clause but one in the Bill. His Bills. Among the former were the Lot. Lordfhip's amendment was, in fubfance, tery Bill, the Militia Subalterns Allow. • That in case of the militia having been ance Bill, and the Militia Pay Bill. raised to 60,000, if his Majesty thould be MONDAY, MAY 31.
pleased to reduce it to its eitablishment of The House resolved itselt into a Com. 40,000, as provided by this Bill, all defimittee of the whole House upon the ciencies should be made good out of the Militia Augmentation Bill.
20,000 so disbanded, without ballot, unLord Hobart moved a variety of verbal til the said fupernumeraries Tould be amendments, which were agreed to. taken into the corps then serving.
Lord Caernarvon rose and said, that Agreed to. one part of the Bill met his most serious The final clause and preamble being disapprobation. He had observed several read, there were brought up from the
clauses, in which expences incurred by Commons the Debtors' and Creditors the Militia were to be paid by the Trea- Bill, and two private Bills. furer of the County. To this he trongly Adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Mr. Vanfittart observed, thạt by the MP: VANSITTART moved, that the 7th George III. c. s; the stealing a whole
House Tould to-morrow resolve into Bank.note,was a capital felony, but reala Committee upon the Lottery Licence ing half-a one was only a misdemeanos ; Ast, the Quack Medicine Duty Act, and he therefore moved for leave to bring in rebe-Retined Sugar Bounties Ac. a Bill to make it felony to take the half
of any Bank note sent in any letter by the The Secretary at War moved the Compoft. Leave granted.
mittee of Supply, and that the Army, NAVAL OFFICERS.'
Navy, and Ordnance Estimates, on the Mr. Sturt, adverting to a notice of a Table, should be referred to the said motion he had given, relative to the Lieu. Committee. Ordered. tenants and other Officers of the Navy, The House in a Committee of Supply, faid, that understanding Government had Mr. Serjeant moved, that 88,000 lea. taken the case of these deserving men into men, including, 18,000 marines, be confideration, he should not think it ne granted for the service of the Navy, for cessary to trouble the House upon the one lunar month, from the 24th init. fubjeét.
The motion was agreed to, as were THE PRINCE OF WALES. the following: Mr. Tyrwhitt said, he rose with infi. 152,000l. for the pay of 88,000 men nite satisfaction at having it in his power for a month, &c. to announce to the Houle, that the state 167,2001. for their viduals. of the claims of his Royal Highness the 264 oool. for wear and tear of thips. Prince of Wales were at length put in 22,000l, for ordnance for lea service. that train of order and fyftem as in the The Secretary al War was happy to refult, he hoped, would operate as a fur, inform the House, that Government had therance of justice to that distinguished already determined on a plan for reducing Personage, which has too long lain dor: the public force, which would be carried mant. The mode adopted is by that into effect with all possible expedition. which has been considered as most legal, The particulars of this plan he described and consequently moft constitutional, to be as follow :-The cavalry to be “ a Petition of Right.” This was ad reduced 60 rank and file each troop, viled by the firft authorities, and the ad. which will be a reduction of 6970 men, vice has been respectfully followed, and a saving of expence for the reinainder When the judgment of the Court, or its of the year of 296,000l. The foot decifion, thould be known, he would, guards to be reduced to 95 inen in each with heartfelt gratification, lay it before company. Invalids, waggoners, &c. to the House, trufting it would be such be reduced. The 28th light dragoons, (coming from such a quarter as will dif- five additional battalions of infantry penfe equal justice to the last and to the and 17 regiments of fencible infantry in firft subject in the flate) that would fur. Great Britain to be disbanded. The nith that satisfaction which he owned he total reduction at home would therefore fondly and anxioully anticipated. Since be 31,412 men; the saving of expence the year 1795, his Royal Highness has 563,4831. In the Mediterranean, 4994 discharged of his debts no less than men to be reduced ; the saving of expence 525,oool. and it was a proud circum- 71,228). In the West Indies, 6815 #ance to him, as well as it must be moft men ; the saving of expence 64,5431. fatisfactory to the people, to feel and to The total regular and fencible corps know, that not one billing of that came reduced 43,221 men; the laving of ex. out of the public purse, but that the pence 699,1211. The militia in North whole had been set apart from his income and South Britain were already difo for the special purpole ; and he was of banded, and progress was making to opinion, ibat the balance which was due disband that of Ireland--the total re. to him from the arrears of his Duchy, duction of the public force would foon which he now claimed, would more than amount to 121,400 men, and the public discharge the remainder, be that what it burthens would be diminished by this nou might.
less than 2,400,6211. He hoped this INDIA.
arrangement would be fatisfactory to the Mr. Sheridan fard, that it was his with House of the defire of Government to to give every conliltent accommodation to econumite. The Right Hon. Gentleman any Gentleinan in the Houle ; but that concluded with movingunderitanding the Mornington India thip That it be the opinion of the Commit. was not yet arrived, though lo long lince tee, &c. that 61,776 men be granted for expected, he could not content much the service of Gitat Britain for one lunar longer to defer his intended motion re. month, from the 24th init. fpecting certain transactions in the Car. 23,269 men for Ireland. Datic; he therefore gave notice, that he 202,555l. for guards and garrisons in would on Wednelday fortnight bring for. Great Britain. ward that motiun,
61,1981. for Ireland.
596,4981. for the Plantations, includ. vided-Ayes, 23 ; Noes, 75 ; Majority, ing Malta, Calcutta, Minorca, Cape of 52. Good Hope, and New South Wales. CEDED POSSESSIONS IN THE WEST
20,9941. for fencible corps in Great Britain.
Gen. Gascoigne role to move for certain 42,6951. for Irish fencibles in Ireland. papers relative to the possessions held by this
Mr. Steele then moved, and it was or country in the West Indies, and which dered, that
have been ceded to France by the 13th 133,3361. be granted for the Ordnance Article of the Definitive Treaty. And of Great Britain.
also for other papers relating to the trada 25,000l. for that of Ireland.
in the Bay of Honduras. The Hon.General The Report was ordered to be received stated at considerable length the hardships to-morrow.
under which the commercial interent lay TUESDAY, MAY 11.
in consequence of the cellion, especialy The Militia Pay Bill was read a third the merchants of Liverpool, who had time, and passed.
embarked their capitals in that quarter Lord Hawkesbury laid before the House of the world, to the annount of nine or the Treaty of Badajoz, and the Treaty of ten millions, and would have no recomPeace between Portugal and the French pence for their losses. He then moved, Republic. He alio presented the Con • That an humble Address be prelented vention concluded with Russia on the to his Majesty, that he would be gra. 28th of October 1801, and the accessions ciously pleased to order that there be laid of the Courts of Denmark and Sweden. before the House an account of any ex. His Lordship Rated, that these papers planation which may have taken place were already printed, and would be dife between Great Britain and the French tributed immediately.
and Batavian Republics, respecting the In a Committee of the House, a resolu. removal or transfer of British property tion was adopted for permitting Members belonging to any establishment formed by to frank letters to the number of ten, and Britiin subjects in the colonies which may to receive letters to the number of fifteen, be restored to France by the Definitive free of poftage, for the space of forty days Treaty." after the diffolution of Parliament'; allo A long and delulcory conversation ento permit certain persons in public offices sued between Dr. Lawrence, Mr. Vangit. to receive and frank letters under certain tart, Mr. Harcourt, Mr. Windham, and restrictions.
Mr. Baker, when the motion was put, DEFINITIVE TREATY.
and negatived. Lord Hawkesbury observed, that seve. General Gascoigne then moved, “That ral Gentlemen who wished to be present an humble Address be presented to his when an Honourable and Learned Gen. Majesty, that he would be graciously tleman should makc his motion for papers plealed to order to be laid before the relative to India, could not, without House copies of all the Memorials and much personal inconvenience, attend to Petitions presented by persons interefted day. He therefore wished that motion to in the effects and property in the setbe deferred until to-murrow, and that tlements, islands, and colonies, now rethere might itill be the same interval be. ftored by the Treaty to the different tween the Learned Gentleman's motion Powers of Europe.” and the discussion on the Definitive The motion produced an uninteresting Treaty, he would move that the latter conversation; on the question being put, question be deferred until Thursday next. it was negatived.
Mr. Dent moved, by way of amend.. General Gascoigne then moved for an ment, that the Debate be deferred to account of the quantity and value of Monday.
mahogany and log.wood, and other dye. General Maitland was against the ing woods, imported into Great Britain amendment. He wished much that the from the Bay of Honduras, from the year debate should be brought on to-morrow. 1787 to 1801. Ordered.--Also an ac
After some farther convertation, Mr. count of the quantity of gum Senegal, Dent withdrew his amendment.
ebony, and red wood, imported from Mr. Sheridan then moved that Friday Africa, for four years preceding the be inserted in the order initead of Thuria Ordered. - He likewile moved, day.
" That an humble Addrets be presented Lord Temple reconded the motion, and to his Majesty, that he would be gra, after a tort conyerlation the Houie die cioully plealed to order to be laid before
the House a fatement of any information not help thinking that it was highly received refpe&ting the prohibition affe&t. necessary that his Majesty thould finally ing the trade and navigation between arrange those points which were left Great. Britain and any countries with open and undecided by the Definitive whom peace has been concluded, and Treaty. He said that Ministers must which has been imposed lince ligning the endeavour to prevent any encroachment Preliminaries of Peace."- This motion on our cotton or woollen manufactures, was, after a few objections made by Lord and advised them to keep up a high navat Hawkesbury, negatived.
and military eltablithment.
He con THURSDAY, MAY 13.
cluded by declaring for the original AdMr. Windham role; and, in a speech dress, of considerable length, examined the lead Lord Caftlereagh remarked, that the ing Articles of the Treaty, and ad- detail of the subject baving already been verted to the non-renewal of ancient fully discussed, he hould not have occaTocaties. He commenced a recapitula. son long to intrude upon the attention of tion of the conduct of the late war ; and the House. He adverted to our commer. alluding to the Quiberon expedition, cial intercourle with the continental mar. was called to order by Mr. Pitt; who kets, and whether we were likely to stand contended that, as the war was not the in a worse fituation, he had little appresubject before the House, the Hon. Mem. hention of any evil from the Peace." He ber had no right to advert to the manner argued, that France could not restore the in which it had been conducted. The population of St. Domingo at less than Hon. Member concluded a very long bol. per negro, which would amount to speech, by moving an Address' to his 18,000,000l. a fum far beyond the reMajesty, nearly in the terms of that sources of France. Having dwelt upon moved by Lord Grenville in the House of these points with great force, he con. Lords.
cluded by supporting the amendment. Lord Folkftone seconded the motion. General Maitland rose merely to make
Lord Hawkesbury spoke at great length a few observations. The Hon. General, in defence of the peace, and concluded after touching upon the disputed points with moving, as an amendment to the relative to the Ealt Indies and the Cape original motion, an Address, “ thank of Good Hope, alluded to Malta, the ing his Majesty for having laid the Defi. non-cellion of which, he contended, was nitive Treaty of Peace before the Houle ; not a jult ground for carrying on the war. to assure his Majesty that the House It was alleged, that no Britih feet highly approves the same, and will could re enter ihe Mediterranean. Be. always afford their zealous support for caule this island was not in our possession its preservation, &c.".
at the time, did Lord Nelfun find it very Mr. Pole seconded the amendment. disfcult to pursue, and to sweep the
Mr. Pitt and Mr. Addington (poke French fleet from the face of the Ocean ? againk this motion, and Mr. Grey was When the ever memorable Abercromby in favour of it.
collected his expedition againit Egypt, The House then divided-For an Ad. did he fix upon Malta as the point of journment, 187. ; againīt it, 135 ; majo. rendezvous ? No! he witely selected a rity, 52.
Turkish port for that purpose. Here FRIDAY, MAY 14.
then was a proof, and a more splendid ADJOURNED DEBATE.
one could not be pitched upon, that Bri. DEFINITIVE TREATY.
tish valour, by tea and land, could find its Upon the motion of Sir W. Young, way to the bottom of the Levant, without the Order of the Day for retuming the the necessity of our retaining Malta. On debate on the Dehnitive Treaty was the whole, he contcientioully considered read.
ihe Peace to be as honourable, and as The Speaker then read the Address likely to be permanent, as any peace moved lait night by Mr. Windham, and that, under the present circumstances, the Address moved thereon as an amend. there could be any rational hope of ment by Lord Hawkesbury.
retaining. Sir W. Young, in a speech of great The Mafter of the Rolls argued in ability, addressed the Chair. With re. defence of the Treaty. He approved of spect to the motion of the Noble Lord, the rettitution of the French Colonies, had it been the primary one, and no other because it was only hy means of her before the House, it should have had his Colonies, and her revived commerce, fupport, but at the same time he could that we could at any future period have a
hold upon her. The moft effential object circumstances, could be obtained. He
of the war we bad gained. We had pro. ridiculed the idea of bringing France 'vided for our own salety. The proof of back to a pacific temper by restoring this was at hand. ." Here we are," her colonies. This was to suppose that exclaimed the learned Meinher, amidst fuch a spirit as that of Bonaparte could repeated cries of Hear! Hear ! " here be lamed by fixing him as it were to a we are to-day, fitting after a révolution trade, and nailing him behind a counter ! which has destroyed almost every-thing He had fe me falpicion that this hopeful with which it has come' in contact, and project was to be followed by a fuba fpread anarchy and defolation over all its scription at Ltoyd's to set up Bonaparte neighbouring States, and deliberating, in bufiness. This would at least be as with all our inftitutions entire, and after useful as the plan of ere&ting a ftatue to our good old manner--not about curtail- another great nian (Mr. Pitt) in the Bank ing our poflethons, not about diminishing of England not a ftatue of gold, for he our ancient rights, but whether we have had left none there, but of papier macbée, actually retained to much of our enemies' for which the materials were ready at poffeffions as the splendid career of our hand! He asked what professed obje&t triumphs and successes has entitled us had been gained by the war ? He might to."He concluded with giving his cor. be answered, Ceylon and Trinidad. dial aslent to the ainendment.
These should, in that cafe, be called the Dr. Lawrence, in a fpeech of two hours, illands of Indemmity and Security, as those expatiated with great minuteness on the were the objects for which we were so Various defe&ts which he discoverd in long talked into contention. Mr. She the terms of peace.
ridan censured severely the conduct of The Chancellor of the Exchequer ar. the late Minifters, and blamed the present gued at great length in defence of his for having lent themselves to cover, by a own conduct, and that of his colleagues fweeping vote, all the misdemeanors of in office, in bringing the war to a con their predecessors. It was remarkable clufion upon terms which afforded every that the late Minister, who had remained degree of security that could, upon any fo long in office, should have left in fituarealonable grounds, be expected, after tions of public trott so many of his the events which Europe had witneiled triends who had uniformly guided their during the last ten years. “ The lenti. political conduct by his. It reminded menis of Ministers (taid he) are founded him of a ftory in Ariftophanes : A chia on the most fincere with to preserve the racter of the name of Decios was repre. blessings of peace, and they will with sented as having been leared on a certain due precaution and conciliatory policy fool a confiderable time, perhaps longer endeavour to preferve it. Indeed 1 Aate than the late Chancellor of the Exchequer ter myself that, in calculating its proba. had fat on the Treasury Berich; but the ble duration, we may affign to it as long fact was, he fat 10 long that his fitting an exittence as any peace concluded in the part became identified with the stool, to Jast century. If there be any disposition that even Hercules, with all his strength, in the enemy to milute their power, if found it difficult to remove him ; at talt there be any difpofition, which I do not he-gave him a sudden jerk, which, though admit to have been thewn, to encroach it had the effect of removing him, at the upon our rights, the best fecurity for same time left behind him a portion of repose is to pretent no point of weakness that part of him which it was unnecessary to an active rival. By maintaining con. to name. Thus it had been found an fidence at home, and a fyftem of pru. Herculean task to remove the Right Hon. dence and caution abroad, I lee no rearon Gentleman, and in jerking him out of his to suppote our tranquillity will be shaken. feat, it had so happened, that he had left 1. lee nothing in the fituation of Europe behind him, ficking to the ftool, a por: er of France that thould fill us with pre- tion of those who, from constantly fol. mature apprehenlions.”'
lowing him, might be compared with - Mr. Sheridan vindicated the consistency that which had been loft by Dæcius. of the Whig party, which, he said, still The Hon. Member concluded his 1peech kept its ground, amisit the eleven or by moving an amendment—" That the twelve partits into which that Houte was omillion of taking advantage of the va. tow divideti. They had' condenined the rious opportunities of voting for peace, war, and they only approved of ibe and the sejection of the overtures of the peace, as the best which, 'under all the Fitit Conlui of France, appeared to have